1: When men began to multiply on the face of the
ground, and daughters were born to them,
2: the sons of God saw that
the daughters of men were fair; and they took to wife such of them as they
3: Then the LORD said, "My spirit shall not abide in man for
ever, for he is flesh, but his days shall be a hundred and twenty years."
4: The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward,
when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore children to
them. These were the mighty men that were of old, the men of renown.
5: The LORD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth,
and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil
6: And the LORD was sorry that he had made man on the
earth, and it grieved him to his heart.
7: So the LORD said, "I will
blot out man whom I have created from the face of the ground, man and beast and
creeping things and birds of the air, for I am sorry that I have made them."
8: But Noah found favor in the eyes of the LORD.
are the generations of Noah. Noah was a righteous man, blameless in his
generation; Noah walked with God.
10: And Noah had three sons, Shem,
Ham, and Japheth.
11: Now the earth was corrupt in God's sight, and
the earth was filled with violence.
12: And God saw the earth, and
behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted their way upon the earth.
13: And God said to Noah, "I have determined to make an end of all
flesh; for the earth is filled with violence through them; behold, I will
destroy them with the earth.
14: Make yourself an ark of gopher wood;
make rooms in the ark, and cover it inside and out with pitch.
This is how you are to make it: the length of the ark three hundred cubits, its
breadth fifty cubits, and its height thirty cubits.
16: Make a roof
for the ark, and finish it to a cubit above; and set the door of the ark in its
side; make it with lower, second, and third decks.
17: For behold, I
will bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh in which is
the breath of life from under heaven; everything that is on the earth shall die.
18: But I will establish my covenant with you; and you shall come
into the ark, you, your sons, your wife, and your sons' wives with you.
19: And of every living thing of all flesh, you shall bring two of
every sort into the ark, to keep them alive with you; they shall be male and
20: Of the birds according to their kinds, and of the animals
according to their kinds, of every creeping thing of the ground according to its
kind, two of every sort shall come in to you, to keep them alive.
Also take with you every sort of food that is eaten, and store it up; and it
shall serve as food for you and for them."
22: Noah did this; he did
all that God commanded him.
1: Then the LORD said to Noah, "Go into the ark,
you and all your household, for I have seen that you are righteous before me in
2: Take with you seven pairs of all clean animals,
the male and his mate; and a pair of the animals that are not clean, the male
and his mate;
3: and seven pairs of the birds of the air also, male
and female, to keep their kind alive upon the face of all the earth.
4: For in seven days I will send rain upon the earth forty days and
forty nights; and every living thing that I have made I will blot out from the
face of the ground."
5: And Noah did all that the LORD had commanded
6: Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters came
upon the earth.
7: And Noah and his sons and his wife and his sons'
wives with him went into the ark, to escape the waters of the flood.
8: Of clean animals, and of animals that are not clean, and of birds,
and of everything that creeps on the ground,
9: two and two, male and
female, went into the ark with Noah, as God had commanded Noah.
And after seven days the waters of the flood came upon the earth.
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the
seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep
burst forth, and the windows of the heavens were opened.
12: And rain
fell upon the earth forty days and forty nights.
13: On the very same
day Noah and his sons, Shem and Ham and Japheth, and Noah's wife and the three
wives of his sons with them entered the ark,
14: they and every beast
according to its kind, and all the cattle according to their kinds, and every
creeping thing that creeps on the earth according to its kind, and every bird
according to its kind, every bird of every sort.
15: They went into
the ark with Noah, two and two of all flesh in which there was the breath of
16: And they that entered, male and female of all flesh, went
in as God had commanded him; and the LORD shut him in.
17: The flood
continued forty days upon the earth; and the waters increased, and bore up the
ark, and it rose high above the earth.
18: The waters prevailed and
increased greatly upon the earth; and the ark floated on the face of the waters.
19: And the waters prevailed so mightily upon the earth that all the
high mountains under the whole heaven were covered;
20: the waters
prevailed above the mountains, covering them fifteen cubits deep.
And all flesh died that moved upon the earth, birds, cattle, beasts, all
swarming creatures that swarm upon the earth, and every man;
everything on the dry land in whose nostrils was the breath of life died.
23: He blotted out every living thing that was upon the face of the
ground, man and animals and creeping things and birds of the air; they were
blotted out from the earth. Only Noah was left, and those that were with him in
24: And the waters prevailed upon the earth a hundred and
1: But God remembered Noah and all the beasts and
all the cattle that were with him in the ark. And God made a wind blow over the
earth, and the waters subsided;
2: the fountains of the deep and the
windows of the heavens were closed, the rain from the heavens was restrained,
3: and the waters receded from the earth continually. At the end of a
hundred and fifty days the waters had abated;
4: and in the seventh
month, on the seventeenth day of the month, the ark came to rest upon the
mountains of Ar'arat.
5: And the waters continued to abate until the
tenth month; in the tenth month, on the first day of the month, the tops of the
mountains were seen.
6: At the end of forty days Noah opened the
window of the ark which he had made,
7: and sent forth a raven; and
it went to and fro until the waters were dried up from the earth.
Then he sent forth a dove from him, to see if the waters had subsided from the
face of the ground;
9: but the dove found no place to set her foot,
and she returned to him to the ark, for the waters were still on the face of the
whole earth. So he put forth his hand and took her and brought her into the ark
10: He waited another seven days, and again he sent forth
the dove out of the ark;
11: and the dove came back to him in the
evening, and lo, in her mouth a freshly plucked olive leaf; so Noah knew that
the waters had subsided from the earth.
12: Then he waited another
seven days, and sent forth the dove; and she did not return to him any more.
13: In the six hundred and first year, in the first month, the first
day of the month, the waters were dried from off the earth; and Noah removed the
covering of the ark, and looked, and behold, the face of the ground was dry.
14: In the second month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, the
earth was dry.
15: Then God said to Noah,
16: "Go forth
from the ark, you and your wife, and your sons and your sons' wives with you.
17: Bring forth with you every living thing that is with you of all
flesh -- birds and animals and every creeping thing that creeps on the earth --
that they may breed abundantly on the earth, and be fruitful and multiply upon
18: So Noah went forth, and his sons and his wife and his
sons' wives with him.
19: And every beast, every creeping thing, and
every bird, everything that moves upon the earth, went forth by families out of
20: Then Noah built an altar to the LORD, and took of every
clean animal and of every clean bird, and offered burnt offerings on the altar.
21: And when the LORD smelled the pleasing odor, the LORD said in his
heart, "I will never again curse the ground because of man, for the imagination
of man's heart is evil from his youth; neither will I ever again destroy every
living creature as I have done.
22: While the earth remains, seedtime
and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, day and night, shall not cease."
1: And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said to
them, "Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth.
2: The fear of
you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every
bird of the air, upon everything that creeps on the ground and all the fish of
the sea; into your hand they are delivered.
3: Every moving thing
that lives shall be food for you; and as I gave you the green plants, I give you
4: Only you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is,
5: For your lifeblood I will surely require a reckoning;
of every beast I will require it and of man; of every man's brother I will
require the life of man.
6: Whoever sheds the blood of man, by man
shall his blood be shed; for God made man in his own image.
you, be fruitful and multiply, bring forth abundantly on the earth and multiply
8: Then God said to Noah and to his sons with him,
9: "Behold, I establish my covenant with you and your descendants
10: and with every living creature that is with you, the
birds, the cattle, and every beast of the earth with you, as many as came out of
11: I establish my covenant with you, that never again shall
all flesh be cut off by the waters of a flood, and never again shall there be a
flood to destroy the earth."
12: And God said, "This is the sign of
the covenant which I make between me and you and every living creature that is
with you, for all future generations:
13: I set my bow in the cloud,
and it shall be a sign of the covenant between me and the earth.
When I bring clouds over the earth and the bow is seen in the clouds,
15: I will remember my covenant which is between me and you and every
living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall never again become a flood to
destroy all flesh.
16: When the bow is in the clouds, I will look
upon it and remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living
creature of all flesh that is upon the earth."
17: God said to Noah,
"This is the sign of the covenant which I have established between me and all
flesh that is upon the earth."
18: The sons of Noah who went forth
from the ark were Shem, Ham, and Japheth. Ham was the father of Canaan.
19: These three were the sons of Noah; and from these the whole earth
20: Noah was the first tiller of the soil. He planted a
21: and he drank of the wine, and became drunk, and lay
uncovered in his tent.
22: And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the
nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers outside.
Shem and Japheth took a garment, laid it upon both their shoulders, and walked
backward and covered the nakedness of their father; their faces were turned
away, and they did not see their father's nakedness.
24: When Noah
awoke from his wine and knew what his youngest son had done to him,
25: he said, "Cursed be Canaan; a slave of slaves shall he be to his
26: He also said, "Blessed by the LORD my God be Shem; and
let Canaan be his slave."
27: God enlarge Japheth, and let him dwell
in the tents of Shem; and let Canaan be his slave."
28: After the
flood Noah lived three hundred and fifty years.
29: All the days of
Noah were nine hundred and fifty years; and he died.
1: These are the generations of the sons of Noah,
Shem, Ham, and Japheth; sons were born to them after the flood.
The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.
3: The sons of Gomer: Ash'kenaz, Riphath, and Togar'mah.
4: The sons of Javan: Eli'shah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Do'danim.
5: From these the coastland peoples spread. These are the sons of
Japheth in their lands, each with his own language, by their families, in their
6: The sons of Ham: Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan.
7: The sons of Cush: Seba, Hav'ilah, Sabtah, Ra'amah, and Sab'teca.
The sons of Ra'amah: Sheba and Dedan.
8: Cush became the father of
Nimrod; he was the first on earth to be a mighty man.
9: He was a
mighty hunter before the LORD; therefore it is said, "Like Nimrod a mighty
hunter before the LORD."
10: The beginning of his kingdom was Ba'bel,
Erech, and Accad, all of them in the land of Shinar.
11: From that
land he went into Assyria, and built Nin'eveh, Reho'both-Ir, Calah, and
12: Resen between Nin'eveh and Calah; that is the great city.
13: Egypt became the father of Ludim, An'amim, Leha'bim, Naph-tu'him,
14: Pathru'sim, Caslu'him (whence came the Philistines), and
15: Canaan became the father of Sidon his first-born, and
16: and the Jeb'usites, the Amorites, the Gir'gashites,
17: the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites,
Ar'vadites, the Zem'arites, and the Ha'mathites. Afterward the families of the
Canaanites spread abroad.
19: And the territory of the Canaanites
extended from Sidon, in the direction of Gerar, as far as Gaza, and in the
direction of Sodom, Gomor'rah, Admah, and Zeboi'im, as far as Lasha.
20: These are the sons of Ham, by their families, their languages,
their lands, and their nations.
21: To Shem also, the father of all
the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, children were born.
22: The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arpach'shad, Lud, and Aram.
23: The sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash.
Arpach'shad became the father of Shelah; and Shelah became the father of Eber.
25: To Eber were born two sons: the name of the one was Peleg, for in
his days the earth was divided, and his brother's name was Joktan.
26: Joktan became the father of Almo'dad, Sheleph, Hazarma'veth,
27: Hador'am, Uzal, Diklah,
28: Obal, Abim'a-el,
29: Ophir, Hav'ilah, and Jobab; all these were the sons of
30: The territory in which they lived extended from Mesha in
the direction of Sephar to the hill country of the east.
are the sons of Shem, by their families, their languages, their lands, and their
32: These are the families of the sons of Noah, according to
their genealogies, in their nations; and from these the nations spread abroad on
the earth after the flood.
1: Now the whole earth had one language and few
2: And as men migrated from the east, they found a plain in
the land of Shinar and settled there.
3: And they said to one
another, "Come, let us make bricks, and burn them thoroughly." And they had
brick for stone, and bitumen for mortar.
4: Then they said, "Come,
let us build ourselves a city, and a tower with its top in the heavens, and let
us make a name for ourselves, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the
5: And the LORD came down to see the city and the
tower, which the sons of men had built.
6: And the LORD said,
"Behold, they are one people, and they have all one language; and this is only
the beginning of what they will do; and nothing that they propose to do will now
be impossible for them.
7: Come, let us go down, and there confuse
their language, that they may not understand one another's speech."
8: So the LORD scattered them abroad from there over the face of all
the earth, and they left off building the city.
9: Therefore its name
was called Ba'bel, because there the LORD confused the language of all the
earth; and from there the LORD scattered them abroad over the face of all the
10: These are the descendants of Shem. When Shem was a hundred
years old, he became the father of Arpach'shad two years after the flood;
11: and Shem lived after the birth of Arpach'shad five hundred years,
and had other sons and daughters.
12: When Arpach'shad had lived
thirty-five years, he became the father of Shelah;
Arpach'shad lived after the birth of Shelah four hundred and three years, and
had other sons and daughters.
14: When Shelah had lived thirty years,
he became the father of Eber;
15: and Shelah lived after the birth of
Eber four hundred and three years, and had other sons and daughters.
16: When Eber had lived thirty-four years, he became the father of
17: and Eber lived after the birth of Peleg four hundred and
thirty years, and had other sons and daughters.
18: When Peleg had
lived thirty years, he became the father of Re'u;
19: and Peleg lived
after the birth of Re'u two hundred and nine years, and had other sons and
20: When Re'u had lived thirty-two years, he became the
father of Serug;
21: and Re'u lived after the birth of Serug two
hundred and seven years, and had other sons and daughters.
Serug had lived thirty years, he became the father of Nahor;
Serug lived after the birth of Nahor two hundred years, and had other sons and
24: When Nahor had lived twenty-nine years, he became the
father of Terah;
25: and Nahor lived after the birth of Terah a
hundred and nineteen years, and had other sons and daughters.
When Terah had lived seventy years, he became the father of Abram, Nahor, and
27: Now these are the descendants of Terah. Terah was the
father of Abram, Nahor, and Haran; and Haran was the father of Lot.
28: Haran died before his father Terah in the land of his birth, in
Ur of the Chalde'ans.
29: And Abram and Nahor took wives; the name of
Abram's wife was Sar'ai, and the name of Nahor's wife, Milcah, the daughter of
Haran the father of Milcah and Iscah.
30: Now Sar'ai was barren; she
had no child.
31: Terah took Abram his son and Lot the son of Haran,
his grandson, and Sar'ai his daughter-in-law, his son Abram's wife, and they
went forth together from Ur of the Chalde'ans to go into the land of Canaan; but
when they came to Haran, they settled there.
32: The days of Terah
were two hundred and five years; and Terah died in Haran.
1: Now the LORD said to Abram, "Go from your
country and your kindred and your father's house to the land that I will show
2: And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you,
and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing.
3: I will
bless those who bless you, and him who curses you I will curse; and by you all
the families of the earth shall bless themselves."
4: So Abram went,
as the LORD had told him; and Lot went with him. Abram was seventy-five years
old when he departed from Haran.
5: And Abram took Sar'ai his wife,
and Lot his brother's son, and all their possessions which they had gathered,
and the persons that they had gotten in Haran; and they set forth to go to the
land of Canaan. When they had come to the land of Canaan,
passed through the land to the place at Shechem, to the oak of Moreh. At that
time the Canaanites were in the land.
7: Then the LORD appeared to
Abram, and said, "To your descendants I will give this land." So he built there
an altar to the LORD, who had appeared to him.
8: Thence he removed
to the mountain on the east of Bethel, and pitched his tent, with Bethel on the
west and Ai on the east; and there he built an altar to the LORD and called on
the name of the LORD.
9: And Abram journeyed on, still going toward
10: Now there was a famine in the land. So Abram went down
to Egypt to sojourn there, for the famine was severe in the land.
When he was about to enter Egypt, he said to Sar'ai his wife, "I know that you
are a woman beautiful to behold;
12: and when the Egyptians see you,
they will say, `This is his wife'; then they will kill me, but they will let you
13: Say you are my sister, that it may go well with me because
of you, and that my life may be spared on your account."
Abram entered Egypt the Egyptians saw that the woman was very beautiful.
15: And when the princes of Pharaoh saw her, they praised her to
Pharaoh. And the woman was taken into Pharaoh's house.
16: And for
her sake he dealt well with Abram; and he had sheep, oxen, he-asses,
menservants, maidservants, she-asses, and camels.
17: But the LORD
afflicted Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Sar'ai, Abram's
18: So Pharaoh called Abram, and said, "What is this you have
done to me? Why did you not tell me that she was your wife?
did you say, `She is my sister,' so that I took her for my wife? Now then, here
is your wife, take her, and be gone."
20: And Pharaoh gave men orders
concerning him; and they set him on the way, with his wife and all that he had.
1: So Abram went up from Egypt, he and his wife,
and all that he had, and Lot with him, into the Negeb.
2: Now Abram
was very rich in cattle, in silver, and in gold.
3: And he journeyed
on from the Negeb as far as Bethel, to the place where his tent had been at the
beginning, between Bethel and Ai,
4: to the place where he had made
an altar at the first; and there Abram called on the name of the LORD.
5: And Lot, who went with Abram, also had flocks and herds and tents,
6: so that the land could not support both of them dwelling together;
for their possessions were so great that they could not dwell together,
7: and there was strife between the herdsmen of Abram's cattle and
the herdsmen of Lot's cattle. At that time the Canaanites and the Per'izzites
dwelt in the land.
8: Then Abram said to Lot, "Let there be no strife
between you and me, and between your herdsmen and my herdsmen; for we are
9: Is not the whole land before you? Separate yourself from
me. If you take the left hand, then I will go to the right; or if you take the
right hand, then I will go to the left."
10: And Lot lifted up his
eyes, and saw that the Jordan valley was well watered everywhere like the garden
of the LORD, like the land of Egypt, in the direction of Zo'ar; this was before
the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomor'rah.
11: So Lot chose for himself
all the Jordan valley, and Lot journeyed east; thus they separated from each
12: Abram dwelt in the land of Canaan, while Lot dwelt among
the cities of the valley and moved his tent as far as Sodom.
the men of Sodom were wicked, great sinners against the LORD.
LORD said to Abram, after Lot had separated from him, "Lift up your eyes, and
look from the place where you are, northward and southward and eastward and
15: for all the land which you see I will give to you and
to your descendants for ever.
16: I will make your descendants as the
dust of the earth; so that if one can count the dust of the earth, your
descendants also can be counted.
17: Arise, walk through the length
and the breadth of the land, for I will give it to you."
18: So Abram
moved his tent, and came and dwelt by the oaks of Mamre, which are at Hebron;
and there he built an altar to the LORD.
1: In the days of Am'raphel king of Shinar, Ar'ioch
king of Ella'sar, Ched-or-lao'mer king of Elam, and Tidal king of Goi'im,
2: these kings made war with Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of
Gomor'rah, Shinab king of Admah, Sheme'ber king of Zeboi'im, and the king of
Bela (that is, Zo'ar).
3: And all these joined forces in the Valley
of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea).
4: Twelve years they had served
Ched-or-lao'mer, but in the thirteenth year they rebelled.
5: In the
fourteenth year Ched-or-lao'mer and the kings who were with him came and subdued
the Reph'aim in Ash'teroth-karna'im, the Zuzim in Ham, the Emim in
6: and the Horites in their Mount Se'ir as far
as El-paran on the border of the wilderness;
7: then they turned back
and came to Enmish'pat (that is, Kadesh), and subdued all the country of the
Amal'ekites, and also the Amorites who dwelt in Haz'azon-ta'mar.
Then the king of Sodom, the king of Gomor'rah, the king of Admah, the king of
Zeboi'im, and the king of Bela (that is, Zo'ar) went out, and they joined battle
in the Valley of Siddim
9: with Ched-or-lao'mer king of Elam, Tidal
king of Goi'im, Am'raphel king of Shinar, and Ar'ioch king of Ella'sar, four
kings against five.
10: Now the Valley of Siddim was full of bitumen
pits; and as the kings of Sodom and Gomor'rah fled, some fell into them, and the
rest fled to the mountain.
11: So the enemy took all the goods of
Sodom and Gomor'rah, and all their provisions, and went their way;
12: they also took Lot, the son of Abram's brother, who dwelt in
Sodom, and his goods, and departed.
13: Then one who had escaped
came, and told Abram the Hebrew, who was living by the oaks of Mamre the
Amorite, brother of Eshcol and of Aner; these were allies of Abram.
14: When Abram heard that his kinsman had been taken captive, he led
forth his trained men, born in his house, three hundred and eighteen of them,
and went in pursuit as far as Dan.
15: And he divided his forces
against them by night, he and his servants, and routed them and pursued them to
Hobah, north of Damascus.
16: Then he brought back all the goods, and
also brought back his kinsman Lot with his goods, and the women and the people.
17: After his return from the defeat of Ched-or-lao'mer and the kings
who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet him at the Valley of
Shaveh (that is, the King's Valley).
18: And Mel-chiz'edek king of
Salem brought out bread and wine; he was priest of God Most High.
And he blessed him and said, "Blessed be Abram by God Most High, maker of heaven
20: and blessed be God Most High, who has delivered your
enemies into your hand!"
21: And the king of Sodom said to Abram,
"Give me the persons, but take the goods for yourself."
22: But Abram
said to the king of Sodom, "I have sworn to the LORD God Most High, maker of
heaven and earth,
23: that I would not take a thread or a
sandal-thong or anything that is yours, lest you should say, `I have made Abram
24: I will take nothing but what the young men have eaten, and
the share of the men who went with me; let Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre take their
1: After these things the word of the LORD came to
Abram in a vision, "Fear not, Abram, I am your shield; your reward shall be very
2: But Abram said, "O Lord GOD, what wilt thou give me, for I
continue childless, and the heir of my house is Elie'zer of Damascus?"
3: And Abram said, "Behold, thou hast given me no offspring; and a
slave born in my house will be my heir."
4: And behold, the word of
the LORD came to him, "This man shall not be your heir; your own son shall be
5: And he brought him outside and said, "Look toward
heaven, and number the stars, if you are able to number them." Then he said to
him, "So shall your descendants be."
6: And he believed the LORD; and
he reckoned it to him as righteousness.
7: And he said to him, "I am
the LORD who brought you from Ur of the Chalde'ans, to give you this land to
8: But he said, "O Lord GOD, how am I to know that I shall
9: He said to him, "Bring me a heifer three years old, a
she-goat three years old, a ram three years old, a turtledove, and a young
10: And he brought him all these, cut them in two, and laid
each half over against the other; but he did not cut the birds in two.
11: And when birds of prey came down upon the carcasses, Abram drove
12: As the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell on Abram;
and lo, a dread and great darkness fell upon him.
13: Then the LORD
said to Abram, "Know of a surety that your descendants will be sojourners in a
land that is not theirs, and will be slaves there, and they will be oppressed
for four hundred years;
14: but I will bring judgment on the nation
which they serve, and afterward they shall come out with great possessions.
15: As for yourself, you shall go to your fathers in peace; you shall
be buried in a good old age.
16: And they shall come back here in the
fourth generation; for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet complete."
17: When the sun had gone down and it was dark, behold, a smoking
fire pot and a flaming torch passed between these pieces.
18: On that
day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, "To your descendants I give
this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphra'tes,
19: the land of the Ken'ites, the Ken'izzites, the Kad'monites,
20: the Hittites, the Per'izzites, the Reph'aim,
Amorites, the Canaanites, the Gir'gashites and the Jeb'usites."
1: Now Sar'ai, Abram's wife, bore him no children.
She had an Egyptian maid whose name was Hagar;
2: and Sar'ai said to
Abram, "Behold now, the LORD has prevented me from bearing children; go in to my
maid; it may be that I shall obtain children by her." And Abram hearkened to the
voice of Sar'ai.
3: So, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land
of Canaan, Sar'ai, Abram's wife, took Hagar the Egyptian, her maid, and gave her
to Abram her husband as a wife.
4: And he went in to Hagar, and she
conceived; and when she saw that she had conceived, she looked with contempt on
5: And Sar'ai said to Abram, "May the wrong done to me
be on you! I gave my maid to your embrace, and when she saw that she had
conceived, she looked on me with contempt. May the LORD judge between you and
6: But Abram said to Sar'ai, "Behold, your maid is in your
power; do to her as you please." Then Sar'ai dealt harshly with her, and she
fled from her.
7: The angel of the LORD found her by a spring of
water in the wilderness, the spring on the way to Shur.
8: And he
said, "Hagar, maid of Sar'ai, where have you come from and where are you going?"
She said, "I am fleeing from my mistress Sar'ai."
9: The angel of the
LORD said to her, "Return to your mistress, and submit to her."
The angel of the LORD also said to her, "I will so greatly multiply your
descendants that they cannot be numbered for multitude."
11: And the
angel of the LORD said to her, "Behold, you are with child, and shall bear a
son; you shall call his name Ish'mael; because the LORD has given heed to your
12: He shall be a wild ass of a man, his hand against
every man and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell over against all
13: So she called the name of the LORD who spoke to
her, "Thou art a God of seeing"; for she said, "Have I really seen God and
remained alive after seeing him?"
14: Therefore the well was called
Beer-la'hai-roi; it lies between Kadesh and Bered.
15: And Hagar bore
Abram a son; and Abram called the name of his son, whom Hagar bore, Ish'mael.
16: Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore Ish'mael to Abram.
1: When Abram was ninety-nine years old the LORD
appeared to Abram, and said to him, "I am God Almighty; walk before me, and be
2: And I will make my covenant between me and you, and
will multiply you exceedingly."
3: Then Abram fell on his face; and
God said to him,
4: "Behold, my covenant is with you, and you shall
be the father of a multitude of nations.
5: No longer shall your name
be Abram, but your name shall be Abraham; for I have made you the father of a
multitude of nations.
6: I will make you exceedingly fruitful; and I
will make nations of you, and kings shall come forth from you.
I will establish my covenant between me and you and your descendants after you
throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and
to your descendants after you.
8: And I will give to you, and to your
descendants after you, the land of your sojournings, all the land of Canaan, for
an everlasting possession; and I will be their God."
9: And God said
to Abraham, "As for you, you shall keep my covenant, you and your descendants
after you throughout their generations.
10: This is my covenant,
which you shall keep, between me and you and your descendants after you: Every
male among you shall be circumcised.
11: You shall be circumcised in
the flesh of your foreskins, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between me
12: He that is eight days old among you shall be
circumcised; every male throughout your generations, whether born in your house,
or bought with your money from any foreigner who is not of your offspring,
13: both he that is born in your house and he that is bought with
your money, shall be circumcised. So shall my covenant be in your flesh an
14: Any uncircumcised male who is not
circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin shall be cut off from his people; he
has broken my covenant."
15: And God said to Abraham, "As for Sar'ai
your wife, you shall not call her name Sar'ai, but Sarah shall be her name.
16: I will bless her, and moreover I will give you a son by her; I
will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of peoples shall
come from her."
17: Then Abraham fell on his face and laughed, and
said to himself, "Shall a child be born to a man who is a hundred years old?
Shall Sarah, who is ninety years old, bear a child?"
18: And Abraham
said to God, "O that Ish'mael might live in thy sight!"
19: God said,
"No, but Sarah your wife shall bear you a son, and you shall call his name
Isaac. I will establish my covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his
descendants after him.
20: As for Ish'mael, I have heard you; behold,
I will bless him and make him fruitful and multiply him exceedingly; he shall be
the father of twelve princes, and I will make him a great nation.
But I will establish my covenant with Isaac, whom Sarah shall bear to you at
this season next year."
22: When he had finished talking with him,
God went up from Abraham.
23: Then Abraham took Ish'mael his son and
all the slaves born in his house or bought with his money, every male among the
men of Abraham's house, and he circumcised the flesh of their foreskins that
very day, as God had said to him.
24: Abraham was ninety-nine years
old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.
Ish'mael his son was thirteen years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of
26: That very day Abraham and his son Ish'mael were
27: and all the men of his house, those born in the
house and those bought with money from a foreigner, were circumcised with him.
1: And the LORD appeared to him by the oaks of
Mamre, as he sat at the door of his tent in the heat of the day.
He lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, three men stood in front of him.
When he saw them, he ran from the tent door to meet them, and bowed himself to
3: and said, "My lord, if I have found favor in your
sight, do not pass by your servant.
4: Let a little water be brought,
and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree,
5: while I
fetch a morsel of bread, that you may refresh yourselves, and after that you may
pass on -- since you have come to your servant." So they said, "Do as you have
6: And Abraham hastened into the tent to Sarah, and said,
"Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes."
7: And Abraham ran to the herd, and took a calf, tender and good, and
gave it to the servant, who hastened to prepare it.
8: Then he took
curds, and milk, and the calf which he had prepared, and set it before them; and
he stood by them under the tree while they ate.
9: They said to him,
"Where is Sarah your wife?" And he said, "She is in the tent."
The LORD said, "I will surely return to you in the spring, and Sarah your wife
shall have a son." And Sarah was listening at the tent door behind him.
11: Now Abraham and Sarah were old, advanced in age; it had ceased to
be with Sarah after the manner of women.
12: So Sarah laughed to
herself, saying, "After I have grown old, and my husband is old, shall I have
13: The LORD said to Abraham, "Why did Sarah laugh, and
say, `Shall I indeed bear a child, now that I am old?'
anything too hard for the LORD? At the appointed time I will return to you, in
the spring, and Sarah shall have a son."
15: But Sarah denied,
saying, "I did not laugh"; for she was afraid. He said, "No, but you did laugh."
16: Then the men set out from there, and they looked toward Sodom;
and Abraham went with them to set them on their way.
17: The LORD
said, "Shall I hide from Abraham what I am about to do,
that Abraham shall become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the
earth shall bless themselves by him?
19: No, for I have chosen him,
that he may charge his children and his household after him to keep the way of
the LORD by doing righteousness and justice; so that the LORD may bring to
Abraham what he has promised him."
20: Then the LORD said, "Because
the outcry against Sodom and Gomor'rah is great and their sin is very grave,
21: I will go down to see whether they have done altogether according
to the outcry which has come to me; and if not, I will know."
the men turned from there, and went toward Sodom; but Abraham still stood before
23: Then Abraham drew near, and said, "Wilt thou indeed
destroy the righteous with the wicked?
24: Suppose there are fifty
righteous within the city; wilt thou then destroy the place and not spare it for
the fifty righteous who are in it?
25: Far be it from thee to do such
a thing, to slay the righteous with the wicked, so that the righteous fare as
the wicked! Far be that from thee! Shall not the Judge of all the earth do
26: And the LORD said, "If I find at Sodom fifty righteous in
the city, I will spare the whole place for their sake."
answered, "Behold, I have taken upon myself to speak to the Lord, I who am but
dust and ashes.
28: Suppose five of the fifty righteous are lacking?
Wilt thou destroy the whole city for lack of five?" And he said, "I will not
destroy it if I find forty-five there."
29: Again he spoke to him,
and said, "Suppose forty are found there." He answered, "For the sake of forty I
will not do it."
30: Then he said, "Oh let not the Lord be angry, and
I will speak. Suppose thirty are found there." He answered, "I will not do it,
if I find thirty there."
31: He said, "Behold, I have taken upon
myself to speak to the Lord. Suppose twenty are found there." He answered, "For
the sake of twenty I will not destroy it."
32: Then he said, "Oh let
not the Lord be angry, and I will speak again but this once. Suppose ten are
found there." He answered, "For the sake of ten I will not destroy it."
33: And the LORD went his way, when he had finished speaking to
Abraham; and Abraham returned to his place.
1: The two angels came to Sodom in the evening; and
Lot was sitting in the gate of Sodom. When Lot saw them, he rose to meet them,
and bowed himself with his face to the earth,
2: and said, "My lords,
turn aside, I pray you, to your servant's house and spend the night, and wash
your feet; then you may rise up early and go on your way." They said, "No; we
will spend the night in the street."
3: But he urged them strongly;
so they turned aside to him and entered his house; and he made them a feast, and
baked unleavened bread, and they ate.
4: But before they lay down,
the men of the city, the men of Sodom, both young and old, all the people to the
last man, surrounded the house;
5: and they called to Lot, "Where are
the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us, that we may know them."
6: Lot went out of the door to the men, shut the door after him,
7: and said, "I beg you, my brothers, do not act so wickedly.
8: Behold, I have two daughters who have not known man; let me bring
them out to you, and do to them as you please; only do nothing to these men, for
they have come under the shelter of my roof."
9: But they said,
"Stand back!" And they said, "This fellow came to sojourn, and he would play the
judge! Now we will deal worse with you than with them." Then they pressed hard
against the man Lot, and drew near to break the door.
10: But the men
put forth their hands and brought Lot into the house to them, and shut the door.
11: And they struck with blindness the men who were at the door of
the house, both small and great, so that they wearied themselves groping for the
12: Then the men said to Lot, "Have you any one else here?
Sons-in-law, sons, daughters, or any one you have in the city, bring them out of
13: for we are about to destroy this place, because the
outcry against its people has become great before the LORD, and the LORD has
sent us to destroy it."
14: So Lot went out and said to his
sons-in-law, who were to marry his daughters, "Up, get out of this place; for
the LORD is about to destroy the city." But he seemed to his sons-in-law to be
15: When morning dawned, the angels urged Lot, saying,
"Arise, take your wife and your two daughters who are here, lest you be consumed
in the punishment of the city."
16: But he lingered; so the men
seized him and his wife and his two daughters by the hand, the LORD being
merciful to him, and they brought him forth and set him outside the city.
17: And when they had brought them forth, they said, "Flee for your
life; do not look back or stop anywhere in the valley; flee to the hills, lest
you be consumed."
18: And Lot said to them, "Oh, no, my lords;
19: behold, your servant has found favor in your sight, and you have
shown me great kindness in saving my life; but I cannot flee to the hills, lest
the disaster overtake me, and I die.
20: Behold, yonder city is near
enough to flee to, and it is a little one. Let me escape there -- is it not a
little one? -- and my life will be saved!"
21: He said to him,
"Behold, I grant you this favor also, that I will not overthrow the city of
which you have spoken.
22: Make haste, escape there; for I can do
nothing till you arrive there." Therefore the name of the city was called Zo'ar.
23: The sun had risen on the earth when Lot came to Zo'ar.
24: Then the LORD rained on Sodom and Gomor'rah brimstone and fire
from the LORD out of heaven;
25: and he overthrew those cities, and
all the valley, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and what grew on the
26: But Lot's wife behind him looked back, and she became a
pillar of salt.
27: And Abraham went early in the morning to the
place where he had stood before the LORD;
28: and he looked down
toward Sodom and Gomor'rah and toward all the land of the valley, and beheld,
and lo, the smoke of the land went up like the smoke of a furnace.
29: So it was that, when God destroyed the cities of the valley, God
remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when he
overthrew the cities in which Lot dwelt.
30: Now Lot went up out of
Zo'ar, and dwelt in the hills with his two daughters, for he was afraid to dwell
in Zo'ar; so he dwelt in a cave with his two daughters.
31: And the
first-born said to the younger, "Our father is old, and there is not a man on
earth to come in to us after the manner of all the earth.
let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may
preserve offspring through our father."
33: So they made their father
drink wine that night; and the first-born went in, and lay with her father; he
did not know when she lay down or when she arose.
34: And on the next
day, the first-born said to the younger, "Behold, I lay last night with my
father; let us make him drink wine tonight also; then you go in and lie with
him, that we may preserve offspring through our father."
35: So they
made their father drink wine that night also; and the younger arose, and lay
with him; and he did not know when she lay down or when she arose.
36: Thus both the daughters of Lot were with child by their father.
37: The first-born bore a son, and called his name Moab; he is the
father of the Moabites to this day.
38: The younger also bore a son,
and called his name Ben-ammi; he is the father of the Ammonites to this day.
1: From there Abraham journeyed toward the
territory of the Negeb, and dwelt between Kadesh and Shur; and he sojourned in
2: And Abraham said of Sarah his wife, "She is my sister." And
Abim'elech king of Gerar sent and took Sarah.
3: But God came to
Abim'elech in a dream by night, and said to him, "Behold, you are a dead man,
because of the woman whom you have taken; for she is a man's wife."
4: Now Abim'elech had not approached her; so he said, "Lord, wilt
thou slay an innocent people?
5: Did he not himself say to me, `She
is my sister'? And she herself said, `He is my brother.' In the integrity of my
heart and the innocence of my hands I have done this."
6: Then God
said to him in the dream, "Yes, I know that you have done this in the integrity
of your heart, and it was I who kept you from sinning against me; therefore I
did not let you touch her.
7: Now then restore the man's wife; for he
is a prophet, and he will pray for you, and you shall live. But if you do not
restore her, know that you shall surely die, you, and all that are yours."
8: So Abim'elech rose early in the morning, and called all his
servants, and told them all these things; and the men were very much afraid.
9: Then Abim'elech called Abraham, and said to him, "What have you
done to us? And how have I sinned against you, that you have brought on me and
my kingdom a great sin? You have done to me things that ought not to be done."
10: And Abim'elech said to Abraham, "What were you thinking of, that
you did this thing?"
11: Abraham said, "I did it because I thought,
There is no fear of God at all in this place, and they will kill me because of
12: Besides she is indeed my sister, the daughter of my
father but not the daughter of my mother; and she became my wife.
And when God caused me to wander from my father's house, I said to her, `This is
the kindness you must do me: at every place to which we come, say of me, He is
14: Then Abim'elech took sheep and oxen, and male and
female slaves, and gave them to Abraham, and restored Sarah his wife to him.
15: And Abim'elech said, "Behold, my land is before you; dwell where
it pleases you."
16: To Sarah he said, "Behold, I have given your
brother a thousand pieces of silver; it is your vindication in the eyes of all
who are with you; and before every one you are righted."
Abraham prayed to God; and God healed Abim'elech, and also healed his wife and
female slaves so that they bore children.
18: For the LORD had closed
all the wombs of the house of Abim'elech because of Sarah, Abraham's wife.
1: The LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the
LORD did to Sarah as he had promised.
2: And Sarah conceived, and
bore Abraham a son in his old age at the time of which God had spoken to him.
3: Abraham called the name of his son who was born to him, whom Sarah
bore him, Isaac.
4: And Abraham circumcised his son Isaac when he was
eight days old, as God had commanded him.
5: Abraham was a hundred
years old when his son Isaac was born to him.
6: And Sarah said, "God
has made laughter for me; every one who hears will laugh over me."
And she said, "Who would have said to Abraham that Sarah would suckle children?
Yet I have borne him a son in his old age."
8: And the child grew,
and was weaned; and Abraham made a great feast on the day that Isaac was weaned.
9: But Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she had borne to
Abraham, playing with her son Isaac.
10: So she said to Abraham,
"Cast out this slave woman with her son; for the son of this slave woman shall
not be heir with my son Isaac."
11: And the thing was very
displeasing to Abraham on account of his son.
12: But God said to
Abraham, "Be not displeased because of the lad and because of your slave woman;
whatever Sarah says to you, do as she tells you, for through Isaac shall your
descendants be named.
13: And I will make a nation of the son of the
slave woman also, because he is your offspring."
14: So Abraham rose
early in the morning, and took bread and a skin of water, and gave it to Hagar,
putting it on her shoulder, along with the child, and sent her away. And she
departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Beer-sheba.
15: When the
water in the skin was gone, she cast the child under one of the bushes.
16: Then she went, and sat down over against him a good way off,
about the distance of a bowshot; for she said, "Let me not look upon the death
of the child." And as she sat over against him, the child lifted up his voice
17: And God heard the voice of the lad; and the angel of
God called to Hagar from heaven, and said to her, "What troubles you, Hagar?
Fear not; for God has heard the voice of the lad where he is.
Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him fast with your hand; for I will make him a
19: Then God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of
water; and she went, and filled the skin with water, and gave the lad a drink.
20: And God was with the lad, and he grew up; he lived in the
wilderness, and became an expert with the bow.
21: He lived in the
wilderness of Paran; and his mother took a wife for him from the land of Egypt.
22: At that time Abim'elech and Phicol the commander of his army said
to Abraham, "God is with you in all that you do;
23: now therefore
swear to me here by God that you will not deal falsely with me or with my
offspring or with my posterity, but as I have dealt loyally with you, you will
deal with me and with the land where you have sojourned."
Abraham said, "I will swear."
25: When Abraham complained to
Abim'elech about a well of water which Abim'elech's servants had seized,
26: Abim'elech said, "I do not know who has done this thing; you did
not tell me, and I have not heard of it until today."
27: So Abraham
took sheep and oxen and gave them to Abim'elech, and the two men made a
28: Abraham set seven ewe lambs of the flock apart.
29: And Abim'elech said to Abraham, "What is the meaning of these
seven ewe lambs which you have set apart?"
30: He said, "These seven
ewe lambs you will take from my hand, that you may be a witness for me that I
dug this well."
31: Therefore that place was called Beer-sheba;
because there both of them swore an oath.
32: So they made a covenant
at Beer-sheba. Then Abim'elech and Phicol the commander of his army rose up and
returned to the land of the Philistines.
33: Abraham planted a
tamarisk tree in Beer-sheba, and called there on the name of the LORD, the
34: And Abraham sojourned many days in the land of
1: After these things God tested Abraham, and said
to him, "Abraham!" And he said, "Here am I."
2: He said, "Take your
son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Mori'ah, and
offer him there as a burnt offering upon one of the mountains of which I shall
3: So Abraham rose early in the morning, saddled his ass,
and took two of his young men with him, and his son Isaac; and he cut the wood
for the burnt offering, and arose and went to the place of which God had told
4: On the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place
5: Then Abraham said to his young men, "Stay here with the
ass; I and the lad will go yonder and worship, and come again to you."
6: And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering, and laid it on
Isaac his son; and he took in his hand the fire and the knife. So they went both
of them together.
7: And Isaac said to his father Abraham, "My
father!" And he said, "Here am I, my son." He said, "Behold, the fire and the
wood; but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?"
8: Abraham said,
"God will provide himself the lamb for a burnt offering, my son." So they went
both of them together.
9: When they came to the place of which God
had told him, Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and
bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar, upon the wood.
Then Abraham put forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son.
11: But the angel of the LORD called to him from heaven, and said,
"Abraham, Abraham!" And he said, "Here am I."
12: He said, "Do not
lay your hand on the lad or do anything to him; for now I know that you fear
God, seeing you have not withheld your son, your only son, from me."
13: And Abraham lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, behind him
was a ram, caught in a thicket by his horns; and Abraham went and took the ram,
and offered it up as a burnt offering instead of his son.
Abraham called the name of that place The LORD will provide; as it is said to
this day, "On the mount of the LORD it shall be provided."
the angel of the LORD called to Abraham a second time from heaven,
16: and said, "By myself I have sworn, says the LORD, because you
have done this, and have not withheld your son, your only son,
will indeed bless you, and I will multiply your descendants as the stars of
heaven and as the sand which is on the seashore. And your descendants shall
possess the gate of their enemies,
18: and by your descendants shall
all the nations of the earth bless themselves, because you have obeyed my
19: So Abraham returned to his young men, and they arose and
went together to Beer-sheba; and Abraham dwelt at Beer-sheba.
after these things it was told Abraham, "Behold, Milcah also has borne children
to your brother Nahor:
21: Uz the first-born, Buz his brother,
Kemu'el the father of Aram,
22: Chesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph, and
23: Bethu'el became the father of Rebekah. These eight
Milcah bore to Nahor, Abraham's brother.
24: Moreover, his concubine,
whose name was Reumah, bore Tebah, Gaham, Tahash, and Ma'acah.
1: Sarah lived a hundred and twenty-seven years;
these were the years of the life of Sarah.
2: And Sarah died at
Kir'iath-ar'ba (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan; and Abraham went in to
mourn for Sarah and to weep for her.
3: And Abraham rose up from
before his dead, and said to the Hittites,
4: "I am a stranger and a
sojourner among you; give me property among you for a burying place, that I may
bury my dead out of my sight."
5: The Hittites answered Abraham,
6: "Hear us, my lord; you are a mighty prince among us. Bury your
dead in the choicest of our sepulchres; none of us will withhold from you his
sepulchre, or hinder you from burying your dead."
7: Abraham rose and
bowed to the Hittites, the people of the land.
8: And he said to
them, "If you are willing that I should bury my dead out of my sight, hear me,
and entreat for me Ephron the son of Zohar,
9: that he may give me
the cave of Mach-pe'lah, which he owns; it is at the end of his field. For the
full price let him give it to me in your presence as a possession for a burying
10: Now Ephron was sitting among the Hittites; and Ephron the
Hittite answered Abraham in the hearing of the Hittites, of all who went in at
the gate of his city,
11: "No, my lord, hear me; I give you the
field, and I give you the cave that is in it; in the presence of the sons of my
people I give it to you; bury your dead."
12: Then Abraham bowed down
before the people of the land.
13: And he said to Ephron in the
hearing of the people of the land, "But if you will, hear me; I will give the
price of the field; accept it from me, that I may bury my dead there."
14: Ephron answered Abraham,
15: "My lord, listen to me; a
piece of land worth four hundred shekels of silver, what is that between you and
me? Bury your dead."
16: Abraham agreed with Ephron; and Abraham
weighed out for Ephron the silver which he had named in the hearing of the
Hittites, four hundred shekels of silver, according to the weights current among
17: So the field of Ephron in Mach-pe'lah, which was
to the east of Mamre, the field with the cave which was in it and all the trees
that were in the field, throughout its whole area, was made over
to Abraham as a possession in the presence of the Hittites, before all who went
in at the gate of his city.
19: After this, Abraham buried Sarah his
wife in the cave of the field of Mach-pe'lah east of Mamre (that is, Hebron) in
the land of Canaan.
20: The field and the cave that is in it were
made over to Abraham as a possession for a burying place by the Hittites.
1: Now Abraham was old, well advanced in years; and
the LORD had blessed Abraham in all things.
2: And Abraham said to
his servant, the oldest of his house, who had charge of all that he had, "Put
your hand under my thigh,
3: and I will make you swear by the LORD,
the God of heaven and of the earth, that you will not take a wife for my son
from the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I dwell,
4: but will
go to my country and to my kindred, and take a wife for my son Isaac."
5: The servant said to him, "Perhaps the woman may not be willing to
follow me to this land; must I then take your son back to the land from which
6: Abraham said to him, "See to it that you do not take my
son back there.
7: The LORD, the God of heaven, who took me from my
father's house and from the land of my birth, and who spoke to me and swore to
me, `To your descendants I will give this land,' he will send his angel before
you, and you shall take a wife for my son from there.
8: But if the
woman is not willing to follow you, then you will be free from this oath of
mine; only you must not take my son back there."
9: So the servant
put his hand under the thigh of Abraham his master, and swore to him concerning
10: Then the servant took ten of his master's camels and
departed, taking all sorts of choice gifts from his master; and he arose, and
went to Mesopota'mia, to the city of Nahor.
11: And he made the
camels kneel down outside the city by the well of water at the time of evening,
the time when women go out to draw water.
12: And he said, "O LORD,
God of my master Abraham, grant me success today, I pray thee, and show
steadfast love to my master Abraham.
13: Behold, I am standing by the
spring of water, and the daughters of the men of the city are coming out to draw
14: Let the maiden to whom I shall say, `Pray let down your
jar that I may drink,' and who shall say, `Drink, and I will water your camels'
-- let her be the one whom thou hast appointed for thy servant Isaac. By this I
shall know that thou hast shown steadfast love to my master."
Before he had done speaking, behold, Rebekah, who was born to Bethu'el the son
of Milcah, the wife of Nahor, Abraham's brother, came out with her water jar
upon her shoulder.
16: The maiden was very fair to look upon, a
virgin, whom no man had known. She went down to the spring, and filled her jar,
and came up.
17: Then the servant ran to meet her, and said, "Pray
give me a little water to drink from your jar."
18: She said, "Drink,
my lord"; and she quickly let down her jar upon her hand, and gave him a drink.
19: When she had finished giving him a drink, she said, "I will draw
for your camels also, until they have done drinking."
20: So she
quickly emptied her jar into the trough and ran again to the well to draw, and
she drew for all his camels.
21: The man gazed at her in silence to
learn whether the LORD had prospered his journey or not.
22: When the
camels had done drinking, the man took a gold ring weighing a half shekel, and
two bracelets for her arms weighing ten gold shekels,
23: and said,
"Tell me whose daughter you are. Is there room in your father's house for us to
24: She said to him, "I am the daughter of Bethu'el the
son of Milcah, whom she bore to Nahor."
25: She added, "We have both
straw and provender enough, and room to lodge in."
26: The man bowed
his head and worshiped the LORD,
27: and said, "Blessed be the LORD,
the God of my master Abraham, who has not forsaken his steadfast love and his
faithfulness toward my master. As for me, the LORD has led me in the way to the
house of my master's kinsmen."
28: Then the maiden ran and told her
mother's household about these things.
29: Rebekah had a brother
whose name was Laban; and Laban ran out to the man, to the spring.
30: When he saw the ring, and the bracelets on his sister's arms, and
when he heard the words of Rebekah his sister, "Thus the man spoke to me," he
went to the man; and behold, he was standing by the camels at the spring.
31: He said, "Come in, O blessed of the LORD; why do you stand
outside? For I have prepared the house and a place for the camels."
32: So the man came into the house; and Laban ungirded the camels,
and gave him straw and provender for the camels, and water to wash his feet and
the feet of the men who were with him.
33: Then food was set before
him to eat; but he said, "I will not eat until I have told my errand." He said,
34: So he said, "I am Abraham's servant.
The LORD has greatly blessed my master, and he has become great; he has given
him flocks and herds, silver and gold, menservants and maidservants, camels and
36: And Sarah my master's wife bore a son to my master when
she was old; and to him he has given all that he has.
37: My master
made me swear, saying, `You shall not take a wife for my son from the daughters
of the Canaanites, in whose land I dwell;
38: but you shall go to my
father's house and to my kindred, and take a wife for my son.'
said to my master, `Perhaps the woman will not follow me.'
40: But he
said to me, `The LORD, before whom I walk, will send his angel with you and
prosper your way; and you shall take a wife for my son from my kindred and from
my father's house;
41: then you will be free from my oath, when you
come to my kindred; and if they will not give her to you, you will be free from
42: "I came today to the spring, and said, `O LORD, the God
of my master Abraham, if now thou wilt prosper the way which I go,
43: behold, I am standing by the spring of water; let the young woman
who comes out to draw, to whom I shall say, "Pray give me a little water from
your jar to drink,"
44: and who will say to me, "Drink, and I will
draw for your camels also," let her be the woman whom the LORD has appointed for
my master's son.'
45: "Before I had done speaking in my heart,
behold, Rebekah came out with her water jar on her shoulder; and she went down
to the spring, and drew. I said to her, `Pray let me drink.'
quickly let down her jar from her shoulder, and said, `Drink, and I will give
your camels drink also.' So I drank, and she gave the camels drink also.
47: Then I asked her, `Whose daughter are you?' She said, The
daughter of Bethu'el, Nahor's son, whom Milcah bore to him.' So I put the ring
on her nose, and the bracelets on her arms.
48: Then I bowed my head
and worshiped the LORD, and blessed the LORD, the God of my master Abraham, who
had led me by the right way to take the daughter of my master's kinsman for his
49: Now then, if you will deal loyally and truly with my master,
tell me; and if not, tell me; that I may turn to the right hand or to the left."
50: Then Laban and Bethu'el answered, "The thing comes from the LORD;
we cannot speak to you bad or good.
51: Behold, Rebekah is before
you, take her and go, and let her be the wife of your master's son, as the LORD
52: When Abraham's servant heard their words, he bowed
himself to the earth before the LORD.
53: And the servant brought
forth jewelry of silver and of gold, and raiment, and gave them to Rebekah; he
also gave to her brother and to her mother costly ornaments.
he and the men who were with him ate and drank, and they spent the night there.
When they arose in the morning, he said, "Send me back to my master."
55: Her brother and her mother said, "Let the maiden remain with us a
while, at least ten days; after that she may go."
56: But he said to
them, "Do not delay me, since the LORD has prospered my way; let me go that I
may go to my master."
57: They said, "We will call the maiden, and
58: And they called Rebekah, and said to her, "Will you go
with this man?" She said, "I will go."
59: So they sent away Rebekah
their sister and her nurse, and Abraham's servant and his men.
And they blessed Rebekah, and said to her, "Our sister, be the mother of
thousands of ten thousands; and may your descendants possess the gate of those
who hate them!"
61: Then Rebekah and her maids arose, and rode upon
the camels and followed the man; thus the servant took Rebekah, and went his
62: Now Isaac had come from Beer-la'hai-roi, and was dwelling in
63: And Isaac went out to meditate in the field in the
evening; and he lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, there were camels
64: And Rebekah lifted up her eyes, and when she saw Isaac,
she alighted from the camel,
65: and said to the servant, "Who is the
man yonder, walking in the field to meet us?" The servant said, "It is my
master." So she took her veil and covered herself.
66: And the
servant told Isaac all the things that he had done.
67: Then Isaac
brought her into the tent, and took Rebekah, and she became his wife; and he
loved her. So Isaac was comforted after his mother's death.
1: Abraham took another wife, whose name was
2: She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Mid'ian, Ishbak,
3: Jokshan was the father of Sheba and Dedan. The sons of
Dedan were Asshu'rim, Letu'shim, and Le-um'mim.
4: The sons of
Mid'ian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abi'da, and Elda'ah. All these were the
children of Ketu'rah.
5: Abraham gave all he had to Isaac.
6: But to the sons of his concubines Abraham gave gifts, and while he
was still living he sent them away from his son Isaac, eastward to the east
7: These are the days of the years of Abraham's life, a
hundred and seventy-five years.
8: Abraham breathed his last and died
in a good old age, an old man and full of years, and was gathered to his people.
9: Isaac and Ish'mael his sons buried him in the cave of Mach-pe'lah,
in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, east of Mamre,
10: the field which Abraham purchased from the Hittites. There
Abraham was buried, with Sarah his wife.
11: After the death of
Abraham God blessed Isaac his son. And Isaac dwelt at Beer-la'hai-roi.
12: These are the descendants of Ish'mael, Abraham's son, whom Hagar
the Egyptian, Sarah's maid, bore to Abraham.
13: These are the names
of the sons of Ish'mael, named in the order of their birth: Neba'ioth, the
first-born of Ish'mael; and Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam,
14: Mishma, Dumah,
15: Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Ked'emah.
These are the sons of Ish'mael and these are their names, by their villages and
by their encampments, twelve princes according to their tribes.
(These are the years of the life of Ish'mael, a hundred and thirty-seven years;
he breathed his last and died, and was gathered to his kindred.)
They dwelt from Hav'ilah to Shur, which is opposite Egypt in the direction of
Assyria; he settled over against all his people.
19: These are the
descendants of Isaac, Abraham's son: Abraham was the father of Isaac,
20: and Isaac was forty years old when he took to wife Rebekah, the
daughter of Bethu'el the Aramean of Paddan-aram, the sister of Laban the
21: And Isaac prayed to the LORD for his wife, because she
was barren; and the LORD granted his prayer, and Rebekah his wife conceived.
22: The children struggled together within her; and she said, "If it
is thus, why do I live?" So she went to inquire of the LORD.
the LORD said to her, "Two nations are in your womb, and two peoples, born of
you, shall be divided; the one shall be stronger than the other, the elder shall
serve the younger."
24: When her days to be delivered were fulfilled,
behold, there were twins in her womb.
25: The first came forth red,
all his body like a hairy mantle; so they called his name Esau.
Afterward his brother came forth, and his hand had taken hold of Esau's heel; so
his name was called Jacob. Isaac was sixty years old when she bore them.
27: When the boys grew up, Esau was a skilful hunter, a man of the
field, while Jacob was a quiet man, dwelling in tents.
loved Esau, because he ate of his game; but Rebekah loved Jacob.
Once when Jacob was boiling pottage, Esau came in from the field, and he was
30: And Esau said to Jacob, "Let me eat some of that red
pottage, for I am famished!" (Therefore his name was called Edom.)
31: Jacob said, "First sell me your birthright."
said, "I am about to die; of what use is a birthright to me?"
Jacob said, "Swear to me first." So he swore to him, and sold his birthright to
34: Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentils, and he
ate and drank, and rose and went his way. Thus Esau despised his birthright.
1: Now there was a famine in the land, besides the
former famine that was in the days of Abraham. And Isaac went to Gerar, to
Abim'elech king of the Philistines.
2: And the LORD appeared to him,
and said, "Do not go down to Egypt; dwell in the land of which I shall tell you.
3: Sojourn in this land, and I will be with you, and will bless you;
for to you and to your descendants I will give all these lands, and I will
fulfil the oath which I swore to Abraham your father.
4: I will
multiply your descendants as the stars of heaven, and will give to your
descendants all these lands; and by your descendants all the nations of the
earth shall bless themselves:
5: because Abraham obeyed my voice and
kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws."
Isaac dwelt in Gerar.
7: When the men of the place asked him about
his wife, he said, "She is my sister"; for he feared to say, "My wife,"
thinking, "lest the men of the place should kill me for the sake of Rebekah";
because she was fair to look upon.
8: When he had been there a long
time, Abim'elech king of the Philistines looked out of a window and saw Isaac
fondling Rebekah his wife.
9: So Abim'elech called Isaac, and said,
"Behold, she is your wife; how then could you say, `She is my sister'?" Isaac
said to him, "Because I thought, `Lest I die because of her.'"
Abim'elech said, "What is this you have done to us? One of the people might
easily have lain with your wife, and you would have brought guilt upon us."
11: So Abim'elech warned all the people, saying, "Whoever touches
this man or his wife shall be put to death."
12: And Isaac sowed in
that land, and reaped in the same year a hundredfold. The LORD blessed him,
13: and the man became rich, and gained more and more until he became
14: He had possessions of flocks and herds, and a great
household, so that the Philistines envied him.
15: (Now the
Philistines had stopped and filled with earth all the wells which his father's
servants had dug in the days of Abraham his father.)
Abim'elech said to Isaac, "Go away from us; for you are much mightier than we."
17: So Isaac departed from there, and encamped in the valley of Gerar
and dwelt there.
18: And Isaac dug again the wells of water which had
been dug in the days of Abraham his father; for the Philistines had stopped them
after the death of Abraham; and he gave them the names which his father had
19: But when Isaac's servants dug in the valley and found
there a well of springing water,
20: the herdsmen of Gerar quarreled
with Isaac's herdsmen, saying, "The water is ours." So he called the name of the
well Esek, because they contended with him.
21: Then they dug another
well, and they quarreled over that also; so he called its name Sitnah.
22: And he moved from there and dug another well, and over that they
did not quarrel; so he called its name Reho'both, saying, "For now the LORD has
made room for us, and we shall be fruitful in the land."
there he went up to Beer-sheba.
24: And the LORD appeared to him the
same night and said, "I am the God of Abraham your father; fear not, for I am
with you and will bless you and multiply your descendants for my servant
25: So he built an altar there and called upon the
name of the LORD, and pitched his tent there. And there Isaac's servants dug a
26: Then Abim'elech went to him from Gerar with Ahuz'zath his
adviser and Phicol the commander of his army.
27: Isaac said to them,
"Why have you come to me, seeing that you hate me and have sent me away from
28: They said, "We see plainly that the LORD is with you; so we
say, let there be an oath between you and us, and let us make a covenant with
29: that you will do us no harm, just as we have not touched you
and have done to you nothing but good and have sent you away in peace. You are
now the blessed of the LORD."
30: So he made them a feast, and they
ate and drank.
31: In the morning they rose early and took oath with
one another; and Isaac set them on their way, and they departed from him in
32: That same day Isaac's servants came and told him about the
well which they had dug, and said to him, "We have found water."
He called it Shibah; therefore the name of the city is Beer-sheba to this day.
34: When Esau was forty years old, he took to wife Judith the
daughter of Be-e'ri the Hittite, and Bas'emath the daughter of Elon the Hittite;
35: and they made life bitter for Isaac and Rebekah.
1: When Isaac was old and his eyes were dim so that
he could not see, he called Esau his older son, and said to him, "My son"; and
he answered, "Here I am."
2: He said, "Behold, I am old; I do not
know the day of my death.
3: Now then, take your weapons, your quiver
and your bow, and go out to the field, and hunt game for me,
prepare for me savory food, such as I love, and bring it to me that I may eat;
that I may bless you before I die."
5: Now Rebekah was listening when
Isaac spoke to his son Esau. So when Esau went to the field to hunt for game and
6: Rebekah said to her son Jacob, "I heard your father
speak to your brother Esau,
7: `Bring me game, and prepare for me
savory food, that I may eat it, and bless you before the LORD before I die.'
8: Now therefore, my son, obey my word as I command you.
9: Go to the flock, and fetch me two good kids, that I may prepare
from them savory food for your father, such as he loves;
10: and you
shall bring it to your father to eat, so that he may bless you before he dies."
11: But Jacob said to Rebekah his mother, "Behold, my brother Esau is
a hairy man, and I am a smooth man.
12: Perhaps my father will feel
me, and I shall seem to be mocking him, and bring a curse upon myself and not a
13: His mother said to him, "Upon me be your curse, my
son; only obey my word, and go, fetch them to me."
14: So he went and
took them and brought them to his mother; and his mother prepared savory food,
such as his father loved.
15: Then Rebekah took the best garments of
Esau her older son, which were with her in the house, and put them on Jacob her
16: and the skins of the kids she put upon his hands and
upon the smooth part of his neck;
17: and she gave the savory food
and the bread, which she had prepared, into the hand of her son Jacob.
18: So he went in to his father, and said, "My father"; and he said,
"Here I am; who are you, my son?"
19: Jacob said to his father, "I am
Esau your first-born. I have done as you told me; now sit up and eat of my game,
that you may bless me."
20: But Isaac said to his son, "How is it
that you have found it so quickly, my son?" He answered, "Because the LORD your
God granted me success."
21: Then Isaac said to Jacob, "Come near,
that I may feel you, my son, to know whether you are really my son Esau or not."
22: So Jacob went near to Isaac his father, who felt him and said,
"The voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands are the hands of Esau."
23: And he did not recognize him, because his hands were hairy like
his brother Esau's hands; so he blessed him.
24: He said, "Are you
really my son Esau?" He answered, "I am."
25: Then he said, "Bring it
to me, that I may eat of my son's game and bless you." So he brought it to him,
and he ate; and he brought him wine, and he drank.
26: Then his
father Isaac said to him, "Come near and kiss me, my son."
27: So he
came near and kissed him; and he smelled the smell of his garments, and blessed
him, and said, "See, the smell of my son is as the smell of a field which the
LORD has blessed!
28: May God give you of the dew of heaven, and of
the fatness of the earth, and plenty of grain and wine.
peoples serve you, and nations bow down to you. Be lord over your brothers, and
may your mother's sons bow down to you. Cursed be every one who curses you, and
blessed be every one who blesses you!"
30: As soon as Isaac had
finished blessing Jacob, when Jacob had scarcely gone out from the presence of
Isaac his father, Esau his brother came in from his hunting.
also prepared savory food, and brought it to his father. And he said to his
father, "Let my father arise, and eat of his son's game, that you may bless me."
32: His father Isaac said to him, "Who are you?" He answered, "I am
your son, your first-born, Esau."
33: Then Isaac trembled violently,
and said, "Who was it then that hunted game and brought it to me, and I ate it
all before you came, and I have blessed him? -- yes, and he shall be blessed."
34: When Esau heard the words of his father, he cried out with an
exceedingly great and bitter cry, and said to his father, "Bless me, even me
also, O my father!"
35: But he said, "Your brother came with guile,
and he has taken away your blessing."
36: Esau said, "Is he not
rightly named Jacob? For he has supplanted me these two times. He took away my
birthright; and behold, now he has taken away my blessing." Then he said, "Have
you not reserved a blessing for me?"
37: Isaac answered Esau,
"Behold, I have made him your lord, and all his brothers I have given to him for
servants, and with grain and wine I have sustained him. What then can I do for
you, my son?"
38: Esau said to his father, "Have you but one
blessing, my father? Bless me, even me also, O my father." And Esau lifted up
his voice and wept.
39: Then Isaac his father answered him: "Behold,
away from the fatness of the earth shall your dwelling be, and away from the dew
of heaven on high.
40: By your sword you shall live, and you shall
serve your brother; but when you break loose you shall break his yoke from your
41: Now Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing with which
his father had blessed him, and Esau said to himself, "The days of mourning for
my father are approaching; then I will kill my brother Jacob."
But the words of Esau her older son were told to Rebekah; so she sent and called
Jacob her younger son, and said to him, "Behold, your brother Esau comforts
himself by planning to kill you.
43: Now therefore, my son, obey my
voice; arise, flee to Laban my brother in Haran,
44: and stay with
him a while, until your brother's fury turns away;
45: until your
brother's anger turns away, and he forgets what you have done to him; then I
will send, and fetch you from there. Why should I be bereft of you both in one
46: Then Rebekah said to Isaac, "I am weary of my life because
of the Hittite women. If Jacob marries one of the Hittite women such as these,
one of the women of the land, what good will my life be to me?"
1: Then Isaac called Jacob and blessed him, and
charged him, "You shall not marry one of the Canaanite women.
Arise, go to Paddan-aram to the house of Bethu'el your mother's father; and take
as wife from there one of the daughters of Laban your mother's brother.
3: God Almighty bless you and make you fruitful and multiply you,
that you may become a company of peoples.
4: May he give the blessing
of Abraham to you and to your descendants with you, that you may take possession
of the land of your sojournings which God gave to Abraham!"
Isaac sent Jacob away; and he went to Paddan-aram to Laban, the son of Bethu'el
the Aramean, the brother of Rebekah, Jacob's and Esau's mother.
Now Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob and sent him away to Paddan-aram to
take a wife from there, and that as he blessed him he charged him, "You shall
not marry one of the Canaanite women,"
7: and that Jacob had obeyed
his father and his mother and gone to Paddan-aram.
8: So when Esau
saw that the Canaanite women did not please Isaac his father,
went to Ish'mael and took to wife, besides the wives he had, Ma'halath the
daughter of Ish'mael Abraham's son, the sister of Neba'ioth.
Jacob left Beer-sheba, and went toward Haran.
11: And he came to a
certain place, and stayed there that night, because the sun had set. Taking one
of the stones of the place, he put it under his head and lay down in that place
12: And he dreamed that there was a ladder set up on the
earth, and the top of it reached to heaven; and behold, the angels of God were
ascending and descending on it!
13: And behold, the LORD stood above
it and said, "I am the LORD, the God of Abraham your father and the God of
Isaac; the land on which you lie I will give to you and to your descendants;
14: and your descendants shall be like the dust of the earth, and you
shall spread abroad to the west and to the east and to the north and to the
south; and by you and your descendants shall all the families of the earth bless
15: Behold, I am with you and will keep you wherever you
go, and will bring you back to this land; for I will not leave you until I have
done that of which I have spoken to you."
16: Then Jacob awoke from
his sleep and said, "Surely the LORD is in this place; and I did not know it."
17: And he was afraid, and said, "How awesome is this place! This is
none other than the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven."
18: So Jacob rose early in the morning, and he took the stone which
he had put under his head and set it up for a pillar and poured oil on the top
19: He called the name of that place Bethel; but the name of
the city was Luz at the first.
20: Then Jacob made a vow, saying, "If
God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me
bread to eat and clothing to wear,
21: so that I come again to my
father's house in peace, then the LORD shall be my God,
22: and this
stone, which I have set up for a pillar, shall be God's house; and of all that
thou givest me I will give the tenth to thee."
1: Then Jacob went on his journey, and came to the
land of the people of the east.
2: As he looked, he saw a well in the
field, and lo, three flocks of sheep lying beside it; for out of that well the
flocks were watered. The stone on the well's mouth was large,
when all the flocks were gathered there, the shepherds would roll the stone from
the mouth of the well, and water the sheep, and put the stone back in its place
upon the mouth of the well.
4: Jacob said to them, "My brothers,
where do you come from?" They said, "We are from Haran."
5: He said
to them, "Do you know Laban the son of Nahor?" They said, "We know him."
6: He said to them, "Is it well with him?" They said, "It is well;
and see, Rachel his daughter is coming with the sheep!"
7: He said,
"Behold, it is still high day, it is not time for the animals to be gathered
together; water the sheep, and go, pasture them."
8: But they said,
"We cannot until all the flocks are gathered together, and the stone is rolled
from the mouth of the well; then we water the sheep."
9: While he was
still speaking with them, Rachel came with her father's sheep; for she kept
10: Now when Jacob saw Rachel the daughter of Laban his
mother's brother, and the sheep of Laban his mother's brother, Jacob went up and
rolled the stone from the well's mouth, and watered the flock of Laban his
11: Then Jacob kissed Rachel, and wept aloud.
12: And Jacob told Rachel that he was her father's kinsman, and that
he was Rebekah's son; and she ran and told her father.
13: When Laban
heard the tidings of Jacob his sister's son, he ran to meet him, and embraced
him and kissed him, and brought him to his house. Jacob told Laban all these
14: and Laban said to him, "Surely you are my bone and my
flesh!" And he stayed with him a month.
15: Then Laban said to Jacob,
"Because you are my kinsman, should you therefore serve me for nothing? Tell me,
what shall your wages be?"
16: Now Laban had two daughters; the name
of the older was Leah, and the name of the younger was Rachel.
Leah's eyes were weak, but Rachel was beautiful and lovely.
loved Rachel; and he said, "I will serve you seven years for your younger
19: Laban said, "It is better that I give her to
you than that I should give her to any other man; stay with me."
So Jacob served seven years for Rachel, and they seemed to him but a few days
because of the love he had for her.
21: Then Jacob said to Laban,
"Give me my wife that I may go in to her, for my time is completed."
22: So Laban gathered together all the men of the place, and made a
23: But in the evening he took his daughter Leah and brought
her to Jacob; and he went in to her.
24: (Laban gave his maid Zilpah
to his daughter Leah to be her maid.)
25: And in the morning, behold,
it was Leah; and Jacob said to Laban, "What is this you have done to me? Did I
not serve with you for Rachel? Why then have you deceived me?"
Laban said, "It is not so done in our country, to give the younger before the
27: Complete the week of this one, and we will give you
the other also in return for serving me another seven years."
Jacob did so, and completed her week; then Laban gave him his daughter Rachel to
29: (Laban gave his maid Bilhah to his daughter Rachel to be
30: So Jacob went in to Rachel also, and he loved Rachel
more than Leah, and served Laban for another seven years.
the LORD saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb; but Rachel was barren.
32: And Leah conceived and bore a son, and she called his name
Reuben; for she said, "Because the LORD has looked upon my affliction; surely
now my husband will love me."
33: She conceived again and bore a son,
and said, "Because the LORD has heard that I am hated, he has given me this son
also"; and she called his name Simeon.
34: Again she conceived and
bore a son, and said, "Now this time my husband will be joined to me, because I
have borne him three sons"; therefore his name was called Levi.
And she conceived again and bore a son, and said, "This time I will praise the
LORD"; therefore she called his name Judah; then she ceased bearing.
1: When Rachel saw that she bore Jacob no children,
she envied her sister; and she said to Jacob, "Give me children, or I shall
2: Jacob's anger was kindled against Rachel, and he said, "Am I
in the place of God, who has withheld from you the fruit of the womb?"
3: Then she said, "Here is my maid Bilhah; go in to her, that she may
bear upon my knees, and even I may have children through her."
she gave him her maid Bilhah as a wife; and Jacob went in to her.
And Bilhah conceived and bore Jacob a son.
6: Then Rachel said, "God
has judged me, and has also heard my voice and given me a son"; therefore she
called his name Dan.
7: Rachel's maid Bilhah conceived again and bore
Jacob a second son.
8: Then Rachel said, "With mighty wrestlings I
have wrestled with my sister, and have prevailed"; so she called his name
9: When Leah saw that she had ceased bearing children, she
took her maid Zilpah and gave her to Jacob as a wife.
10: Then Leah's
maid Zilpah bore Jacob a son.
11: And Leah said, "Good fortune!" so
she called his name Gad.
12: Leah's maid Zilpah bore Jacob a second
13: And Leah said, "Happy am I! For the women will call me
happy"; so she called his name Asher.
14: In the days of wheat
harvest Reuben went and found mandrakes in the field, and brought them to his
mother Leah. Then Rachel said to Leah, "Give me, I pray, some of your son's
15: But she said to her, "Is it a small matter that you
have taken away my husband? Would you take away my son's mandrakes also?" Rachel
said, "Then he may lie with you tonight for your son's mandrakes."
16: When Jacob came from the field in the evening, Leah went out to
meet him, and said, "You must come in to me; for I have hired you with my son's
mandrakes." So he lay with her that night.
17: And God hearkened to
Leah, and she conceived and bore Jacob a fifth son.
18: Leah said,
"God has given me my hire because I gave my maid to my husband"; so she called
his name Is'sachar.
19: And Leah conceived again, and she bore Jacob
a sixth son.
20: Then Leah said, "God has endowed me with a good
dowry; now my husband will honor me, because I have borne him six sons"; so she
called his name Zeb'ulun.
21: Afterwards she bore a daughter, and
called her name Dinah.
22: Then God remembered Rachel, and God
hearkened to her and opened her womb.
23: She conceived and bore a
son, and said, "God has taken away my reproach";
24: and she called
his name Joseph, saying, "May the LORD add to me another son!"
When Rachel had borne Joseph, Jacob said to Laban, "Send me away, that I may go
to my own home and country.
26: Give me my wives and my children for
whom I have served you, and let me go; for you know the service which I have
27: But Laban said to him, "If you will allow me to say
so, I have learned by divination that the LORD has blessed me because of you;
28: name your wages, and I will give it."
29: Jacob said
to him, "You yourself know how I have served you, and how your cattle have fared
30: For you had little before I came, and it has increased
abundantly; and the LORD has blessed you wherever I turned. But now when shall I
provide for my own household also?"
31: He said, "What shall I give
you?" Jacob said, "You shall not give me anything; if you will do this for me, I
will again feed your flock and keep it:
32: let me pass through all
your flock today, removing from it every speckled and spotted sheep and every
black lamb, and the spotted and speckled among the goats; and such shall be my
33: So my honesty will answer for me later, when you come to
look into my wages with you. Every one that is not speckled and spotted among
the goats and black among the lambs, if found with me, shall be counted stolen."
34: Laban said, "Good! Let it be as you have said."
But that day Laban removed the he-goats that were striped and spotted, and all
the she-goats that were speckled and spotted, every one that had white on it,
and every lamb that was black, and put them in charge of his sons;
36: and he set a distance of three days' journey between himself and
Jacob; and Jacob fed the rest of Laban's flock.
37: Then Jacob took
fresh rods of poplar and almond and plane, and peeled white streaks in them,
exposing the white of the rods.
38: He set the rods which he had
peeled in front of the flocks in the runnels, that is, the watering troughs,
where the flocks came to drink. And since they bred when they came to drink,
39: the flocks bred in front of the rods and so the flocks brought
forth striped, speckled, and spotted.
40: And Jacob separated the
lambs, and set the faces of the flocks toward the striped and all the black in
the flock of Laban; and he put his own droves apart, and did not put them with
41: Whenever the stronger of the flock were breeding
Jacob laid the rods in the runnels before the eyes of the flock, that they might
breed among the rods,
42: but for the feebler of the flock he did not
lay them there; so the feebler were Laban's, and the stronger Jacob's.
43: Thus the man grew exceedingly rich, and had large flocks,
maidservants and menservants, and camels and asses.
1: Now Jacob heard that the sons of Laban were
saying, "Jacob has taken all that was our father's; and from what was our
father's he has gained all this wealth."
2: And Jacob saw that Laban
did not regard him with favor as before.
3: Then the LORD said to
Jacob, "Return to the land of your fathers and to your kindred, and I will be
4: So Jacob sent and called Rachel and Leah into the field
where his flock was,
5: and said to them, "I see that your father
does not regard me with favor as he did before. But the God of my father has
been with me.
6: You know that I have served your father with all my
7: yet your father has cheated me and changed my wages ten
times, but God did not permit him to harm me.
8: If he said, `The
spotted shall be your wages,' then all the flock bore spotted; and if he said,
`The striped shall be your wages,' then all the flock bore striped.
9: Thus God has taken away the cattle of your father, and given them
10: In the mating season of the flock I lifted up my eyes, and
saw in a dream that the he-goats which leaped upon the flock were striped,
spotted, and mottled.
11: Then the angel of God said to me in the
dream, `Jacob,' and I said, `Here I am!'
12: And he said, `Lift up
your eyes and see, all the goats that leap upon the flock are striped, spotted,
and mottled; for I have seen all that Laban is doing to you.
13: I am
the God of Bethel, where you anointed a pillar and made a vow to me. Now arise,
go forth from this land, and return to the land of your birth.'"
Then Rachel and Leah answered him, "Is there any portion or inheritance left to
us in our father's house?
15: Are we not regarded by him as
foreigners? For he has sold us, and he has been using up the money given for us.
16: All the property which God has taken away from our father belongs
to us and to our children; now then, whatever God has said to you, do."
17: So Jacob arose, and set his sons and his wives on camels;
18: and he drove away all his cattle, all his livestock which he had
gained, the cattle in his possession which he had acquired in Paddan-aram, to go
to the land of Canaan to his father Isaac.
19: Laban had gone to
shear his sheep, and Rachel stole her father's household gods.
And Jacob outwitted Laban the Aramean, in that he did not tell him that he
intended to flee.
21: He fled with all that he had, and arose and
crossed the Euphra'tes, and set his face toward the hill country of Gilead.
22: When it was told Laban on the third day that Jacob had fled,
23: he took his kinsmen with him and pursued him for seven days and
followed close after him into the hill country of Gilead.
24: But God
came to Laban the Aramean in a dream by night, and said to him, "Take heed that
you say not a word to Jacob, either good or bad."
25: And Laban
overtook Jacob. Now Jacob had pitched his tent in the hill country, and Laban
with his kinsmen encamped in the hill country of Gilead.
Laban said to Jacob, "What have you done, that you have cheated me, and carried
away my daughters like captives of the sword?
27: Why did you flee
secretly, and cheat me, and did not tell me, so that I might have sent you away
with mirth and songs, with tambourine and lyre?
28: And why did you
not permit me to kiss my sons and my daughters farewell? Now you have done
29: It is in my power to do you harm; but the God of your
father spoke to me last night, saying, `Take heed that you speak to Jacob
neither good nor bad.'
30: And now you have gone away because you
longed greatly for your father's house, but why did you steal my gods?"
31: Jacob answered Laban, "Because I was afraid, for I thought that
you would take your daughters from me by force.
32: Any one with whom
you find your gods shall not live. In the presence of our kinsmen point out what
I have that is yours, and take it." Now Jacob did not know that Rachel had
33: So Laban went into Jacob's tent, and into Leah's
tent, and into the tent of the two maidservants, but he did not find them. And
he went out of Leah's tent, and entered Rachel's.
34: Now Rachel had
taken the household gods and put them in the camel's saddle, and sat upon them.
Laban felt all about the tent, but did not find them.
35: And she
said to her father, "Let not my lord be angry that I cannot rise before you, for
the way of women is upon me." So he searched, but did not find the household
36: Then Jacob became angry, and upbraided Laban; Jacob said to
Laban, "What is my offense? What is my sin, that you have hotly pursued me?
37: Although you have felt through all my goods, what have you found
of all your household goods? Set it here before my kinsmen and your kinsmen,
that they may decide between us two.
38: These twenty years I have
been with you; your ewes and your she-goats have not miscarried, and I have not
eaten the rams of your flocks.
39: That which was torn by wild beasts
I did not bring to you; I bore the loss of it myself; of my hand you required
it, whether stolen by day or stolen by night.
40: Thus I was; by day
the heat consumed me, and the cold by night, and my sleep fled from my eyes.
41: These twenty years I have been in your house; I served you
fourteen years for your two daughters, and six years for your flock, and you
have changed my wages ten times.
42: If the God of my father, the God
of Abraham and the Fear of Isaac, had not been on my side, surely now you would
have sent me away empty-handed. God saw my affliction and the labor of my hands,
and rebuked you last night."
43: Then Laban answered and said to
Jacob, "The daughters are my daughters, the children are my children, the flocks
are my flocks, and all that you see is mine. But what can I do this day to these
my daughters, or to their children whom they have borne?
now, let us make a covenant, you and I; and let it be a witness between you and
45: So Jacob took a stone, and set it up as a pillar.
46: And Jacob said to his kinsmen, "Gather stones," and they took
stones, and made a heap; and they ate there by the heap.
called it Je'gar-sahadu'tha: but Jacob called it Galeed.
said, "This heap is a witness between you and me today." Therefore he named it
49: and the pillar Mizpah, for he said, "The LORD watch
between you and me, when we are absent one from the other.
50: If you
ill-treat my daughters, or if you take wives besides my daughters, although no
man is with us, remember, God is witness between you and me."
Then Laban said to Jacob, "See this heap and the pillar, which I have set
between you and me.
52: This heap is a witness, and the pillar is a
witness, that I will not pass over this heap to you, and you will not pass over
this heap and this pillar to me, for harm.
53: The God of Abraham and
the God of Nahor, the God of their father, judge between us." So Jacob swore by
the Fear of his father Isaac,
54: and Jacob offered a sacrifice on
the mountain and called his kinsmen to eat bread; and they ate bread and tarried
all night on the mountain.
55: Early in the morning Laban arose, and
kissed his grandchildren and his daughters and blessed them; then he departed
and returned home.
1: Jacob went on his way and the angels of God met
2: and when Jacob saw them he said, "This is God's army!" So he
called the name of that place Mahana'im.
3: And Jacob sent messengers
before him to Esau his brother in the land of Se'ir, the country of Edom,
4: instructing them, "Thus you shall say to my lord Esau: Thus says
your servant Jacob, `I have sojourned with Laban, and stayed until now;
5: and I have oxen, asses, flocks, menservants, and maidservants; and
I have sent to tell my lord, in order that I may find favor in your sight.'"
6: And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying, "We came to your
brother Esau, and he is coming to meet you, and four hundred men with him."
7: Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed; and he divided the
people that were with him, and the flocks and herds and camels, into two
8: thinking, "If Esau comes to the one company and
destroys it, then the company which is left will escape."
Jacob said, "O God of my father Abraham and God of my father Isaac, O LORD who
didst say to me, `Return to your country and to your kindred, and I will do you
10: I am not worthy of the least of all the steadfast love and
all the faithfulness which thou hast shown to thy servant, for with only my
staff I crossed this Jordan; and now I have become two companies.
Deliver me, I pray thee, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau, for
I fear him, lest he come and slay us all, the mothers with the children.
12: But thou didst say, `I will do you good, and make your
descendants as the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude.'"
13: So he lodged there that night, and took from what he had with him
a present for his brother Esau,
14: two hundred she-goats and twenty
he-goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams,
15: thirty milch camels
and their colts, forty cows and ten bulls, twenty she-asses and ten he-asses.
16: These he delivered into the hand of his servants, every drove by
itself, and said to his servants, "Pass on before me, and put a space between
drove and drove."
17: He instructed the foremost, "When Esau my
brother meets you, and asks you, `To whom do you belong? Where are you going?
And whose are these before you?'
18: then you shall say, `They belong
to your servant Jacob; they are a present sent to my lord Esau; and moreover he
is behind us.'"
19: He likewise instructed the second and the third
and all who followed the droves, "You shall say the same thing to Esau when you
20: and you shall say, `Moreover your servant Jacob is
behind us.'" For he thought, "I may appease him with the present that goes
before me, and afterwards I shall see his face; perhaps he will accept me."
21: So the present passed on before him; and he himself lodged that
night in the camp.
22: The same night he arose and took his two
wives, his two maids, and his eleven children, and crossed the ford of the
23: He took them and sent them across the stream, and
likewise everything that he had.
24: And Jacob was left alone; and a
man wrestled with him until the breaking of the day.
25: When the man
saw that he did not prevail against Jacob, he touched the hollow of his thigh;
and Jacob's thigh was put out of joint as he wrestled with him.
Then he said, "Let me go, for the day is breaking." But Jacob said, "I will not
let you go, unless you bless me."
27: And he said to him, "What is
your name?" And he said, "Jacob."
28: Then he said, "Your name shall
no more be called Jacob, but Israel, for you have striven with God and with men,
and have prevailed."
29: Then Jacob asked him, "Tell me, I pray, your
name." But he said, "Why is it that you ask my name?" And there he blessed him.
30: So Jacob called the name of the place Peni'el, saying, "For I
have seen God face to face, and yet my life is preserved."
sun rose upon him as he passed Penu'el, limping because of his thigh.
32: Therefore to this day the Israelites do not eat the sinew of the
hip which is upon the hollow of the thigh, because he touched the hollow of
Jacob's thigh on the sinew of the hip.
1: And Jacob lifted up his eyes and looked, and
behold, Esau was coming, and four hundred men with him. So he divided the
children among Leah and Rachel and the two maids.
2: And he put the
maids with their children in front, then Leah with her children, and Rachel and
Joseph last of all.
3: He himself went on before them, bowing himself
to the ground seven times, until he came near to his brother.
Esau ran to meet him, and embraced him, and fell on his neck and kissed him, and
5: And when Esau raised his eyes and saw the women and
children, he said, "Who are these with you?" Jacob said, "The children whom God
has graciously given your servant."
6: Then the maids drew near, they
and their children, and bowed down;
7: Leah likewise and her children
drew near and bowed down; and last Joseph and Rachel drew near, and they bowed
8: Esau said, "What do you mean by all this company which I
met?" Jacob answered, "To find favor in the sight of my lord."
Esau said, "I have enough, my brother; keep what you have for yourself."
10: Jacob said, "No, I pray you, if I have found favor in your sight,
then accept my present from my hand; for truly to see your face is like seeing
the face of God, with such favor have you received me.
11: Accept, I
pray you, my gift that is brought to you, because God has dealt graciously with
me, and because I have enough." Thus he urged him, and he took it.
12: Then Esau said, "Let us journey on our way, and I will go before
13: But Jacob said to him, "My lord knows that the children are
frail, and that the flocks and herds giving suck are a care to me; and if they
are overdriven for one day, all the flocks will die.
14: Let my lord
pass on before his servant, and I will lead on slowly, according to the pace of
the cattle which are before me and according to the pace of the children, until
I come to my lord in Se'ir."
15: So Esau said, "Let me leave with you
some of the men who are with me." But he said, "What need is there? Let me find
favor in the sight of my lord."
16: So Esau returned that day on his
way to Se'ir.
17: But Jacob journeyed to Succoth, and built himself a
house, and made booths for his cattle; therefore the name of the place is called
18: And Jacob came safely to the city of Shechem, which is
in the land of Canaan, on his way from Paddan-aram; and he camped before the
19: And from the sons of Hamor, Shechem's father, he bought for
a hundred pieces of money the piece of land on which he had pitched his tent.
20: There he erected an altar and called it El-El'ohe-Israel.
1: Now Dinah the daughter of Leah, whom she had
borne to Jacob, went out to visit the women of the land;
2: and when
Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, the prince of the land, saw her, he seized
her and lay with her and humbled her.
3: And his soul was drawn to
Dinah the daughter of Jacob; he loved the maiden and spoke tenderly to her.
4: So Shechem spoke to his father Hamor, saying, "Get me this maiden
for my wife."
5: Now Jacob heard that he had defiled his daughter
Dinah; but his sons were with his cattle in the field, so Jacob held his peace
until they came.
6: And Hamor the father of Shechem went out to Jacob
to speak with him.
7: The sons of Jacob came in from the field when
they heard of it; and the men were indignant and very angry, because he had
wrought folly in Israel by lying with Jacob's daughter, for such a thing ought
not to be done.
8: But Hamor spoke with them, saying, "The soul of my
son Shechem longs for your daughter; I pray you, give her to him in marriage.
9: Make marriages with us; give your daughters to us, and take our
daughters for yourselves.
10: You shall dwell with us; and the land
shall be open to you; dwell and trade in it, and get property in it."
11: Shechem also said to her father and to her brothers, "Let me find
favor in your eyes, and whatever you say to me I will give.
of me ever so much as marriage present and gift, and I will give according as
you say to me; only give me the maiden to be my wife."
13: The sons
of Jacob answered Shechem and his father Hamor deceitfully, because he had
defiled their sister Dinah.
14: They said to them, "We cannot do this
thing, to give our sister to one who is uncircumcised, for that would be a
disgrace to us.
15: Only on this condition will we consent to you:
that you will become as we are and every male of you be circumcised.
16: Then we will give our daughters to you, and we will take your
daughters to ourselves, and we will dwell with you and become one people.
17: But if you will not listen to us and be circumcised, then we will
take our daughter, and we will be gone."
18: Their words pleased
Hamor and Hamor's son Shechem.
19: And the young man did not delay to
do the thing, because he had delight in Jacob's daughter. Now he was the most
honored of all his family.
20: So Hamor and his son Shechem came to
the gate of their city and spoke to the men of their city, saying,
21: "These men are friendly with us; let them dwell in the land and
trade in it, for behold, the land is large enough for them; let us take their
daughters in marriage, and let us give them our daughters.
on this condition will the men agree to dwell with us, to become one people:
that every male among us be circumcised as they are circumcised.
Will not their cattle, their property and all their beasts be ours? Only let us
agree with them, and they will dwell with us."
24: And all who went
out of the gate of his city hearkened to Hamor and his son Shechem; and every
male was circumcised, all who went out of the gate of his city.
On the third day, when they were sore, two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and
Levi, Dinah's brothers, took their swords and came upon the city unawares, and
killed all the males.
26: They slew Hamor and his son Shechem with
the sword, and took Dinah out of Shechem's house, and went away.
And the sons of Jacob came upon the slain, and plundered the city, because their
sister had been defiled;
28: they took their flocks and their herds,
their asses, and whatever was in the city and in the field;
their wealth, all their little ones and their wives, all that was in the houses,
they captured and made their prey.
30: Then Jacob said to Simeon and
Levi, "You have brought trouble on me by making me odious to the inhabitants of
the land, the Canaanites and the Per'izzites; my numbers are few, and if they
gather themselves against me and attack me, I shall be destroyed, both I and my
31: But they said, "Should he treat our sister as a
1: God said to Jacob, "Arise, go up to Bethel, and
dwell there; and make there an altar to the God who appeared to you when you
fled from your brother Esau."
2: So Jacob said to his household and
to all who were with him, "Put away the foreign gods that are among you, and
purify yourselves, and change your garments;
3: then let us arise and
go up to Bethel, that I may make there an altar to the God who answered me in
the day of my distress and has been with me wherever I have gone."
So they gave to Jacob all the foreign gods that they had, and the rings that
were in their ears; and Jacob hid them under the oak which was near Shechem.
5: And as they journeyed, a terror from God fell upon the cities that
were round about them, so that they did not pursue the sons of Jacob.
6: And Jacob came to Luz (that is, Bethel), which is in the land of
Canaan, he and all the people who were with him,
7: and there he
built an altar, and called the place El-bethel, because there God had revealed
himself to him when he fled from his brother.
8: And Deb'orah,
Rebekah's nurse, died, and she was buried under an oak below Bethel; so the name
of it was called Al'lon-bacuth.
9: God appeared to Jacob again, when
he came from Paddan-aram, and blessed him.
10: And God said to him,
"Your name is Jacob; no longer shall your name be called Jacob, but Israel shall
be your name." So his name was called Israel.
11: And God said to
him, "I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of
nations shall come from you, and kings shall spring from you.
land which I gave to Abraham and Isaac I will give to you, and I will give the
land to your descendants after you."
13: Then God went up from him in
the place where he had spoken with him.
14: And Jacob set up a pillar
in the place where he had spoken with him, a pillar of stone; and he poured out
a drink offering on it, and poured oil on it.
15: So Jacob called the
name of the place where God had spoken with him, Bethel.
they journeyed from Bethel; and when they were still some distance from Ephrath,
Rachel travailed, and she had hard labor.
17: And when she was in her
hard labor, the midwife said to her, "Fear not; for now you will have another
18: And as her soul was departing (for she died), she called
his name Ben-o'ni; but his father called his name Benjamin.
Rachel died, and she was buried on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem),
20: and Jacob set up a pillar upon her grave; it is the pillar of
Rachel's tomb, which is there to this day.
21: Israel journeyed on,
and pitched his tent beyond the tower of Eder.
22: While Israel dwelt
in that land Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his father's concubine; and Israel
heard of it. Now the sons of Jacob were twelve.
23: The sons of Leah:
Reuben (Jacob's first-born), Simeon, Levi, Judah, Is'sachar, and Zeb'ulun.
24: The sons of Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin.
25: The sons
of Bilhah, Rachel's maid: Dan and Naph'tali.
26: The sons of Zilpah,
Leah's maid: Gad and Asher. These were the sons of Jacob who were born to him in
27: And Jacob came to his father Isaac at Mamre, or
Kir'iath-ar'ba (that is, Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac had sojourned.
28: Now the days of Isaac were a hundred and eighty years.
29: And Isaac breathed his last; and he died and was gathered to his
people, old and full of days; and his sons Esau and Jacob buried him.
1: These are the descendants of Esau (that is,
2: Esau took his wives from the Canaanites: Adah the daughter
of Elon the Hittite, Oholiba'mah the daughter of Anah the son of Zib'eon the
3: and Bas'emath, Ish'mael's daughter, the sister of
4: And Adah bore to Esau, El'iphaz; Bas'emath bore Reu'el;
5: and Oholiba'mah bore Je'ush, Jalam, and Korah. These are the sons
of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan.
6: Then Esau took
his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the members of his household, his
cattle, all his beasts, and all his property which he had acquired in the land
of Canaan; and he went into a land away from his brother Jacob.
For their possessions were too great for them to dwell together; the land of
their sojournings could not support them because of their cattle.
So Esau dwelt in the hill country of Se'ir; Esau is Edom.
are the descendants of Esau the father of the E'domites in the hill country of
10: These are the names of Esau's sons: El'iphaz the son of
Adah the wife of Esau, Reu'el the son of Bas'emath the wife of Esau.
11: The sons of El'iphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz.
12: (Timna was a concubine of El'iphaz, Esau's son; she bore Am'alek
to El'iphaz.) These are the sons of Adah, Esau's wife.
13: These are
the sons of Reu'el: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These are the sons of
Bas'emath, Esau's wife.
14: These are the sons of Oholiba'mah the
daughter of Anah the son of Zib'eon, Esau's wife: she bore to Esau Je'ush,
Jalam, and Korah.
15: These are the chiefs of the sons of Esau. The
sons of El'iphaz the first-born of Esau: the chiefs Teman, Omar, Zepho, Kenaz,
16: Korah, Gatam, and Am'alek; these are the chiefs of El'iphaz in
the land of Edom; they are the sons of Adah.
17: These are the sons
of Reu'el, Esau's son: the chiefs Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah; these are
the chiefs of Reu'el in the land of Edom; they are the sons of Bas'emath, Esau's
18: These are the sons of Oholiba'mah, Esau's wife: the chiefs
Je'ush, Jalam, and Korah; these are the chiefs born of Oholiba'mah the daughter
of Anah, Esau's wife.
19: These are the sons of Esau (that is, Edom),
and these are their chiefs.
20: These are the sons of Se'ir the
Horite, the inhabitants of the land: Lotan, Shobal, Zib'eon, Anah,
21: Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan; these are the chiefs of the Horites,
the sons of Se'ir in the land of Edom.
22: The sons of Lotan were
Hori and Heman; and Lotan's sister was Timna.
23: These are the sons
of Shobal: Alvan, Man'ahath, Ebal, Shepho, and Onam.
24: These are
the sons of Zib'eon: A'iah and Anah; he is the Anah who found the hot springs in
the wilderness, as he pastured the asses of Zib'eon his father.
These are the children of Anah: Dishon and Oholiba'mah the daughter of Anah.
26: These are the sons of Dishon: Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran.
27: These are the sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Za'avan, and Akan.
28: These are the sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran.
are the chiefs of the Horites: the chiefs Lotan, Shobal, Zib'eon, Anah,
30: Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan; these are the chiefs of the Horites,
according to their clans in the land of Se'ir.
31: These are the
kings who reigned in the land of Edom, before any king reigned over the
32: Bela the son of Be'or reigned in Edom, the name of
his city being Din'habah.
33: Bela died, and Jobab the son of Zerah
of Bozrah reigned in his stead.
34: Jobab died, and Husham of the
land of the Te'manites reigned in his stead.
35: Husham died, and
Hadad the son of Bedad, who defeated Mid'ian in the country of Moab, reigned in
his stead, the name of his city being Avith.
36: Hadad died, and
Samlah of Masre'kah reigned in his stead.
37: Samlah died, and Shaul
of Reho'both on the Euphra'tes reigned in his stead.
38: Shaul died,
and Ba'al-ha'nan the son of Achbor reigned in his stead.
Ba'al-ha'nan the son of Achbor died, and Hadar reigned in his stead, the name of
his city being Pau; his wife's name was Mehet'abel, the daughter of Matred,
daughter of Me'zahab.
40: These are the names of the chiefs of Esau,
according to their families and their dwelling places, by their names: the
chiefs Timna, Alvah, Jetheth,
41: Oholiba'mah, Elah, Pinon,
42: Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar,
43: Mag'diel, and Iram; these
are the chiefs of Edom (that is, Esau, the father of Edom), according to their
dwelling places in the land of their possession.
1: Jacob dwelt in the land of his father's
sojournings, in the land of Canaan.
2: This is the history of the
family of Jacob. Joseph, being seventeen years old, was shepherding the flock
with his brothers; he was a lad with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, his father's
wives; and Joseph brought an ill report of them to their father.
Now Israel loved Joseph more than any other of his children, because he was the
son of his old age; and he made him a long robe with sleeves.
when his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers,
they hated him, and could not speak peaceably to him.
5: Now Joseph
had a dream, and when he told it to his brothers they only hated him the more.
6: He said to them, "Hear this dream which I have dreamed:
7: behold, we were binding sheaves in the field, and lo, my sheaf
arose and stood upright; and behold, your sheaves gathered round it, and bowed
down to my sheaf."
8: His brothers said to him, "Are you indeed to
reign over us? Or are you indeed to have dominion over us?" So they hated him
yet more for his dreams and for his words.
9: Then he dreamed another
dream, and told it to his brothers, and said, "Behold, I have dreamed another
dream; and behold, the sun, the moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me."
10: But when he told it to his father and to his brothers, his father
rebuked him, and said to him, "What is this dream that you have dreamed? Shall I
and your mother and your brothers indeed come to bow ourselves to the ground
11: And his brothers were jealous of him, but his father
kept the saying in mind.
12: Now his brothers went to pasture their
father's flock near Shechem.
13: And Israel said to Joseph, "Are not
your brothers pasturing the flock at Shechem? Come, I will send you to them."
And he said to him, "Here I am."
14: So he said to him, "Go now, see
if it is well with your brothers, and with the flock; and bring me word again."
So he sent him from the valley of Hebron, and he came to Shechem.
And a man found him wandering in the fields; and the man asked him, "What are
16: "I am seeking my brothers," he said, "tell me, I
pray you, where they are pasturing the flock."
17: And the man said,
"They have gone away, for I heard them say, `Let us go to Dothan.'" So Joseph
went after his brothers, and found them at Dothan.
18: They saw him
afar off, and before he came near to them they conspired against him to kill
19: They said to one another, "Here comes this dreamer.
20: Come now, let us kill him and throw him into one of the pits;
then we shall say that a wild beast has devoured him, and we shall see what will
become of his dreams."
21: But when Reuben heard it, he delivered him
out of their hands, saying, "Let us not take his life."
Reuben said to them, "Shed no blood; cast him into this pit here in the
wilderness, but lay no hand upon him" -- that he might rescue him out of their
hand, to restore him to his father.
23: So when Joseph came to his
brothers, they stripped him of his robe, the long robe with sleeves that he
24: and they took him and cast him into a pit. The pit was
empty, there was no water in it.
25: Then they sat down to eat; and
looking up they saw a caravan of Ish'maelites coming from Gilead, with their
camels bearing gum, balm, and myrrh, on their way to carry it down to Egypt.
26: Then Judah said to his brothers, "What profit is it if we slay
our brother and conceal his blood?
27: Come, let us sell him to the
Ish'maelites, and let not our hand be upon him, for he is our brother, our own
flesh." And his brothers heeded him.
28: Then Mid'ianite traders
passed by; and they drew Joseph up and lifted him out of the pit, and sold him
to the Ish'maelites for twenty shekels of silver; and they took Joseph to Egypt.
29: When Reuben returned to the pit and saw that Joseph was not in
the pit, he rent his clothes
30: and returned to his brothers, and
said, "The lad is gone; and I, where shall I go?"
31: Then they took
Joseph's robe, and killed a goat, and dipped the robe in the blood;
32: and they sent the long robe with sleeves and brought it to their
father, and said, "This we have found; see now whether it is your son's robe or
33: And he recognized it, and said, "It is my son's robe; a
wild beast has devoured him; Joseph is without doubt torn to pieces."
34: Then Jacob rent his garments, and put sackcloth upon his loins,
and mourned for his son many days.
35: All his sons and all his
daughters rose up to comfort him; but he refused to be comforted, and said, "No,
I shall go down to Sheol to my son, mourning." Thus his father wept for him.
36: Meanwhile the Mid'ianites had sold him in Egypt to Pot'i-phar, an
officer of Pharaoh, the captain of the guard.
1: It happened at that time that Judah went down
from his brothers, and turned in to a certain Adullamite, whose name was Hirah.
2: There Judah saw the daughter of a certain Canaanite whose name was
Shua; he married her and went in to her,
3: and she conceived and
bore a son, and he called his name Er.
4: Again she conceived and
bore a son, and she called his name Onan.
5: Yet again she bore a
son, and she called his name Shelah. She was in Chezib when she bore him.
6: And Judah took a wife for Er his first-born, and her name was
7: But Er, Judah's first-born, was wicked in the sight of the
LORD; and the LORD slew him.
8: Then Judah said to Onan, "Go in to
your brother's wife, and perform the duty of a brother-in-law to her, and raise
up offspring for your brother."
9: But Onan knew that the offspring
would not be his; so when he went in to his brother's wife he spilled the semen
on the ground, lest he should give offspring to his brother.
what he did was displeasing in the sight of the LORD, and he slew him also.
11: Then Judah said to Tamar his daughter-in-law, "Remain a widow in
your father's house, till Shelah my son grows up" -- for he feared that he would
die, like his brothers. So Tamar went and dwelt in her father's house.
12: In course of time the wife of Judah, Shua's daughter, died; and
when Judah was comforted, he went up to Timnah to his sheepshearers, he and his
friend Hirah the Adullamite.
13: And when Tamar was told, "Your
father-in-law is going up to Timnah to shear his sheep,"
14: she put
off her widow's garments, and put on a veil, wrapping herself up, and sat at the
entrance to Enaim, which is on the road to Timnah; for she saw that Shelah was
grown up, and she had not been given to him in marriage.
Judah saw her, he thought her to be a harlot, for she had covered her face.
16: He went over to her at the road side, and said, "Come, let me
come in to you," for he did not know that she was his daughter-in-law. She said,
"What will you give me, that you may come in to me?"
17: He answered,
"I will send you a kid from the flock." And she said, "Will you give me a
pledge, till you send it?"
18: He said, "What pledge shall I give
you?" She replied, "Your signet and your cord, and your staff that is in your
hand." So he gave them to her, and went in to her, and she conceived by him.
19: Then she arose and went away, and taking off her veil she put on
the garments of her widowhood.
20: When Judah sent the kid by his
friend the Adullamite, to receive the pledge from the woman's hand, he could not
21: And he asked the men of the place, "Where is the harlot
who was at Enaim by the wayside?" And they said, "No harlot has been here."
22: So he returned to Judah, and said, "I have not found her; and
also the men of the place said, `No harlot has been here.'"
Judah replied, "Let her keep the things as her own, lest we be laughed at; you
see, I sent this kid, and you could not find her."
24: About three
months later Judah was told, "Tamar your daughter-in-law has played the harlot;
and moreover she is with child by harlotry." And Judah said, "Bring her out, and
let her be burned."
25: As she was being brought out, she sent word
to her father-in-law, "By the man to whom these belong, I am with child." And
she said, "Mark, I pray you, whose these are, the signet and the cord and the
26: Then Judah acknowledged them and said, "She is more
righteous than I, inasmuch as I did not give her to my son Shelah." And he did
not lie with her again.
27: When the time of her delivery came, there
were twins in her womb.
28: And when she was in labor, one put out a
hand; and the midwife took and bound on his hand a scarlet thread, saying, "This
came out first."
29: But as he drew back his hand, behold, his
brother came out; and she said, "What a breach you have made for yourself!"
Therefore his name was called Perez.
30: Afterward his brother came
out with the scarlet thread upon his hand; and his name was called Zerah.
1: Now Joseph was taken down to Egypt, and
Pot'i-phar, an officer of Pharaoh, the captain of the guard, an Egyptian, bought
him from the Ish'maelites who had brought him down there.
2: The LORD
was with Joseph, and he became a successful man; and he was in the house of his
master the Egyptian,
3: and his master saw that the LORD was with
him, and that the LORD caused all that he did to prosper in his hands.
4: So Joseph found favor in his sight and attended him, and he made
him overseer of his house and put him in charge of all that he had.
5: From the time that he made him overseer in his house and over all
that he had the LORD blessed the Egyptian's house for Joseph's sake; the
blessing of the LORD was upon all that he had, in house and field.
So he left all that he had in Joseph's charge; and having him he had no concern
for anything but the food which he ate. Now Joseph was handsome and
7: And after a time his master's wife cast her eyes
upon Joseph, and said, "Lie with me."
8: But he refused and said to
his master's wife, "Lo, having me my master has no concern about anything in the
house, and he has put everything that he has in my hand;
9: he is not
greater in this house than I am; nor has he kept back anything from me except
yourself, because you are his wife; how then can I do this great wickedness, and
sin against God?"
10: And although she spoke to Joseph day after day,
he would not listen to her, to lie with her or to be with her.
But one day, when he went into the house to do his work and none of the men of
the house was there in the house,
12: she caught him by his garment,
saying, "Lie with me." But he left his garment in her hand, and fled and got out
of the house.
13: And when she saw that he had left his garment in
her hand, and had fled out of the house,
14: she called to the men of
her household and said to them, "See, he has brought among us a Hebrew to insult
us; he came in to me to lie with me, and I cried out with a loud voice;
15: and when he heard that I lifted up my voice and cried, he left
his garment with me, and fled and got out of the house."
16: Then she
laid up his garment by her until his master came home,
17: and she
told him the same story, saying, "The Hebrew servant, whom you have brought
among us, came in to me to insult me;
18: but as soon as I lifted up
my voice and cried, he left his garment with me, and fled out of the house."
19: When his master heard the words which his wife spoke to him,
"This is the way your servant treated me," his anger was kindled.
And Joseph's master took him and put him into the prison, the place where the
king's prisoners were confined, and he was there in prison.
the LORD was with Joseph and showed him steadfast love, and gave him favor in
the sight of the keeper of the prison.
22: And the keeper of the
prison committed to Joseph's care all the prisoners who were in the prison; and
whatever was done there, he was the doer of it;
23: the keeper of the
prison paid no heed to anything that was in Joseph's care, because the LORD was
with him; and whatever he did, the LORD made it prosper.
1: Some time after this, the butler of the king of
Egypt and his baker offended their lord the king of Egypt.
Pharaoh was angry with his two officers, the chief butler and the chief baker,
3: and he put them in custody in the house of the captain of the
guard, in the prison where Joseph was confined.
4: The captain of the
guard charged Joseph with them, and he waited on them; and they continued for
some time in custody.
5: And one night they both dreamed -- the
butler and the baker of the king of Egypt, who were confined in the prison --
each his own dream, and each dream with its own meaning.
Joseph came to them in the morning and saw them, they were troubled.
7: So he asked Pharaoh's officers who were with him in custody in his
master's house, "Why are your faces downcast today?"
8: They said to
him, "We have had dreams, and there is no one to interpret them." And Joseph
said to them, "Do not interpretations belong to God? Tell them to me, I pray
9: So the chief butler told his dream to Joseph, and said to
him, "In my dream there was a vine before me,
10: and on the vine
there were three branches; as soon as it budded, its blossoms shot forth, and
the clusters ripened into grapes.
11: Pharaoh's cup was in my hand;
and I took the grapes and pressed them into Pharaoh's cup, and placed the cup in
12: Then Joseph said to him, "This is its
interpretation: the three branches are three days;
13: within three
days Pharaoh will lift up your head and restore you to your office; and you
shall place Pharaoh's cup in his hand as formerly, when you were his butler.
14: But remember me, when it is well with you, and do me the
kindness, I pray you, to make mention of me to Pharaoh, and so get me out of
15: For I was indeed stolen out of the land of the
Hebrews; and here also I have done nothing that they should put me into the
16: When the chief baker saw that the interpretation was
favorable, he said to Joseph, "I also had a dream: there were three cake baskets
on my head,
17: and in the uppermost basket there were all sorts of
baked food for Pharaoh, but the birds were eating it out of the basket on my
18: And Joseph answered, "This is its interpretation: the
three baskets are three days;
19: within three days Pharaoh will lift
up your head -- from you! -- and hang you on a tree; and the birds will eat the
flesh from you."
20: On the third day, which was Pharaoh's birthday,
he made a feast for all his servants, and lifted up the head of the chief butler
and the head of the chief baker among his servants.
21: He restored
the chief butler to his butlership, and he placed the cup in Pharaoh's hand;
22: but he hanged the chief baker, as Joseph had interpreted to them.
23: Yet the chief butler did not remember Joseph, but forgot him.
1: After two whole years, Pharaoh dreamed that he
was standing by the Nile,
2: and behold, there came up out of the
Nile seven cows sleek and fat, and they fed in the reed grass.
behold, seven other cows, gaunt and thin, came up out of the Nile after them,
and stood by the other cows on the bank of the Nile.
4: And the gaunt
and thin cows ate up the seven sleek and fat cows. And Pharaoh awoke.
5: And he fell asleep and dreamed a second time; and behold, seven
ears of grain, plump and good, were growing on one stalk.
behold, after them sprouted seven ears, thin and blighted by the east wind.
7: And the thin ears swallowed up the seven plump and full ears. And
Pharaoh awoke, and behold, it was a dream.
8: So in the morning his
spirit was troubled; and he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt and
all its wise men; and Pharaoh told them his dream, but there was none who could
interpret it to Pharaoh.
9: Then the chief butler said to Pharaoh, "I
remember my faults today.
10: When Pharaoh was angry with his
servants, and put me and the chief baker in custody in the house of the captain
of the guard,
11: we dreamed on the same night, he and I, each having
a dream with its own meaning.
12: A young Hebrew was there with us, a
servant of the captain of the guard; and when we told him, he interpreted our
dreams to us, giving an interpretation to each man according to his dream.
13: And as he interpreted to us, so it came to pass; I was restored
to my office, and the baker was hanged."
14: Then Pharaoh sent and
called Joseph, and they brought him hastily out of the dungeon; and when he had
shaved himself and changed his clothes, he came in before Pharaoh.
15: And Pharaoh said to Joseph, "I have had a dream, and there is no
one who can interpret it; and I have heard it said of you that when you hear a
dream you can interpret it."
16: Joseph answered Pharaoh, "It is not
in me; God will give Pharaoh a favorable answer."
17: Then Pharaoh
said to Joseph, "Behold, in my dream I was standing on the banks of the Nile;
18: and seven cows, fat and sleek, came up out of the Nile and fed in
the reed grass;
19: and seven other cows came up after them, poor and
very gaunt and thin, such as I had never seen in all the land of Egypt.
20: And the thin and gaunt cows ate up the first seven fat cows,
21: but when they had eaten them no one would have known that they
had eaten them, for they were still as gaunt as at the beginning. Then I awoke.
22: I also saw in my dream seven ears growing on one stalk, full and
23: and seven ears, withered, thin, and blighted by the east
wind, sprouted after them,
24: and the thin ears swallowed up the
seven good ears. And I told it to the magicians, but there was no one who could
explain it to me."
25: Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, "The dream of
Pharaoh is one; God has revealed to Pharaoh what he is about to do.
26: The seven good cows are seven years, and the seven good ears are
seven years; the dream is one.
27: The seven lean and gaunt cows that
came up after them are seven years, and the seven empty ears blighted by the
east wind are also seven years of famine.
28: It is as I told
Pharaoh, God has shown to Pharaoh what he is about to do.
will come seven years of great plenty throughout all the land of Egypt,
30: but after them there will arise seven years of famine, and all
the plenty will be forgotten in the land of Egypt; the famine will consume the
31: and the plenty will be unknown in the land by reason of
that famine which will follow, for it will be very grievous.
the doubling of Pharaoh's dream means that the thing is fixed by God, and God
will shortly bring it to pass.
33: Now therefore let Pharaoh select a
man discreet and wise, and set him over the land of Egypt.
Pharaoh proceed to appoint overseers over the land, and take the fifth part of
the produce of the land of Egypt during the seven plenteous years.
35: And let them gather all the food of these good years that are
coming, and lay up grain under the authority of Pharaoh for food in the cities,
and let them keep it.
36: That food shall be a reserve for the land
against the seven years of famine which are to befall the land of Egypt, so that
the land may not perish through the famine."
37: This proposal seemed
good to Pharaoh and to all his servants.
38: And Pharaoh said to his
servants, "Can we find such a man as this, in whom is the Spirit of God?"
39: So Pharaoh said to Joseph, "Since God has shown you all this,
there is none so discreet and wise as you are;
40: you shall be over
my house, and all my people shall order themselves as you command; only as
regards the throne will I be greater than you."
41: And Pharaoh said
to Joseph, "Behold, I have set you over all the land of Egypt."
Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his hand and put it on Joseph's hand, and
arrayed him in garments of fine linen, and put a gold chain about his neck;
43: and he made him to ride in his second chariot; and they cried
before him, "Bow the knee!" Thus he set him over all the land of Egypt.
44: Moreover Pharaoh said to Joseph, "I am Pharaoh, and without your
consent no man shall lift up hand or foot in all the land of Egypt."
45: And Pharaoh called Joseph's name Zaph'enath-pane'ah; and he gave
him in marriage As'enath, the daughter of Poti'phera priest of On. So Joseph
went out over the land of Egypt.
46: Joseph was thirty years old when
he entered the service of Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the
presence of Pharaoh, and went through all the land of Egypt.
During the seven plenteous years the earth brought forth abundantly,
48: and he gathered up all the food of the seven years when there was
plenty in the land of Egypt, and stored up food in the cities; he stored up in
every city the food from the fields around it.
49: And Joseph stored
up grain in great abundance, like the sand of the sea, until he ceased to
measure it, for it could not be measured.
50: Before the year of
famine came, Joseph had two sons, whom As'enath, the daughter of Poti'phera
priest of On, bore to him.
51: Joseph called the name of the
first-born Manas'seh, "For," he said, "God has made me forget all my hardship
and all my father's house."
52: The name of the second he called
E'phraim, "For God has made me fruitful in the land of my affliction."
53: The seven years of plenty that prevailed in the land of Egypt
came to an end;
54: and the seven years of famine began to come, as
Joseph had said. There was famine in all lands; but in all the land of Egypt
there was bread.
55: When all the land of Egypt was famished, the
people cried to Pharaoh for bread; and Pharaoh said to all the Egyptians, "Go to
Joseph; what he says to you, do."
56: So when the famine had spread
over all the land, Joseph opened all the storehouses, and sold to the Egyptians,
for the famine was severe in the land of Egypt.
57: Moreover, all the
earth came to Egypt to Joseph to buy grain, because the famine was severe over
all the earth.
1: When Jacob learned that there was grain in
Egypt, he said to his sons, "Why do you look at one another?"
he said, "Behold, I have heard that there is grain in Egypt; go down and buy
grain for us there, that we may live, and not die."
3: So ten of
Joseph's brothers went down to buy grain in Egypt.
4: But Jacob did
not send Benjamin, Joseph's brother, with his brothers, for he feared that harm
might befall him.
5: Thus the sons of Israel came to buy among the
others who came, for the famine was in the land of Canaan.
Joseph was governor over the land; he it was who sold to all the people of the
land. And Joseph's brothers came, and bowed themselves before him with their
faces to the ground.
7: Joseph saw his brothers, and knew them, but
he treated them like strangers and spoke roughly to them. "Where do you come
from?" he said. They said, "From the land of Canaan, to buy food."
Thus Joseph knew his brothers, but they did not know him.
Joseph remembered the dreams which he had dreamed of them; and he said to them,
"You are spies, you have come to see the weakness of the land."
They said to him, "No, my lord, but to buy food have your servants come.
11: We are all sons of one man, we are honest men, your servants are
12: He said to them, "No, it is the weakness of the land
that you have come to see."
13: And they said, "We, your servants,
are twelve brothers, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; and behold, the
youngest is this day with our father, and one is no more."
Joseph said to them, "It is as I said to you, you are spies.
this you shall be tested: by the life of Pharaoh, you shall not go from this
place unless your youngest brother comes here.
16: Send one of you,
and let him bring your brother, while you remain in prison, that your words may
be tested, whether there is truth in you; or else, by the life of Pharaoh,
surely you are spies."
17: And he put them all together in prison for
18: On the third day Joseph said to them, "Do this and
you will live, for I fear God:
19: if you are honest men, let one of
your brothers remain confined in your prison, and let the rest go and carry
grain for the famine of your households,
20: and bring your youngest
brother to me; so your words will be verified, and you shall not die." And they
21: Then they said to one another, "In truth we are guilty
concerning our brother, in that we saw the distress of his soul, when he
besought us and we would not listen; therefore is this distress come upon us."
22: And Reuben answered them, "Did I not tell you not to sin against
the lad? But you would not listen. So now there comes a reckoning for his
23: They did not know that Joseph understood them, for there
was an interpreter between them.
24: Then he turned away from them
and wept; and he returned to them and spoke to them. And he took Simeon from
them and bound him before their eyes.
25: And Joseph gave orders to
fill their bags with grain, and to replace every man's money in his sack, and to
give them provisions for the journey. This was done for them.
Then they loaded their asses with their grain, and departed.
as one of them opened his sack to give his ass provender at the lodging place,
he saw his money in the mouth of his sack;
28: and he said to his
brothers, "My money has been put back; here it is in the mouth of my sack!" At
this their hearts failed them, and they turned trembling to one another, saying,
"What is this that God has done to us?"
29: When they came to Jacob
their father in the land of Canaan, they told him all that had befallen them,
30: "The man, the lord of the land, spoke roughly to us, and
took us to be spies of the land.
31: But we said to him, `We are
honest men, we are not spies;
32: we are twelve brothers, sons of our
father; one is no more, and the youngest is this day with our father in the land
33: Then the man, the lord of the land, said to us, `By
this I shall know that you are honest men: leave one of your brothers with me,
and take grain for the famine of your households, and go your way.
34: Bring your youngest brother to me; then I shall know that you are
not spies but honest men, and I will deliver to you your brother, and you shall
trade in the land.'"
35: As they emptied their sacks, behold, every
man's bundle of money was in his sack; and when they and their father saw their
bundles of money, they were dismayed.
36: And Jacob their father said
to them, "You have bereaved me of my children: Joseph is no more, and Simeon is
no more, and now you would take Benjamin; all this has come upon me."
37: Then Reuben said to his father, "Slay my two sons if I do not
bring him back to you; put him in my hands, and I will bring him back to you."
38: But he said, "My son shall not go down with you, for his brother
is dead, and he only is left. If harm should befall him on the journey that you
are to make, you would bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to Sheol."
1: Now the famine was severe in the land.
2: And when they had eaten the grain which they had brought from
Egypt, their father said to them, "Go again, buy us a little food."
3: But Judah said to him, "The man solemnly warned us, saying, `You
shall not see my face, unless your brother is with you.'
4: If you
will send our brother with us, we will go down and buy you food;
but if you will not send him, we will not go down, for the man said to us, `You
shall not see my face, unless your brother is with you.'"
said, "Why did you treat me so ill as to tell the man that you had another
7: They replied, "The man questioned us carefully about
ourselves and our kindred, saying, `Is your father still alive? Have you another
brother?' What we told him was in answer to these questions; could we in any way
know that he would say, `Bring your brother down'?"
8: And Judah said
to Israel his father, "Send the lad with me, and we will arise and go, that we
may live and not die, both we and you and also our little ones.
will be surety for him; of my hand you shall require him. If I do not bring him
back to you and set him before you, then let me bear the blame for ever;
10: for if we had not delayed, we would now have returned twice."
11: Then their father Israel said to them, "If it must be so, then do
this: take some of the choice fruits of the land in your bags, and carry down to
the man a present, a little balm and a little honey, gum, myrrh, pistachio nuts,
12: Take double the money with you; carry back with you
the money that was returned in the mouth of your sacks; perhaps it was an
13: Take also your brother, and arise, go again to the
14: may God Almighty grant you mercy before the man, that he may
send back your other brother and Benjamin. If I am bereaved of my children, I am
15: So the men took the present, and they took double the
money with them, and Benjamin; and they arose and went down to Egypt, and stood
16: When Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the
steward of his house, "Bring the men into the house, and slaughter an animal and
make ready, for the men are to dine with me at noon."
17: The man did
as Joseph bade him, and brought the men to Joseph's house.
the men were afraid because they were brought to Joseph's house, and they said,
"It is because of the money, which was replaced in our sacks the first time,
that we are brought in, so that he may seek occasion against us and fall upon
us, to make slaves of us and seize our asses."
19: So they went up to
the steward of Joseph's house, and spoke with him at the door of the house,
20: and said, "Oh, my lord, we came down the first time to buy food;
21: and when we came to the lodging place we opened our sacks, and
there was every man's money in the mouth of his sack, our money in full weight;
so we have brought it again with us,
22: and we have brought other
money down in our hand to buy food. We do not know who put our money in our
23: He replied, "Rest assured, do not be afraid; your God and
the God of your father must have put treasure in your sacks for you; I received
your money." Then he brought Simeon out to them.
24: And when the man
had brought the men into Joseph's house, and given them water, and they had
washed their feet, and when he had given their asses provender,
they made ready the present for Joseph's coming at noon, for they heard that
they should eat bread there.
26: When Joseph came home, they brought
into the house to him the present which they had with them, and bowed down to
him to the ground.
27: And he inquired about their welfare, and said,
"Is your father well, the old man of whom you spoke? Is he still alive?"
28: They said, "Your servant our father is well, he is still alive."
And they bowed their heads and made obeisance.
29: And he lifted up
his eyes, and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother's son, and said, "Is this
your youngest brother, of whom you spoke to me? God be gracious to you, my son!"
30: Then Joseph made haste, for his heart yearned for his brother,
and he sought a place to weep. And he entered his chamber and wept there.
31: Then he washed his face and came out; and controlling himself he
said, "Let food be served."
32: They served him by himself, and them
by themselves, and the Egyptians who ate with him by themselves, because the
Egyptians might not eat bread with the Hebrews, for that is an abomination to
33: And they sat before him, the first-born according
to his birthright and the youngest according to his youth; and the men looked at
one another in amazement.
34: Portions were taken to them from
Joseph's table, but Benjamin's portion was five times as much as any of theirs.
So they drank and were merry with him.
1: Then he commanded the steward of his house,
"Fill the men's sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put each man's
money in the mouth of his sack,
2: and put my cup, the silver cup, in
the mouth of the sack of the youngest, with his money for the grain." And he did
as Joseph told him.
3: As soon as the morning was light, the men were
sent away with their asses.
4: When they had gone but a short
distance from the city, Joseph said to his steward, "Up, follow after the men;
and when you overtake them, say to them, `Why have you returned evil for good?
Why have you stolen my silver cup?
5: Is it not from this that my
lord drinks, and by this that he divines? You have done wrong in so doing.'"
6: When he overtook them, he spoke to them these words.
They said to him, "Why does my lord speak such words as these? Far be it from
your servants that they should do such a thing!
8: Behold, the money
which we found in the mouth of our sacks, we brought back to you from the land
of Canaan; how then should we steal silver or gold from your lord's house?
9: With whomever of your servants it be found, let him die, and we
also will be my lord's slaves."
10: He said, "Let it be as you say:
he with whom it is found shall be my slave, and the rest of you shall be
11: Then every man quickly lowered his sack to the
ground, and every man opened his sack.
12: And he searched, beginning
with the eldest and ending with the youngest; and the cup was found in
13: Then they rent their clothes, and every man
loaded his ass, and they returned to the city.
14: When Judah and his
brothers came to Joseph's house, he was still there; and they fell before him to
15: Joseph said to them, "What deed is this that you have
done? Do you not know that such a man as I can indeed divine?"
And Judah said, "What shall we say to my lord? What shall we speak? Or how can
we clear ourselves? God has found out the guilt of your servants; behold, we are
my lord's slaves, both we and he also in whose hand the cup has been found."
17: But he said, "Far be it from me that I should do so! Only the man
in whose hand the cup was found shall be my slave; but as for you, go up in
peace to your father."
18: Then Judah went up to him and said, "O my
lord, let your servant, I pray you, speak a word in my lord's ears, and let not
your anger burn against your servant; for you are like Pharaoh himself.
19: My lord asked his servants, saying, `Have you a father, or a
20: And we said to my lord, `We have a father, an old man,
and a young brother, the child of his old age; and his brother is dead, and he
alone is left of his mother's children; and his father loves him.'
21: Then you said to your servants, `Bring him down to me, that I may
set my eyes upon him.'
22: We said to my lord, `The lad cannot leave
his father, for if he should leave his father, his father would die.'
23: Then you said to your servants, `Unless your youngest brother
comes down with you, you shall see my face no more.'
24: When we went
back to your servant my father we told him the words of my lord.
And when our father said, `Go again, buy us a little food,'
said, `We cannot go down. If our youngest brother goes with us, then we will go
down; for we cannot see the man's face unless our youngest brother is with us.'
27: Then your servant my father said to us, `You know that my wife
bore me two sons;
28: one left me, and I said, Surely he has been
torn to pieces; and I have never seen him since.
29: If you take this
one also from me, and harm befalls him, you will bring down my gray hairs in
sorrow to Sheol.'
30: Now therefore, when I come to your servant my
father, and the lad is not with us, then, as his life is bound up in the lad's
31: when he sees that the lad is not with us, he will die; and
your servants will bring down the gray hairs of your servant our father with
sorrow to Sheol.
32: For your servant became surety for the lad to my
father, saying, `If I do not bring him back to you, then I shall bear the blame
in the sight of my father all my life.'
33: Now therefore, let your
servant, I pray you, remain instead of the lad as a slave to my lord; and let
the lad go back with his brothers.
34: For how can I go back to my
father if the lad is not with me? I fear to see the evil that would come upon my
1: Then Joseph could not control himself before all
those who stood by him; and he cried, "Make every one go out from me." So no one
stayed with him when Joseph made himself known to his brothers.
And he wept aloud, so that the Egyptians heard it, and the household of Pharaoh
3: And Joseph said to his brothers, "I am Joseph; is my
father still alive?" But his brothers could not answer him, for they were
dismayed at his presence.
4: So Joseph said to his brothers, "Come
near to me, I pray you." And they came near. And he said, "I am your brother,
Joseph, whom you sold into Egypt.
5: And now do not be distressed, or
angry with yourselves, because you sold me here; for God sent me before you to
6: For the famine has been in the land these two
years; and there are yet five years in which there will be neither plowing nor
7: And God sent me before you to preserve for you a remnant
on earth, and to keep alive for you many survivors.
8: So it was not
you who sent me here, but God; and he has made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord
of all his house and ruler over all the land of Egypt.
9: Make haste
and go up to my father and say to him, `Thus says your son Joseph, God has made
me lord of all Egypt; come down to me, do not tarry;
10: you shall
dwell in the land of Goshen, and you shall be near me, you and your children and
your children's children, and your flocks, your herds, and all that you have;
11: and there I will provide for you, for there are yet five years of
famine to come; lest you and your household, and all that you have, come to
12: And now your eyes see, and the eyes of my brother
Benjamin see, that it is my mouth that speaks to you.
13: You must
tell my father of all my splendor in Egypt, and of all that you have seen. Make
haste and bring my father down here."
14: Then he fell upon his
brother Benjamin's neck and wept; and Benjamin wept upon his neck.
15: And he kissed all his brothers and wept upon them; and after that
his brothers talked with him.
16: When the report was heard in
Pharaoh's house, "Joseph's brothers have come," it pleased Pharaoh and his
17: And Pharaoh said to Joseph, "Say to your brothers,
`Do this: load your beasts and go back to the land of Canaan;
take your father and your households, and come to me, and I will give you the
best of the land of Egypt, and you shall eat the fat of the land.'
19: Command them also, `Do this: take wagons from the land of Egypt
for your little ones and for your wives, and bring your father, and come.
20: Give no thought to your goods, for the best of all the land of
Egypt is yours.'"
21: The sons of Israel did so; and Joseph gave them
wagons, according to the command of Pharaoh, and gave them provisions for the
22: To each and all of them he gave festal garments; but to
Benjamin he gave three hundred shekels of silver and five festal garments.
23: To his father he sent as follows: ten asses loaded with the good
things of Egypt, and ten she-asses loaded with grain, bread, and provision for
his father on the journey.
24: Then he sent his brothers away, and as
they departed, he said to them, "Do not quarrel on the way."
they went up out of Egypt, and came to the land of Canaan to their father Jacob.
26: And they told him, "Joseph is still alive, and he is ruler over
all the land of Egypt." And his heart fainted, for he did not believe them.
27: But when they told him all the words of Joseph, which he had said
to them, and when he saw the wagons which Joseph had sent to carry him, the
spirit of their father Jacob revived;
28: and Israel said, "It is
enough; Joseph my son is still alive; I will go and see him before I die."
1: So Israel took his journey with all that he had,
and came to Beer-sheba, and offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac.
2: And God spoke to Israel in visions of the night, and said, "Jacob,
Jacob." And he said, "Here am I."
3: Then he said, "I am God, the God
of your father; do not be afraid to go down to Egypt; for I will there make of
you a great nation.
4: I will go down with you to Egypt, and I will
also bring you up again; and Joseph's hand shall close your eyes."
Then Jacob set out from Beer-sheba; and the sons of Israel carried Jacob their
father, their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent
to carry him.
6: They also took their cattle and their goods, which
they had gained in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt, Jacob and all his
offspring with him,
7: his sons, and his sons' sons with him, his
daughters, and his sons' daughters; all his offspring he brought with him into
8: Now these are the names of the descendants of Israel, who
came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons. Reuben, Jacob's first-born,
and the sons of Reuben: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.
sons of Simeon: Jemu'el, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar, and Shaul, the son of a
11: The sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and
12: The sons of Judah: Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah
(but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan); and the sons of Perez were Hezron
13: The sons of Is'sachar: Tola, Puvah, Iob, and Shimron.
14: The sons of Zeb'ulun: Sered, Elon, and Jah'leel
(these are the sons of Leah, whom she bore to Jacob in Paddan-aram, together
with his daughter Dinah; altogether his sons and his daughters numbered
16: The sons of Gad: Ziph'ion, Haggi, Shuni, Ezbon,
Eri, Aro'di, and Are'li.
17: The sons of Asher: Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi,
Beri'ah, with Serah their sister. And the sons of Beri'ah: Heber and Mal'chi-el
18: (these are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his
daughter; and these she bore to Jacob -- sixteen persons).
sons of Rachel, Jacob's wife: Joseph and Benjamin.
20: And to Joseph
in the land of Egypt were born Manas'seh and E'phraim, whom As'enath, the
daughter of Poti'phera the priest of On, bore to him.
21: And the
sons of Benjamin: Bela, Becher, Ashbel, Gera, Na'aman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim,
Huppim, and Ard
22: (these are the sons of Rachel, who were born to
Jacob -- fourteen persons in all).
23: The sons of Dan: Hushim.
24: The sons of Naph'tali: Jahzeel, Guni, Jezer, and Shillem
25: (these are the sons of Bilhah, whom Laban gave to Rachel his
daughter, and these she bore to Jacob -- seven persons in all).
All the persons belonging to Jacob who came into Egypt, who were his own
offspring, not including Jacob's sons' wives, were sixty-six persons in all;
27: and the sons of Joseph, who were born to him in Egypt, were two;
all the persons of the house of Jacob, that came into Egypt, were seventy.
28: He sent Judah before him to Joseph, to appear before him in
Goshen; and they came into the land of Goshen.
29: Then Joseph made
ready his chariot and went up to meet Israel his father in Goshen; and he
presented himself to him, and fell on his neck, and wept on his neck a good
30: Israel said to Joseph, "Now let me die, since I have seen
your face and know that you are still alive."
31: Joseph said to his
brothers and to his father's household, "I will go up and tell Pharaoh, and will
say to him, `My brothers and my father's household, who were in the land of
Canaan, have come to me;
32: and the men are shepherds, for they have
been keepers of cattle; and they have brought their flocks, and their herds, and
all that they have.'
33: When Pharaoh calls you, and says, `What is
34: you shall say, `Your servants have been keepers
of cattle from our youth even until now, both we and our fathers,' in order that
you may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination to the
1: So Joseph went in and told Pharaoh, "My father
and my brothers, with their flocks and herds and all that they possess, have
come from the land of Canaan; they are now in the land of Goshen."
And from among his brothers he took five men and presented them to Pharaoh.
3: Pharaoh said to his brothers, "What is your occupation?" And they
said to Pharaoh, "Your servants are shepherds, as our fathers were."
4: They said to Pharaoh, "We have come to sojourn in the land; for
there is no pasture for your servants' flocks, for the famine is severe in the
land of Canaan; and now, we pray you, let your servants dwell in the land of
5: Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, "Your father and your
brothers have come to you.
6: The land of Egypt is before you; settle
your father and your brothers in the best of the land; let them dwell in the
land of Goshen; and if you know any able men among them, put them in charge of
7: Then Joseph brought in Jacob his father, and set him
before Pharaoh, and Jacob blessed Pharaoh.
8: And Pharaoh said to
Jacob, "How many are the days of the years of your life?"
Jacob said to Pharaoh, "The days of the years of my sojourning are a hundred and
thirty years; few and evil have been the days of the years of my life, and they
have not attained to the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days
of their sojourning."
10: And Jacob blessed Pharaoh, and went out
from the presence of Pharaoh.
11: Then Joseph settled his father and
his brothers, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of
the land, in the land of Ram'eses, as Pharaoh had commanded.
Joseph provided his father, his brothers, and all his father's household with
food, according to the number of their dependents.
13: Now there was
no food in all the land; for the famine was very severe, so that the land of
Egypt and the land of Canaan languished by reason of the famine.
And Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt and in
the land of Canaan, for the grain which they bought; and Joseph brought the
money into Pharaoh's house.
15: And when the money was all spent in
the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came to Joseph,
and said, "Give us food; why should we die before your eyes? For our money is
16: And Joseph answered, "Give your cattle, and I will give
you food in exchange for your cattle, if your money is gone."
they brought their cattle to Joseph; and Joseph gave them food in exchange for
the horses, the flocks, the herds, and the asses: and he supplied them with food
in exchange for all their cattle that year.
18: And when that year
was ended, they came to him the following year, and said to him, "We will not
hide from my lord that our money is all spent; and the herds of cattle are my
lord's; there is nothing left in the sight of my lord but our bodies and our
19: Why should we die before your eyes, both we and our land?
Buy us and our land for food, and we with our land will be slaves to Pharaoh;
and give us seed, that we may live, and not die, and that the land may not be
20: So Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh;
for all the Egyptians sold their fields, because the famine was severe upon
them. The land became Pharaoh's;
21: and as for the people, he made
slaves of them from one end of Egypt to the other.
22: Only the land
of the priests he did not buy; for the priests had a fixed allowance from
Pharaoh, and lived on the allowance which Pharaoh gave them; therefore they did
not sell their land.
23: Then Joseph said to the people, "Behold, I
have this day bought you and your land for Pharaoh. Now here is seed for you,
and you shall sow the land.
24: And at the harvests you shall give a
fifth to Pharaoh, and four fifths shall be your own, as seed for the field and
as food for yourselves and your households, and as food for your little ones."
25: And they said, "You have saved our lives; may it please my lord,
we will be slaves to Pharaoh."
26: So Joseph made it a statute
concerning the land of Egypt, and it stands to this day, that Pharaoh should
have the fifth; the land of the priests alone did not become Pharaoh's.
27: Thus Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the land of Goshen;
and they gained possessions in it, and were fruitful and multiplied exceedingly.
28: And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years; so the days
of Jacob, the years of his life, were a hundred and forty-seven years.
29: And when the time drew near that Israel must die, he called his
son Joseph and said to him, "If now I have found favor in your sight, put your
hand under my thigh, and promise to deal loyally and truly with me. Do not bury
me in Egypt,
30: but let me lie with my fathers; carry me out of
Egypt and bury me in their burying place." He answered, "I will do as you have
31: And he said, "Swear to me"; and he swore to him. Then
Israel bowed himself upon the head of his bed.
1: After this Joseph was told, "Behold, your father
is ill"; so he took with him his two sons, Manas'seh and E'phraim.
And it was told to Jacob, "Your son Joseph has come to you"; then Israel
summoned his strength, and sat up in bed.
3: And Jacob said to
Joseph, "God Almighty appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan and blessed
4: and said to me, `Behold, I will make you fruitful, and
multiply you, and I will make of you a company of peoples, and will give this
land to your descendants after you for an everlasting possession.'
And now your two sons, who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came
to you in Egypt, are mine; E'phraim and Manas'seh shall be mine, as Reuben and
6: And the offspring born to you after them shall be
yours; they shall be called by the name of their brothers in their inheritance.
7: For when I came from Paddan, Rachel to my sorrow died in the land
of Canaan on the way, when there was still some distance to go to Ephrath; and I
buried her there on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem)."
Israel saw Joseph's sons, he said, "Who are these?"
9: Joseph said to
his father, "They are my sons, whom God has given me here." And he said, "Bring
them to me, I pray you, that I may bless them."
10: Now the eyes of
Israel were dim with age, so that he could not see. So Joseph brought them near
him; and he kissed them and embraced them.
11: And Israel said to
Joseph, "I had not thought to see your face; and lo, God has let me see your
12: Then Joseph removed them from his knees, and he
bowed himself with his face to the earth.
13: And Joseph took them
both, E'phraim in his right hand toward Israel's left hand, and Manas'seh in his
left hand toward Israel's right hand, and brought them near him.
And Israel stretched out his right hand and laid it upon the head of E'phraim,
who was the younger, and his left hand upon the head of Manas'seh, crossing his
hands, for Manas'seh was the first-born.
15: And he blessed Joseph,
and said, "The God before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked, the God who
has led me all my life long to this day,
16: the angel who has
redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and in them let my name be
perpetuated, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow
into a multitude in the midst of the earth."
17: When Joseph saw that
his father laid his right hand upon the head of E'phraim, it displeased him; and
he took his father's hand, to remove it from E'phraim's head to Manas'seh's
18: And Joseph said to his father, "Not so, my father; for this
one is the first-born; put your right hand upon his head."
his father refused, and said, "I know, my son, I know; he also shall become a
people, and he also shall be great; nevertheless his younger brother shall be
greater than he, and his descendants shall become a multitude of nations."
20: So he blessed them that day, saying, "By you Israel will
pronounce blessings, saying, `God make you as E'phraim and as Manas'seh'";
21: Then Israel said to Joseph, "Behold, I am about to die, but God
will be with you, and will bring you again to the land of your fathers.
22: Moreover I have given to you rather than to your brothers one
mountain slope which I took from the hand of the Amorites with my sword and with
1: Then Jacob called his sons, and said, "Gather
yourselves together, that I may tell you what shall befall you in days to come.
2: Assemble and hear, O sons of Jacob, and hearken to Israel your
3: Reuben, you are my first-born, my might, and the first
fruits of my strength, pre-eminent in pride and pre-eminent in power.
4: Unstable as water, you shall not have pre-eminence because you
went up to your father's bed; then you defiled it -- you went up to my couch!
5: Simeon and Levi are brothers; weapons of violence are their
6: O my soul, come not into their council; O my spirit, be
not joined to their company; for in their anger they slay men, and in their
wantonness they hamstring oxen.
7: Cursed be their anger, for it is
fierce; and their wrath, for it is cruel! I will divide them in Jacob and
scatter them in Israel.
8: Judah, your brothers shall praise you;
your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies; your father's sons shall bow
down before you.
9: Judah is a lion's whelp; from the prey, my son,
you have gone up. He stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as a lioness; who
dares rouse him up?
10: The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor
the ruler's staff from between his feet, until he comes to whom it belongs; and
to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.
11: Binding his foal to
the vine and his ass's colt to the choice vine, he washes his garments in wine
and his vesture in the blood of grapes;
12: his eyes shall be red
with wine, and his teeth white with milk.
13: Zeb'ulun shall dwell at
the shore of the sea; he shall become a haven for ships, and his border shall be
14: Is'sachar is a strong ass, crouching between the
15: he saw that a resting place was good, and that the
land was pleasant; so he bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a slave at
16: Dan shall judge his people as one of the tribes of
17: Dan shall be a serpent in the way, a viper by the path,
that bites the horse's heels so that his rider falls backward.
wait for thy salvation, O LORD.
19: Raiders shall raid Gad, but he
shall raid at their heels.
20: Asher's food shall be rich, and he
shall yield royal dainties.
21: Naph'tali is a hind let loose, that
bears comely fawns.
22: Joseph is a fruitful bough, a fruitful bough
by a spring; his branches run over the wall.
23: The archers fiercely
attacked him, shot at him, and harassed him sorely;
24: yet his bow
remained unmoved, his arms were made agile by the hands of the Mighty One of
Jacob (by the name of the Shepherd, the Rock of Israel),
25: by the
God of your father who will help you, by God Almighty who will bless you with
blessings of heaven above, blessings of the deep that couches beneath, blessings
of the breasts and of the womb.
26: The blessings of your father are
mighty beyond the blessings of the eternal mountains, the bounties of the
everlasting hills; may they be on the head of Joseph, and on the brow of him who
was separate from his brothers.
27: Benjamin is a ravenous wolf, in
the morning devouring the prey, and at even dividing the spoil."
All these are the twelve tribes of Israel; and this is what their father said to
them as he blessed them, blessing each with the blessing suitable to him.
29: Then he charged them, and said to them, "I am to be gathered to
my people; bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron
30: in the cave that is in the field at Mach-pe'lah, to
the east of Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought with the field
from Ephron the Hittite to possess as a burying place.
31: There they
buried Abraham and Sarah his wife; there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife;
and there I buried Leah --
32: the field and the cave that is in it
were purchased from the Hittites."
33: When Jacob finished charging
his sons, he drew up his feet into the bed, and breathed his last, and was
gathered to his people.
1: Then Joseph fell on his father's face, and wept
over him, and kissed him.
2: And Joseph commanded his servants the
physicians to embalm his father. So the physicians embalmed Israel;
3: forty days were required for it, for so many are required for
embalming. And the Egyptians wept for him seventy days.
4: And when
the days of weeping for him were past, Joseph spoke to the household of Pharaoh,
saying, "If now I have found favor in your eyes, speak, I pray you, in the ears
of Pharaoh, saying,
5: My father made me swear, saying, `I am about
to die: in my tomb which I hewed out for myself in the land of Canaan, there
shall you bury me.' Now therefore let me go up, I pray you, and bury my father;
then I will return."
6: And Pharaoh answered, "Go up, and bury your
father, as he made you swear."
7: So Joseph went up to bury his
father; and with him went up all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders of his
household, and all the elders of the land of Egypt,
8: as well as all
the household of Joseph, his brothers, and his father's household; only their
children, their flocks, and their herds were left in the land of Goshen.
9: And there went up with him both chariots and horsemen; it was a
very great company.
10: When they came to the threshing floor of
Atad, which is beyond the Jordan, they lamented there with a very great and
sorrowful lamentation; and he made a mourning for his father seven days.
11: When the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the
mourning on the threshing floor of Atad, they said, "This is a grievous mourning
to the Egyptians." Therefore the place was named A'bel-mizraim; it is beyond the
12: Thus his sons did for him as he had commanded them;
13: for his sons carried him to the land of Canaan, and buried him in
the cave of the field at Mach-pe'lah, to the east of Mamre, which Abraham bought
with the field from Ephron the Hittite, to possess as a burying place.
14: After he had buried his father, Joseph returned to Egypt with his
brothers and all who had gone up with him to bury his father.
When Joseph's brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, "It may be
that Joseph will hate us and pay us back for all the evil which we did to him."
16: So they sent a message to Joseph, saying, "Your father gave this
command before he died,
17: `Say to Joseph, Forgive, I pray you, the
transgression of your brothers and their sin, because they did evil to you.' And
now, we pray you, forgive the transgression of the servants of the God of your
father." Joseph wept when they spoke to him.
18: His brothers also
came and fell down before him, and said, "Behold, we are your servants."
19: But Joseph said to them, "Fear not, for am I in the place of God?
20: As for you, you meant evil against me; but God meant it for good,
to bring it about that many people should be kept alive, as they are today.
21: So do not fear; I will provide for you and your little ones."
Thus he reassured them and comforted them.
22: So Joseph dwelt in
Egypt, he and his father's house; and Joseph lived a hundred and ten years.
23: And Joseph saw E'phraim's children of the third generation; the
children also of Machir the son of Manas'seh were born upon Joseph's knees.
24: And Joseph said to his brothers, "I am about to die; but God will
visit you, and bring you up out of this land to the land which he swore to
Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob."
25: Then Joseph took an oath of the
sons of Israel, saying, "God will visit you, and you shall carry up my bones
26: So Joseph died, being a hundred and ten years old;
and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.