1: There was a certain man of Ramatha'im-zo'phim of
the hill country of E'phraim, whose name was Elka'nah the son of Jero'ham, son
of Eli'hu, son of Tohu, son of Zuph, an E'phraimite.
2: He had two
wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Penin'nah. And
Penin'nah had children, but Hannah had no children.
3: Now this man
used to go up year by year from his city to worship and to sacrifice to the LORD
of hosts at Shiloh, where the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phin'ehas, were
priests of the LORD.
4: On the day when Elka'nah sacrificed, he would
give portions to Penin'nah his wife and to all her sons and daughters;
5: and, although he loved Hannah, he would give Hannah only one
portion, because the LORD had closed her womb.
6: And her rival used
to provoke her sorely, to irritate her, because the LORD had closed her womb.
7: So it went on year by year; as often as she went up to the house
of the LORD, she used to provoke her. Therefore Hannah wept and would not eat.
8: And Elka'nah, her husband, said to her, "Hannah, why do you weep?
And why do you not eat? And why is your heart sad? Am I not more to you than ten
9: After they had eaten and drunk in Shiloh, Hannah rose. Now
Eli the priest was sitting on the seat beside the doorpost of the temple of the
10: She was deeply distressed and prayed to the LORD, and wept
11: And she vowed a vow and said, "O LORD of hosts, if thou
wilt indeed look on the affliction of thy maidservant, and remember me, and not
forget thy maidservant, but wilt give to thy maidservant a son, then I will give
him to the LORD all the days of his life, and no razor shall touch his head."
12: As she continued praying before the LORD, Eli observed her mouth.
13: Hannah was speaking in her heart; only her lips moved, and her
voice was not heard; therefore Eli took her to be a drunken woman.
14: And Eli said to her, "How long will you be drunken? Put away your
wine from you."
15: But Hannah answered, "No, my lord, I am a woman
sorely troubled; I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but I have been
pouring out my soul before the LORD.
16: Do not regard your
maidservant as a base woman, for all along I have been speaking out of my great
anxiety and vexation."
17: Then Eli answered, "Go in peace, and the
God of Israel grant your petition which you have made to him."
And she said, "Let your maidservant find favor in your eyes." Then the woman
went her way and ate, and her countenance was no longer sad.
rose early in the morning and worshiped before the LORD; then they went back to
their house at Ramah. And Elka'nah knew Hannah his wife, and the LORD remembered
20: and in due time Hannah conceived and bore a son, and she
called his name Samuel, for she said, "I have asked him of the LORD."
21: And the man Elka'nah and all his house went up to offer to the
LORD the yearly sacrifice, and to pay his vow.
22: But Hannah did not
go up, for she said to her husband, "As soon as the child is weaned, I will
bring him, that he may appear in the presence of the LORD, and abide there for
23: Elka'nah her husband said to her, "Do what seems best to
you, wait until you have weaned him; only, may the LORD establish his word." So
the woman remained and nursed her son, until she weaned him.
when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, along with a three-year-old
bull, an ephah of flour, and a skin of wine; and she brought him to the house of
the LORD at Shiloh; and the child was young.
25: Then they slew the
bull, and they brought the child to Eli.
26: And she said, "Oh, my
lord! As you live, my lord, I am the woman who was standing here in your
presence, praying to the LORD.
27: For this child I prayed; and the
LORD has granted me my petition which I made to him.
28: Therefore I
have lent him to the LORD; as long as he lives, he is lent to the LORD." And
they worshiped the LORD there.
1: Hannah also prayed and said, "My heart exults in
the LORD; my strength is exalted in the LORD. My mouth derides my enemies,
because I rejoice in thy salvation.
2: "There is none holy like the
LORD, there is none besides thee; there is no rock like our God.
Talk no more so very proudly, let not arrogance come from your mouth; for the
LORD is a God of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed.
bows of the mighty are broken, but the feeble gird on strength.
Those who were full have hired themselves out for bread, but those who were
hungry have ceased to hunger. The barren has borne seven, but she who has many
children is forlorn.
6: The LORD kills and brings to life; he brings
down to Sheol and raises up.
7: The LORD makes poor and makes rich;
he brings low, he also exalts.
8: He raises up the poor from the
dust; he lifts the needy from the ash heap, to make them sit with princes and
inherit a seat of honor. For the pillars of the earth are the LORD'S, and on
them he has set the world.
9: "He will guard the feet of his faithful
ones; but the wicked shall be cut off in darkness; for not by might shall a man
10: The adversaries of the LORD shall be broken to pieces;
against them he will thunder in heaven. The LORD will judge the ends of the
earth; he will give strength to his king, and exalt the power of his anointed."
11: Then Elka'nah went home to Ramah. And the boy ministered to the
LORD, in the presence of Eli the priest.
12: Now the sons of Eli were
worthless men; they had no regard for the LORD.
13: The custom of the
priests with the people was that when any man offered sacrifice, the priest's
servant would come, while the meat was boiling, with a three-pronged fork in his
14: and he would thrust it into the pan, or kettle, or caldron,
or pot; all that the fork brought up the priest would take for himself. So they
did at Shiloh to all the Israelites who came there.
before the fat was burned, the priest's servant would come and say to the man
who was sacrificing, "Give meat for the priest to roast; for he will not accept
boiled meat from you, but raw."
16: And if the man said to him, "Let
them burn the fat first, and then take as much as you wish," he would say, "No,
you must give it now; and if not, I will take it by force."
the sin of the young men was very great in the sight of the LORD; for the men
treated the offering of the LORD with contempt.
18: Samuel was
ministering before the LORD, a boy girded with a linen ephod.
his mother used to make for him a little robe and take it to him each year, when
she went up with her husband to offer the yearly sacrifice.
Eli would bless Elka'nah and his wife, and say, "The LORD give you children by
this woman for the loan which she lent to the LORD"; so then they would return
to their home.
21: And the LORD visited Hannah, and she conceived and
bore three sons and two daughters. And the boy Samuel grew in the presence of
22: Now Eli was very old, and he heard all that his sons
were doing to all Israel, and how they lay with the women who served at the
entrance to the tent of meeting.
23: And he said to them, "Why do you
do such things? For I hear of your evil dealings from all the people.
24: No, my sons; it is no good report that I hear the people of the
LORD spreading abroad.
25: If a man sins against a man, God will
mediate for him; but if a man sins against the LORD, who can intercede for him?"
But they would not listen to the voice of their father; for it was the will of
the LORD to slay them.
26: Now the boy Samuel continued to grow both
in stature and in favor with the LORD and with men.
27: And there
came a man of God to Eli, and said to him, "Thus the LORD has said, `I revealed
myself to the house of your father when they were in Egypt subject to the house
28: And I chose him out of all the tribes of Israel to be
my priest, to go up to my altar, to burn incense, to wear an ephod before me;
and I gave to the house of your father all my offerings by fire from the people
29: Why then look with greedy eye at my sacrifices and my
offerings which I commanded, and honor your sons above me by fattening
yourselves upon the choicest parts of every offering of my people Israel?'
30: Therefore the LORD the God of Israel declares: `I promised that
your house and the house of your father should go in and out before me for
ever'; but now the LORD declares: `Far be it from me; for those who honor me I
will honor, and those who despise me shall be lightly esteemed.
Behold, the days are coming, when I will cut off your strength and the strength
of your father's house, so that there will not be an old man in your house.
32: Then in distress you will look with envious eye on all the
prosperity which shall be bestowed upon Israel; and there shall not be an old
man in your house for ever.
33: The man of you whom I shall not cut
off from my altar shall be spared to weep out his eyes and grieve his heart; and
all the increase of your house shall die by the sword of men.
this which shall befall your two sons, Hophni and Phin'ehas, shall be the sign
to you: both of them shall die on the same day.
35: And I will raise
up for myself a faithful priest, who shall do according to what is in my heart
and in my mind; and I will build him a sure house, and he shall go in and out
before my anointed for ever.
36: And every one who is left in your
house shall come to implore him for a piece of silver or a loaf of bread, and
shall say, "Put me, I pray you, in one of the priest's places, that I may eat a
morsel of bread."'"
1: Now the boy Samuel was ministering to the LORD
under Eli. And the word of the LORD was rare in those days; there was no
2: At that time Eli, whose eyesight had begun to
grow dim, so that he could not see, was lying down in his own place;
3: the lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down
within the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was.
4: Then the
LORD called, "Samuel! Samuel!" and he said, "Here I am!"
5: and ran
to Eli, and said, "Here I am, for you called me." But he said, "I did not call;
lie down again." So he went and lay down.
6: And the LORD called
again, "Samuel!" And Samuel arose and went to Eli, and said, "Here I am, for you
called me." But he said, "I did not call, my son; lie down again."
Now Samuel did not yet know the LORD, and the word of the LORD had not yet been
revealed to him.
8: And the LORD called Samuel again the third time.
And he arose and went to Eli, and said, "Here I am, for you called me." Then Eli
perceived that the LORD was calling the boy.
9: Therefore Eli said to
Samuel, "Go, lie down; and if he calls you, you shall say, `Speak, LORD, for thy
servant hears.'" So Samuel went and lay down in his place.
the LORD came and stood forth, calling as at other times, "Samuel! Samuel!" And
Samuel said, "Speak, for thy servant hears."
11: Then the LORD said
to Samuel, "Behold, I am about to do a thing in Israel, at which the two ears of
every one that hears it will tingle.
12: On that day I will fulfil
against Eli all that I have spoken concerning his house, from beginning to end.
13: And I tell him that I am about to punish his house for ever, for
the iniquity which he knew, because his sons were blaspheming God, and he did
not restrain them.
14: Therefore I swear to the house of Eli that the
iniquity of Eli's house shall not be expiated by sacrifice or offering for
15: Samuel lay until morning; then he opened the doors of the
house of the LORD. And Samuel was afraid to tell the vision to Eli.
16: But Eli called Samuel and said, "Samuel, my son." And he said,
"Here I am."
17: And Eli said, "What was it that he told you? Do not
hide it from me. May God do so to you and more also, if you hide anything from
me of all that he told you."
18: So Samuel told him everything and
hid nothing from him. And he said, "It is the LORD; let him do what seems good
19: And Samuel grew, and the LORD was with him and let none
of his words fall to the ground.
20: And all Israel from Dan to
Beer-sheba knew that Samuel was established as a prophet of the LORD.
21: And the LORD appeared again at Shiloh, for the LORD revealed
himself to Samuel at Shiloh by the word of the LORD.
1: And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now
Israel went out to battle against the Philistines; they encamped at Ebene'zer,
and the Philistines encamped at Aphek.
2: The Philistines drew up in
line against Israel, and when the battle spread, Israel was defeated by the
Philistines, who slew about four thousand men on the field of battle.
3: And when the troops came to the camp, the elders of Israel said,
"Why has the LORD put us to rout today before the Philistines? Let us bring the
ark of the covenant of the LORD here from Shiloh, that he may come among us and
save us from the power of our enemies."
4: So the people sent to
Shiloh, and brought from there the ark of the covenant of the LORD of hosts, who
is enthroned on the cherubim; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phin'ehas,
were there with the ark of the covenant of God.
5: When the ark of
the covenant of the LORD came into the camp, all Israel gave a mighty shout, so
that the earth resounded.
6: And when the Philistines heard the noise
of the shouting, they said, "What does this great shouting in the camp of the
Hebrews mean?" And when they learned that the ark of the LORD had come to the
7: the Philistines were afraid; for they said, "A god has come
into the camp." And they said, "Woe to us! For nothing like this has happened
8: Woe to us! Who can deliver us from the power of these
mighty gods? These are the gods who smote the Egyptians with every sort of
plague in the wilderness.
9: Take courage, and acquit yourselves like
men, O Philistines, lest you become slaves to the Hebrews as they have been to
you; acquit yourselves like men and fight."
10: So the Philistines
fought, and Israel was defeated, and they fled, every man to his home; and there
was a very great slaughter, for there fell of Israel thirty thousand foot
11: And the ark of God was captured; and the two sons of
Eli, Hophni and Phin'ehas, were slain.
12: A man of Benjamin ran from
the battle line, and came to Shiloh the same day, with his clothes rent and with
earth upon his head.
13: When he arrived, Eli was sitting upon his
seat by the road watching, for his heart trembled for the ark of God. And when
the man came into the city and told the news, all the city cried out.
14: When Eli heard the sound of the outcry, he said, "What is this
uproar?" Then the man hastened and came and told Eli.
15: Now Eli was
ninety-eight years old and his eyes were set, so that he could not see.
16: And the man said to Eli, "I am he who has come from the battle; I
fled from the battle today." And he said, "How did it go, my son?"
17: He who brought the tidings answered and said, "Israel has fled
before the Philistines, and there has also been a great slaughter among the
people; your two sons also, Hophni and Phin'ehas, are dead, and the ark of God
has been captured."
18: When he mentioned the ark of God, Eli fell
over backward from his seat by the side of the gate; and his neck was broken and
he died, for he was an old man, and heavy. He had judged Israel forty years.
19: Now his daughter-in-law, the wife of Phin'ehas, was with child,
about to give birth. And when she heard the tidings that the ark of God was
captured, and that her father-in-law and her husband were dead, she bowed and
gave birth; for her pains came upon her.
20: And about the time of
her death the women attending her said to her, "Fear not, for you have borne a
son." But she did not answer or give heed.
21: And she named the
child Ich'abod, saying, "The glory has departed from Israel!" because the ark of
God had been captured and because of her father-in-law and her husband.
22: And she said, "The glory has departed from Israel, for the ark of
God has been captured."
1: When the Philistines captured the ark of God,
they carried it from Ebene'zer to Ashdod;
2: then the Philistines
took the ark of God and brought it into the house of Dagon and set it up beside
3: And when the people of Ashdod rose early the next day,
behold, Dagon had fallen face downward on the ground before the ark of the LORD.
So they took Dagon and put him back in his place.
4: But when they
rose early on the next morning, behold, Dagon had fallen face downward on the
ground before the ark of the LORD, and the head of Dagon and both his hands were
lying cut off upon the threshold; only the trunk of Dagon was left to him.
5: This is why the priests of Dagon and all who enter the house of
Dagon do not tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod to this day.
6: The hand of the LORD was heavy upon the people of Ashdod, and he
terrified and afflicted them with tumors, both Ashdod and its territory.
7: And when the men of Ashdod saw how things were, they said, "The
ark of the God of Israel must not remain with us; for his hand is heavy upon us
and upon Dagon our god."
8: So they sent and gathered together all
the lords of the Philistines, and said, "What shall we do with the ark of the
God of Israel?" They answered, "Let the ark of the God of Israel be brought
around to Gath." So they brought the ark of the God of Israel there.
9: But after they had brought it around, the hand of the LORD was
against the city, causing a very great panic, and he afflicted the men of the
city, both young and old, so that tumors broke out upon them.
they sent the ark of God to Ekron. But when the ark of God came to Ekron, the
people of Ekron cried out, "They have brought around to us the ark of the God of
Israel to slay us and our people."
11: They sent therefore and
gathered together all the lords of the Philistines, and said, "Send away the ark
of the God of Israel, and let it return to its own place, that it may not slay
us and our people." For there was a deathly panic throughout the whole city. The
hand of God was very heavy there;
12: the men who did not die were
stricken with tumors, and the cry of the city went up to heaven.
1: The ark of the LORD was in the country of the
Philistines seven months.
2: And the Philistines called for the
priests and the diviners and said, "What shall we do with the ark of the LORD?
Tell us with what we shall send it to its place."
3: They said, "If
you send away the ark of the God of Israel, do not send it empty, but by all
means return him a guilt offering. Then you will be healed, and it will be known
to you why his hand does not turn away from you."
4: And they said,
"What is the guilt offering that we shall return to him?" They answered, "Five
golden tumors and five golden mice, according to the number of the lords of the
Philistines; for the same plague was upon all of you and upon your lords.
5: So you must make images of your tumors and images of your mice
that ravage the land, and give glory to the God of Israel; perhaps he will
lighten his hand from off you and your gods and your land.
should you harden your hearts as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their
hearts? After he had made sport of them, did not they let the people go, and
7: Now then, take and prepare a new cart and two milch
cows upon which there has never come a yoke, and yoke the cows to the cart, but
take their calves home, away from them.
8: And take the ark of the
LORD and place it on the cart, and put in a box at its side the figures of gold,
which you are returning to him as a guilt offering. Then send it off, and let it
go its way.
9: And watch; if it goes up on the way to its own land,
to Beth-she'mesh, then it is he who has done us this great harm; but if not,
then we shall know that it is not his hand that struck us, it happened to us by
10: The men did so, and took two milch cows and yoked them
to the cart, and shut up their calves at home.
11: And they put the
ark of the LORD on the cart, and the box with the golden mice and the images of
12: And the cows went straight in the direction of
Beth-she'mesh along one highway, lowing as they went; they turned neither to the
right nor to the left, and the lords of the Philistines went after them as far
as the border of Beth-she'mesh.
13: Now the people of Beth-she'mesh
were reaping their wheat harvest in the valley; and when they lifted up their
eyes and saw the ark, they rejoiced to see it.
14: The cart came into
the field of Joshua of Beth-she'mesh, and stopped there. A great stone was
there; and they split up the wood of the cart and offered the cows as a burnt
offering to the LORD.
15: And the Levites took down the ark of the
LORD and the box that was beside it, in which were the golden figures, and set
them upon the great stone; and the men of Beth-she'mesh offered burnt offerings
and sacrificed sacrifices on that day to the LORD.
16: And when the
five lords of the Philistines saw it, they returned that day to Ekron.
17: These are the golden tumors, which the Philistines returned as a
guilt offering to the LORD: one for Ashdod, one for Gaza, one for Ash'kelon, one
for Gath, one for Ekron;
18: also the golden mice, according to the
number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both
fortified cities and unwalled villages. The great stone, beside which they set
down the ark of the LORD, is a witness to this day in the field of Joshua of
19: And he slew some of the men of Beth-she'mesh,
because they looked into the ark of the LORD; he slew seventy men of them, and
the people mourned because the LORD had made a great slaughter among the people.
20: Then the men of Beth-she'mesh said, "Who is able to stand before
the LORD, this holy God? And to whom shall he go up away from us?"
21: So they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kir'iath-je'arim,
saying, "The Philistines have returned the ark of the LORD. Come down and take
it up to you."
1: And the men of Kir'iath-je'arim came and took up
the ark of the LORD, and brought it to the house of Abin'adab on the hill; and
they consecrated his son, Elea'zar, to have charge of the ark of the LORD.
2: From the day that the ark was lodged at Kir'iath-je'arim, a long
time passed, some twenty years, and all the house of Israel lamented after the
3: Then Samuel said to all the house of Israel, "If you are
returning to the LORD with all your heart, then put away the foreign gods and
the Ash'taroth from among you, and direct your heart to the LORD, and serve him
only, and he will deliver you out of the hand of the Philistines."
So Israel put away the Ba'als and the Ash'taroth, and they served the LORD only.
5: Then Samuel said, "Gather all Israel at Mizpah, and I will pray to
the LORD for you."
6: So they gathered at Mizpah, and drew water and
poured it out before the LORD, and fasted on that day, and said there, "We have
sinned against the LORD." And Samuel judged the people of Israel at Mizpah.
7: Now when the Philistines heard that the people of Israel had
gathered at Mizpah, the lords of the Philistines went up against Israel. And
when the people of Israel heard of it they were afraid of the Philistines.
8: And the people of Israel said to Samuel, "Do not cease to cry to
the LORD our God for us, that he may save us from the hand of the Philistines."
9: So Samuel took a sucking lamb and offered it as a whole burnt
offering to the LORD; and Samuel cried to the LORD for Israel, and the LORD
10: As Samuel was offering up the burnt offering, the
Philistines drew near to attack Israel; but the LORD thundered with a mighty
voice that day against the Philistines and threw them into confusion; and they
were routed before Israel.
11: And the men of Israel went out of
Mizpah and pursued the Philistines, and smote them, as far as below Beth-car.
12: Then Samuel took a stone and set it up between Mizpah and
Jesha'nah, and called its name Ebene'zer; for he said, "Hitherto the LORD has
13: So the Philistines were subdued and did not again
enter the territory of Israel. And the hand of the LORD was against the
Philistines all the days of Samuel.
14: The cities which the
Philistines had taken from Israel were restored to Israel, from Ekron to Gath;
and Israel rescued their territory from the hand of the Philistines. There was
peace also between Israel and the Amorites.
15: Samuel judged Israel
all the days of his life.
16: And he went on a circuit year by year
to Bethel, Gilgal, and Mizpah; and he judged Israel in all these places.
17: Then he would come back to Ramah, for his home was there, and
there also he administered justice to Israel. And he built there an altar to the
1: When Samuel became old, he made his sons judges
2: The name of his first-born son was Jo'el, and the
name of his second, Abi'jah; they were judges in Beer-sheba.
his sons did not walk in his ways, but turned aside after gain; they took bribes
and perverted justice.
4: Then all the elders of Israel gathered
together and came to Samuel at Ramah,
5: and said to him, "Behold,
you are old and your sons do not walk in your ways; now appoint for us a king to
govern us like all the nations."
6: But the thing displeased Samuel
when they said, "Give us a king to govern us." And Samuel prayed to the LORD.
7: And the LORD said to Samuel, "Hearken to the voice of the people
in all that they say to you; for they have not rejected you, but they have
rejected me from being king over them.
8: According to all the deeds
which they have done to me, from the day I brought them up out of Egypt even to
this day, forsaking me and serving other gods, so they are also doing to you.
9: Now then, hearken to their voice; only, you shall solemnly warn
them, and show them the ways of the king who shall reign over them."
10: So Samuel told all the words of the LORD to the people who were
asking a king from him.
11: He said, "These will be the ways of the
king who will reign over you: he will take your sons and appoint them to his
chariots and to be his horsemen, and to run before his chariots;
and he will appoint for himself commanders of thousands and commanders of
fifties, and some to plow his ground and to reap his harvest, and to make his
implements of war and the equipment of his chariots.
13: He will take
your daughters to be perfumers and cooks and bakers.
14: He will take
the best of your fields and vineyards and olive orchards and give them to his
15: He will take the tenth of your grain and of your
vineyards and give it to his officers and to his servants.
will take your menservants and maidservants, and the best of your cattle and
your asses, and put them to his work.
17: He will take the tenth of
your flocks, and you shall be his slaves.
18: And in that day you
will cry out because of your king, whom you have chosen for yourselves; but the
LORD will not answer you in that day."
19: But the people refused to
listen to the voice of Samuel; and they said, "No! but we will have a king over
20: that we also may be like all the nations, and that our king
may govern us and go out before us and fight our battles."
when Samuel had heard all the words of the people, he repeated them in the ears
of the LORD.
22: And the LORD said to Samuel, "Hearken to their
voice, and make them a king." Samuel then said to the men of Israel, "Go every
man to his city."
1: There was a man of Benjamin whose name was Kish,
the son of Abi'el, son of Zeror, son of Beco'rath, son of Aphi'ah, a
Benjaminite, a man of wealth;
2: and he had a son whose name was
Saul, a handsome young man. There was not a man among the people of Israel more
handsome than he; from his shoulders upward he was taller than any of the
3: Now the asses of Kish, Saul's father, were lost. So Kish
said to Saul his son, "Take one of the servants with you, and arise, go and look
for the asses."
4: And they passed through the hill country of
E'phraim and passed through the land of Shal'ishah, but they did not find them.
And they passed through the land of Sha'alim, but they were not there. Then they
passed through the land of Benjamin, but did not find them.
they came to the land of Zuph, Saul said to his servant who was with him, "Come,
let us go back, lest my father cease to care about the asses and become anxious
6: But he said to him, "Behold, there is a man of God in
this city, and he is a man that is held in honor; all that he says comes true.
Let us go there; perhaps he can tell us about the journey on which we have set
7: Then Saul said to his servant, "But if we go, what can we
bring the man? For the bread in our sacks is gone, and there is no present to
bring to the man of God. What have we?"
8: The servant answered Saul
again, "Here, I have with me the fourth part of a shekel of silver, and I will
give it to the man of God, to tell us our way."
9: (Formerly in
Israel, when a man went to inquire of God, he said, "Come, let us go to the
seer"; for he who is now called a prophet was formerly called a seer.)
10: And Saul said to his servant, "Well said; come, let us go." So
they went to the city where the man of God was.
11: As they went up
the hill to the city, they met young maidens coming out to draw water, and said
to them, "Is the seer here?"
12: They answered, "He is; behold, he is
just ahead of you. Make haste; he has come just now to the city, because the
people have a sacrifice today on the high place.
13: As soon as you
enter the city, you will find him, before he goes up to the high place to eat;
for the people will not eat till he comes, since he must bless the sacrifice;
afterward those eat who are invited. Now go up, for you will meet him
14: So they went up to the city. As they were entering
the city, they saw Samuel coming out toward them on his way up to the high
15: Now the day before Saul came, the LORD had revealed to
16: "Tomorrow about this time I will send to you a man from
the land of Benjamin, and you shall anoint him to be prince over my people
Israel. He shall save my people from the hand of the Philistines; for I have
seen the affliction of my people, because their cry has come to me."
17: When Samuel saw Saul, the LORD told him, "Here is the man of whom
I spoke to you! He it is who shall rule over my people."
Saul approached Samuel in the gate, and said, "Tell me where is the house of the
19: Samuel answered Saul, "I am the seer; go up before me to
the high place, for today you shall eat with me, and in the morning I will let
you go and will tell you all that is on your mind.
20: As for your
asses that were lost three days ago, do not set your mind on them, for they have
been found. And for whom is all that is desirable in Israel? Is it not for you
and for all your father's house?"
21: Saul answered, "Am I not a
Benjaminite, from the least of the tribes of Israel? And is not my family the
humblest of all the families of the tribe of Benjamin? Why then have you spoken
to me in this way?"
22: Then Samuel took Saul and his servant and
brought them into the hall and gave them a place at the head of those who had
been invited, who were about thirty persons.
23: And Samuel said to
the cook, "Bring the portion I gave you, of which I said to you, `Put it
24: So the cook took up the leg and the upper portion and
set them before Saul; and Samuel said, "See, what was kept is set before you.
Eat; because it was kept for you until the hour appointed, that you might eat
with the guests." So Saul ate with Samuel that day.
25: And when they
came down from the high place into the city, a bed was spread for Saul upon the
roof, and he lay down to sleep.
26: Then at the break of dawn Samuel
called to Saul upon the roof, "Up, that I may send you on your way." So Saul
arose, and both he and Samuel went out into the street.
27: As they
were going down to the outskirts of the city, Samuel said to Saul, "Tell the
servant to pass on before us, and when he has passed on stop here yourself for a
while, that I may make known to you the word of God."
1: Then Samuel took a vial of oil and poured it on
his head, and kissed him and said, "Has not the LORD anointed you to be prince
over his people Israel? And you shall reign over the people of the LORD and you
will save them from the hand of their enemies round about. And this shall be the
sign to you that the LORD has anointed you to be prince over his heritage.
2: When you depart from me today you will meet two men by Rachel's
tomb in the territory of Benjamin at Zelzah, and they will say to you, `The
asses which you went to seek are found, and now your father has ceased to care
about the asses and is anxious about you, saying, "What shall I do about my
3: Then you shall go on from there further and come to the oak
of Tabor; three men going up to God at Bethel will meet you there, one carrying
three kids, another carrying three loaves of bread, and another carrying a skin
4: And they will greet you and give you two loaves of bread,
which you shall accept from their hand.
5: After that you shall come
to Gib'e-ath-elo'him, where there is a garrison of the Philistines; and there,
as you come to the city, you will meet a band of prophets coming down from the
high place with harp, tambourine, flute, and lyre before them, prophesying.
6: Then the spirit of the LORD will come mightily upon you, and you
shall prophesy with them and be turned into another man.
7: Now when
these signs meet you, do whatever your hand finds to do, for God is with you.
8: And you shall go down before me to Gilgal; and behold, I am coming
to you to offer burnt offerings and to sacrifice peace offerings. Seven days you
shall wait, until I come to you and show you what you shall do."
When he turned his back to leave Samuel, God gave him another heart; and all
these signs came to pass that day.
10: When they came to Gib'e-ah,
behold, a band of prophets met him; and the spirit of God came mightily upon
him, and he prophesied among them.
11: And when all who knew him
before saw how he prophesied with the prophets, the people said to one another,
"What has come over the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets?"
12: And a man of the place answered, "And who is their father?"
Therefore it became a proverb, "Is Saul also among the prophets?"
When he had finished prophesying, he came to the high place.
Saul's uncle said to him and to his servant, "Where did you go?" And he said,
"To seek the asses; and when we saw they were not to be found, we went to
15: And Saul's uncle said, "Pray, tell me what Samuel said
16: And Saul said to his uncle, "He told us plainly that the
asses had been found." But about the matter of the kingdom, of which Samuel had
spoken, he did not tell him anything.
17: Now Samuel called the
people together to the LORD at Mizpah;
18: and he said to the people
of Israel, "Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, `I brought up Israel out of
Egypt, and I delivered you from the hand of the Egyptians and from the hand of
all the kingdoms that were oppressing you.'
19: But you have this day
rejected your God, who saves you from all your calamities and your distresses;
and you have said, `No! but set a king over us.' Now therefore present
yourselves before the LORD by your tribes and by your thousands."
Then Samuel brought all the tribes of Israel near, and the tribe of Benjamin was
taken by lot.
21: He brought the tribe of Benjamin near by its
families, and the family of the Matrites was taken by lot; finally he brought
the family of the Matrites near man by man, and Saul the son of Kish was taken
by lot. But when they sought him, he could not be found.
22: So they
inquired again of the LORD, "Did the man come hither?" and the LORD said,
"Behold, he has hidden himself among the baggage."
23: Then they ran
and fetched him from there; and when he stood among the people, he was taller
than any of the people from his shoulders upward.
24: And Samuel said
to all the people, "Do you see him whom the LORD has chosen? There is none like
him among all the people." And all the people shouted, "Long live the king!"
25: Then Samuel told the people the rights and duties of the
kingship; and he wrote them in a book and laid it up before the LORD. Then
Samuel sent all the people away, each one to his home.
26: Saul also
went to his home at Gib'e-ah, and with him went men of valor whose hearts God
27: But some worthless fellows said, "How can this man
save us?" And they despised him, and brought him no present. But he held his
1: Then Nahash the Ammonite went up and besieged
Ja'besh-gil'ead; and all the men of Jabesh said to Nahash, "Make a treaty with
us, and we will serve you."
2: But Nahash the Ammonite said to them,
"On this condition I will make a treaty with you, that I gouge out all your
right eyes, and thus put disgrace upon all Israel."
3: The elders of
Jabesh said to him, "Give us seven days respite that we may send messengers
through all the territory of Israel. Then, if there is no one to save us, we
will give ourselves up to you."
4: When the messengers came to
Gib'e-ah of Saul, they reported the matter in the ears of the people; and all
the people wept aloud.
5: Now Saul was coming from the field behind
the oxen; and Saul said, "What ails the people, that they are weeping?" So they
told him the tidings of the men of Jabesh.
6: And the spirit of God
came mightily upon Saul when he heard these words, and his anger was greatly
7: He took a yoke of oxen, and cut them in pieces and sent
them throughout all the territory of Israel by the hand of messengers, saying,
"Whoever does not come out after Saul and Samuel, so shall it be done to his
oxen!" Then the dread of the LORD fell upon the people, and they came out as one
8: When he mustered them at Bezek, the men of Israel were three
hundred thousand, and the men of Judah thirty thousand.
9: And they
said to the messengers who had come, "Thus shall you say to the men of
Ja'besh-gil'ead: `Tomorrow, by the time the sun is hot, you shall have
deliverance.'" When the messengers came and told the men of Jabesh, they were
10: Therefore the men of Jabesh said, "Tomorrow we will give
ourselves up to you, and you may do to us whatever seems good to you."
11: And on the morrow Saul put the people in three companies; and
they came into the midst of the camp in the morning watch, and cut down the
Ammonites until the heat of the day; and those who survived were scattered, so
that no two of them were left together.
12: Then the people said to
Samuel, "Who is it that said, `Shall Saul reign over us?' Bring the men, that we
may put them to death."
13: But Saul said, "Not a man shall be put to
death this day, for today the LORD has wrought deliverance in Israel."
14: Then Samuel said to the people, "Come, let us go to Gilgal and
there renew the kingdom."
15: So all the people went to Gilgal, and
there they made Saul king before the LORD in Gilgal. There they sacrificed peace
offerings before the LORD, and there Saul and all the men of Israel rejoiced
1: And Samuel said to all Israel, "Behold, I have
hearkened to your voice in all that you have said to me, and have made a king
2: And now, behold, the king walks before you; and I am old
and gray, and behold, my sons are with you; and I have walked before you from my
youth until this day.
3: Here I am; testify against me before the
LORD and before his anointed. Whose ox have I taken? Or whose ass have I taken?
Or whom have I defrauded? Whom have I oppressed? Or from whose hand have I taken
a bribe to blind my eyes with it? Testify against me and I will restore it to
4: They said, "You have not defrauded us or oppressed us or
taken anything from any man's hand."
5: And he said to them, "The
LORD is witness against you, and his anointed is witness this day, that you have
not found anything in my hand." And they said, "He is witness."
And Samuel said to the people, "The LORD is witness, who appointed Moses and
Aaron and brought your fathers up out of the land of Egypt.
therefore stand still, that I may plead with you before the LORD concerning all
the saving deeds of the LORD which he performed for you and for your fathers.
8: When Jacob went into Egypt and the Egyptians oppressed them, then
your fathers cried to the LORD and the LORD sent Moses and Aaron, who brought
forth your fathers out of Egypt, and made them dwell in this place.
9: But they forgot the LORD their God; and he sold them into the hand
of Sis'era, commander of the army of Jabin king of Hazor, and into the hand of
the Philistines, and into the hand of the king of Moab; and they fought against
10: And they cried to the LORD, and said, `We have sinned,
because we have forsaken the LORD, and have served the Ba'als and the
Ash'taroth; but now deliver us out of the hand of our enemies, and we will serve
11: And the LORD sent Jerubba'al and Barak, and Jephthah, and
Samuel, and delivered you out of the hand of your enemies on every side; and you
dwelt in safety.
12: And when you saw that Nahash the king of the
Ammonites came against you, you said to me, `No, but a king shall reign over
us,' when the LORD your God was your king.
13: And now behold the
king whom you have chosen, for whom you have asked; behold, the LORD has set a
king over you.
14: If you will fear the LORD and serve him and
hearken to his voice and not rebel against the commandment of the LORD, and if
both you and the king who reigns over you will follow the LORD your God, it will
15: but if you will not hearken to the voice of the LORD,
but rebel against the commandment of the LORD, then the hand of the LORD will be
against you and your king.
16: Now therefore stand still and see this
great thing, which the LORD will do before your eyes.
17: Is it not
wheat harvest today? I will call upon the LORD, that he may send thunder and
rain; and you shall know and see that your wickedness is great, which you have
done in the sight of the LORD, in asking for yourselves a king."
So Samuel called upon the LORD, and the LORD sent thunder and rain that day; and
all the people greatly feared the LORD and Samuel.
19: And all the
people said to Samuel, "Pray for your servants to the LORD your God, that we may
not die; for we have added to all our sins this evil, to ask for ourselves a
20: And Samuel said to the people, "Fear not; you have done
all this evil, yet do not turn aside from following the LORD, but serve the LORD
with all your heart;
21: and do not turn aside after vain things
which cannot profit or save, for they are vain.
22: For the LORD will
not cast away his people, for his great name's sake, because it has pleased the
LORD to make you a people for himself.
23: Moreover as for me, far be
it from me that I should sin against the LORD by ceasing to pray for you; and I
will instruct you in the good and the right way.
24: Only fear the
LORD, and serve him faithfully with all your heart; for consider what great
things he has done for you.
25: But if you still do wickedly, you
shall be swept away, both you and your king."
1: Saul was . . . years old when he began to reign;
and he reigned . . . and two years over Israel.
2: Saul chose three
thousand men of Israel; two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and the hill
country of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gib'e-ah of Benjamin;
the rest of the people he sent home, every man to his tent.
Jonathan defeated the garrison of the Philistines which was at Geba; and the
Philistines heard of it. And Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land,
saying, "Let the Hebrews hear."
4: And all Israel heard it said that
Saul had defeated the garrison of the Philistines, and also that Israel had
become odious to the Philistines. And the people were called out to join Saul at
5: And the Philistines mustered to fight with Israel, thirty
thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and troops like the sand on the
seashore in multitude; they came up and encamped in Michmash, to the east of
6: When the men of Israel saw that they were in straits
(for the people were hard pressed), the people hid themselves in caves and in
holes and in rocks and in tombs and in cisterns,
7: or crossed the
fords of the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. Saul was still at Gilgal, and
all the people followed him trembling.
8: He waited seven days, the
time appointed by Samuel; but Samuel did not come to Gilgal, and the people were
scattering from him.
9: So Saul said, "Bring the burnt offering here
to me, and the peace offerings." And he offered the burnt offering.
10: As soon as he had finished offering the burnt offering, behold,
Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him and salute him.
said, "What have you done?" And Saul said, "When I saw that the people were
scattering from me, and that you did not come within the days appointed, and
that the Philistines had mustered at Michmash,
12: I said, `Now the
Philistines will come down upon me at Gilgal, and I have not entreated the favor
of the LORD'; so I forced myself, and offered the burnt offering."
13: And Samuel said to Saul, "You have done foolishly; you have not
kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which he commanded you; for now the
LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel for ever.
But now your kingdom shall not continue; the LORD has sought out a man after his
own heart; and the LORD has appointed him to be prince over his people, because
you have not kept what the LORD commanded you."
15: And Samuel arose,
and went up from Gilgal to Gib'e-ah of Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people
who were present with him, about six hundred men.
16: And Saul, and
Jonathan his son, and the people who were present with them, stayed in Geba of
Benjamin; but the Philistines encamped in Michmash.
17: And raiders
came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies; one company turned
toward Ophrah, to the land of Shu'al,
18: another company turned
toward Beth-hor'on, and another company turned toward the border that looks down
upon the valley of Zebo'im toward the wilderness.
19: Now there was
no smith to be found throughout all the land of Israel; for the Philistines
said, "Lest the Hebrews make themselves swords or spears";
every one of the Israelites went down to the Philistines to sharpen his
plowshare, his mattock, his axe, or his sickle;
21: and the charge
was a pim for the plowshares and for the mattocks, and a third of a shekel for
sharpening the axes and for setting the goads.
22: So on the day of
the battle there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the
people with Saul and Jonathan; but Saul and Jonathan his son had them.
23: And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of
1: One day Jonathan the son of Saul said to the
young man who bore his armor, "Come, let us go over to the Philistine garrison
on yonder side." But he did not tell his father.
2: Saul was staying
in the outskirts of Gib'e-ah under the pomegranate tree which is at Migron; the
people who were with him were about six hundred men,
3: and Ahi'jah
the son of Ahi'tub, Ich'abod's brother, son of Phin'ehas, son of Eli, the priest
of the LORD in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And the people did not know that
Jonathan had gone.
4: In the pass, by which Jonathan sought to go
over to the Philistine garrison, there was a rocky crag on the one side and a
rocky crag on the other side; the name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the
5: The one crag rose on the north in front of Michmash,
and the other on the south in front of Geba.
6: And Jonathan said to
the young man who bore his armor, "Come, let us go over to the garrison of these
uncircumcised; it may be that the LORD will work for us; for nothing can hinder
the LORD from saving by many or by few."
7: And his armor-bearer said
to him, "Do all that your mind inclines to; behold, I am with you, as is your
mind so is mine."
8: Then said Jonathan, "Behold, we will cross over
to the men, and we will show ourselves to them.
9: If they say to us,
`Wait until we come to you,' then we will stand still in our place, and we will
not go up to them.
10: But if they say, `Come up to us,' then we will
go up; for the LORD has given them into our hand. And this shall be the sign to
11: So both of them showed themselves to the garrison of the
Philistines; and the Philistines said, "Look, Hebrews are coming out of the
holes where they have hid themselves."
12: And the men of the
garrison hailed Jonathan and his armor-bearer, and said, "Come up to us, and we
will show you a thing." And Jonathan said to his armor-bearer, "Come up after
me; for the LORD has given them into the hand of Israel."
Jonathan climbed up on his hands and feet, and his armor-bearer after him. And
they fell before Jonathan, and his armor-bearer killed them after him;
14: and that first slaughter, which Jonathan and his armor-bearer
made, was of about twenty men within as it were half a furrow's length in an
acre of land.
15: And there was a panic in the camp, in the field,
and among all the people; the garrison and even the raiders trembled; the earth
quaked; and it became a very great panic.
16: And the watchmen of
Saul in Gib'e-ah of Benjamin looked; and behold, the multitude was surging
hither and thither.
17: Then Saul said to the people who were with
him, "Number and see who has gone from us." And when they had numbered, behold,
Jonathan and his armor-bearer were not there.
18: And Saul said to
Ahi'jah, "Bring hither the ark of God." For the ark of God went at that time
with the people of Israel.
19: And while Saul was talking to the
priest, the tumult in the camp of the Philistines increased more and more; and
Saul said to the priest, "Withdraw your hand."
20: Then Saul and all
the people who were with him rallied and went into the battle; and behold, every
man's sword was against his fellow, and there was very great confusion.
21: Now the Hebrews who had been with the Philistines before that
time and who had gone up with them into the camp, even they also turned to be
with the Israelites who were with Saul and Jonathan.
when all the men of Israel who had hid themselves in the hill country of
E'phraim heard that the Philistines were fleeing, they too followed hard after
them in the battle.
23: So the LORD delivered Israel that day; and
the battle passed beyond Beth-a'ven.
24: And the men of Israel were
distressed that day; for Saul laid an oath on the people, saying, "Cursed be the
man who eats food until it is evening and I am avenged on my enemies." So none
of the people tasted food.
25: And all the people came into the
forest; and there was honey on the ground.
26: And when the people
entered the forest, behold, the honey was dropping, but no man put his hand to
his mouth; for the people feared the oath.
27: But Jonathan had not
heard his father charge the people with the oath; so he put forth the tip of the
staff that was in his hand, and dipped it in the honeycomb, and put his hand to
his mouth; and his eyes became bright.
28: Then one of the people
said, "Your father strictly charged the people with an oath, saying, `Cursed be
the man who eats food this day.'" And the people were faint.
Jonathan said, "My father has troubled the land; see how my eyes have become
bright, because I tasted a little of this honey.
30: How much better
if the people had eaten freely today of the spoil of their enemies which they
found; for now the slaughter among the Philistines has not been great."
31: They struck down the Philistines that day from Michmash to
Ai'jalon. And the people were very faint;
32: the people flew upon
the spoil, and took sheep and oxen and calves, and slew them on the ground; and
the people ate them with the blood.
33: Then they told Saul, "Behold,
the people are sinning against the LORD, by eating with the blood." And he said,
"You have dealt treacherously; roll a great stone to me here."
And Saul said, "Disperse yourselves among the people, and say to them, `Let
every man bring his ox or his sheep, and slay them here, and eat; and do not sin
against the LORD by eating with the blood.'" So every one of the people brought
his ox with him that night, and slew them there.
35: And Saul built
an altar to the LORD; it was the first altar that he built to the LORD.
36: Then Saul said, "Let us go down after the Philistines by night
and despoil them until the morning light; let us not leave a man of them." And
they said, "Do whatever seems good to you." But the priest said, "Let us draw
near hither to God."
37: And Saul inquired of God, "Shall I go down
after the Philistines? Wilt thou give them into the hand of Israel?" But he did
not answer him that day.
38: And Saul said, "Come hither, all you
leaders of the people; and know and see how this sin has arisen today.
39: For as the LORD lives who saves Israel, though it be in Jonathan
my son, he shall surely die." But there was not a man among all the people that
40: Then he said to all Israel, "You shall be on one
side, and I and Jonathan my son will be on the other side." And the people said
to Saul, "Do what seems good to you."
41: Therefore Saul said, "O
LORD God of Israel, why hast thou not answered thy servant this day? If this
guilt is in me or in Jonathan my son, O LORD, God of Israel, give Urim; but if
this guilt is in thy people Israel, give Thummim." And Jonathan and Saul were
taken, but the people escaped.
42: Then Saul said, "Cast the lot
between me and my son Jonathan." And Jonathan was taken.
Saul said to Jonathan, "Tell me what you have done." And Jonathan told him, "I
tasted a little honey with the tip of the staff that was in my hand; here I am,
I will die."
44: And Saul said, "God do so to me and more also; you
shall surely die, Jonathan."
45: Then the people said to Saul, "Shall
Jonathan die, who has wrought this great victory in Israel? Far from it! As the
LORD lives, there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground; for he has
wrought with God this day." So the people ransomed Jonathan, that he did not
46: Then Saul went up from pursuing the Philistines; and the
Philistines went to their own place.
47: When Saul had taken the
kingship over Israel, he fought against all his enemies on every side, against
Moab, against the Ammonites, against Edom, against the kings of Zobah, and
against the Philistines; wherever he turned he put them to the worse.
48: And he did valiantly, and smote the Amal'ekites, and delivered
Israel out of the hands of those who plundered them.
49: Now the sons
of Saul were Jonathan, Ishvi, and Mal'chishu'a; and the names of his two
daughters were these: the name of the first-born was Merab, and the name of the
50: and the name of Saul's wife was Ahin'o-am the
daughter of Ahim'a-az. And the name of the commander of his army was Abner the
son of Ner, Saul's uncle;
51: Kish was the father of Saul, and Ner
the father of Abner was the son of Abi'el.
52: There was hard
fighting against the Philistines all the days of Saul; and when Saul saw any
strong man, or any valiant man, he attached him to himself.
1: And Samuel said to Saul, "The LORD sent me to
anoint you king over his people Israel; now therefore hearken to the words of
2: Thus says the LORD of hosts, `I will punish what Am'alek
did to Israel in opposing them on the way, when they came up out of Egypt.
3: Now go and smite Am'alek, and utterly destroy all that they have;
do not spare them, but kill both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and
sheep, camel and ass.'"
4: So Saul summoned the people, and numbered
them in Tela'im, two hundred thousand men on foot, and ten thousand men of
5: And Saul came to the city of Am'alek, and lay in wait in
6: And Saul said to the Ken'ites, "Go, depart, go down
from among the Amal'ekites, lest I destroy you with them; for you showed
kindness to all the people of Israel when they came up out of Egypt." So the
Ken'ites departed from among the Amal'ekites.
7: And Saul defeated
the Amal'ekites, from Hav'ilah as far as Shur, which is east of Egypt.
8: And he took Agag the king of the Amal'ekites alive, and utterly
destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword.
9: But Saul and
the people spared Agag, and the best of the sheep and of the oxen and of the
fatlings, and the lambs, and all that was good, and would not utterly destroy
them; all that was despised and worthless they utterly destroyed.
The word of the LORD came to Samuel:
11: "I repent that I have made
Saul king; for he has turned back from following me, and has not performed my
commandments." And Samuel was angry; and he cried to the LORD all night.
12: And Samuel rose early to meet Saul in the morning; and it was
told Samuel, "Saul came to Carmel, and behold, he set up a monument for himself
and turned, and passed on, and went down to Gilgal."
13: And Samuel
came to Saul, and Saul said to him, "Blessed be you to the LORD; I have
performed the commandment of the LORD."
14: And Samuel said, "What
then is this bleating of the sheep in my ears, and the lowing of the oxen which
15: Saul said, "They have brought them from the Amal'ekites;
for the people spared the best of the sheep and of the oxen, to sacrifice to the
LORD your God; and the rest we have utterly destroyed."
Samuel said to Saul, "Stop! I will tell you what the LORD said to me this
night." And he said to him, "Say on."
17: And Samuel said, "Though
you are little in your own eyes, are you not the head of the tribes of Israel?
The LORD anointed you king over Israel.
18: And the LORD sent you on
a mission, and said, `Go, utterly destroy the sinners, the Amal'ekites, and
fight against them until they are consumed.'
19: Why then did you not
obey the voice of the LORD? Why did you swoop on the spoil, and do what was evil
in the sight of the LORD?"
20: And Saul said to Samuel, "I have
obeyed the voice of the LORD, I have gone on the mission on which the LORD sent
me, I have brought Agag the king of Am'alek, and I have utterly destroyed the
21: But the people took of the spoil, sheep and oxen,
the best of the things devoted to destruction, to sacrifice to the LORD your God
22: And Samuel said, "Has the LORD as great delight in
burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to
obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than the fat of rams.
23: For rebellion is as the sin of divination, and stubbornness is as
iniquity and idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of the LORD, he has
also rejected you from being king."
24: And Saul said to Samuel, "I
have sinned; for I have transgressed the commandment of the LORD and your words,
because I feared the people and obeyed their voice.
therefore, I pray, pardon my sin, and return with me, that I may worship the
26: And Samuel said to Saul, "I will not return with you; for
you have rejected the word of the LORD, and the LORD has rejected you from being
king over Israel."
27: As Samuel turned to go away, Saul laid hold
upon the skirt of his robe, and it tore.
28: And Samuel said to him,
"The LORD has torn the kingdom of Israel from you this day, and has given it to
a neighbor of yours, who is better than you.
29: And also the Glory
of Israel will not lie or repent; for he is not a man, that he should repent."
30: Then he said, "I have sinned; yet honor me now before the elders
of my people and before Israel, and return with me, that I may worship the LORD
31: So Samuel turned back after Saul; and Saul worshiped
32: Then Samuel said, "Bring here to me Agag the king of
the Amal'ekites." And Agag came to him cheerfully. Agag said, "Surely the
bitterness of death is past."
33: And Samuel said, "As your sword has
made women childless, so shall your mother be childless among women." And Samuel
hewed Agag in pieces before the LORD in Gilgal.
34: Then Samuel went
to Ramah; and Saul went up to his house in Gib'e-ah of Saul.
Samuel did not see Saul again until the day of his death, but Samuel grieved
over Saul. And the LORD repented that he had made Saul king over Israel.
1: The LORD said to Samuel, "How long will you
grieve over Saul, seeing I have rejected him from being king over Israel? Fill
your horn with oil, and go; I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I
have provided for myself a king among his sons."
2: And Samuel said,
"How can I go? If Saul hears it, he will kill me." And the LORD said, "Take a
heifer with you, and say, `I have come to sacrifice to the LORD.'
And invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do; and
you shall anoint for me him whom I name to you."
4: Samuel did what
the LORD commanded, and came to Bethlehem. The elders of the city came to meet
him trembling, and said, "Do you come peaceably?"
5: And he said,
"Peaceably; I have come to sacrifice to the LORD; consecrate yourselves, and
come with me to the sacrifice." And he consecrated Jesse and his sons, and
invited them to the sacrifice.
6: When they came, he looked on Eli'ab
and thought, "Surely the LORD'S anointed is before him."
7: But the
LORD said to Samuel, "Do not look on his appearance or on the height of his
stature, because I have rejected him; for the LORD sees not as man sees; man
looks on the outward appearance, but the LORD looks on the heart."
Then Jesse called Abin'adab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said,
"Neither has the LORD chosen this one."
9: Then Jesse made Shammah
pass by. And he said, "Neither has the LORD chosen this one."
Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, "The
LORD has not chosen these."
11: And Samuel said to Jesse, "Are all
your sons here?" And he said, "There remains yet the youngest, but behold, he is
keeping the sheep." And Samuel said to Jesse, "Send and fetch him; for we will
not sit down till he comes here."
12: And he sent, and brought him
in. Now he was ruddy, and had beautiful eyes, and was handsome. And the LORD
said, "Arise, anoint him; for this is he."
13: Then Samuel took the
horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of
the LORD came mightily upon David from that day forward. And Samuel rose up, and
went to Ramah.
14: Now the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and
an evil spirit from the LORD tormented him.
15: And Saul's servants
said to him, "Behold now, an evil spirit from God is tormenting you.
16: Let our lord now command your servants, who are before you, to
seek out a man who is skilful in playing the lyre; and when the evil spirit from
God is upon you, he will play it, and you will be well."
17: So Saul
said to his servants, "Provide for me a man who can play well, and bring him to
18: One of the young men answered, "Behold, I have seen a son of
Jesse the Bethlehemite, who is skilful in playing, a man of valor, a man of war,
prudent in speech, and a man of good presence; and the LORD is with him."
19: Therefore Saul sent messengers to Jesse, and said, "Send me David
your son, who is with the sheep."
20: And Jesse took an ass laden
with bread, and a skin of wine and a kid, and sent them by David his son to
21: And David came to Saul, and entered his service. And Saul
loved him greatly, and he became his armor-bearer.
22: And Saul sent
to Jesse, saying, "Let David remain in my service, for he has found favor in my
23: And whenever the evil spirit from God was upon Saul,
David took the lyre and played it with his hand; so Saul was refreshed, and was
well, and the evil spirit departed from him.
1: Now the Philistines gathered their armies for
battle; and they were gathered at Socoh, which belongs to Judah, and encamped
between Socoh and Aze'kah, in E'phes-dam'mim.
2: And Saul and the men
of Israel were gathered, and encamped in the valley of Elah, and drew up in line
of battle against the Philistines.
3: And the Philistines stood on
the mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on the mountain on the other
side, with a valley between them.
4: And there came out from the camp
of the Philistines a champion named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six
cubits and a span.
5: He had a helmet of bronze on his head, and he
was armed with a coat of mail, and the weight of the coat was five thousand
shekels of bronze.
6: And he had greaves of bronze upon his legs, and
a javelin of bronze slung between his shoulders.
7: And the shaft of
his spear was like a weaver's beam, and his spear's head weighed six hundred
shekels of iron; and his shield-bearer went before him.
8: He stood
and shouted to the ranks of Israel, "Why have you come out to draw up for
battle? Am I not a Philistine, and are you not servants of Saul? Choose a man
for yourselves, and let him come down to me.
9: If he is able to
fight with me and kill me, then we will be your servants; but if I prevail
against him and kill him, then you shall be our servants and serve us."
10: And the Philistine said, "I defy the ranks of Israel this day;
give me a man, that we may fight together."
11: When Saul and all
Israel heard these words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly
12: Now David was the son of an Eph'rathite of Bethlehem in
Judah, named Jesse, who had eight sons. In the days of Saul the man was already
old and advanced in years.
13: The three eldest sons of Jesse had
followed Saul to the battle; and the names of his three sons who went to the
battle were Eli'ab the first-born, and next to him Abin'adab, and the third
14: David was the youngest; the three eldest followed Saul,
15: but David went back and forth from Saul to feed his father's
sheep at Bethlehem.
16: For forty days the Philistine came forward
and took his stand, morning and evening.
17: And Jesse said to David
his son, "Take for your brothers an ephah of this parched grain, and these ten
loaves, and carry them quickly to the camp to your brothers;
take these ten cheeses to the commander of their thousand. See how your brothers
fare, and bring some token from them."
19: Now Saul, and they, and
all the men of Israel, were in the valley of Elah, fighting with the
20: And David rose early in the morning, and left the
sheep with a keeper, and took the provisions, and went, as Jesse had commanded
him; and he came to the encampment as the host was going forth to the battle
line, shouting the war cry.
21: And Israel and the Philistines drew
up for battle, army against army.
22: And David left the things in
charge of the keeper of the baggage, and ran to the ranks, and went and greeted
23: As he talked with them, behold, the champion, the
Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, came up out of the ranks of the
Philistines, and spoke the same words as before. And David heard him.
24: All the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him, and
were much afraid.
25: And the men of Israel said, "Have you seen this
man who has come up? Surely he has come up to defy Israel; and the man who kills
him, the king will enrich with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and
make his father's house free in Israel."
26: And David said to the
men who stood by him, "What shall be done for the man who kills this Philistine,
and takes away the reproach from Israel? For who is this uncircumcised
Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?"
And the people answered him in the same way, "So shall it be done to the man who
28: Now Eli'ab his eldest brother heard when he spoke to
the men; and Eli'ab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, "Why have
you come down? And with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I
know your presumption, and the evil of your heart; for you have come down to see
29: And David said, "What have I done now? Was it not
but a word?"
30: And he turned away from him toward another, and
spoke in the same way; and the people answered him again as before.
31: When the words which David spoke were heard, they repeated them
before Saul; and he sent for him.
32: And David said to Saul, "Let no
man's heart fail because of him; your servant will go and fight with this
33: And Saul said to David, "You are not able to go
against this Philistine to fight with him; for you are but a youth, and he has
been a man of war from his youth."
34: But David said to Saul, "Your
servant used to keep sheep for his father; and when there came a lion, or a
bear, and took a lamb from the flock,
35: I went after him and smote
him and delivered it out of his mouth; and if he arose against me, I caught him
by his beard, and smote him and killed him.
36: Your servant has
killed both lions and bears; and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be like one
of them, seeing he has defied the armies of the living God."
David said, "The LORD who delivered me from the paw of the lion and from the paw
of the bear, will deliver me from the hand of this Philistine." And Saul said to
David, "Go, and the LORD be with you!"
38: Then Saul clothed David
with his armor; he put a helmet of bronze on his head, and clothed him with a
coat of mail.
39: And David girded his sword over his armor, and he
tried in vain to go, for he was not used to them. Then David said to Saul, "I
cannot go with these; for I am not used to them." And David put them off.
40: Then he took his staff in his hand, and chose five smooth stones
from the brook, and put them in his shepherd's bag or wallet; his sling was in
his hand, and he drew near to the Philistine.
41: And the Philistine
came on and drew near to David, with his shield-bearer in front of him.
42: And when the Philistine looked, and saw David, he disdained him;
for he was but a youth, ruddy and comely in appearance.
43: And the
Philistine said to David, "Am I a dog, that you come to me with sticks?" And the
Philistine cursed David by his gods.
44: The Philistine said to
David, "Come to me, and I will give your flesh to the birds of the air and to
the beasts of the field."
45: Then David said to the Philistine, "You
come to me with a sword and with a spear and with a javelin; but I come to you
in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have
46: This day the LORD will deliver you into my hand, and I
will strike you down, and cut off your head; and I will give the dead bodies of
the host of the Philistines this day to the birds of the air and to the wild
beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel,
47: and that all this assembly may know that the LORD saves not with
sword and spear; for the battle is the LORD'S and he will give you into our
48: When the Philistine arose and came and drew near to meet
David, David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet the Philistine.
49: And David put his hand in his bag and took out a stone, and slung
it, and struck the Philistine on his forehead; the stone sank into his forehead,
and he fell on his face to the ground.
50: So David prevailed over
the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and struck the Philistine, and
killed him; there was no sword in the hand of David.
51: Then David
ran and stood over the Philistine, and took his sword and drew it out of its
sheath, and killed him, and cut off his head with it. When the Philistines saw
that their champion was dead, they fled.
52: And the men of Israel
and Judah rose with a shout and pursued the Philistines as far as Gath and the
gates of Ekron, so that the wounded Philistines fell on the way from Sha-ara'im
as far as Gath and Ekron.
53: And the Israelites came back from
chasing the Philistines, and they plundered their camp.
54: And David
took the head of the Philistine and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his
armor in his tent.
55: When Saul saw David go forth against the
Philistine, he said to Abner, the commander of the army, "Abner, whose son is
this youth?" And Abner said, "As your soul lives, O king, I cannot tell."
56: And the king said, "Inquire whose son the stripling is."
57: And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner
took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his
58: And Saul said to him, "Whose son are you, young man?" And
David answered, "I am the son of your servant Jesse the Bethlehemite."
1: When he had finished speaking to Saul, the soul
of Jonathan was knit to the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own
2: And Saul took him that day, and would not let him return to
his father's house.
3: Then Jonathan made a covenant with David,
because he loved him as his own soul.
4: And Jonathan stripped
himself of the robe that was upon him, and gave it to David, and his armor, and
even his sword and his bow and his girdle.
5: And David went out and
was successful wherever Saul sent him; so that Saul set him over the men of war.
And this was good in the sight of all the people and also in the sight of Saul's
6: As they were coming home, when David returned from
slaying the Philistine, the women came out of all the cities of Israel, singing
and dancing, to meet King Saul, with timbrels, with songs of joy, and with
instruments of music.
7: And the women sang to one another as they
made merry, "Saul has slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands."
8: And Saul was very angry, and this saying displeased him; he said,
"They have ascribed to David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed
thousands; and what more can he have but the kingdom?"
9: And Saul
eyed David from that day on.
10: And on the morrow an evil spirit
from God rushed upon Saul, and he raved within his house, while David was
playing the lyre, as he did day by day. Saul had his spear in his hand;
11: and Saul cast the spear, for he thought, "I will pin David to the
wall." But David evaded him twice.
12: Saul was afraid of David,
because the LORD was with him but had departed from Saul.
13: So Saul
removed him from his presence, and made him a commander of a thousand; and he
went out and came in before the people.
14: And David had success in
all his undertakings; for the LORD was with him.
15: And when Saul
saw that he had great success, he stood in awe of him.
16: But all
Israel and Judah loved David; for he went out and came in before them.
17: Then Saul said to David, "Here is my elder daughter Merab; I will
give her to you for a wife; only be valiant for me and fight the LORD'S
battles." For Saul thought, "Let not my hand be upon him, but let the hand of
the Philistines be upon him."
18: And David said to Saul, "Who am I,
and who are my kinsfolk, my father's family in Israel, that I should be
son-in-law to the king?"
19: But at the time when Merab, Saul's
daughter, should have been given to David, she was given to A'driel the
Meho'lathite for a wife.
20: Now Saul's daughter Michal loved David;
and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him.
21: Saul thought, "Let
me give her to him, that she may be a snare for him, and that the hand of the
Philistines may be against him." Therefore Saul said to David a second time,
"You shall now be my son-in-law."
22: And Saul commanded his
servants, "Speak to David in private and say, `Behold, the king has delight in
you, and all his servants love you; now then become the king's son-in-law.'"
23: And Saul's servants spoke those words in the ears of David. And
David said, "Does it seem to you a little thing to become the king's son-in-law,
seeing that I am a poor man and of no repute?"
24: And the servants
of Saul told him, "Thus and so did David speak."
25: Then Saul said,
"Thus shall you say to David, `The king desires no marriage present except a
hundred foreskins of the Philistines, that he may be avenged of the king's
enemies.'" Now Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines.
26: And when his servants told David these words, it pleased David
well to be the king's son-in-law. Before the time had expired,
David arose and went, along with his men, and killed two hundred of the
Philistines; and David brought their foreskins, which were given in full number
to the king, that he might become the king's son-in-law. And Saul gave him his
daughter Michal for a wife.
28: But when Saul saw and knew that the
LORD was with David, and that all Israel loved him,
29: Saul was
still more afraid of David. So Saul was David's enemy continually.
30: Then the princes of the Philistines came out to battle, and as
often as they came out David had more success than all the servants of Saul; so
that his name was highly esteemed.
1: And Saul spoke to Jonathan his son and to all
his servants, that they should kill David. But Jonathan, Saul's son, delighted
much in David.
2: And Jonathan told David, "Saul my father seeks to
kill you; therefore take heed to yourself in the morning, stay in a secret place
and hide yourself;
3: and I will go out and stand beside my father in
the field where you are, and I will speak to my father about you; and if I learn
anything I will tell you."
4: And Jonathan spoke well of David to
Saul his father, and said to him, "Let not the king sin against his servant
David; because he has not sinned against you, and because his deeds have been of
good service to you;
5: for he took his life in his hand and he slew
the Philistine, and the LORD wrought a great victory for all Israel. You saw it,
and rejoiced; why then will you sin against innocent blood by killing David
6: And Saul hearkened to the voice of Jonathan; Saul
swore, "As the LORD lives, he shall not be put to death."
Jonathan called David, and Jonathan showed him all these things. And Jonathan
brought David to Saul, and he was in his presence as before.
there was war again; and David went out and fought with the Philistines, and
made a great slaughter among them, so that they fled before him.
Then an evil spirit from the LORD came upon Saul, as he sat in his house with
his spear in his hand; and David was playing the lyre.
10: And Saul
sought to pin David to the wall with the spear; but he eluded Saul, so that he
struck the spear into the wall. And David fled, and escaped.
night Saul sent messengers to David's house to watch him, that he might kill him
in the morning. But Michal, David's wife, told him, "If you do not save your
life tonight, tomorrow you will be killed."
12: So Michal let David
down through the window; and he fled away and escaped.
took an image and laid it on the bed and put a pillow of goats' hair at its
head, and covered it with the clothes.
14: And when Saul sent
messengers to take David, she said, "He is sick."
15: Then Saul sent
the messengers to see David, saying, "Bring him up to me in the bed, that I may
16: And when the messengers came in, behold, the image was
in the bed, with the pillow of goats' hair at its head.
17: Saul said
to Michal, "Why have you deceived me thus, and let my enemy go, so that he has
escaped?" And Michal answered Saul, "He said to me, `Let me go; why should I
18: Now David fled and escaped, and he came to Samuel at
Ramah, and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and
dwelt at Nai'oth.
19: And it was told Saul, "Behold, David is at
Nai'oth in Ramah."
20: Then Saul sent messengers to take David; and
when they saw the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as
head over them, the Spirit of God came upon the messengers of Saul, and they
21: When it was told Saul, he sent other messengers,
and they also prophesied. And Saul sent messengers again the third time, and
they also prophesied.
22: Then he himself went to Ramah, and came to
the great well that is in Secu; and he asked, "Where are Samuel and David?" And
one said, "Behold, they are at Nai'oth in Ramah."
23: And he went
from there to Nai'oth in Ramah; and the Spirit of God came upon him also, and as
he went he prophesied, until he came to Nai'oth in Ramah.
24: And he
too stripped off his clothes, and he too prophesied before Samuel, and lay naked
all that day and all that night. Hence it is said, "Is Saul also among the
1: Then David fled from Nai'oth in Ramah, and came
and said before Jonathan, "What have I done? What is my guilt? And what is my
sin before your father, that he seeks my life?"
2: And he said to
him, "Far from it! You shall not die. Behold, my father does nothing either
great or small without disclosing it to me; and why should my father hide this
from me? It is not so."
3: But David replied, "Your father knows well
that I have found favor in your eyes; and he thinks, `Let not Jonathan know
this, lest he be grieved.' But truly, as the LORD lives and as your soul lives,
there is but a step between me and death."
4: Then said Jonathan to
David, "Whatever you say, I will do for you."
5: David said to
Jonathan, "Behold, tomorrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit at
table with the king; but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field till the
third day at evening.
6: If your father misses me at all, then say,
`David earnestly asked leave of me to run to Bethlehem his city; for there is a
yearly sacrifice there for all the family.'
7: If he says, `Good!' it
will be well with your servant; but if he is angry, then know that evil is
determined by him.
8: Therefore deal kindly with your servant, for
you have brought your servant into a sacred covenant with you. But if there is
guilt in me, slay me yourself; for why should you bring me to your father?"
9: And Jonathan said, "Far be it from you! If I knew that it was
determined by my father that evil should come upon you, would I not tell you?"
10: Then said David to Jonathan, "Who will tell me if your father
answers you roughly?"
11: And Jonathan said to David, "Come, let us
go out into the field." So they both went out into the field.
Jonathan said to David, "The LORD, the God of Israel, be witness! When I have
sounded my father, about this time tomorrow, or the third day, behold, if he is
well disposed toward David, shall I not then send and disclose it to you?
13: But should it please my father to do you harm, the LORD do so to
Jonathan, and more also, if I do not disclose it to you, and send you away, that
you may go in safety. May the LORD be with you, as he has been with my father.
14: If I am still alive, show me the loyal love of the LORD, that I
may not die;
15: and do not cut off your loyalty from my house for
ever. When the LORD cuts off every one of the enemies of David from the face of
16: let not the name of Jonathan be cut off from the house
of David. And may the LORD take vengeance on David's enemies."
And Jonathan made David swear again by his love for him; for he loved him as he
loved his own soul.
18: Then Jonathan said to him, "Tomorrow is the
new moon; and you will be missed, because your seat will be empty.
19: And on the third day you will be greatly missed; then go to the
place where you hid yourself when the matter was in hand, and remain beside
yonder stone heap.
20: And I will shoot three arrows to the side of
it, as though I shot at a mark.
21: And behold, I will send the lad,
saying, `Go, find the arrows.' If I say to the lad, `Look, the arrows are on
this side of you, take them,' then you are to come, for, as the LORD lives, it
is safe for you and there is no danger.
22: But if I say to the
youth, `Look, the arrows are beyond you,' then go; for the LORD has sent you
23: And as for the matter of which you and I have spoken,
behold, the LORD is between you and me for ever."
24: So David hid
himself in the field; and when the new moon came, the king sat down to eat food.
25: The king sat upon his seat, as at other times, upon the seat by
the wall; Jonathan sat opposite, and Abner sat by Saul's side, but David's place
26: Yet Saul did not say anything that day; for he
thought, "Something has befallen him; he is not clean, surely he is not clean."
27: But on the second day, the morrow after the new moon, David's
place was empty. And Saul said to Jonathan his son, "Why has not the son of
Jesse come to the meal, either yesterday or today?"
answered Saul, "David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Bethlehem;
29: he said, `Let me go; for our family holds a sacrifice in the
city, and my brother has commanded me to be there. So now, if I have found favor
in your eyes, let me get away, and see my brothers.' For this reason he has not
come to the king's table."
30: Then Saul's anger was kindled against
Jonathan, and he said to him, "You son of a perverse, rebellious woman, do I not
know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame, and to the shame
of your mother's nakedness?
31: For as long as the son of Jesse lives
upon the earth, neither you nor your kingdom shall be established. Therefore
send and fetch him to me, for he shall surely die."
32: Then Jonathan
answered Saul his father, "Why should he be put to death? What has he done?"
33: But Saul cast his spear at him to smite him; so Jonathan knew
that his father was determined to put David to death.
Jonathan rose from the table in fierce anger and ate no food the second day of
the month, for he was grieved for David, because his father had disgraced him.
35: In the morning Jonathan went out into the field to the
appointment with David, and with him a little lad.
36: And he said to
his lad, "Run and find the arrows which I shoot." As the lad ran, he shot an
arrow beyond him.
37: And when the lad came to the place of the arrow
which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan called after the lad and said, "Is not the
arrow beyond you?"
38: And Jonathan called after the lad, "Hurry,
make haste, stay not." So Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his
39: But the lad knew nothing; only Jonathan and David knew
40: And Jonathan gave his weapons to his lad, and said to
him, "Go and carry them to the city."
41: And as soon as the lad had
gone, David rose from beside the stone heap and fell on his face to the ground,
and bowed three times; and they kissed one another, and wept with one another,
until David recovered himself.
42: Then Jonathan said to David, "Go
in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the LORD, saying,
`The LORD shall be between me and you, and between my descendants and your
descendants, for ever.'" And he rose and departed; and Jonathan went into the
1: Then came David to Nob to Ahim'elech the priest;
and Ahim'elech came to meet David trembling, and said to him, "Why are you
alone, and no one with you?"
2: And David said to Ahim'elech the
priest, "The king has charged me with a matter, and said to me, `Let no one know
anything of the matter about which I send you, and with which I have charged
you.' I have made an appointment with the young men for such and such a place.
3: Now then, what have you at hand? Give me five loaves of bread, or
whatever is here."
4: And the priest answered David, "I have no
common bread at hand, but there is holy bread; if only the young men have kept
themselves from women."
5: And David answered the priest, "Of a truth
women have been kept from us as always when I go on an expedition; the vessels
of the young men are holy, even when it is a common journey; how much more today
will their vessels be holy?"
6: So the priest gave him the holy
bread; for there was no bread there but the bread of the Presence, which is
removed from before the LORD, to be replaced by hot bread on the day it is taken
7: Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that
day, detained before the LORD; his name was Do'eg the E'domite, the chief of
8: And David said to Ahim'elech, "And have you not
here a spear or a sword at hand? For I have brought neither my sword nor my
weapons with me, because the king's business required haste."
the priest said, "The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the
valley of Elah, behold, it is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod; if you
will take that, take it, for there is none but that here." And David said,
"There is none like that; give it to me."
10: And David rose and fled
that day from Saul, and went to A'chish the king of Gath.
11: And the
servants of A'chish said to him, "Is not this David the king of the land? Did
they not sing to one another of him in dances, `Saul has slain his thousands,
and David his ten thousands'?"
12: And David took these words to
heart, and was much afraid of A'chish the king of Gath.
13: So he
changed his behavior before them, and feigned himself mad in their hands, and
made marks on the doors of the gate, and let his spittle run down his beard.
14: Then said A'chish to his servants, "Lo, you see the man is mad;
why then have you brought him to me?
15: Do I lack madmen, that you
have brought this fellow to play the madman in my presence? Shall this fellow
come into my house?"
1: David departed from there and escaped to the
cave of Adullam; and when his brothers and all his father's house heard it, they
went down there to him.
2: And every one who was in distress, and
every one who was in debt, and every one who was discontented, gathered to him;
and he became captain over them. And there were with him about four hundred men.
3: And David went from there to Mizpeh of Moab; and he said to the
king of Moab, "Pray let my father and my mother stay with you, till I know what
God will do for me."
4: And he left them with the king of Moab, and
they stayed with him all the time that David was in the stronghold.
5: Then the prophet Gad said to David, "Do not remain in the
stronghold; depart, and go into the land of Judah." So David departed, and went
into the forest of Hereth.
6: Now Saul heard that David was
discovered, and the men who were with him. Saul was sitting at Gib'e-ah, under
the tamarisk tree on the height, with his spear in his hand, and all his
servants were standing about him.
7: And Saul said to his servants
who stood about him, "Hear now, you Benjaminites; will the son of Jesse give
every one of you fields and vineyards, will he make you all commanders of
thousands and commanders of hundreds,
8: that all of you have
conspired against me? No one discloses to me when my son makes a league with the
son of Jesse, none of you is sorry for me or discloses to me that my son has
stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as at this day."
Then answered Do'eg the E'domite, who stood by the servants of Saul, "I saw the
son of Jesse coming to Nob, to Ahim'elech the son of Ahi'tub,
he inquired of the LORD for him, and gave him provisions, and gave him the sword
of Goliath the Philistine."
11: Then the king sent to summon
Ahim'elech the priest, the son of Ahi'tub, and all his father's house, the
priests who were at Nob; and all of them came to the king.
Saul said, "Hear now, son of Ahi'tub." And he answered, "Here I am, my lord."
13: And Saul said to him, "Why have you conspired against me, you and
the son of Jesse, in that you have given him bread and a sword, and have
inquired of God for him, so that he has risen against me, to lie in wait, as at
14: Then Ahim'elech answered the king, "And who among all
your servants is so faithful as David, who is the king's son-in-law, and captain
over your bodyguard, and honored in your house?
15: Is today the
first time that I have inquired of God for him? No! Let not the king impute
anything to his servant or to all the house of my father; for your servant has
known nothing of all this, much or little."
16: And the king said,
"You shall surely die, Ahim'elech, you and all your father's house."
17: And the king said to the guard who stood about him, "Turn and
kill the priests of the LORD; because their hand also is with David, and they
knew that he fled, and did not disclose it to me." But the servants of the king
would not put forth their hand to fall upon the priests of the LORD.
18: Then the king said to Do'eg, "You turn and fall upon the
priests." And Do'eg the E'domite turned and fell upon the priests, and he killed
on that day eighty-five persons who wore the linen ephod.
Nob, the city of the priests, he put to the sword; both men and women, children
and sucklings, oxen, asses and sheep, he put to the sword.
one of the sons of Ahim'elech the son of Ahi'tub, named Abi'athar, escaped and
fled after David.
21: And Abi'athar told David that Saul had killed
the priests of the LORD.
22: And David said to Abi'athar, "I knew on
that day, when Do'eg the E'domite was there, that he would surely tell Saul. I
have occasioned the death of all the persons of your father's house.
23: Stay with me, fear not; for he that seeks my life seeks your
life; with me you shall be in safekeeping."
1: Now they told David, "Behold, the Philistines
are fighting against Kei'lah, and are robbing the threshing floors."
2: Therefore David inquired of the LORD, "Shall I go and attack these
Philistines?" And the LORD said to David, "Go and attack the Philistines and
3: But David's men said to him, "Behold, we are afraid
here in Judah; how much more then if we go to Kei'lah against the armies of the
4: Then David inquired of the LORD again. And the LORD
answered him, "Arise, go down to Kei'lah; for I will give the Philistines into
5: And David and his men went to Kei'lah, and fought with
the Philistines, and brought away their cattle, and made a great slaughter among
them. So David delivered the inhabitants of Kei'lah.
Abi'athar the son of Ahim'elech fled to David to Kei'lah, he came down with an
ephod in his hand.
7: Now it was told Saul that David had come to
Kei'lah. And Saul said, "God has given him into my hand; for he has shut himself
in by entering a town that has gates and bars."
8: And Saul summoned
all the people to war, to go down to Kei'lah, to besiege David and his men.
9: David knew that Saul was plotting evil against him; and he said to
Abi'athar the priest, "Bring the ephod here."
10: Then said David, "O
LORD, the God of Israel, thy servant has surely heard that Saul seeks to come to
Kei'lah, to destroy the city on my account.
11: Will the men of
Kei'lah surrender me into his hand? Will Saul come down, as thy servant has
heard? O LORD, the God of Israel, I beseech thee, tell thy servant." And the
LORD said, "He will come down."
12: Then said David, "Will the men of
Kei'lah surrender me and my men into the hand of Saul?" And the LORD said, "They
will surrender you."
13: Then David and his men, who were about six
hundred, arose and departed from Kei'lah, and they went wherever they could go.
When Saul was told that David had escaped from Kei'lah, he gave up the
14: And David remained in the strongholds in the
wilderness, in the hill country of the Wilderness of Ziph. And Saul sought him
every day, but God did not give him into his hand.
15: And David was
afraid because Saul had come out to seek his life. David was in the Wilderness
of Ziph at Horesh.
16: And Jonathan, Saul's son, rose, and went to
David at Horesh, and strengthened his hand in God.
17: And he said to
him, "Fear not; for the hand of Saul my father shall not find you; you shall be
king over Israel, and I shall be next to you; Saul my father also knows this."
18: And the two of them made a covenant before the LORD; David
remained at Horesh, and Jonathan went home.
19: Then the Ziphites
went up to Saul at Gib'e-ah, saying, "Does not David hide among us in the
strongholds at Horesh, on the hill of Hachi'lah, which is south of Jeshi'mon?
20: Now come down, O king, according to all your heart's desire to
come down; and our part shall be to surrender him into the king's hand."
21: And Saul said, "May you be blessed by the LORD; for you have had
compassion on me.
22: Go, make yet more sure; know and see the place
where his haunt is, and who has seen him there; for it is told me that he is
23: See therefore, and take note of all the lurking
places where he hides, and come back to me with sure information. Then I will go
with you; and if he is in the land, I will search him out among all the
thousands of Judah."
24: And they arose, and went to Ziph ahead of
Saul. Now David and his men were in the wilderness of Ma'on, in the Arabah to
the south of Jeshi'mon.
25: And Saul and his men went to seek him.
And David was told; therefore he went down to the rock which is in the
wilderness of Ma'on. And when Saul heard that, he pursued after David in the
wilderness of Ma'on.
26: Saul went on one side of the mountain, and
David and his men on the other side of the mountain; and David was making haste
to get away from Saul, as Saul and his men were closing in upon David and his
men to capture them,
27: when a messenger came to Saul, saying, "Make
haste and come; for the Philistines have made a raid upon the land."
28: So Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the
Philistines; therefore that place was called the Rock of Escape.
And David went up from there, and dwelt in the strongholds of En-ge'di.
1: When Saul returned from following the
Philistines, he was told, "Behold, David is in the wilderness of En-ge'di."
2: Then Saul took three thousand chosen men out of all Israel, and
went to seek David and his men in front of the Wildgoats' Rocks.
And he came to the sheepfolds by the way, where there was a cave; and Saul went
in to relieve himself. Now David and his men were sitting in the innermost parts
of the cave.
4: And the men of David said to him, "Here is the day of
which the LORD said to you, `Behold, I will give your enemy into your hand, and
you shall do to him as it shall seem good to you.'" Then David arose and
stealthily cut off the skirt of Saul's robe.
5: And afterward David's
heart smote him, because he had cut off Saul's skirt.
6: He said to
his men, "The LORD forbid that I should do this thing to my lord, the LORD'S
anointed, to put forth my hand against him, seeing he is the LORD'S anointed."
7: So David persuaded his men with these words, and did not permit
them to attack Saul. And Saul rose up and left the cave, and went upon his way.
8: Afterward David also arose, and went out of the cave, and called
after Saul, "My lord the king!" And when Saul looked behind him, David bowed
with his face to the earth, and did obeisance.
9: And David said to
Saul, "Why do you listen to the words of men who say, `Behold, David seeks your
10: Lo, this day your eyes have seen how the LORD gave you
today into my hand in the cave; and some bade me kill you, but I spared you. I
said, `I will not put forth my hand against my lord; for he is the LORD'S
11: See, my father, see the skirt of your robe in my hand;
for by the fact that I cut off the skirt of your robe, and did not kill you, you
may know and see that there is no wrong or treason in my hands. I have not
sinned against you, though you hunt my life to take it.
12: May the
LORD judge between me and you, may the LORD avenge me upon you; but my hand
shall not be against you.
13: As the proverb of the ancients says,
`Out of the wicked comes forth wickedness'; but my hand shall not be against
14: After whom has the king of Israel come out? After whom do
you pursue? After a dead dog! After a flea!
15: May the LORD
therefore be judge, and give sentence between me and you, and see to it, and
plead my cause, and deliver me from your hand."
16: When David had
finished speaking these words to Saul, Saul said, "Is this your voice, my son
David?" And Saul lifted up his voice and wept.
17: He said to David,
"You are more righteous than I; for you have repaid me good, whereas I have
repaid you evil.
18: And you have declared this day how you have
dealt well with me, in that you did not kill me when the LORD put me into your
19: For if a man finds his enemy, will he let him go away
safe? So may the LORD reward you with good for what you have done to me this
20: And now, behold, I know that you shall surely be king, and
that the kingdom of Israel shall be established in your hand.
Swear to me therefore by the LORD that you will not cut off my descendants after
me, and that you will not destroy my name out of my father's house."
22: And David swore this to Saul. Then Saul went home; but David and
his men went up to the stronghold.
1: Now Samuel died; and all Israel assembled and
mourned for him, and they buried him in his house at Ramah. Then David rose and
went down to the wilderness of Paran.
2: And there was a man in
Ma'on, whose business was in Carmel. The man was very rich; he had three
thousand sheep and a thousand goats. He was shearing his sheep in Carmel.
3: Now the name of the man was Nabal, and the name of his wife
Ab'igail. The woman was of good understanding and beautiful, but the man was
churlish and ill-behaved; he was a Calebite.
4: David heard in the
wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep.
5: So David sent ten
young men; and David said to the young men, "Go up to Carmel, and go to Nabal,
and greet him in my name.
6: And thus you shall salute him: `Peace be
to you, and peace be to your house, and peace be to all that you have.
7: I hear that you have shearers; now your shepherds have been with
us, and we did them no harm, and they missed nothing, all the time they were in
8: Ask your young men, and they will tell you. Therefore let
my young men find favor in your eyes; for we come on a feast day. Pray, give
whatever you have at hand to your servants and to your son David.'"
9: When David's young men came, they said all this to Nabal in the
name of David; and then they waited.
10: And Nabal answered David's
servants, "Who is David? Who is the son of Jesse? There are many servants
nowadays who are breaking away from their masters.
11: Shall I take
my bread and my water and my meat that I have killed for my shearers, and give
it to men who come from I do not know where?"
12: So David's young
men turned away, and came back and told him all this.
13: And David
said to his men, "Every man gird on his sword!" And every man of them girded on
his sword; David also girded on his sword; and about four hundred men went up
after David, while two hundred remained with the baggage.
14: But one
of the young men told Ab'igail, Nabal's wife, "Behold, David sent messengers out
of the wilderness to salute our master; and he railed at them.
Yet the men were very good to us, and we suffered no harm, and we did not miss
anything when we were in the fields, as long as we went with them;
16: they were a wall to us both by night and by day, all the while we
were with them keeping the sheep.
17: Now therefore know this and
consider what you should do; for evil is determined against our master and
against all his house, and he is so ill-natured that one cannot speak to him."
18: Then Ab'igail made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and two
skins of wine, and five sheep ready dressed, and five measures of parched grain,
and a hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and laid them
19: And she said to her young men, "Go on before me;
behold, I come after you." But she did not tell her husband Nabal.
20: And as she rode on the ass, and came down under cover of the
mountain, behold, David and his men came down toward her; and she met them.
21: Now David had said, "Surely in vain have I guarded all that this
fellow has in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that belonged to
him; and he has returned me evil for good.
22: God do so to David and
more also, if by morning I leave so much as one male of all who belong to him."
23: When Ab'igail saw David, she made haste, and alighted from the
ass, and fell before David on her face, and bowed to the ground.
She fell at his feet and said, "Upon me alone, my lord, be the guilt; pray let
your handmaid speak in your ears, and hear the words of your handmaid.
25: Let not my lord regard this ill-natured fellow, Nabal; for as his
name is, so is he; Nabal is his name, and folly is with him; but I your handmaid
did not see the young men of my lord, whom you sent.
26: Now then, my
lord, as the LORD lives, and as your soul lives, seeing the LORD has restrained
you from bloodguilt, and from taking vengeance with your own hand, now then let
your enemies and those who seek to do evil to my lord be as Nabal.
27: And now let this present which your servant has brought to my
lord be given to the young men who follow my lord.
28: Pray forgive
the trespass of your handmaid; for the LORD will certainly make my lord a sure
house, because my lord is fighting the battles of the LORD; and evil shall not
be found in you so long as you live.
29: If men rise up to pursue you
and to seek your life, the life of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of the
living in the care of the LORD your God; and the lives of your enemies he shall
sling out as from the hollow of a sling.
30: And when the LORD has
done to my lord according to all the good that he has spoken concerning you, and
has appointed you prince over Israel,
31: my lord shall have no cause
of grief, or pangs of conscience, for having shed blood without cause or for my
lord taking vengeance himself. And when the LORD has dealt well with my lord,
then remember your handmaid."
32: And David said to Ab'igail,
"Blessed be the LORD, the God of Israel, who sent you this day to meet me!
33: Blessed be your discretion, and blessed be you, who have kept me
this day from bloodguilt and from avenging myself with my own hand!
34: For as surely as the LORD the God of Israel lives, who has
restrained me from hurting you, unless you had made haste and come to meet me,
truly by morning there had not been left to Nabal so much as one male."
35: Then David received from her hand what she had brought him; and
he said to her, "Go up in peace to your house; see, I have hearkened to your
voice, and I have granted your petition."
36: And Ab'igail came to
Nabal; and, lo, he was holding a feast in his house, like the feast of a king.
And Nabal's heart was merry within him, for he was very drunk; so she told him
nothing at all until the morning light.
37: And in the morning, when
the wine had gone out of Nabal, his wife told him these things, and his heart
died within him, and he became as a stone.
38: And about ten days
later the LORD smote Nabal; and he died.
39: When David heard that
Nabal was dead, he said, "Blessed be the LORD who has avenged the insult I
received at the hand of Nabal, and has kept back his servant from evil; the LORD
has returned the evil-doing of Nabal upon his own head." Then David sent and
wooed Ab'igail, to make her his wife.
40: And when the servants of
David came to Ab'igail at Carmel, they said to her, "David has sent us to you to
take you to him as his wife."
41: And she rose and bowed with her
face to the ground, and said, "Behold, your handmaid is a servant to wash the
feet of the servants of my lord."
42: And Ab'igail made haste and
rose and mounted on an ass, and her five maidens attended her; she went after
the messengers of David, and became his wife.
43: David also took
Ahin'o-am of Jezreel; and both of them became his wives.
44: Saul had
given Michal his daughter, David's wife, to Palti the son of La'ish, who was of
1: Then the Ziphites came to Saul at Gib'e-ah,
saying, "Is not David hiding himself on the hill of Hachi'lah, which is on the
east of Jeshi'mon?"
2: So Saul arose and went down to the wilderness
of Ziph, with three thousand chosen men of Israel, to seek David in the
wilderness of Ziph.
3: And Saul encamped on the hill of Hachi'lah,
which is beside the road on the east of Jeshi'mon. But David remained in the
wilderness; and when he saw that Saul came after him into the wilderness,
4: David sent out spies, and learned of a certainty that Saul had
5: Then David rose and came to the place where Saul had
encamped; and David saw the place where Saul lay, with Abner the son of Ner, the
commander of his army; Saul was lying within the encampment, while the army was
encamped around him.
6: Then David said to Ahim'elech the Hittite,
and to Jo'ab's brother Abi'shai the son of Zeru'iah, "Who will go down with me
into the camp to Saul?" And Abi'shai said, "I will go down with you."
7: So David and Abi'shai went to the army by night; and there lay
Saul sleeping within the encampment, with his spear stuck in the ground at his
head; and Abner and the army lay around him.
8: Then said Abi'shai to
David, "God has given your enemy into your hand this day; now therefore let me
pin him to the earth with one stroke of the spear, and I will not strike him
9: But David said to Abi'shai, "Do not destroy him; for who
can put forth his hand against the LORD'S anointed, and be guiltless?"
10: And David said, "As the LORD lives, the LORD will smite him; or
his day shall come to die; or he shall go down into battle and perish.
11: The LORD forbid that I should put forth my hand against the
LORD'S anointed; but take now the spear that is at his head, and the jar of
water, and let us go."
12: So David took the spear and the jar of
water from Saul's head; and they went away. No man saw it, or knew it, nor did
any awake; for they were all asleep, because a deep sleep from the LORD had
fallen upon them.
13: Then David went over to the other side, and
stood afar off on the top of the mountain, with a great space between them;
14: and David called to the army, and to Abner the son of Ner,
saying, "Will you not answer, Abner?" Then Abner answered, "Who are you that
calls to the king?"
15: And David said to Abner, "Are you not a man?
Who is like you in Israel? Why then have you not kept watch over your lord the
king? For one of the people came in to destroy the king your lord.
16: This thing that you have done is not good. As the LORD lives, you
deserve to die, because you have not kept watch over your lord, the LORD'S
anointed. And now see where the king's spear is, and the jar of water that was
at his head."
17: Saul recognized David's voice, and said, "Is this
your voice, my son David?" And David said, "It is my voice, my lord, O king."
18: And he said, "Why does my lord pursue after his servant? For what
have I done? What guilt is on my hands?
19: Now therefore let my lord
the king hear the words of his servant. If it is the LORD who has stirred you up
against me, may he accept an offering; but if it is men, may they be cursed
before the LORD, for they have driven me out this day that I should have no
share in the heritage of the LORD, saying, `Go, serve other gods.'
20: Now therefore, let not my blood fall to the earth away from the
presence of the LORD; for the king of Israel has come out to seek my life, like
one who hunts a partridge in the mountains."
21: Then Saul said, "I
have done wrong; return, my son David, for I will no more do you harm, because
my life was precious in your eyes this day; behold, I have played the fool, and
have erred exceedingly."
22: And David made answer, "Here is the
spear, O king! Let one of the young men come over and fetch it.
The LORD rewards every man for his righteousness and his faithfulness; for the
LORD gave you into my hand today, and I would not put forth my hand against the
24: Behold, as your life was precious this day in my
sight, so may my life be precious in the sight of the LORD, and may he deliver
me out of all tribulation."
25: Then Saul said to David, "Blessed be
you, my son David! You will do many things and will succeed in them." So David
went his way, and Saul returned to his place.
1: And David said in his heart, "I shall now perish
one day by the hand of Saul; there is nothing better for me than that I should
escape to the land of the Philistines; then Saul will despair of seeking me any
longer within the borders of Israel, and I shall escape out of his hand."
2: So David arose and went over, he and the six hundred men who were
with him, to A'chish the son of Ma'och, king of Gath.
3: And David
dwelt with A'chish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, and
David with his two wives, Ahin'o-am of Jezreel, and Ab'igail of Carmel, Nabal's
4: And when it was told Saul that David had fled to Gath, he
sought for him no more.
5: Then David said to A'chish, "If I have
found favor in your eyes, let a place be given me in one of the country towns,
that I may dwell there; for why should your servant dwell in the royal city with
6: So that day A'chish gave him Ziklag; therefore Ziklag has
belonged to the kings of Judah to this day.
7: And the number of the
days that David dwelt in the country of the Philistines was a year and four
8: Now David and his men went up, and made raids upon the
Gesh'urites, the Gir'zites, and the Amal'ekites; for these were the inhabitants
of the land from of old, as far as Shur, to the land of Egypt.
David smote the land, and left neither man nor woman alive, but took away the
sheep, the oxen, the asses, the camels, and the garments, and came back to
10: When A'chish asked, "Against whom have you made a raid
today?" David would say, "Against the Negeb of Judah," or "Against the Negeb of
the Jerah'meelites," or, "Against the Negeb of the Ken'ites."
David saved neither man nor woman alive, to bring tidings to Gath, thinking,
"Lest they should tell about us, and say, `So David has done.'" Such was his
custom all the while he dwelt in the country of the Philistines.
And A'chish trusted David, thinking, "He has made himself utterly abhorred by
his people Israel; therefore he shall be my servant always."
1: In those days the Philistines gathered their
forces for war, to fight against Israel. And A'chish said to David, "Understand
that you and your men are to go out with me in the army."
said to A'chish, "Very well, you shall know what your servant can do." And
A'chish said to David, "Very well, I will make you my bodyguard for life."
3: Now Samuel had died, and all Israel had mourned for him and buried
him in Ramah, his own city. And Saul had put the mediums and the wizards out of
4: The Philistines assembled, and came and encamped at
Shunem; and Saul gathered all Israel, and they encamped at Gilbo'a.
5: When Saul saw the army of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his
heart trembled greatly.
6: And when Saul inquired of the LORD, the
LORD did not answer him, either by dreams, or by Urim, or by prophets.
7: Then Saul said to his servants, "Seek out for me a woman who is a
medium, that I may go to her and inquire of her." And his servants said to him,
"Behold, there is a medium at Endor."
8: So Saul disguised himself
and put on other garments, and went, he and two men with him; and they came to
the woman by night. And he said, "Divine for me by a spirit, and bring up for me
whomever I shall name to you."
9: The woman said to him, "Surely you
know what Saul has done, how he has cut off the mediums and the wizards from the
land. Why then are you laying a snare for my life to bring about my death?"
10: But Saul swore to her by the LORD, "As the LORD lives, no
punishment shall come upon you for this thing."
11: Then the woman
said, "Whom shall I bring up for you?" He said, "Bring up Samuel for me."
12: When the woman saw Samuel, she cried out with a loud voice; and
the woman said to Saul, "Why have you deceived me? You are Saul."
The king said to her, "Have no fear; what do you see?" And the woman said to
Saul, "I see a god coming up out of the earth."
14: He said to her,
"What is his appearance?" And she said, "An old man is coming up; and he is
wrapped in a robe." And Saul knew that it was Samuel, and he bowed with his face
to the ground, and did obeisance.
15: Then Samuel said to Saul, "Why
have you disturbed me by bringing me up?" Saul answered, "I am in great
distress; for the Philistines are warring against me, and God has turned away
from me and answers me no more, either by prophets or by dreams; therefore I
have summoned you to tell me what I shall do."
16: And Samuel said,
"Why then do you ask me, since the LORD has turned from you and become your
17: The LORD has done to you as he spoke by me; for the LORD
has torn the kingdom out of your hand, and given it to your neighbor, David.
18: Because you did not obey the voice of the LORD, and did not carry
out his fierce wrath against Am'alek, therefore the LORD has done this thing to
you this day.
19: Moreover the LORD will give Israel also with you
into the hand of the Philistines; and tomorrow you and your sons shall be with
me; the LORD will give the army of Israel also into the hand of the
20: Then Saul fell at once full length upon the ground,
filled with fear because of the words of Samuel; and there was no strength in
him, for he had eaten nothing all day and all night.
21: And the
woman came to Saul, and when she saw that he was terrified, she said to him,
"Behold, your handmaid has hearkened to you; I have taken my life in my hand,
and have hearkened to what you have said to me.
22: Now therefore,
you also hearken to your handmaid; let me set a morsel of bread before you; and
eat, that you may have strength when you go on your way."
refused, and said, "I will not eat." But his servants, together with the woman,
urged him; and he hearkened to their words. So he arose from the earth, and sat
upon the bed.
24: Now the woman had a fatted calf in the house, and
she quickly killed it, and she took flour, and kneaded it and baked unleavened
bread of it,
25: and she put it before Saul and his servants; and
they ate. Then they rose and went away that night.
1: Now the Philistines gathered all their forces at
Aphek; and the Israelites were encamped by the fountain which is in Jezreel.
2: As the lords of the Philistines were passing on by hundreds and by
thousands, and David and his men were passing on in the rear with A'chish,
3: the commanders of the Philistines said, "What are these Hebrews
doing here?" And A'chish said to the commanders of the Philistines, "Is not this
David, the servant of Saul, king of Israel, who has been with me now for days
and years, and since he deserted to me I have found no fault in him to this
4: But the commanders of the Philistines were angry with him;
and the commanders of the Philistines said to him, "Send the man back, that he
may return to the place to which you have assigned him; he shall not go down
with us to battle, lest in the battle he become an adversary to us. For how
could this fellow reconcile himself to his lord? Would it not be with the heads
of the men here?
5: Is not this David, of whom they sing to one
another in dances, `Saul has slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands'?"
6: Then A'chish called David and said to him, "As the LORD lives, you
have been honest, and to me it seems right that you should march out and in with
me in the campaign; for I have found nothing wrong in you from the day of your
coming to me to this day. Nevertheless the lords do not approve of you.
7: So go back now; and go peaceably, that you may not displease the
lords of the Philistines."
8: And David said to A'chish, "But what
have I done? What have you found in your servant from the day I entered your
service until now, that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my lord
9: And A'chish made answer to David, "I know that you are
as blameless in my sight as an angel of God; nevertheless the commanders of the
Philistines have said, `He shall not go up with us to the battle.'
10: Now then rise early in the morning with the servants of your lord
who came with you; and start early in the morning, and depart as soon as you
11: So David set out with his men early in the morning,
to return to the land of the Philistines. But the Philistines went up to
1: Now when David and his men came to Ziklag on the
third day, the Amal'ekites had made a raid upon the Negeb and upon Ziklag. They
had overcome Ziklag, and burned it with fire,
2: and taken captive
the women and all who were in it, both small and great; they killed no one, but
carried them off, and went their way.
3: And when David and his men
came to the city, they found it burned with fire, and their wives and sons and
daughters taken captive.
4: Then David and the people who were with
him raised their voices and wept, until they had no more strength to weep.
5: David's two wives also had been taken captive, Ahin'o-am of
Jezreel, and Ab'igail the widow of Nabal of Carmel.
6: And David was
greatly distressed; for the people spoke of stoning him, because all the people
were bitter in soul, each for his sons and daughters. But David strengthened
himself in the LORD his God.
7: And David said to Abi'athar the
priest, the son of Ahim'elech, "Bring me the ephod." So Abi'athar brought the
ephod to David.
8: And David inquired of the LORD, "Shall I pursue
after this band? Shall I overtake them?" He answered him, "Pursue; for you shall
surely overtake and shall surely rescue."
9: So David set out, and
the six hundred men who were with him, and they came to the brook Besor, where
those stayed who were left behind.
10: But David went on with the
pursuit, he and four hundred men; two hundred stayed behind, who were too
exhausted to cross the brook Besor.
11: They found an Egyptian in the
open country, and brought him to David; and they gave him bread and he ate, they
gave him water to drink,
12: and they gave him a piece of a cake of
figs and two clusters of raisins. And when he had eaten, his spirit revived; for
he had not eaten bread or drunk water for three days and three nights.
13: And David said to him, "To whom do you belong? And where are you
from?" He said, "I am a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amal'ekite; and my
master left me behind because I fell sick three days ago.
14: We had
made a raid upon the Negeb of the Cher'ethites and upon that which belongs to
Judah and upon the Negeb of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire."
15: And David said to him, "Will you take me down to this band?" And
he said, "Swear to me by God, that you will not kill me, or deliver me into the
hands of my master, and I will take you down to this band."
when he had taken him down, behold, they were spread abroad over all the land,
eating and drinking and dancing, because of all the great spoil they had taken
from the land of the Philistines and from the land of Judah.
David smote them from twilight until the evening of the next day; and not a man
of them escaped, except four hundred young men, who mounted camels and fled.
18: David recovered all that the Amal'ekites had taken; and David
rescued his two wives.
19: Nothing was missing, whether small or
great, sons or daughters, spoil or anything that had been taken; David brought
20: David also captured all the flocks and herds; and the
people drove those cattle before him, and said, "This is David's spoil."
21: Then David came to the two hundred men, who had been too
exhausted to follow David, and who had been left at the brook Besor; and they
went out to meet David and to meet the people who were with him; and when David
drew near to the people he saluted them.
22: Then all the wicked and
base fellows among the men who had gone with David said, "Because they did not
go with us, we will not give them any of the spoil which we have recovered,
except that each man may lead away his wife and children, and depart."
23: But David said, "You shall not do so, my brothers, with what the
LORD has given us; he has preserved us and given into our hand the band that
came against us.
24: Who would listen to you in this matter? For as
his share is who goes down into the battle, so shall his share be who stays by
the baggage; they shall share alike."
25: And from that day forward
he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel to this day.
When David came to Ziklag, he sent part of the spoil to his friends, the elders
of Judah, saying, "Here is a present for you from the spoil of the enemies of
27: it was for those in Bethel, in Ramoth of the Negeb, in
28: in Aro'er, in Siphmoth, in Eshtemo'a,
Racal, in the cities of the Jerah'meelites, in the cities of the Ken'ites,
30: in Hormah, in Borash'an, in A'thach,
31: in Hebron,
for all the places where David and his men had roamed.
1: Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and
the men of Israel fled before the Philistines, and fell slain on Mount Gilbo'a.
2: And the Philistines overtook Saul and his sons; and the
Philistines slew Jonathan and Abin'adab and Mal'chishu'a, the sons of Saul.
3: The battle pressed hard upon Saul, and the archers found him; and
he was badly wounded by the archers.
4: Then Saul said to his
armor-bearer, "Draw your sword, and thrust me through with it, lest these
uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and make sport of me." But his
armor-bearer would not; for he feared greatly. Therefore Saul took his own
sword, and fell upon it.
5: And when his armor-bearer saw that Saul
was dead, he also fell upon his sword, and died with him.
Saul died, and his three sons, and his armor-bearer, and all his men, on the
same day together.
7: And when the men of Israel who were on the
other side of the valley and those beyond the Jordan saw that the men of Israel
had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook their cities and
fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.
8: On the morrow,
when the Philistines came to strip the slain, they found Saul and his three sons
fallen on Mount Gilbo'a.
9: And they cut off his head, and stripped
off his armor, and sent messengers throughout the land of the Philistines, to
carry the good news to their idols and to the people.
10: They put
his armor in the temple of Ash'taroth; and they fastened his body to the wall of
11: But when the inhabitants of Ja'besh-gil'ead heard what
the Philistines had done to Saul,
12: all the valiant men arose, and
went all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the
wall of Beth-shan; and they came to Jabesh and burnt them there.
And they took their bones and buried them under the tamarisk tree in Jabesh, and
fasted seven days.