1: Now King David was old and advanced in years;
and although they covered him with clothes, he could not get warm.
Therefore his servants said to him, "Let a young maiden be sought for my lord
the king, and let her wait upon the king, and be his nurse; let her lie in your
bosom, that my lord the king may be warm."
3: So they sought for a
beautiful maiden throughout all the territory of Israel, and found Ab'ishag the
Shu'nammite, and brought her to the king.
4: The maiden was very
beautiful; and she became the king's nurse and ministered to him; but the king
knew her not.
5: Now Adoni'jah the son of Haggith exalted himself,
saying, "I will be king"; and he prepared for himself chariots and horsemen, and
fifty men to run before him.
6: His father had never at any time
displeased him by asking, "Why have you done thus and so?" He was also a very
handsome man; and he was born next after Ab'salom.
7: He conferred
with Jo'ab the son of Zeru'iah and with Abi'athar the priest; and they followed
Adoni'jah and helped him.
8: But Zadok the priest, and Benai'ah the
son of Jehoi'ada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shim'e-i, and Re'i, and David's
mighty men were not with Adoni'jah.
9: Adoni'jah sacrificed sheep,
oxen, and fatlings by the Serpent's Stone, which is beside En-ro'gel, and he
invited all his brothers, the king's sons, and all the royal officials of Judah,
10: but he did not invite Nathan the prophet or Benai'ah or the
mighty men or Solomon his brother.
11: Then Nathan said to Bathshe'ba
the mother of Solomon, "Have you not heard that Adoni'jah the son of Haggith has
become king and David our lord does not know it?
12: Now therefore
come, let me give you counsel, that you may save your own life and the life of
your son Solomon.
13: Go in at once to King David, and say to him,
`Did you not, my lord the king, swear to your maidservant, saying, "Solomon your
son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne"? Why then is
14: Then while you are still speaking with the king,
I also will come in after you and confirm your words."
Bathshe'ba went to the king into his chamber (now the king was very old, and
Ab'ishag the Shu'nammite was ministering to the king).
bowed and did obeisance to the king, and the king said, "What do you desire?"
17: She said to him, "My lord, you swore to your maidservant by the
LORD your God, saying, `Solomon your son shall reign after me, and he shall sit
upon my throne.'
18: And now, behold, Adoni'jah is king, although
you, my lord the king, do not know it.
19: He has sacrificed oxen,
fatlings, and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the sons of the king,
Abi'athar the priest, and Jo'ab the commander of the army; but Solomon your
servant he has not invited.
20: And now, my lord the king, the eyes
of all Israel are upon you, to tell them who shall sit on the throne of my lord
the king after him.
21: Otherwise it will come to pass, when my lord
the king sleeps with his fathers, that I and my son Solomon will be counted
22: While she was still speaking with the king, Nathan
the prophet came in.
23: And they told the king, "Here is Nathan the
prophet." And when he came in before the king, he bowed before the king, with
his face to the ground.
24: And Nathan said, "My lord the king, have
you said, `Adoni'jah shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne'?
25: For he has gone down this day, and has sacrificed oxen, fatlings,
and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the king's sons, Jo'ab the commander
of the army, and Abi'athar the priest; and behold, they are eating and drinking
before him, and saying, `Long live King Adoni'jah!'
26: But me, your
servant, and Zadok the priest, and Benai'ah the son of Jehoi'ada, and your
servant Solomon, he has not invited.
27: Has this thing been brought
about by my lord the king and you have not told your servants who should sit on
the throne of my lord the king after him?"
28: Then King David
answered, "Call Bathshe'ba to me." So she came into the king's presence, and
stood before the king.
29: And the king swore, saying, "As the LORD
lives, who has redeemed my soul out of every adversity,
30: as I
swore to you by the LORD, the God of Israel, saying, `Solomon your son shall
reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne in my stead'; even so will I do
31: Then Bathshe'ba bowed with her face to the ground, and
did obeisance to the king, and said, "May my lord King David live for ever!"
32: King David said, "Call to me Zadok the priest, Nathan the
prophet, and Benai'ah the son of Jehoi'ada." So they came before the king.
33: And the king said to them, "Take with you the servants of your
lord, and cause Solomon my son to ride on my own mule, and bring him down to
34: and let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet there
anoint him king over Israel; then blow the trumpet, and say, `Long live King
35: You shall then come up after him, and he shall come and
sit upon my throne; for he shall be king in my stead; and I have appointed him
to be ruler over Israel and over Judah."
36: And Benai'ah the son of
Jehoi'ada answered the king, "Amen! May the LORD, the God of my lord the king,
37: As the LORD has been with my lord the king, even so may
he be with Solomon, and make his throne greater than the throne of my lord King
38: So Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, and Benai'ah the
son of Jehoi'ada, and the Cher'ethites and the Pel'ethites, went down and caused
Solomon to ride on King David's mule, and brought him to Gihon.
There Zadok the priest took the horn of oil from the tent, and anointed Solomon.
Then they blew the trumpet; and all the people said, "Long live King Solomon!"
40: And all the people went up after him, playing on pipes, and
rejoicing with great joy, so that the earth was split by their noise.
41: Adoni'jah and all the guests who were with him heard it as they
finished feasting. And when Jo'ab heard the sound of the trumpet, he said, "What
does this uproar in the city mean?"
42: While he was still speaking,
behold, Jonathan the son of Abi'athar the priest came; and Adoni'jah said, "Come
in, for you are a worthy man and bring good news."
answered Adoni'jah, "No, for our lord King David has made Solomon king;
44: and the king has sent with him Zadok the priest, Nathan the
prophet, and Benai'ah the son of Jehoi'ada, and the Cher'ethites and the
Pel'ethites; and they have caused him to ride on the king's mule;
and Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king at Gihon; and
they have gone up from there rejoicing, so that the city is in an uproar. This
is the noise that you have heard.
46: Solomon sits upon the royal
47: Moreover the king's servants came to congratulate our
lord King David, saying, `Your God make the name of Solomon more famous than
yours, and make his throne greater than your throne.' And the king bowed himself
upon the bed.
48: And the king also said, `Blessed be the LORD, the
God of Israel, who has granted one of my offspring to sit on my throne this day,
my own eyes seeing it.'"
49: Then all the guests of Adoni'jah
trembled, and rose, and each went his own way.
50: And Adoni'jah
feared Solomon; and he arose, and went, and caught hold of the horns of the
51: And it was told Solomon, "Behold, Adoni'jah fears King
Solomon; for, lo, he has laid hold of the horns of the altar, saying, `Let King
Solomon swear to me first that he will not slay his servant with the sword.'"
52: And Solomon said, "If he prove to be a worthy man, not one of his
hairs shall fall to the earth; but if wickedness is found in him, he shall die."
53: So King Solomon sent, and they brought him down from the altar.
And he came and did obeisance to King Solomon; and Solomon said to him, "Go to
1: When David's time to die drew near, he charged
Solomon his son, saying,
2: "I am about to go the way of all the
earth. Be strong, and show yourself a man,
3: and keep the charge of
the LORD your God, walking in his ways and keeping his statutes, his
commandments, his ordinances, and his testimonies, as it is written in the law
of Moses, that you may prosper in all that you do and wherever you turn;
4: that the LORD may establish his word which he spoke concerning me,
saying, `If your sons take heed to their way, to walk before me in faithfulness
with all their heart and with all their soul, there shall not fail you a man on
the throne of Israel.'
5: "Moreover you know also what Jo'ab the son
of Zeru'iah did to me, how he dealt with the two commanders of the armies of
Israel, Abner the son of Ner, and Ama'sa the son of Jether, whom he murdered,
avenging in time of peace blood which had been shed in war, and putting innocent
blood upon the girdle about my loins, and upon the sandals on my feet.
6: Act therefore according to your wisdom, but do not let his gray
head go down to Sheol in peace.
7: But deal loyally with the sons of
Barzil'lai the Gileadite, and let them be among those who eat at your table; for
with such loyalty they met me when I fled from Ab'salom your brother.
8: And there is also with you Shim'e-i the son of Gera, the
Benjaminite from Bahu'rim, who cursed me with a grievous curse on the day when I
went to Mahana'im; but when he came down to meet me at the Jordan, I swore to
him by the LORD, saying, `I will not put you to death with the sword.'
9: Now therefore hold him not guiltless, for you are a wise man; you
will know what you ought to do to him, and you shall bring his gray head down
with blood to Sheol."
10: Then David slept with his fathers, and was
buried in the city of David.
11: And the time that David reigned over
Israel was forty years; he reigned seven years in Hebron, and thirty-three years
12: So Solomon sat upon the throne of David his father;
and his kingdom was firmly established.
13: Then Adoni'jah the son of
Haggith came to Bathshe'ba the mother of Solomon. And she said, "Do you come
peaceably?" He said, "Peaceably."
14: Then he said, "I have something
to say to you." She said, "Say on."
15: He said, "You know that the
kingdom was mine, and that all Israel fully expected me to reign; however the
kingdom has turned about and become my brother's, for it was his from the LORD.
16: And now I have one request to make of you; do not refuse me." She
said to him, "Say on."
17: And he said, "Pray ask King Solomon -- he
will not refuse you -- to give me Ab'ishag the Shu'nammite as my wife."
18: Bathshe'ba said, "Very well; I will speak for you to the king."
19: So Bathshe'ba went to King Solomon, to speak to him on behalf of
Adoni'jah. And the king rose to meet her, and bowed down to her; then he sat on
his throne, and had a seat brought for the king's mother; and she sat on his
20: Then she said, "I have one small request to make of you;
do not refuse me." And the king said to her, "Make your request, my mother; for
I will not refuse you."
21: She said, "Let Ab'ishag the Shu'nammite
be given to Adoni'jah your brother as his wife."
22: King Solomon
answered his mother, "And why do you ask Ab'ishag the Shu'nammite for Adoni'jah?
Ask for him the kingdom also; for he is my elder brother, and on his side are
Abi'athar the priest and Jo'ab the son of Zeru'iah."
23: Then King
Solomon swore by the LORD, saying, "God do so to me and more also if this word
does not cost Adoni'jah his life!
24: Now therefore as the LORD
lives, who has established me, and placed me on the throne of David my father,
and who has made me a house, as he promised, Adoni'jah shall be put to death
25: So King Solomon sent Benai'ah the son of Jehoi'ada;
and he struck him down, and he died.
26: And to Abi'athar the priest
the king said, "Go to An'athoth, to your estate; for you deserve death. But I
will not at this time put you to death, because you bore the ark of the Lord GOD
before David my father, and because you shared in all the affliction of my
27: So Solomon expelled Abi'athar from being priest to the
LORD, thus fulfilling the word of the LORD which he had spoken concerning the
house of Eli in Shiloh.
28: When the news came to Jo'ab -- for Jo'ab
had supported Adoni'jah although he had not supported Ab'salom -- Jo'ab fled to
the tent of the LORD and caught hold of the horns of the altar.
And when it was told King Solomon, "Jo'ab has fled to the tent of the LORD, and
behold, he is beside the altar," Solomon sent Benai'ah the son of Jehoi'ada,
saying, "Go, strike him down."
30: So Benai'ah came to the tent of
the LORD, and said to him, "The king commands, `Come forth.'" But he said, "No,
I will die here." Then Benai'ah brought the king word again, saying, "Thus said
Jo'ab, and thus he answered me."
31: The king replied to him, "Do as
he has said, strike him down and bury him; and thus take away from me and from
my father's house the guilt for the blood which Jo'ab shed without cause.
32: The LORD will bring back his bloody deeds upon his own head,
because, without the knowledge of my father David, he attacked and slew with the
sword two men more righteous and better than himself, Abner the son of Ner,
commander of the army of Israel, and Ama'sa the son of Jether, commander of the
army of Judah.
33: So shall their blood come back upon the head of
Jo'ab and upon the head of his descendants for ever; but to David, and to his
descendants, and to his house, and to his throne, there shall be peace from the
LORD for evermore."
34: Then Benai'ah the son of Jehoi'ada went up,
and struck him down and killed him; and he was buried in his own house in the
35: The king put Benai'ah the son of Jehoi'ada over the
army in place of Jo'ab, and the king put Zadok the priest in the place of
36: Then the king sent and summoned Shim'e-i, and said to
him, "Build yourself a house in Jerusalem, and dwell there, and do not go forth
from there to any place whatever.
37: For on the day you go forth,
and cross the brook Kidron, know for certain that you shall die; your blood
shall be upon your own head."
38: And Shim'e-i said to the king,
"What you say is good; as my lord the king has said, so will your servant do."
So Shim'e-i dwelt in Jerusalem many days.
39: But it happened at the
end of three years that two of Shim'e-i's slaves ran away to Achish, son of
Ma'acah, king of Gath. And when it was told Shim'e-i, "Behold, your slaves are
40: Shim'e-i arose and saddled an ass, and went to Gath to
Achish, to seek his slaves; Shim'e-i went and brought his slaves from Gath.
41: And when Solomon was told that Shim'e-i had gone from Jerusalem
to Gath and returned,
42: the king sent and summoned Shim'e-i, and
said to him, "Did I not make you swear by the LORD, and solemnly admonish you,
saying, `Know for certain that on the day you go forth and go to any place
whatever, you shall die'? And you said to me, `What you say is good; I obey.'
43: Why then have you not kept your oath to the LORD and the
commandment with which I charged you?"
44: The king also said to
Shim'e-i, "You know in your own heart all the evil that you did to David my
father; so the LORD will bring back your evil upon your own head.
But King Solomon shall be blessed, and the throne of David shall be established
before the LORD for ever."
46: Then the king commanded Benai'ah the
son of Jehoi'ada; and he went out and struck him down, and he died. So the
kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon.
1: Solomon made a marriage alliance with Pharaoh
king of Egypt; he took Pharaoh's daughter, and brought her into the city of
David, until he had finished building his own house and the house of the LORD
and the wall around Jerusalem.
2: The people were sacrificing at the
high places, however, because no house had yet been built for the name of the
3: Solomon loved the LORD, walking in the statutes of David his
father; only, he sacrificed and burnt incense at the high places.
And the king went to Gibeon to sacrifice there, for that was the great high
place; Solomon used to offer a thousand burnt offerings upon that altar.
5: At Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon in a dream by night; and
God said, "Ask what I shall give you."
6: And Solomon said, "Thou
hast shown great and steadfast love to thy servant David my father, because he
walked before thee in faithfulness, in righteousness, and in uprightness of
heart toward thee; and thou hast kept for him this great and steadfast love, and
hast given him a son to sit on his throne this day.
7: And now, O
LORD my God, thou hast made thy servant king in place of David my father,
although I am but a little child; I do not know how to go out or come in.
8: And thy servant is in the midst of thy people whom thou hast
chosen, a great people, that cannot be numbered or counted for multitude.
9: Give thy servant therefore an understanding mind to govern thy
people, that I may discern between good and evil; for who is able to govern this
thy great people?"
10: It pleased the Lord that Solomon had asked
11: And God said to him, "Because you have asked this, and have
not asked for yourself long life or riches or the life of your enemies, but have
asked for yourself understanding to discern what is right,
behold, I now do according to your word. Behold, I give you a wise and
discerning mind, so that none like you has been before you and none like you
shall arise after you.
13: I give you also what you have not asked,
both riches and honor, so that no other king shall compare with you, all your
14: And if you will walk in my ways, keeping my statutes and my
commandments, as your father David walked, then I will lengthen your days."
15: And Solomon awoke, and behold, it was a dream. Then he came to
Jerusalem, and stood before the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and offered up
burnt offerings and peace offerings, and made a feast for all his servants.
16: Then two harlots came to the king, and stood before him.
17: The one woman said, "Oh, my lord, this woman and I dwell in the
same house; and I gave birth to a child while she was in the house.
18: Then on the third day after I was delivered, this woman also gave
birth; and we were alone; there was no one else with us in the house, only we
two were in the house.
19: And this woman's son died in the night,
because she lay on it.
20: And she arose at midnight, and took my son
from beside me, while your maidservant slept, and laid it in her bosom, and laid
her dead son in my bosom.
21: When I rose in the morning to nurse my
child, behold, it was dead; but when I looked at it closely in the morning,
behold, it was not the child that I had borne."
22: But the other
woman said, "No, the living child is mine, and the dead child is yours." The
first said, "No, the dead child is yours, and the living child is mine." Thus
they spoke before the king.
23: Then the king said, "The one says,
`This is my son that is alive, and your son is dead'; and the other says, `No;
but your son is dead, and my son is the living one.'"
24: And the
king said, "Bring me a sword." So a sword was brought before the king.
25: And the king said, "Divide the living child in two, and give half
to the one, and half to the other."
26: Then the woman whose son was
alive said to the king, because her heart yearned for her son, "Oh, my lord,
give her the living child, and by no means slay it." But the other said, "It
shall be neither mine nor yours; divide it."
27: Then the king
answered and said, "Give the living child to the first woman, and by no means
slay it; she is its mother."
28: And all Israel heard of the judgment
which the king had rendered; and they stood in awe of the king, because they
perceived that the wisdom of God was in him, to render justice.
1: King Solomon was king over all Israel,
2: and these were his high officials: Azari'ah the son of Zadok was
3: Elihor'eph and Ahi'jah the sons of Shisha were
secretaries; Jehosh'aphat the son of Ahi'lud was recorder;
Benai'ah the son of Jehoi'ada was in command of the army; Zadok and Abi'athar
5: Azari'ah the son of Nathan was over the officers;
Zabud the son of Nathan was priest and king's friend;
6: Ahi'shar was
in charge of the palace; and Adoni'ram the son of Abda was in charge of the
7: Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, who
provided food for the king and his household; each man had to make provision for
one month in the year.
8: These were their names: Ben-hur, in the
hill country of E'phraim;
9: Ben-deker, in Makaz, Sha-al'bim,
Beth-she'mesh, and E'lonbeth-ha'nan;
10: Ben-hesed, in Arub'both (to
him belonged Socoh and all the land of Hepher);
11: Ben-abin'adab, in
all Naphath-dor (he had Taphath the daughter of Solomon as his wife);
12: Ba'ana the son of Ahi'lud, in Ta'anach, Megid'do, and all
Beth-she'an which is beside Zarethan below Jezreel, and from Beth-she'an to
A'bel-meho'lah, as far as the other side of Jok'meam;
in Ra'moth-gil'ead (he had the villages of Ja'ir the son of Manas'seh, which are
in Gilead, and he had the region of Argob, which is in Bashan, sixty great
cities with walls and bronze bars);
14: Ahin'adab the son of Iddo, in
15: Ahi'ma-az, in Naph'tali (he had taken Bas'emath the
daughter of Solomon as his wife);
16: Ba'ana the son of Hushai, in
Asher and Bealoth;
17: Jehosh'aphat the son of Paru'ah, in Is'sachar;
18: Shim'e-i the son of Ela, in Benjamin;
19: Geber the
son of Uri, in the land of Gilead, the country of Sihon king of the Amorites and
of Og king of Bashan. And there was one officer in the land of Judah.
20: Judah and Israel were as many as the sand by the sea; they ate
and drank and were happy.
21: Solomon ruled over all the kingdoms
from the Euphra'tes to the land of the Philistines and to the border of Egypt;
they brought tribute and served Solomon all the days of his life.
Solomon's provision for one day was thirty cors of fine flour, and sixty cors of
23: ten fat oxen, and twenty pasture-fed cattle, a hundred
sheep, besides harts, gazelles, roebucks, and fatted fowl.
24: For he
had dominion over all the region west of the Euphra'tes from Tiphsah to Gaza,
over all the kings west of the Euphra'tes; and he had peace on all sides round
25: And Judah and Israel dwelt in safety, from Dan even to
Beer-sheba, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, all the days of
26: Solomon also had forty thousand stalls of horses for his
chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen.
27: And those officers
supplied provisions for King Solomon, and for all who came to King Solomon's
table, each one in his month; they let nothing be lacking.
also and straw for the horses and swift steeds they brought to the place where
it was required, each according to his charge.
29: And God gave
Solomon wisdom and understanding beyond measure, and largeness of mind like the
sand on the seashore,
30: so that Solomon's wisdom surpassed the
wisdom of all the people of the east, and all the wisdom of Egypt.
31: For he was wiser than all other men, wiser than Ethan the
Ez'rahite, and Heman, Calcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol; and his fame was in
all the nations round about.
32: He also uttered three thousand
proverbs; and his songs were a thousand and five.
33: He spoke of
trees, from the cedar that is in Lebanon to the hyssop that grows out of the
wall; he spoke also of beasts, and of birds, and of reptiles, and of fish.
34: And men came from all peoples to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and
from all the kings of the earth, who had heard of his wisdom.
1: Now Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants to
Solomon, when he heard that they had anointed him king in place of his father;
for Hiram always loved David.
2: And Solomon sent word to Hiram,
3: "You know that David my father could not build a house for the
name of the LORD his God because of the warfare with which his enemies
surrounded him, until the LORD put them under the soles of his feet.
4: But now the LORD my God has given me rest on every side; there is
neither adversary nor misfortune.
5: And so I purpose to build a
house for the name of the LORD my God, as the LORD said to David my father,
`Your son, whom I will set upon your throne in your place, shall build the house
for my name.'
6: Now therefore command that cedars of Lebanon be cut
for me; and my servants will join your servants, and I will pay you for your
servants such wages as you set; for you know that there is no one among us who
knows how to cut timber like the Sido'nians."
7: When Hiram heard the
words of Solomon, he rejoiced greatly, and said, "Blessed be the LORD this day,
who has given to David a wise son to be over this great people."
And Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, "I have heard the message which you have sent
to me; I am ready to do all you desire in the matter of cedar and cypress
9: My servants shall bring it down to the sea from Lebanon;
and I will make it into rafts to go by sea to the place you direct, and I will
have them broken up there, and you shall receive it; and you shall meet my
wishes by providing food for my household."
10: So Hiram supplied
Solomon with all the timber of cedar and cypress that he desired,
while Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand cors of wheat as food for his
household, and twenty thousand cors of beaten oil. Solomon gave this to Hiram
year by year.
12: And the LORD gave Solomon wisdom, as he promised
him; and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon; and the two of them made a
13: King Solomon raised a levy of forced labor out of all
Israel; and the levy numbered thirty thousand men.
14: And he sent
them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month in relays; they would be a month in
Lebanon and two months at home; Adoni'ram was in charge of the levy.
15: Solomon also had seventy thousand burden-bearers and eighty
thousand hewers of stone in the hill country,
16: besides Solomon's
three thousand three hundred chief officers who were over the work, who had
charge of the people who carried on the work.
17: At the king's
command, they quarried out great, costly stones in order to lay the foundation
of the house with dressed stones.
18: So Solomon's builders and
Hiram's builders and the men of Gebal did the hewing and prepared the timber and
the stone to build the house.
1: In the four hundred and eightieth year after the
people of Israel came out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's
reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv, which is the second month, he began to
build the house of the LORD.
2: The house which King Solomon built
for the LORD was sixty cubits long, twenty cubits wide, and thirty cubits high.
3: The vestibule in front of the nave of the house was twenty cubits
long, equal to the width of the house, and ten cubits deep in front of the
4: And he made for the house windows with recessed frames.
5: He also built a structure against the wall of the house, running
round the walls of the house, both the nave and the inner sanctuary; and he made
side chambers all around.
6: The lowest story was five cubits broad,
the middle one was six cubits broad, and the third was seven cubits broad; for
around the outside of the house he made offsets on the wall in order that the
supporting beams should not be inserted into the walls of the house.
7: When the house was built, it was with stone prepared at the
quarry; so that neither hammer nor axe nor any tool of iron was heard in the
temple, while it was being built.
8: The entrance for the lowest
story was on the south side of the house; and one went up by stairs to the
middle story, and from the middle story to the third.
9: So he built
the house, and finished it; and he made the ceiling of the house of beams and
planks of cedar.
10: He built the structure against the whole house,
each story five cubits high, and it was joined to the house with timbers of
11: Now the word of the LORD came to Solomon,
"Concerning this house which you are building, if you will walk in my statutes
and obey my ordinances and keep all my commandments and walk in them, then I
will establish my word with you, which I spoke to David your father.
13: And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will not
forsake my people Israel."
14: So Solomon built the house, and
15: He lined the walls of the house on the inside with
boards of cedar; from the floor of the house to the rafters of the ceiling, he
covered them on the inside with wood; and he covered the floor of the house with
boards of cypress.
16: He built twenty cubits of the rear of the
house with boards of cedar from the floor to the rafters, and he built this
within as an inner sanctuary, as the most holy place.
17: The house,
that is, the nave in front of the inner sanctuary, was forty cubits long.
18: The cedar within the house was carved in the form of gourds and
open flowers; all was cedar, no stone was seen.
19: The inner
sanctuary he prepared in the innermost part of the house, to set there the ark
of the covenant of the LORD.
20: The inner sanctuary was twenty
cubits long, twenty cubits wide, and twenty cubits high; and he overlaid it with
pure gold. He also made an altar of cedar.
21: And Solomon overlaid
the inside of the house with pure gold, and he drew chains of gold across, in
front of the inner sanctuary, and overlaid it with gold.
22: And he
overlaid the whole house with gold, until all the house was finished. Also the
whole altar that belonged to the inner sanctuary he overlaid with gold.
23: In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim of olivewood, each
ten cubits high.
24: Five cubits was the length of one wing of the
cherub, and five cubits the length of the other wing of the cherub; it was ten
cubits from the tip of one wing to the tip of the other.
other cherub also measured ten cubits; both cherubim had the same measure and
the same form.
26: The height of one cherub was ten cubits, and so
was that of the other cherub.
27: He put the cherubim in the
innermost part of the house; and the wings of the cherubim were spread out so
that a wing of one touched the one wall, and a wing of the other cherub touched
the other wall; their other wings touched each other in the middle of the house.
28: And he overlaid the cherubim with gold.
29: He carved
all the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubim and palm
trees and open flowers, in the inner and outer rooms.
30: The floor
of the house he overlaid with gold in the inner and outer rooms.
For the entrance to the inner sanctuary he made doors of olivewood; the lintel
and the doorposts formed a pentagon.
32: He covered the two doors of
olivewood with carvings of cherubim, palm trees, and open flowers; he overlaid
them with gold, and spread gold upon the cherubim and upon the palm trees.
33: So also he made for the entrance to the nave doorposts of
olivewood, in the form of a square,
34: and two doors of cypress
wood; the two leaves of the one door were folding, and the two leaves of the
other door were folding.
35: On them he carved cherubim and palm
trees and open flowers; and he overlaid them with gold evenly applied upon the
36: He built the inner court with three courses of hewn
stone and one course of cedar beams.
37: In the fourth year the
foundation of the house of the LORD was laid, in the month of Ziv.
38: And in the eleventh year, in the month of Bul, which is the
eighth month, the house was finished in all its parts, and according to all its
specifications. He was seven years in building it.
1: Solomon was building his own house thirteen
years, and he finished his entire house.
2: He built the House of the
Forest of Lebanon; its length was a hundred cubits, and its breadth fifty
cubits, and its height thirty cubits, and it was built upon three rows of cedar
pillars, with cedar beams upon the pillars.
3: And it was covered
with cedar above the chambers that were upon the forty-five pillars, fifteen in
4: There were window frames in three rows, and window
opposite window in three tiers.
5: All the doorways and windows had
square frames, and window was opposite window in three tiers.
he made the Hall of Pillars; its length was fifty cubits, and its breadth thirty
cubits; there was a porch in front with pillars, and a canopy before them.
7: And he made the Hall of the Throne where he was to pronounce
judgment, even the Hall of Judgment; it was finished with cedar from floor to
8: His own house where he was to dwell, in the other court
back of the hall, was of like workmanship. Solomon also made a house like this
hall for Pharaoh's daughter whom he had taken in marriage.
these were made of costly stones, hewn according to measure, sawed with saws,
back and front, even from the foundation to the coping, and from the court of
the house of the LORD to the great court.
10: The foundation was of
costly stones, huge stones, stones of eight and ten cubits.
above were costly stones, hewn according to measurement, and cedar.
12: The great court had three courses of hewn stone round about, and
a course of cedar beams; so had the inner court of the house of the LORD, and
the vestibule of the house.
13: And King Solomon sent and brought
Hiram from Tyre.
14: He was the son of a widow of the tribe of
Naph'tali, and his father was a man of Tyre, a worker in bronze; and he was full
of wisdom, understanding, and skill, for making any work in bronze. He came to
King Solomon, and did all his work.
15: He cast two pillars of
bronze. Eighteen cubits was the height of one pillar, and a line of twelve
cubits measured its circumference; it was hollow, and its thickness was four
fingers; the second pillar was the same.
16: He also made two
capitals of molten bronze, to set upon the tops of the pillars; the height of
the one capital was five cubits, and the height of the other capital was five
17: Then he made two nets of checker work with wreaths of
chain work for the capitals upon the tops of the pillars; a net for the one
capital, and a net for the other capital.
18: Likewise he made
pomegranates; in two rows round about upon the one network, to cover the capital
that was upon the top of the pillar; and he did the same with the other capital.
19: Now the capitals that were upon the tops of the pillars in the
vestibule were of lily-work, four cubits.
20: The capitals were upon
the two pillars and also above the rounded projection which was beside the
network; there were two hundred pomegranates, in two rows round about; and so
with the other capital.
21: He set up the pillars at the vestibule of
the temple; he set up the pillar on the south and called its name Jachin; and he
set up the pillar on the north and called its name Bo'az.
upon the tops of the pillars was lily-work. Thus the work of the pillars was
23: Then he made the molten sea; it was round, ten cubits
from brim to brim, and five cubits high, and a line of thirty cubits measured
24: Under its brim were gourds, for thirty cubits,
compassing the sea round about; the gourds were in two rows, cast with it when
it was cast.
25: It stood upon twelve oxen, three facing north, three
facing west, three facing south, and three facing east; the sea was set upon
them, and all their hinder parts were inward.
26: Its thickness was a
handbreadth; and its brim was made like the brim of a cup, like the flower of a
lily; it held two thousand baths.
27: He also made the ten stands of
bronze; each stand was four cubits long, four cubits wide, and three cubits
28: This was the construction of the stands: they had panels,
and the panels were set in the frames
29: and on the panels that were
set in the frames were lions, oxen, and cherubim. Upon the frames, both above
and below the lions and oxen, there were wreaths of beveled work.
Moreover each stand had four bronze wheels and axles of bronze; and at the four
corners were supports for a laver. The supports were cast, with wreaths at the
side of each.
31: Its opening was within a crown which projected
upward one cubit; its opening was round, as a pedestal is made, a cubit and a
half deep. At its opening there were carvings; and its panels were square, not
32: And the four wheels were underneath the panels; the axles
of the wheels were of one piece with the stands; and the height of a wheel was a
cubit and a half.
33: The wheels were made like a chariot wheel;
their axles, their rims, their spokes, and their hubs, were all cast.
34: There were four supports at the four corners of each stand; the
supports were of one piece with the stands.
35: And on the top of the
stand there was a round band half a cubit high; and on the top of the stand its
stays and its panels were of one piece with it.
36: And on the
surfaces of its stays and on its panels, he carved cherubim, lions, and palm
trees, according to the space of each, with wreaths round about.
After this manner he made the ten stands; all of them were cast alike, of the
same measure and the same form.
38: And he made ten lavers of bronze;
each laver held forty baths, each laver measured four cubits, and there was a
laver for each of the ten stands.
39: And he set the stands, five on
the south side of the house, and five on the north side of the house; and he set
the sea on the southeast corner of the house.
40: Hiram also made the
pots, the shovels, and the basins. So Hiram finished all the work that he did
for King Solomon on the house of the LORD:
41: the two pillars, the
two bowls of the capitals that were on the tops of the pillars, and the two
networks to cover the two bowls of the capitals that were on the tops of the
42: and the four hundred pomegranates for the two networks,
two rows of pomegranates for each network, to cover the two bowls of the
capitals that were upon the pillars;
43: the ten stands, and the ten
lavers upon the stands;
44: and the one sea, and the twelve oxen
underneath the sea.
45: Now the pots, the shovels, and the basins,
all these vessels in the house of the LORD, which Hiram made for King Solomon,
were of burnished bronze.
46: In the plain of the Jordan the king
cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarethan.
Solomon left all the vessels unweighed, because there were so many of them; the
weight of the bronze was not found out.
48: So Solomon made all the
vessels that were in the house of the LORD: the golden altar, the golden table
for the bread of the Presence,
49: the lampstands of pure gold, five
on the south side and five on the north, before the inner sanctuary; the
flowers, the lamps, and the tongs, of gold;
50: the cups, snuffers,
basins, dishes for incense, and firepans, of pure gold; and the sockets of gold,
for the doors of the innermost part of the house, the most holy place, and for
the doors of the nave of the temple.
51: Thus all the work that King
Solomon did on the house of the LORD was finished. And Solomon brought in the
things which David his father had dedicated, the silver, the gold, and the
vessels, and stored them in the treasuries of the house of the LORD.
1: Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel and
all the heads of the tribes, the leaders of the fathers' houses of the people of
Israel, before King Solomon in Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the covenant of
the LORD out of the city of David, which is Zion.
2: And all the men
of Israel assembled to King Solomon at the feast in the month Eth'anim, which is
the seventh month.
3: And all the elders of Israel came, and the
priests took up the ark.
4: And they brought up the ark of the LORD,
the tent of meeting, and all the holy vessels that were in the tent; the priests
and the Levites brought them up.
5: And King Solomon and all the
congregation of Israel, who had assembled before him, were with him before the
ark, sacrificing so many sheep and oxen that they could not be counted or
6: Then the priests brought the ark of the covenant of the
LORD to its place, in the inner sanctuary of the house, in the most holy place,
underneath the wings of the cherubim.
7: For the cherubim spread out
their wings over the place of the ark, so that the cherubim made a covering
above the ark and its poles.
8: And the poles were so long that the
ends of the poles were seen from the holy place before the inner sanctuary; but
they could not be seen from outside; and they are there to this day.
9: There was nothing in the ark except the two tables of stone which
Moses put there at Horeb, where the LORD made a covenant with the people of
Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt.
10: And when the
priests came out of the holy place, a cloud filled the house of the LORD,
11: so that the priests could not stand to minister because of the
cloud; for the glory of the LORD filled the house of the LORD.
Then Solomon said, "The LORD has set the sun in the heavens, but has said that
he would dwell in thick darkness.
13: I have built thee an exalted
house, a place for thee to dwell in for ever."
14: Then the king
faced about, and blessed all the assembly of Israel, while all the assembly of
15: And he said, "Blessed be the LORD, the God of
Israel, who with his hand has fulfilled what he promised with his mouth to David
my father, saying,
16: `Since the day that I brought my people Israel
out of Egypt, I chose no city in all the tribes of Israel in which to build a
house, that my name might be there; but I chose David to be over my people
17: Now it was in the heart of David my father to build a
house for the name of the LORD, the God of Israel.
18: But the LORD
said to David my father, `Whereas it was in your heart to build a house for my
name, you did well that it was in your heart;
19: nevertheless you
shall not build the house, but your son who shall be born to you shall build the
house for my name.'
20: Now the LORD has fulfilled his promise which
he made; for I have risen in the place of David my father, and sit on the throne
of Israel, as the LORD promised, and I have built the house for the name of the
LORD, the God of Israel.
21: And there I have provided a place for
the ark, in which is the covenant of the LORD which he made with our fathers,
when he brought them out of the land of Egypt."
22: Then Solomon
stood before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all the assembly of
Israel, and spread forth his hands toward heaven;
23: and said, "O
LORD, God of Israel, there is no God like thee, in heaven above or on earth
beneath, keeping covenant and showing steadfast love to thy servants who walk
before thee with all their heart;
24: who hast kept with thy servant
David my father what thou didst declare to him; yea, thou didst speak with thy
mouth, and with thy hand hast fulfilled it this day.
therefore, O LORD, God of Israel, keep with thy servant David my father what
thou hast promised him, saying, `There shall never fail you a man before me to
sit upon the throne of Israel, if only your sons take heed to their way, to walk
before me as you have walked before me.'
26: Now therefore, O God of
Israel, let thy word be confirmed, which thou hast spoken to thy servant David
27: "But will God indeed dwell on the earth? Behold,
heaven and the highest heaven cannot contain thee; how much less this house
which I have built!
28: Yet have regard to the prayer of thy servant
and to his supplication, O LORD my God, hearkening to the cry and to the prayer
which thy servant prays before thee this day;
29: that thy eyes may
be open night and day toward this house, the place of which thou hast said, `My
name shall be there,' that thou mayest hearken to the prayer which thy servant
offers toward this place.
30: And hearken thou to the supplication of
thy servant and of thy people Israel, when they pray toward this place; yea,
hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place; and when thou hearest, forgive.
31: "If a man sins against his neighbor and is made to take an oath,
and comes and swears his oath before thine altar in this house,
then hear thou in heaven, and act, and judge thy servants, condemning the guilty
by bringing his conduct upon his own head, and vindicating the righteous by
rewarding him according to his righteousness.
33: "When thy people
Israel are defeated before the enemy because they have sinned against thee, if
they turn again to thee, and acknowledge thy name, and pray and make
supplication to thee in this house;
34: then hear thou in heaven, and
forgive the sin of thy people Israel, and bring them again to the land which
thou gavest to their fathers.
35: "When heaven is shut up and there
is no rain because they have sinned against thee, if they pray toward this
place, and acknowledge thy name, and turn from their sin, when thou dost afflict
36: then hear thou in heaven, and forgive the sin of thy
servants, thy people Israel, when thou dost teach them the good way in which
they should walk; and grant rain upon thy land, which thou hast given to thy
people as an inheritance.
37: "If there is famine in the land, if
there is pestilence or blight or mildew or locust or caterpillar; if their enemy
besieges them in any of their cities; whatever plague, whatever sickness there
38: whatever prayer, whatever supplication is made by any man or
by all thy people Israel, each knowing the affliction of his own heart and
stretching out his hands toward this house;
39: then hear thou in
heaven thy dwelling place, and forgive, and act, and render to each whose heart
thou knowest, according to all his ways (for thou, thou only, knowest the hearts
of all the children of men);
40: that they may fear thee all the days
that they live in the land which thou gavest to our fathers.
"Likewise when a foreigner, who is not of thy people Israel, comes from a far
country for thy name's sake
42: (for they shall hear of thy great
name, and thy mighty hand, and of thy outstretched arm), when he comes and prays
toward this house,
43: hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place, and do
according to all for which the foreigner calls to thee; in order that all the
peoples of the earth may know thy name and fear thee, as do thy people Israel,
and that they may know that this house which I have built is called by thy name.
44: "If thy people go out to battle against their enemy, by whatever
way thou shalt send them, and they pray to the LORD toward the city which thou
hast chosen and the house which I have built for thy name,
hear thou in heaven their prayer and their supplication, and maintain their
46: "If they sin against thee -- for there is no man who does
not sin -- and thou art angry with them, and dost give them to an enemy, so that
they are carried away captive to the land of the enemy, far off or near;
47: yet if they lay it to heart in the land to which they have been
carried captive, and repent, and make supplication to thee in the land of their
captors, saying, `We have sinned, and have acted perversely and wickedly';
48: if they repent with all their mind and with all their heart in
the land of their enemies, who carried them captive, and pray to thee toward
their land, which thou gavest to their fathers, the city which thou hast chosen,
and the house which I have built for thy name;
49: then hear thou in
heaven thy dwelling place their prayer and their supplication, and maintain
50: and forgive thy people who have sinned against thee,
and all their transgressions which they have committed against thee; and grant
them compassion in the sight of those who carried them captive, that they may
have compassion on them
51: (for they are thy people, and thy
heritage, which thou didst bring out of Egypt, from the midst of the iron
52: Let thy eyes be open to the supplication of thy
servant, and to the supplication of thy people Israel, giving ear to them
whenever they call to thee.
53: For thou didst separate them from
among all the peoples of the earth, to be thy heritage, as thou didst declare
through Moses, thy servant, when thou didst bring our fathers out of Egypt, O
54: Now as Solomon finished offering all this prayer and
supplication to the LORD, he arose from before the altar of the LORD, where he
had knelt with hands outstretched toward heaven;
55: and he stood,
and blessed all the assembly of Israel with a loud voice, saying,
"Blessed be the LORD who has given rest to his people Israel, according to all
that he promised; not one word has failed of all his good promise, which he
uttered by Moses his servant.
57: The LORD our God be with us, as he
was with our fathers; may he not leave us or forsake us;
58: that he
may incline our hearts to him, to walk in all his ways, and to keep his
commandments, his statutes, and his ordinances, which he commanded our fathers.
59: Let these words of mine, wherewith I have made supplication
before the LORD, be near to the LORD our God day and night, and may he maintain
the cause of his servant, and the cause of his people Israel, as each day
60: that all the peoples of the earth may know that the
LORD is God; there is no other.
61: Let your heart therefore be
wholly true to the LORD our God, walking in his statutes and keeping his
commandments, as at this day."
62: Then the king, and all Israel with
him, offered sacrifice before the LORD.
63: Solomon offered as peace
offerings to the LORD twenty-two thousand oxen and a hundred and twenty thousand
sheep. So the king and all the people of Israel dedicated the house of the LORD.
64: The same day the king consecrated the middle of the court that
was before the house of the LORD; for there he offered the burnt offering and
the cereal offering and the fat pieces of the peace offerings, because the
bronze altar that was before the LORD was too small to receive the burnt
offering and the cereal offering and the fat pieces of the peace offerings.
65: So Solomon held the feast at that time, and all Israel with him,
a great assembly, from the entrance of Hamath to the Brook of Egypt, before the
LORD our God, seven days.
66: On the eighth day he sent the people
away; and they blessed the king, and went to their homes joyful and glad of
heart for all the goodness that the LORD had shown to David his servant and to
Israel his people.
1: When Solomon had finished building the house of
the LORD and the king's house and all that Solomon desired to build,
2: the LORD appeared to Solomon a second time, as he had appeared to
him at Gibeon.
3: And the LORD said to him, "I have heard your prayer
and your supplication, which you have made before me; I have consecrated this
house which you have built, and put my name there for ever; my eyes and my heart
will be there for all time.
4: And as for you, if you will walk
before me, as David your father walked, with integrity of heart and uprightness,
doing according to all that I have commanded you, and keeping my statutes and my
5: then I will establish your royal throne over Israel
for ever, as I promised David your father, saying, `There shall not fail you a
man upon the throne of Israel.'
6: But if you turn aside from
following me, you or your children, and do not keep my commandments and my
statutes which I have set before you, but go and serve other gods and worship
7: then I will cut off Israel from the land which I have given
them; and the house which I have consecrated for my name I will cast out of my
sight; and Israel will become a proverb and a byword among all peoples.
8: And this house will become a heap of ruins; everyone passing by it
will be astonished, and will hiss; and they will say, `Why has the LORD done
thus to this land and to this house?'
9: Then they will say, `Because
they forsook the LORD their God who brought their fathers out of the land of
Egypt, and laid hold on other gods, and worshiped them and served them;
therefore the LORD has brought all this evil upon them.'"
10: At the
end of twenty years, in which Solomon had built the two houses, the house of the
LORD and the king's house,
11: and Hiram king of Tyre had supplied
Solomon with cedar and cypress timber and gold, as much as he desired, King
Solomon gave to Hiram twenty cities in the land of Galilee.
when Hiram came from Tyre to see the cities which Solomon had given him, they
did not please him.
13: Therefore he said, "What kind of cities are
these which you have given me, my brother?" So they are called the land of Cabul
to this day.
14: Hiram had sent to the king one hundred and twenty
talents of gold.
15: And this is the account of the forced labor
which King Solomon levied to build the house of the LORD and his own house and
the Millo and the wall of Jerusalem and Hazor and Megid'do and Gezer
16: (Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up and captured Gezer and burnt
it with fire, and had slain the Canaanites who dwelt in the city, and had given
it as dowry to his daughter, Solomon's wife;
17: so Solomon rebuilt
Gezer) and Lower Beth-hor'on
18: and Ba'alath and Tamar in the
wilderness, in the land of Judah,
19: and all the store-cities that
Solomon had, and the cities for his chariots, and the cities for his horsemen,
and whatever Solomon desired to build in Jerusalem, in Lebanon, and in all the
land of his dominion.
20: All the people who were left of the
Amorites, the Hittites, the Per'izzites, the Hivites, and the Jeb'usites, who
were not of the people of Israel --
21: their descendants who were
left after them in the land, whom the people of Israel were unable to destroy
utterly -- these Solomon made a forced levy of slaves, and so they are to this
22: But of the people of Israel Solomon made no slaves; they
were the soldiers, they were his officials, his commanders, his captains, his
chariot commanders and his horsemen.
23: These were the chief
officers who were over Solomon's work: five hundred and fifty, who had charge of
the people who carried on the work.
24: But Pharaoh's daughter went
up from the city of David to her own house which Solomon had built for her; then
he built the Millo.
25: Three times a year Solomon used to offer up
burnt offerings and peace offerings upon the altar which he built to the LORD,
burning incense before the LORD. So he finished the house.
Solomon built a fleet of ships at E'zion-ge'ber, which is near Eloth on the
shore of the Red Sea, in the land of Edom.
27: And Hiram sent with
the fleet his servants, seamen who were familiar with the sea, together with the
servants of Solomon;
28: and they went to Ophir, and brought from
there gold, to the amount of four hundred and twenty talents; and they brought
it to King Solomon.
1: Now when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of
Solomon concerning the name of the LORD, she came to test him with hard
2: She came to Jerusalem with a very great retinue, with
camels bearing spices, and very much gold, and precious stones; and when she
came to Solomon, she told him all that was on her mind.
Solomon answered all her questions; there was nothing hidden from the king which
he could not explain to her.
4: And when the queen of Sheba had seen
all the wisdom of Solomon, the house that he had built,
5: the food
of his table, the seating of his officials, and the attendance of his servants,
their clothing, his cupbearers, and his burnt offerings which he offered at the
house of the LORD, there was no more spirit in her.
6: And she said
to the king, "The report was true which I heard in my own land of your affairs
and of your wisdom,
7: but I did not believe the reports until I came
and my own eyes had seen it; and, behold, the half was not told me; your wisdom
and prosperity surpass the report which I heard.
8: Happy are your
wives! Happy are these your servants, who continually stand before you and hear
9: Blessed be the LORD your God, who has delighted in
you and set you on the throne of Israel! Because the LORD loved Israel for ever,
he has made you king, that you may execute justice and righteousness."
10: Then she gave the king a hundred and twenty talents of gold, and
a very great quantity of spices, and precious stones; never again came such an
abundance of spices as these which the queen of Sheba gave to King Solomon.
11: Moreover the fleet of Hiram, which brought gold from Ophir,
brought from Ophir a very great amount of almug wood and precious stones.
12: And the king made of the almug wood supports for the house of the
LORD, and for the king's house, lyres also and harps for the singers; no such
almug wood has come or been seen, to this day.
13: And King Solomon
gave to the queen of Sheba all that she desired, whatever she asked besides what
was given her by the bounty of King Solomon. So she turned and went back to her
own land, with her servants.
14: Now the weight of gold that came to
Solomon in one year was six hundred and sixty-six talents of gold,
15: besides that which came from the traders and from the traffic of
the merchants, and from all the kings of Arabia and from the governors of the
16: King Solomon made two hundred large shields of beaten gold;
six hundred shekels of gold went into each shield.
17: And he made
three hundred shields of beaten gold; three minas of gold went into each shield;
and the king put them in the House of the Forest of Lebanon.
king also made a great ivory throne, and overlaid it with the finest gold.
19: The throne had six steps, and at the back of the throne was a
calf's head, and on each side of the seat were arm rests and two lions standing
beside the arm rests,
20: while twelve lions stood there, one on each
end of a step on the six steps. The like of it was never made in any kingdom.
21: All King Solomon's drinking vessels were of gold, and all the
vessels of the House of the Forest of Lebanon were of pure gold; none were of
silver, it was not considered as anything in the days of Solomon.
For the king had a fleet of ships of Tarshish at sea with the fleet of Hiram.
Once every three years the fleet of ships of Tarshish used to come bringing
gold, silver, ivory, apes, and peacocks.
23: Thus King Solomon
excelled all the kings of the earth in riches and in wisdom.
the whole earth sought the presence of Solomon to hear his wisdom, which God had
put into his mind.
25: Every one of them brought his present,
articles of silver and gold, garments, myrrh, spices, horses, and mules, so much
year by year.
26: And Solomon gathered together chariots and
horsemen; he had fourteen hundred chariots and twelve thousand horsemen, whom he
stationed in the chariot cities and with the king in Jerusalem.
And the king made silver as common in Jerusalem as stone, and he made cedar as
plentiful as the sycamore of the Shephe'lah.
28: And Solomon's import
of horses was from Egypt and Ku'e, and the king's traders received them from
Ku'e at a price.
29: A chariot could be imported from Egypt for six
hundred shekels of silver, and a horse for a hundred and fifty; and so through
the king's traders they were exported to all the kings of the Hittites and the
kings of Syria.
1: Now King Solomon loved many foreign women: the
daughter of Pharaoh, and Moabite, Ammonite, E'domite, Sido'nian, and Hittite
2: from the nations concerning which the LORD had said to the
people of Israel, "You shall not enter into marriage with them, neither shall
they with you, for surely they will turn away your heart after their gods";
Solomon clung to these in love.
3: He had seven hundred wives,
princesses, and three hundred concubines; and his wives turned away his heart.
4: For when Solomon was old his wives turned away his heart after
other gods; and his heart was not wholly true to the LORD his God, as was the
heart of David his father.
5: For Solomon went after Ash'toreth the
goddess of the Sido'nians, and after Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites.
6: So Solomon did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, and did not
wholly follow the LORD, as David his father had done.
7: Then Solomon
built a high place for Chemosh the abomination of Moab, and for Molech the
abomination of the Ammonites, on the mountain east of Jerusalem.
And so he did for all his foreign wives, who burned incense and sacrificed to
9: And the LORD was angry with Solomon, because his heart
had turned away from the LORD, the God of Israel, who had appeared to him twice,
10: and had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not
go after other gods; but he did not keep what the LORD commanded.
Therefore the LORD said to Solomon, "Since this has been your mind and you have
not kept my covenant and my statutes which I have commanded you, I will surely
tear the kingdom from you and will give it to your servant.
for the sake of David your father I will not do it in your days, but I will tear
it out of the hand of your son.
13: However I will not tear away all
the kingdom; but I will give one tribe to your son, for the sake of David my
servant and for the sake of Jerusalem which I have chosen."
the LORD raised up an adversary against Solomon, Hadad the E'domite; he was of
the royal house in Edom.
15: For when David was in Edom, and Jo'ab
the commander of the army went up to bury the slain, he slew every male in Edom
16: (for Jo'ab and all Israel remained there six months, until he had
cut off every male in Edom);
17: but Hadad fled to Egypt, together
with certain E'domites of his father's servants, Hadad being yet a little child.
18: They set out from Mid'ian and came to Paran, and took men with
them from Paran and came to Egypt, to Pharaoh king of Egypt, who gave him a
house, and assigned him an allowance of food, and gave him land.
And Hadad found great favor in the sight of Pharaoh, so that he gave him in
marriage the sister of his own wife, the sister of Tah'penes the queen.
20: And the sister of Tah'penes bore him Genu'bath his son, whom
Tah'penes weaned in Pharaoh's house; and Genu'bath was in Pharaoh's house among
the sons of Pharaoh.
21: But when Hadad heard in Egypt that David
slept with his fathers and that Jo'ab the commander of the army was dead, Hadad
said to Pharaoh, "Let me depart, that I may go to my own country."
22: But Pharaoh said to him, "What have you lacked with me that you
are now seeking to go to your own country?" And he said to him, "Only let me
23: God also raised up as an adversary to him, Rezon the son of
Eli'ada, who had fled from his master Hadade'zer king of Zobah.
And he gathered men about him and became leader of a marauding band, after the
slaughter by David; and they went to Damascus, and dwelt there, and made him
king in Damascus.
25: He was an adversary of Israel all the days of
Solomon, doing mischief as Hadad did; and he abhorred Israel, and reigned over
26: Jerobo'am the son of Nebat, an E'phraimite of Zer'edah, a
servant of Solomon, whose mother's name was Zeru'ah, a widow, also lifted up his
hand against the king.
27: And this was the reason why he lifted up
his hand against the king. Solomon built the Millo, and closed up the breach of
the city of David his father.
28: The man Jerobo'am was very able,
and when Solomon saw that the young man was industrious he gave him charge over
all the forced labor of the house of Joseph.
29: And at that time,
when Jerobo'am went out of Jerusalem, the prophet Ahi'jah the Shi'lonite found
him on the road. Now Ahi'jah had clad himself with a new garment; and the two of
them were alone in the open country.
30: Then Ahi'jah laid hold of
the new garment that was on him, and tore it into twelve pieces.
And he said to Jerobo'am, "Take for yourself ten pieces; for thus says the LORD,
the God of Israel, `Behold, I am about to tear the kingdom from the hand of
Solomon, and will give you ten tribes
32: (but he shall have one
tribe, for the sake of my servant David and for the sake of Jerusalem, the city
which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel),
33: because he
has forsaken me, and worshiped Ash'toreth the goddess of the Sido'nians, Chemosh
the god of Moab, and Milcom the god of the Ammonites, and has not walked in my
ways, doing what is right in my sight and keeping my statutes and my ordinances,
as David his father did.
34: Nevertheless I will not take the whole
kingdom out of his hand; but I will make him ruler all the days of his life, for
the sake of David my servant whom I chose, who kept my commandments and my
35: but I will take the kingdom out of his son's hand, and
will give it to you, ten tribes.
36: Yet to his son I will give one
tribe, that David my servant may always have a lamp before me in Jerusalem, the
city where I have chosen to put my name.
37: And I will take you, and
you shall reign over all that your soul desires, and you shall be king over
38: And if you will hearken to all that I command you, and
will walk in my ways, and do what is right in my eyes by keeping my statutes and
my commandments, as David my servant did, I will be with you, and will build you
a sure house, as I built for David, and I will give Israel to you.
39: And I will for this afflict the descendants of David, but not for
40: Solomon sought therefore to kill Jerobo'am; but Jerobo'am
arose, and fled into Egypt, to Shishak king of Egypt, and was in Egypt until the
death of Solomon.
41: Now the rest of the acts of Solomon, and all
that he did, and his wisdom, are they not written in the book of the acts of
42: And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all
Israel was forty years.
43: And Solomon slept with his fathers, and
was buried in the city of David his father; and Rehobo'am his son reigned in his
1: Rehobo'am went to Shechem, for all Israel had
come to Shechem to make him king.
2: And when Jerobo'am the son of
Nebat heard of it (for he was still in Egypt, whither he had fled from King
Solomon), then Jerobo'am returned from Egypt.
3: And they sent and
called him; and Jerobo'am and all the assembly of Israel came and said to
4: "Your father made our yoke heavy. Now therefore lighten
the hard service of your father and his heavy yoke upon us, and we will serve
5: He said to them, "Depart for three days, then come again to
me." So the people went away.
6: Then King Rehobo'am took counsel
with the old men, who had stood before Solomon his father while he was yet
alive, saying, "How do you advise me to answer this people?"
they said to him, "If you will be a servant to this people today and serve them,
and speak good words to them when you answer them, then they will be your
servants for ever."
8: But he forsook the counsel which the old men
gave him, and took counsel with the young men who had grown up with him and
stood before him.
9: And he said to them, "What do you advise that we
answer this people who have said to me, `Lighten the yoke that your father put
10: And the young men who had grown up with him said to
him, "Thus shall you speak to this people who said to you, `Your father made our
yoke heavy, but do you lighten it for us'; thus shall you say to them, `My
little finger is thicker than my father's loins.
11: And now, whereas
my father laid upon you a heavy yoke, I will add to your yoke. My father
chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.'"
12: So Jerobo'am and all the people came to Rehobo'am the third day,
as the king said, "Come to me again the third day."
13: And the king
answered the people harshly, and forsaking the counsel which the old men had
14: he spoke to them according to the counsel of the young
men, saying, "My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add to your yoke; my
father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions."
15: So the king did not hearken to the people; for it was a turn of
affairs brought about by the LORD that he might fulfil his word, which the LORD
spoke by Ahi'jah the Shi'lonite to Jerobo'am the son of Nebat.
And when all Israel saw that the king did not hearken to them, the people
answered the king, "What portion have we in David? We have no inheritance in the
son of Jesse. To your tents, O Israel! Look now to your own house, David." So
Israel departed to their tents.
17: But Rehobo'am reigned over the
people of Israel who dwelt in the cities of Judah.
18: Then King
Rehobo'am sent Ador'am, who was taskmaster over the forced labor, and all Israel
stoned him to death with stones. And King Rehobo'am made haste to mount his
chariot, to flee to Jerusalem.
19: So Israel has been in rebellion
against the house of David to this day.
20: And when all Israel heard
that Jerobo'am had returned, they sent and called him to the assembly and made
him king over all Israel. There was none that followed the house of David, but
the tribe of Judah only.
21: When Rehobo'am came to Jerusalem, he
assembled all the house of Judah, and the tribe of Benjamin, a hundred and
eighty thousand chosen warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, to
restore the kingdom to Rehobo'am the son of Solomon.
22: But the word
of God came to Shemai'ah the man of God:
23: "Say to Rehobo'am the
son of Solomon, king of Judah, and to all the house of Judah and Benjamin, and
to the rest of the people,
24: `Thus says the LORD, You shall not go
up or fight against your kinsmen the people of Israel. Return every man to his
home, for this thing is from me.'" So they hearkened to the word of the LORD,
and went home again, according to the word of the LORD.
Jerobo'am built Shechem in the hill country of E'phraim, and dwelt there; and he
went out from there and built Penu'el.
26: And Jerobo'am said in his
heart, "Now the kingdom will turn back to the house of David;
this people go up to offer sacrifices in the house of the LORD at Jerusalem,
then the heart of this people will turn again to their lord, to Rehobo'am king
of Judah, and they will kill me and return to Rehobo'am king of Judah."
28: So the king took counsel, and made two calves of gold. And he
said to the people, "You have gone up to Jerusalem long enough. Behold your
gods, O Israel, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt."
he set one in Bethel, and the other he put in Dan.
30: And this thing
became a sin, for the people went to the one at Bethel and to the other as far
31: He also made houses on high places, and appointed priests
from among all the people, who were not of the Levites.
Jerobo'am appointed a feast on the fifteenth day of the eighth month like the
feast that was in Judah, and he offered sacrifices upon the altar; so he did in
Bethel, sacrificing to the calves that he had made. And he placed in Bethel the
priests of the high places that he had made.
33: He went up to the
altar which he had made in Bethel on the fifteenth day in the eighth month, in
the month which he had devised of his own heart; and he ordained a feast for the
people of Israel, and went up to the altar to burn incense.
1: And behold, a man of God came out of Judah by
the word of the LORD to Bethel. Jerobo'am was standing by the altar to burn
2: And the man cried against the altar by the word of the
LORD, and said, "O altar, altar, thus says the LORD: `Behold, a son shall be
born to the house of David, Josi'ah by name; and he shall sacrifice upon you the
priests of the high places who burn incense upon you, and men's bones shall be
burned upon you.'"
3: And he gave a sign the same day, saying, "This
is the sign that the LORD has spoken: `Behold, the altar shall be torn down, and
the ashes that are upon it shall be poured out.'"
4: And when the
king heard the saying of the man of God, which he cried against the altar at
Bethel, Jerobo'am stretched out his hand from the altar, saying, "Lay hold of
him." And his hand, which he stretched out against him, dried up, so that he
could not draw it back to himself.
5: The altar also was torn down,
and the ashes poured out from the altar, according to the sign which the man of
God had given by the word of the LORD.
6: And the king said to the
man of God, "Entreat now the favor of the LORD your God, and pray for me, that
my hand may be restored to me." And the man of God entreated the LORD; and the
king's hand was restored to him, and became as it was before.
the king said to the man of God, "Come home with me, and refresh yourself, and I
will give you a reward."
8: And the man of God said to the king, "If
you give me half your house, I will not go in with you. And I will not eat bread
or drink water in this place;
9: for so was it commanded me by the
word of the LORD, saying, `You shall neither eat bread, nor drink water, nor
return by the way that you came.'"
10: So he went another way, and
did not return by the way that he came to Bethel.
11: Now there dwelt
an old prophet in Bethel. And his sons came and told him all that the man of God
had done that day in Bethel; the words also which he had spoken to the king,
they told to their father.
12: And their father said to them, "Which
way did he go?" And his sons showed him the way which the man of God who came
from Judah had gone.
13: And he said to his sons, "Saddle the ass for
me." So they saddled the ass for him and he mounted it.
14: And he
went after the man of God, and found him sitting under an oak; and he said to
him, "Are you the man of God who came from Judah?" And he said, "I am."
15: Then he said to him, "Come home with me and eat bread."
16: And he said, "I may not return with you, or go in with you;
neither will I eat bread nor drink water with you in this place;
for it was said to me by the word of the LORD, `You shall neither eat bread nor
drink water there, nor return by the way that you came.'"
18: And he
said to him, "I also am a prophet as you are, and an angel spoke to me by the
word of the LORD, saying, `Bring him back with you into your house that he may
eat bread and drink water.'" But he lied to him.
19: So he went back
with him, and ate bread in his house, and drank water.
20: And as
they sat at the table, the word of the LORD came to the prophet who had brought
21: and he cried to the man of God who came from Judah,
"Thus says the LORD, `Because you have disobeyed the word of the LORD, and have
not kept the commandment which the LORD your God commanded you,
but have come back, and have eaten bread and drunk water in the place of which
he said to you, "Eat no bread, and drink no water"; your body shall not come to
the tomb of your fathers.'"
23: And after he had eaten bread and
drunk, he saddled the ass for the prophet whom he had brought back.
24: And as he went away a lion met him on the road and killed him.
And his body was thrown in the road, and the ass stood beside it; the lion also
stood beside the body.
25: And behold, men passed by, and saw the
body thrown in the road, and the lion standing by the body. And they came and
told it in the city where the old prophet dwelt.
26: And when the
prophet who had brought him back from the way heard of it, he said, "It is the
man of God, who disobeyed the word of the LORD; therefore the LORD has given him
to the lion, which has torn him and slain him, according to the word which the
LORD spoke to him."
27: And he said to his sons, "Saddle the ass for
me." And they saddled it.
28: And he went and found his body thrown
in the road, and the ass and the lion standing beside the body. The lion had not
eaten the body or torn the ass.
29: And the prophet took up the body
of the man of God and laid it upon the ass, and brought it back to the city, to
mourn and to bury him.
30: And he laid the body in his own grave; and
they mourned over him, saying, "Alas, my brother!"
31: And after he
had buried him, he said to his sons, "When I die, bury me in the grave in which
the man of God is buried; lay my bones beside his bones.
32: For the
saying which he cried by the word of the LORD against the altar in Bethel, and
against all the houses of the high places which are in the cities of Sama'ria,
shall surely come to pass."
33: After this thing Jerobo'am did not
turn from his evil way, but made priests for the high places again from among
all the people; any who would, he consecrated to be priests of the high places.
34: And this thing became sin to the house of Jerobo'am, so as to cut
it off and to destroy it from the face of the earth.
1: At that time Abi'jah the son of Jerobo'am fell
2: And Jerobo'am said to his wife, "Arise, and disguise
yourself, that it be not known that you are the wife of Jerobo'am, and go to
Shiloh; behold, Ahi'jah the prophet is there, who said of me that I should be
king over this people.
3: Take with you ten loaves, some cakes, and a
jar of honey, and go to him; he will tell you what shall happen to the child."
4: Jerobo'am's wife did so; she arose, and went to Shiloh, and came
to the house of Ahi'jah. Now Ahi'jah could not see, for his eyes were dim
because of his age.
5: And the LORD said to Ahi'jah, "Behold, the
wife of Jerobo'am is coming to inquire of you concerning her son; for he is
sick. Thus and thus shall you say to her." When she came, she pretended to be
6: But when Ahi'jah heard the sound of her feet, as
she came in at the door, he said, "Come in, wife of Jerobo'am; why do you
pretend to be another? For I am charged with heavy tidings for you.
7: Go, tell Jerobo'am, `Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel:
"Because I exalted you from among the people, and made you leader over my people
8: and tore the kingdom away from the house of David and gave
it to you; and yet you have not been like my servant David, who kept my
commandments, and followed me with all his heart, doing only that which was
right in my eyes,
9: but you have done evil above all that were
before you and have gone and made for yourself other gods, and molten images,
provoking me to anger, and have cast me behind your back;
therefore behold, I will bring evil upon the house of Jerobo'am, and will cut
off from Jerobo'am every male, both bond and free in Israel, and will utterly
consume the house of Jerobo'am, as a man burns up dung until it is all gone.
11: Any one belonging to Jerobo'am who dies in the city the dogs
shall eat; and any one who dies in the open country the birds of the air shall
eat; for the LORD has spoken it."'
12: Arise therefore, go to your
house. When your feet enter the city, the child shall die.
all Israel shall mourn for him, and bury him; for he only of Jerobo'am shall
come to the grave, because in him there is found something pleasing to the LORD,
the God of Israel, in the house of Jerobo'am.
14: Moreover the LORD
will raise up for himself a king over Israel, who shall cut off the house of
Jerobo'am today. And henceforth
15: the LORD will smite Israel, as a
reed is shaken in the water, and root up Israel out of this good land which he
gave to their fathers, and scatter them beyond the Euphra'tes, because they have
made their Ashe'rim, provoking the LORD to anger.
16: And he will
give Israel up because of the sins of Jerobo'am, which he sinned and which he
made Israel to sin."
17: Then Jerobo'am's wife arose, and departed,
and came to Tirzah. And as she came to the threshold of the house, the child
18: And all Israel buried him and mourned for him, according to
the word of the LORD, which he spoke by his servant Ahi'jah the prophet.
19: Now the rest of the acts of Jerobo'am, how he warred and how he
reigned, behold, they are written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of
20: And the time that Jerobo'am reigned was twenty-two years;
and he slept with his fathers, and Nadab his son reigned in his stead.
21: Now Rehobo'am the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehobo'am was
forty-one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen years in
Jerusalem, the city which the LORD had chosen out of all the tribes of Israel,
to put his name there. His mother's name was Na'amah the Ammonitess.
22: And Judah did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, and they
provoked him to jealousy with their sins which they committed, more than all
that their fathers had done.
23: For they also built for themselves
high places, and pillars, and Ashe'rim on every high hill and under every green
24: and there were also male cult prostitutes in the land. They
did according to all the abominations of the nations which the LORD drove out
before the people of Israel.
25: In the fifth year of King Rehobo'am,
Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem;
26: he took away the
treasures of the house of the LORD and the treasures of the king's house; he
took away everything. He also took away all the shields of gold which Solomon
27: and King Rehobo'am made in their stead shields of
bronze, and committed them to the hands of the officers of the guard, who kept
the door of the king's house.
28: And as often as the king went into
the house of the LORD, the guard bore them and brought them back to the
29: Now the rest of the acts of Rehobo'am, and all that he
did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah?
30: And there was war between Rehobo'am and Jerobo'am continually.
31: And Rehobo'am slept with his fathers and was buried with his
fathers in the city of David. His mother's name was Na'amah the Ammonitess. And
Abi'jam his son reigned in his stead.
1: Now in the eighteenth year of King Jerobo'am the
son of Nebat, Abi'jam began to reign over Judah.
2: He reigned for
three years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Ma'acah the daughter of
3: And he walked in all the sins which his father did
before him; and his heart was not wholly true to the LORD his God, as the heart
of David his father.
4: Nevertheless for David's sake the LORD his
God gave him a lamp in Jerusalem, setting up his son after him, and establishing
5: because David did what was right in the eyes of the
LORD, and did not turn aside from anything that he commanded him all the days of
his life, except in the matter of Uri'ah the Hittite.
6: Now there
was war between Rehobo'am and Jerobo'am all the days of his life.
The rest of the acts of Abi'jam, and all that he did, are they not written in
the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? And there was war between
Abi'jam and Jerobo'am.
8: And Abi'jam slept with his fathers; and
they buried him in the city of David. And Asa his son reigned in his stead.
9: In the twentieth year of Jerobo'am king of Israel Asa began to
reign over Judah,
10: and he reigned forty-one years in Jerusalem.
His mother's name was Ma'acah the daughter of Abish'alom.
11: And Asa
did what was right in the eyes of the LORD, as David his father had done.
12: He put away the male cult prostitutes out of the land, and
removed all the idols that his fathers had made.
13: He also removed
Ma'acah his mother from being queen mother because she had an abominable image
made for Ashe'rah; and Asa cut down her image and burned it at the brook Kidron.
14: But the high places were not taken away. Nevertheless the heart
of Asa was wholly true to the LORD all his days.
15: And he brought
into the house of the LORD the votive gifts of his father and his own votive
gifts, silver, and gold, and vessels.
16: And there was war between
Asa and Ba'asha king of Israel all their days.
17: Ba'asha king of
Israel went up against Judah, and built Ramah, that he might permit no one to go
out or come in to Asa king of Judah.
18: Then Asa took all the silver
and the gold that were left in the treasures of the house of the LORD and the
treasures of the king's house, and gave them into the hands of his servants; and
King Asa sent them to Ben-ha'dad the son of Tabrim'mon, the son of He'zi-on,
king of Syria, who dwelt in Damascus, saying,
19: "Let there be a
league between me and you, as between my father and your father: behold, I am
sending to you a present of silver and gold; go, break your league with Ba'asha
king of Israel, that he may withdraw from me."
20: And Ben-ha'dad
hearkened to King Asa, and sent the commanders of his armies against the cities
of Israel, and conquered Ijon, Dan, A'bel-beth-ma'acah, and all Chin'neroth,
with all the land of Naph'tali.
21: And when Ba'asha heard of it, he
stopped building Ramah, and he dwelt in Tirzah.
22: Then King Asa
made a proclamation to all Judah, none was exempt, and they carried away the
stones of Ramah and its timber, with which Ba'asha had been building; and with
them King Asa built Geba of Benjamin and Mizpah.
23: Now the rest of
all the acts of Asa, all his might, and all that he did, and the cities which he
built, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah?
But in his old age he was diseased in his feet.
24: And Asa slept
with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his
father; and Jehosh'aphat his son reigned in his stead.
25: Nadab the
son of Jerobo'am began to reign over Israel in the second year of Asa king of
Judah; and he reigned over Israel two years.
26: He did what was evil
in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the way of his father, and in his sin
which he made Israel to sin.
27: Ba'asha the son of Ahi'jah, of the
house of Is'sachar, conspired against him; and Ba'asha struck him down at
Gib'bethon, which belonged to the Philistines; for Nadab and all Israel were
laying siege to Gib'bethon.
28: So Ba'asha killed him in the third
year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned in his stead.
29: And as soon
as he was king, he killed all the house of Jerobo'am; he left to the house of
Jerobo'am not one that breathed, until he had destroyed it, according to the
word of the LORD which he spoke by his servant Ahi'jah the Shi'lonite;
30: it was for the sins of Jerobo'am which he sinned and which he
made Israel to sin, and because of the anger to which he provoked the LORD, the
God of Israel.
31: Now the rest of the acts of Nadab, and all that he
did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel?
32: And there was war between Asa and Ba'asha king of Israel all
33: In the third year of Asa king of Judah, Ba'asha the
son of Ahi'jah began to reign over all Israel at Tirzah, and reigned twenty-four
34: He did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, and walked
in the way of Jerobo'am and in his sin which he made Israel to sin.
1: And the word of the LORD came to Jehu the son of
Hana'ni against Ba'asha, saying,
2: "Since I exalted you out of the
dust and made you leader over my people Israel, and you have walked in the way
of Jerobo'am, and have made my people Israel to sin, provoking me to anger with
3: behold, I will utterly sweep away Ba'asha and his
house, and I will make your house like the house of Jerobo'am the son of Nebat.
4: Any one belonging to Ba'asha who dies in the city the dogs shall
eat; and any one of his who dies in the field the birds of the air shall eat."
5: Now the rest of the acts of Ba'asha, and what he did, and his
might, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of
6: And Ba'asha slept with his fathers, and was buried at
Tirzah; and Elah his son reigned in his stead.
7: Moreover the word
of the LORD came by the prophet Jehu the son of Hana'ni against Ba'asha and his
house, both because of all the evil that he did in the sight of the LORD,
provoking him to anger with the work of his hands, in being like the house of
Jerobo'am, and also because he destroyed it.
8: In the twenty-sixth
year of Asa king of Judah, Elah the son of Ba'asha began to reign over Israel in
Tirzah, and reigned two years.
9: But his servant Zimri, commander of
half his chariots, conspired against him. When he was at Tirzah, drinking
himself drunk in the house of Arza, who was over the household in Tirzah,
10: Zimri came in and struck him down and killed him, in the
twenty-seventh year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned in his stead.
11: When he began to reign, as soon as he had seated himself on his
throne, he killed all the house of Ba'asha; he did not leave him a single male
of his kinsmen or his friends.
12: Thus Zimri destroyed all the house
of Ba'asha, according to the word of the LORD, which he spoke against Ba'asha by
Jehu the prophet,
13: for all the sins of Ba'asha and the sins of
Elah his son which they sinned, and which they made Israel to sin, provoking the
LORD God of Israel to anger with their idols.
14: Now the rest of the
acts of Elah, and all that he did, are they not written in the Book of the
Chronicles of the Kings of Israel?
15: In the twenty-seventh year of
Asa king of Judah, Zimri reigned seven days in Tirzah. Now the troops were
encamped against Gib'bethon, which belonged to the Philistines,
and the troops who were encamped heard it said, "Zimri has conspired, and he has
killed the king"; therefore all Israel made Omri, the commander of the army,
king over Israel that day in the camp.
17: So Omri went up from
Gib'bethon, and all Israel with him, and they besieged Tirzah.
And when Zimri saw that the city was taken, he went into the citadel of the
king's house, and burned the king's house over him with fire, and died,
19: because of his sins which he committed, doing evil in the sight
of the LORD, walking in the way of Jerobo'am, and for his sin which he
committed, making Israel to sin.
20: Now the rest of the acts of
Zimri, and the conspiracy which he made, are they not written in the Book of the
Chronicles of the Kings of Israel?
21: Then the people of Israel were
divided into two parts; half of the people followed Tibni the son of Ginath, to
make him king, and half followed Omri.
22: But the people who
followed Omri overcame the people who followed Tibni the son of Ginath; so Tibni
died, and Omri became king.
23: In the thirty-first year of Asa king
of Judah, Omri began to reign over Israel, and reigned for twelve years; six
years he reigned in Tirzah.
24: He bought the hill of Sama'ria from
Shemer for two talents of silver; and he fortified the hill, and called the name
of the city which he built, Sama'ria, after the name of Shemer, the owner of the
25: Omri did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, and did
more evil than all who were before him.
26: For he walked in all the
way of Jerobo'am the son of Nebat, and in the sins which he made Israel to sin,
provoking the LORD, the God of Israel, to anger by their idols.
Now the rest of the acts of Omri which he did, and the might that he showed, are
they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel?
28: And Omri slept with his fathers, and was buried in Sama'ria; and
Ahab his son reigned in his stead.
29: In the thirty-eighth year of
Asa king of Judah, Ahab the son of Omri began to reign over Israel, and Ahab the
son of Omri reigned over Israel in Sama'ria twenty-two years.
Ahab the son of Omri did evil in the sight of the LORD more than all that were
31: And as if it had been a light thing for him to walk
in the sins of Jerobo'am the son of Nebat, he took for wife Jez'ebel the
daughter of Ethba'al king of the Sido'nians, and went and served Ba'al, and
32: He erected an altar for Ba'al in the house of
Ba'al, which he built in Sama'ria.
33: And Ahab made an Ashe'rah.
Ahab did more to provoke the LORD, the God of Israel, to anger than all the
kings of Israel who were before him.
34: In his days Hi'el of Bethel
built Jericho; he laid its foundation at the cost of Abi'ram his first-born, and
set up its gates at the cost of his youngest son Segub, according to the word of
the LORD, which he spoke by Joshua the son of Nun.
1: Now Eli'jah the Tishbite, of Tishbe in Gilead,
said to Ahab, "As the LORD the God of Israel lives, before whom I stand, there
shall be neither dew nor rain these years, except by my word."
the word of the LORD came to him,
3: "Depart from here and turn
eastward, and hide yourself by the brook Cherith, that is east of the Jordan.
4: You shall drink from the brook, and I have commanded the ravens to
feed you there."
5: So he went and did according to the word of the
LORD; he went and dwelt by the brook Cherith that is east of the Jordan.
6: And the ravens brought him bread and meat in the morning, and
bread and meat in the evening; and he drank from the brook.
after a while the brook dried up, because there was no rain in the land.
8: Then the word of the LORD came to him,
9: "Arise, go to
Zar'ephath, which belongs to Sidon, and dwell there. Behold, I have commanded a
widow there to feed you."
10: So he arose and went to Zar'ephath; and
when he came to the gate of the city, behold, a widow was there gathering
sticks; and he called to her and said, "Bring me a little water in a vessel,
that I may drink."
11: And as she was going to bring it, he called to
her and said, "Bring me a morsel of bread in your hand."
12: And she
said, "As the LORD your God lives, I have nothing baked, only a handful of meal
in a jar, and a little oil in a cruse; and now, I am gathering a couple of
sticks, that I may go in and prepare it for myself and my son, that we may eat
it, and die."
13: And Eli'jah said to her, "Fear not; go and do as
you have said; but first make me a little cake of it and bring it to me, and
afterward make for yourself and your son.
14: For thus says the LORD
the God of Israel, `The jar of meal shall not be spent, and the cruse of oil
shall not fail, until the day that the LORD sends rain upon the earth.'"
15: And she went and did as Eli'jah said; and she, and he, and her
household ate for many days.
16: The jar of meal was not spent,
neither did the cruse of oil fail, according to the word of the LORD which he
spoke by Eli'jah.
17: After this the son of the woman, the mistress
of the house, became ill; and his illness was so severe that there was no breath
left in him.
18: And she said to Eli'jah, "What have you against me,
O man of God? You have come to me to bring my sin to remembrance, and to cause
the death of my son!"
19: And he said to her, "Give me your son." And
he took him from her bosom, and carried him up into the upper chamber, where he
lodged, and laid him upon his own bed.
20: And he cried to the LORD,
"O LORD my God, hast thou brought calamity even upon the widow with whom I
sojourn, by slaying her son?"
21: Then he stretched himself upon the
child three times, and cried to the LORD, "O LORD my God, let this child's soul
come into him again."
22: And the LORD hearkened to the voice of
Eli'jah; and the soul of the child came into him again, and he revived.
23: And Eli'jah took the child, and brought him down from the upper
chamber into the house, and delivered him to his mother; and Eli'jah said, "See,
your son lives."
24: And the woman said to Eli'jah, "Now I know that
you are a man of God, and that the word of the LORD in your mouth is truth."
1: After many days the word of the LORD came to
Eli'jah, in the third year, saying, "Go, show yourself to Ahab; and I will send
rain upon the earth."
2: So Eli'jah went to show himself to Ahab. Now
the famine was severe in Sama'ria.
3: And Ahab called Obadi'ah, who
was over the household. (Now Obadi'ah revered the LORD greatly;
and when Jez'ebel cut off the prophets of the LORD, Obadi'ah took a hundred
prophets and hid them by fifties in a cave, and fed them with bread and water.)
5: And Ahab said to Obadi'ah, "Go through the land to all the springs
of water and to all the valleys; perhaps we may find grass and save the horses
and mules alive, and not lose some of the animals."
6: So they
divided the land between them to pass through it; Ahab went in one direction by
himself, and Obadi'ah went in another direction by himself.
7: And as
Obadi'ah was on the way, behold, Eli'jah met him; and Obadi'ah recognized him,
and fell on his face, and said, "Is it you, my lord Eli'jah?"
he answered him, "It is I. Go, tell your lord, `Behold, Eli'jah is here.'"
9: And he said, "Wherein have I sinned, that you would give your
servant into the hand of Ahab, to kill me?
10: As the LORD your God
lives, there is no nation or kingdom whither my lord has not sent to seek you;
and when they would say, `He is not here,' he would take an oath of the kingdom
or nation, that they had not found you.
11: And now you say, `Go,
tell your lord, "Behold, Eli'jah is here."'
12: And as soon as I have
gone from you, the Spirit of the LORD will carry you whither I know not; and so,
when I come and tell Ahab and he cannot find you, he will kill me, although I
your servant have revered the LORD from my youth.
13: Has it not been
told my lord what I did when Jez'ebel killed the prophets of the LORD, how I hid
a hundred men of the LORD'S prophets by fifties in a cave, and fed them with
bread and water?
14: And now you say, `Go, tell your lord, "Behold,
Eli'jah is here"'; and he will kill me."
15: And Eli'jah said, "As
the LORD of hosts lives, before whom I stand, I will surely show myself to him
16: So Obadi'ah went to meet Ahab, and told him; and Ahab
went to meet Eli'jah.
17: When Ahab saw Eli'jah, Ahab said to him,
"Is it you, you troubler of Israel?"
18: And he answered, "I have not
troubled Israel; but you have, and your father's house, because you have
forsaken the commandments of the LORD and followed the Ba'als.
Now therefore send and gather all Israel to me at Mount Carmel, and the four
hundred and fifty prophets of Ba'al and the four hundred prophets of Ashe'rah,
who eat at Jez'ebel's table."
20: So Ahab sent to all the people of
Israel, and gathered the prophets together at Mount Carmel.
Eli'jah came near to all the people, and said, "How long will you go limping
with two different opinions? If the LORD is God, follow him; but if Ba'al, then
follow him." And the people did not answer him a word.
Eli'jah said to the people, "I, even I only, am left a prophet of the LORD; but
Ba'al's prophets are four hundred and fifty men.
23: Let two bulls be
given to us; and let them choose one bull for themselves, and cut it in pieces
and lay it on the wood, but put no fire to it; and I will prepare the other bull
and lay it on the wood, and put no fire to it.
24: And you call on
the name of your god and I will call on the name of the LORD; and the God who
answers by fire, he is God." And all the people answered, "It is well spoken."
25: Then Eli'jah said to the prophets of Ba'al, "Choose for
yourselves one bull and prepare it first, for you are many; and call on the name
of your god, but put no fire to it."
26: And they took the bull which
was given them, and they prepared it, and called on the name of Ba'al from
morning until noon, saying, "O Ba'al, answer us!" But there was no voice, and no
one answered. And they limped about the altar which they had made.
27: And at noon Eli'jah mocked them, saying, "Cry aloud, for he is a
god; either he is musing, or he has gone aside, or he is on a journey, or
perhaps he is asleep and must be awakened."
28: And they cried aloud,
and cut themselves after their custom with swords and lances, until the blood
gushed out upon them.
29: And as midday passed, they raved on until
the time of the offering of the oblation, but there was no voice; no one
answered, no one heeded.
30: Then Eli'jah said to all the people,
"Come near to me"; and all the people came near to him. And he repaired the
altar of the LORD that had been thrown down;
31: Eli'jah took twelve
stones, according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob, to whom the
word of the LORD came, saying, "Israel shall be your name";
with the stones he built an altar in the name of the LORD. And he made a trench
about the altar, as great as would contain two measures of seed.
And he put the wood in order, and cut the bull in pieces and laid it on the
wood. And he said, "Fill four jars with water, and pour it on the burnt
offering, and on the wood."
34: And he said, "Do it a second time";
and they did it a second time. And he said, "Do it a third time"; and they did
it a third time.
35: And the water ran round about the altar, and
filled the trench also with water.
36: And at the time of the
offering of the oblation, Eli'jah the prophet came near and said, "O LORD, God
of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, let it be known this day that thou art God in
Israel, and that I am thy servant, and that I have done all these things at thy
37: Answer me, O LORD, answer me, that this people may know
that thou, O LORD, art God, and that thou hast turned their hearts back."
38: Then the fire of the LORD fell, and consumed the burnt offering,
and the wood, and the stones, and the dust, and licked up the water that was in
39: And when all the people saw it, they fell on their
faces; and they said, "The LORD, he is God; the LORD, he is God."
And Eli'jah said to them, "Seize the prophets of Ba'al; let not one of them
escape." And they seized them; and Eli'jah brought them down to the brook
Kishon, and killed them there.
41: And Eli'jah said to Ahab, "Go up,
eat and drink; for there is a sound of the rushing of rain."
Ahab went up to eat and to drink. And Eli'jah went up to the top of Carmel; and
he bowed himself down upon the earth, and put his face between his knees.
43: And he said to his servant, "Go up now, look toward the sea." And
he went up and looked, and said, "There is nothing." And he said, "Go again
44: And at the seventh time he said, "Behold, a little
cloud like a man's hand is rising out of the sea." And he said, "Go up, say to
Ahab, `Prepare your chariot and go down, lest the rain stop you.'"
45: And in a little while the heavens grew black with clouds and
wind, and there was a great rain. And Ahab rode and went to Jezreel.
46: And the hand of the LORD was on Eli'jah; and he girded up his
loins and ran before Ahab to the entrance of Jezreel.
1: Ahab told Jez'ebel all that Eli'jah had done,
and how he had slain all the prophets with the sword.
Jez'ebel sent a messenger to Eli'jah, saying, "So may the gods do to me, and
more also, if I do not make your life as the life of one of them by this time
3: Then he was afraid, and he arose and went for his life,
and came to Beer-sheba, which belongs to Judah, and left his servant there.
4: But he himself went a day's journey into the wilderness, and came
and sat down under a broom tree; and he asked that he might die, saying, "It is
enough; now, O LORD, take away my life; for I am no better than my fathers."
5: And he lay down and slept under a broom tree; and behold, an angel
touched him, and said to him, "Arise and eat."
6: And he looked, and
behold, there was at his head a cake baked on hot stones and a jar of water. And
he ate and drank, and lay down again.
7: And the angel of the LORD
came again a second time, and touched him, and said, "Arise and eat, else the
journey will be too great for you."
8: And he arose, and ate and
drank, and went in the strength of that food forty days and forty nights to
Horeb the mount of God.
9: And there he came to a cave, and lodged
there; and behold, the word of the LORD came to him, and he said to him, "What
are you doing here, Eli'jah?"
10: He said, "I have been very jealous
for the LORD, the God of hosts; for the people of Israel have forsaken thy
covenant, thrown down thy altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword; and I,
even I only, am left; and they seek my life, to take it away."
And he said, "Go forth, and stand upon the mount before the LORD." And behold,
the LORD passed by, and a great and strong wind rent the mountains, and broke in
pieces the rocks before the LORD, but the LORD was not in the wind; and after
the wind an earthquake, but the LORD was not in the earthquake;
and after the earthquake a fire, but the LORD was not in the fire; and after the
fire a still small voice.
13: And when Eli'jah heard it, he wrapped
his face in his mantle and went out and stood at the entrance of the cave. And
behold, there came a voice to him, and said, "What are you doing here, Eli'jah?"
14: He said, "I have been very jealous for the LORD, the God of
hosts; for the people of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thy
altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword; and I, even I only, am left; and
they seek my life, to take it away."
15: And the LORD said to him,
"Go, return on your way to the wilderness of Damascus; and when you arrive, you
shall anoint Haz'ael to be king over Syria;
16: and Jehu the son of
Nimshi you shall anoint to be king over Israel; and Eli'sha the son of Shaphat
of A'bel-meho'lah you shall anoint to be prophet in your place.
And him who escapes from the sword of Haz'ael shall Jehu slay; and him who
escapes from the sword of Jehu shall Eli'sha slay.
18: Yet I will
leave seven thousand in Israel, all the knees that have not bowed to Ba'al, and
every mouth that has not kissed him."
19: So he departed from there,
and found Eli'sha the son of Shaphat, who was plowing, with twelve yoke of oxen
before him, and he was with the twelfth. Eli'jah passed by him and cast his
mantle upon him.
20: And he left the oxen, and ran after Eli'jah, and
said, "Let me kiss my father and my mother, and then I will follow you." And he
said to him, "Go back again; for what have I done to you?"
21: And he
returned from following him, and took the yoke of oxen, and slew them, and
boiled their flesh with the yokes of the oxen, and gave it to the people, and
they ate. Then he arose and went after Eli'jah, and ministered to him.
1: Ben-ha'dad the king of Syria gathered all his
army together; thirty-two kings were with him, and horses and chariots; and he
went up and besieged Sama'ria, and fought against it.
2: And he sent
messengers into the city to Ahab king of Israel, and said to him, "Thus says
3: `Your silver and your gold are mine; your fairest
wives and children also are mine.'"
4: And the king of Israel
answered, "As you say, my lord, O king, I am yours, and all that I have."
5: The messengers came again, and said, "Thus says Ben-ha'dad: `I
sent to you, saying, "Deliver to me your silver and your gold, your wives and
6: nevertheless I will send my servants to you
tomorrow about this time, and they shall search your house and the houses of
your servants, and lay hands on whatever pleases them, and take it away.'"
7: Then the king of Israel called all the elders of the land, and
said, "Mark, now, and see how this man is seeking trouble; for he sent to me for
my wives and my children, and for my silver and my gold, and I did not refuse
8: And all the elders and all the people said to him, "Do not
heed or consent."
9: So he said to the messengers of Ben-ha'dad,
"Tell my lord the king, `All that you first demanded of your servant I will do;
but this thing I cannot do.'" And the messengers departed and brought him word
10: Ben-ha'dad sent to him and said, "The gods do so to me,
and more also, if the dust of Sama'ria shall suffice for handfuls for all the
people who follow me."
11: And the king of Israel answered, "Tell
him, `Let not him that girds on his armor boast himself as he that puts it
12: When Ben-ha'dad heard this message as he was drinking with
the kings in the booths, he said to his men, "Take your positions." And they
took their positions against the city.
13: And behold, a prophet came
near to Ahab king of Israel and said, "Thus says the LORD, Have you seen all
this great multitude? Behold, I will give it into your hand this day; and you
shall know that I am the LORD."
14: And Ahab said, "By whom?" He
said, "Thus says the LORD, By the servants of the governors of the districts."
Then he said, "Who shall begin the battle?" He answered, "You."
Then he mustered the servants of the governors of the districts, and they were
two hundred and thirty-two; and after them he mustered all the people of Israel,
16: And they went out at noon, while Ben-ha'dad was
drinking himself drunk in the booths, he and the thirty-two kings who helped
17: The servants of the governors of the districts went out
first. And Ben-ha'dad sent out scouts, and they reported to him, "Men are coming
out from Sama'ria."
18: He said, "If they have come out for peace,
take them alive; or if they have come out for war, take them alive."
19: So these went out of the city, the servants of the governors of
the districts, and the army which followed them.
20: And each killed
his man; the Syrians fled and Israel pursued them, but Ben-ha'dad king of Syria
escaped on a horse with horsemen.
21: And the king of Israel went
out, and captured the horses and chariots, and killed the Syrians with a great
22: Then the prophet came near to the king of Israel, and
said to him, "Come, strengthen yourself, and consider well what you have to do;
for in the spring the king of Syria will come up against you."
And the servants of the king of Syria said to him, "Their gods are gods of the
hills, and so they were stronger than we; but let us fight against them in the
plain, and surely we shall be stronger than they.
24: And do this:
remove the kings, each from his post, and put commanders in their places;
25: and muster an army like the army that you have lost, horse for
horse, and chariot for chariot; then we will fight against them in the plain,
and surely we shall be stronger than they." And he hearkened to their voice, and
26: In the spring Ben-ha'dad mustered the Syrians, and went
up to Aphek, to fight against Israel.
27: And the people of Israel
were mustered, and were provisioned, and went against them; the people of Israel
encamped before them like two little flocks of goats, but the Syrians filled the
28: And a man of God came near and said to the king of
Israel, "Thus says the LORD, `Because the Syrians have said, "The LORD is a god
of the hills but he is not a god of the valleys," therefore I will give all this
great multitude into your hand, and you shall know that I am the LORD.'"
29: And they encamped opposite one another seven days. Then on the
seventh day the battle was joined; and the people of Israel smote of the Syrians
a hundred thousand foot soldiers in one day.
30: And the rest fled
into the city of Aphek; and the wall fell upon twenty-seven thousand men that
were left. Ben-ha'dad also fled, and entered an inner chamber in the city.
31: And his servants said to him, "Behold now, we have heard that the
kings of the house of Israel are merciful kings; let us put sackcloth on our
loins and ropes upon our heads, and go out to the king of Israel; perhaps he
will spare your life."
32: So they girded sackcloth on their loins,
and put ropes on their heads, and went to the king of Israel and said, "Your
servant Ben-ha'dad says, `Pray, let me live.'" And he said, "Does he still live?
He is my brother."
33: Now the men were watching for an omen, and
they quickly took it up from him and said, "Yes, your brother Ben-ha'dad." Then
he said, "Go and bring him." Then Ben-ha'dad came forth to him; and he caused
him to come up into the chariot.
34: And Ben-ha'dad said to him, "The
cities which my father took from your father I will restore; and you may
establish bazaars for yourself in Damascus, as my father did in Sama'ria." And
Ahab said, "I will let you go on these terms." So he made a covenant with him
and let him go.
35: And a certain man of the sons of the prophets
said to his fellow at the command of the LORD, "Strike me, I pray." But the man
refused to strike him.
36: Then he said to him, "Because you have not
obeyed the voice of the LORD, behold, as soon as you have gone from me, a lion
shall kill you." And as soon as he had departed from him, a lion met him and
37: Then he found another man, and said, "Strike me, I
pray." And the man struck him, smiting and wounding him.
38: So the
prophet departed, and waited for the king by the way, disguising himself with a
bandage over his eyes.
39: And as the king passed, he cried to the
king and said, "Your servant went out into the midst of the battle; and behold,
a soldier turned and brought a man to me, and said, `Keep this man; if by any
means he be missing, your life shall be for his life, or else you shall pay a
talent of silver.'
40: And as your servant was busy here and there,
he was gone." The king of Israel said to him, "So shall your judgment be; you
yourself have decided it."
41: Then he made haste to take the bandage
away from his eyes; and the king of Israel recognized him as one of the
42: And he said to him, "Thus says the LORD, `Because you
have let go out of your hand the man whom I had devoted to destruction,
therefore your life shall go for his life, and your people for his people.'"
43: And the king of Israel went to his house resentful and sullen,
and came to Sama'ria.
1: Now Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard in
Jezreel, beside the palace of Ahab king of Sama'ria.
2: And after
this Ahab said to Naboth, "Give me your vineyard, that I may have it for a
vegetable garden, because it is near my house; and I will give you a better
vineyard for it; or, if it seems good to you, I will give you its value in
3: But Naboth said to Ahab, "The LORD forbid that I should
give you the inheritance of my fathers."
4: And Ahab went into his
house vexed and sullen because of what Naboth the Jezreelite had said to him;
for he had said, "I will not give you the inheritance of my fathers." And he lay
down on his bed, and turned away his face, and would eat no food.
But Jez'ebel his wife came to him, and said to him, "Why is your spirit so vexed
that you eat no food?"
6: And he said to her, "Because I spoke to
Naboth the Jezreelite, and said to him, `Give me your vineyard for money; or
else, if it please you, I will give you another vineyard for it'; and he
answered, `I will not give you my vineyard.'"
7: And Jez'ebel his
wife said to him, "Do you now govern Israel? Arise, and eat bread, and let your
heart be cheerful; I will give you the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite."
8: So she wrote letters in Ahab's name and sealed them with his seal,
and she sent the letters to the elders and the nobles who dwelt with Naboth in
9: And she wrote in the letters, "Proclaim a fast, and set
Naboth on high among the people;
10: and set two base fellows
opposite him, and let them bring a charge against him, saying, `You have cursed
God and the king.' Then take him out, and stone him to death."
And the men of his city, the elders and the nobles who dwelt in his city, did as
Jez'ebel had sent word to them. As it was written in the letters which she had
sent to them,
12: they proclaimed a fast, and set Naboth on high
among the people.
13: And the two base fellows came in and sat
opposite him; and the base fellows brought a charge against Naboth, in the
presence of the people, saying, "Naboth cursed God and the king." So they took
him outside the city, and stoned him to death with stones.
they sent to Jez'ebel, saying, "Naboth has been stoned; he is dead."
15: As soon as Jez'ebel heard that Naboth had been stoned and was
dead, Jez'ebel said to Ahab, "Arise, take possession of the vineyard of Naboth
the Jezreelite, which he refused to give you for money; for Naboth is not alive,
16: And as soon as Ahab heard that Naboth was dead, Ahab
arose to go down to the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, to take possession of
17: Then the word of the LORD came to Eli'jah the Tishbite,
18: "Arise, go down to meet Ahab king of Israel, who is in
Sama'ria; behold, he is in the vineyard of Naboth, where he has gone to take
19: And you shall say to him, `Thus says the LORD, "Have
you killed, and also taken possession?"' And you shall say to him, `Thus says
the LORD: "In the place where dogs licked up the blood of Naboth shall dogs lick
your own blood."'"
20: Ahab said to Eli'jah, "Have you found me, O my
enemy?" He answered, "I have found you, because you have sold yourself to do
what is evil in the sight of the LORD.
21: Behold, I will bring evil
upon you; I will utterly sweep you away, and will cut off from Ahab every male,
bond or free, in Israel;
22: and I will make your house like the
house of Jerobo'am the son of Nebat, and like the house of Ba'asha the son of
Ahi'jah, for the anger to which you have provoked me, and because you have made
Israel to sin.
23: And of Jez'ebel the LORD also said, `The dogs
shall eat Jez'ebel within the bounds of Jezreel.'
24: Any one
belonging to Ahab who dies in the city the dogs shall eat; and any one of his
who dies in the open country the birds of the air shall eat."
(There was none who sold himself to do what was evil in the sight of the LORD
like Ahab, whom Jez'ebel his wife incited.
26: He did very abominably
in going after idols, as the Amorites had done, whom the LORD cast out before
the people of Israel.)
27: And when Ahab heard those words, he rent
his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his flesh, and fasted and lay in sackcloth,
and went about dejectedly.
28: And the word of the LORD came to
Eli'jah the Tishbite, saying,
29: "Have you seen how Ahab has humbled
himself before me? Because he has humbled himself before me, I will not bring
the evil in his days; but in his son's days I will bring the evil upon his
1: For three years Syria and Israel continued
2: But in the third year Jehosh'aphat the king of Judah
came down to the king of Israel.
3: And the king of Israel said to
his servants, "Do you know that Ramoth-gilead belongs to us, and we keep quiet
and do not take it out of the hand of the king of Syria?"
4: And he
said to Jehosh'aphat, "Will you go with me to battle at Ramoth-gilead?" And
Jehosh'aphat said to the king of Israel, "I am as you are, my people as your
people, my horses as your horses."
5: And Jehosh'aphat said to the
king of Israel, "Inquire first for the word of the LORD."
6: Then the
king of Israel gathered the prophets together, about four hundred men, and said
to them, "Shall I go to battle against Ramoth-gilead, or shall I forbear?" And
they said, "Go up; for the Lord will give it into the hand of the king."
7: But Jehosh'aphat said, "Is there not here another prophet of the
LORD of whom we may inquire?"
8: And the king of Israel said to
Jehosh'aphat, "There is yet one man by whom we may inquire of the LORD, Micai'ah
the son of Imlah; but I hate him, for he never prophesies good concerning me,
but evil." And Jehosh'aphat said, "Let not the king say so."
the king of Israel summoned an officer and said, "Bring quickly Micai'ah the son
10: Now the king of Israel and Jehosh'aphat the king of
Judah were sitting on their thrones, arrayed in their robes, at the threshing
floor at the entrance of the gate of Sama'ria; and all the prophets were
prophesying before them.
11: And Zedeki'ah the son of Chena'anah made
for himself horns of iron, and said, "Thus says the LORD, `With these you shall
push the Syrians until they are destroyed.'"
12: And all the prophets
prophesied so, and said, "Go up to Ramoth-gilead and triumph; the LORD will give
it into the hand of the king."
13: And the messenger who went to
summon Micai'ah said to him, "Behold, the words of the prophets with one accord
are favorable to the king; let your word be like the word of one of them, and
14: But Micai'ah said, "As the LORD lives, what the
LORD says to me, that I will speak."
15: And when he had come to the
king, the king said to him, "Micai'ah, shall we go to Ramoth-gilead to battle,
or shall we forbear?" And he answered him, "Go up and triumph; the LORD will
give it into the hand of the king."
16: But the king said to him,
"How many times shall I adjure you that you speak to me nothing but the truth in
the name of the LORD?"
17: And he said, "I saw all Israel scattered
upon the mountains, as sheep that have no shepherd; and the LORD said, `These
have no master; let each return to his home in peace.'"
18: And the
king of Israel said to Jehosh'aphat, "Did I not tell you that he would not
prophesy good concerning me, but evil?"
19: And Micai'ah said,
"Therefore hear the word of the LORD: I saw the LORD sitting on his throne, and
all the host of heaven standing beside him on his right hand and on his left;
20: and the LORD said, `Who will entice Ahab, that he may go up and
fall at Ramoth-gilead?' And one said one thing, and another said another.
21: Then a spirit came forward and stood before the LORD, saying, `I
will entice him.'
22: And the LORD said to him, `By what means?' And
he said, `I will go forth, and will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his
prophets.' And he said, `You are to entice him, and you shall succeed; go forth
and do so.'
23: Now therefore behold, the LORD has put a lying spirit
in the mouth of all these your prophets; the LORD has spoken evil concerning
24: Then Zedeki'ah the son of Chena'anah came near and struck
Micai'ah on the cheek, and said, "How did the Spirit of the LORD go from me to
speak to you?"
25: And Micai'ah said, "Behold, you shall see on that
day when you go into an inner chamber to hide yourself."
26: And the
king of Israel said, "Seize Micai'ah, and take him back to Amon the governor of
the city and to Jo'ash the king's son;
27: and say, `Thus says the
king, "Put this fellow in prison, and feed him with scant fare of bread and
water, until I come in peace."'"
28: And Micai'ah said, "If you
return in peace, the LORD has not spoken by me." And he said, "Hear, all you
29: So the king of Israel and Jehosh'aphat the king of
Judah went up to Ramoth-gilead.
30: And the king of Israel said to
Jehosh'aphat, "I will disguise myself and go into battle, but you wear your
robes." And the king of Israel disguised himself and went into battle.
31: Now the king of Syria had commanded the thirty-two captains of
his chariots, "Fight with neither small nor great, but only with the king of
32: And when the captains of the chariots saw Jehosh'aphat,
they said, "It is surely the king of Israel." So they turned to fight against
him; and Jehosh'aphat cried out.
33: And when the captains of the
chariots saw that it was not the king of Israel, they turned back from pursuing
34: But a certain man drew his bow at a venture, and struck the
king of Israel between the scale armor and the breastplate; therefore he said to
the driver of his chariot, "Turn about, and carry me out of the battle, for I am
35: And the battle grew hot that day, and the king was
propped up in his chariot facing the Syrians, until at evening he died; and the
blood of the wound flowed into the bottom of the chariot.
about sunset a cry went through the army, "Every man to his city, and every man
to his country!"
37: So the king died, and was brought to Sama'ria;
and they buried the king in Sama'ria.
38: And they washed the chariot
by the pool of Sama'ria, and the dogs licked up his blood, and the harlots
washed themselves in it, according to the word of the LORD which he had spoken.
39: Now the rest of the acts of Ahab, and all that he did, and the
ivory house which he built, and all the cities that he built, are they not
written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel?
Ahab slept with his fathers; and Ahazi'ah his son reigned in his stead.
41: Jehosh'aphat the son of Asa began to reign over Judah in the
fourth year of Ahab king of Israel.
42: Jehosh'aphat was thirty-five
years old when he began to reign, and he reigned twenty-five years in Jerusalem.
His mother's name was Azu'bah the daughter of Shilhi.
43: He walked
in all the way of Asa his father; he did not turn aside from it, doing what was
right in the sight of the LORD; yet the high places were not taken away, and the
people still sacrificed and burned incense on the high places.
Jehosh'aphat also made peace with the king of Israel.
45: Now the
rest of the acts of Jehosh'aphat, and his might that he showed, and how he
warred, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of
46: And the remnant of the male cult prostitutes who remained
in the days of his father Asa, he exterminated from the land.
There was no king in Edom; a deputy was king.
48: Jehosh'aphat made
ships of Tarshish to go to Ophir for gold; but they did not go, for the ships
were wrecked at E'zion-ge'ber.
49: Then Ahazi'ah the son of Ahab said
to Jehosh'aphat, "Let my servants go with your servants in the ships," but
Jehosh'aphat was not willing.
50: And Jehosh'aphat slept with his
fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father; and
Jeho'ram his son reigned in his stead.
51: Ahazi'ah the son of Ahab
began to reign over Israel in Sama'ria in the seventeenth year of Jehosh'aphat
king of Judah, and he reigned two years over Israel.
52: He did what
was evil in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the way of his father, and in
the way of his mother, and in the way of Jerobo'am the son of Nebat, who made
Israel to sin.
53: He served Ba'al and worshiped him, and provoked
the LORD, the God of Israel, to anger in every way that his father had done.