1: After the death of Joshua the people of Israel
inquired of the LORD,of "Who shall go up first for us against the Canaanites, to
fight against them?"
2: The LORD said, "Judah shall go up; behold, I
have given the land into his hand."
3: And Judah said to Simeon his
brother, "Come up with me into the territory allotted to me, that we may fight
against the Canaanites; and I likewise will go with you into the territory
allotted to you." So Simeon went with him.
4: Then Judah went up and
the LORD gave the Canaanites and the Per'izzites into their hand; and they
defeated ten thousand of them at Bezek.
5: They came upon
Ado'ni-be'zek at Bezek, and fought against him, and defeated the Canaanites and
6: Ado'ni-be'zek fled; but they pursued him, and
caught him, and cut off his thumbs and his great toes.
Ado'ni-be'zek said, "Seventy kings with their thumbs and their great toes cut
off used to pick up scraps under my table; as I have done, so God has requited
me." And they brought him to Jerusalem, and he died there.
8: And the
men of Judah fought against Jerusalem, and took it, and smote it with the edge
of the sword, and set the city on fire.
9: And afterward the men of
Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites who dwelt in the hill country,
in the Negeb, and in the lowland.
10: And Judah went against the
Canaanites who dwelt in Hebron (now the name of Hebron was formerly
Kir'iath-ar'ba); and they defeated She'shai and Ahi'man and Talmai.
11: From there they went against the inhabitants of Debir. The name
of Debir was formerly Kir'iath-se'pher.
12: And Caleb said, "He who
attacks Kir'iath-se'pher and takes it, I will give him Achsah my daughter as
13: And Oth'ni-el the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother,
took it; and he gave him Achsah his daughter as wife.
14: When she
came to him, she urged him to ask her father for a field; and she alighted from
her ass, and Caleb said to her, "What do you wish?"
15: She said to
him, "Give me a present; since you have set me in the land of the Negeb, give me
also springs of water." And Caleb gave her the upper springs and the lower
16: And the descendants of the Ken'ite, Moses'
father-in-law, went up with the people of Judah from the city of palms into the
wilderness of Judah, which lies in the Negeb near Arad; and they went and
settled with the people.
17: And Judah went with Simeon his brother,
and they defeated the Canaanites who inhabited Zephath, and utterly destroyed
it. So the name of the city was called Hormah.
18: Judah also took
Gaza with its territory, and Ash'kelon with its territory, and Ekron with its
19: And the LORD was with Judah, and he took possession of
the hill country, but he could not drive out the inhabitants of the plain,
because they had chariots of iron.
20: And Hebron was given to Caleb,
as Moses had said; and he drove out from it the three sons of Anak.
21: But the people of Benjamin did not drive out the Jeb'usites who
dwelt in Jerusalem; so the Jeb'usites have dwelt with the people of Benjamin in
Jerusalem to this day.
22: The house of Joseph also went up against
Bethel; and the LORD was with them.
23: And the house of Joseph sent
to spy out Bethel. (Now the name of the city was formerly Luz.)
And the spies saw a man coming out of the city, and they said to him, "Pray,
show us the way into the city, and we will deal kindly with you."
And he showed them the way into the city; and they smote the city with the edge
of the sword, but they let the man and all his family go.
26: And the
man went to the land of the Hittites and built a city, and called its name Luz;
that is its name to this day.
27: Manas'seh did not drive out the
inhabitants of Beth-she'an and its villages, or Ta'a-nach and its villages, or
the inhabitants of Dor and its villages, or the inhabitants of Ibleam and its
villages, or the inhabitants of Megid'do and its villages; but the Canaanites
persisted in dwelling in that land.
28: When Israel grew strong, they
put the Canaanites to forced labor, but did not utterly drive them out.
29: And E'phraim did not drive out the Canaanites who dwelt in Gezer;
but the Canaanites dwelt in Gezer among them.
30: Zeb'ulun did not
drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, or the inhabitants of Na'halol; but the
Canaanites dwelt among them, and became subject to forced labor.
Asher did not drive out the inhabitants of Acco, or the inhabitants of Sidon, or
of Ahlab, or of Achzib, or of Helbah, or of Aphik, or of Rehob;
but the Asherites dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land; for
they did not drive them out.
33: Naph'tali did not drive out the
inhabitants of Beth-she'mesh, or the inhabitants of Beth-anath, but dwelt among
the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land; nevertheless the inhabitants of
Beth-she'mesh and of Beth-anath became subject to forced labor for them.
34: The Amorites pressed the Danites back into the hill country, for
they did not allow them to come down to the plain;
35: the Amorites
persisted in dwelling in Har-heres, in Ai'jalon, and in Sha-al'bim, but the hand
of the house of Joseph rested heavily upon them, and they became subject to
36: And the border of the Amorites ran from the ascent
of Akrab'bim, from Sela and upward.
1: Now the angel of the LORD went up from Gilgal to
Bochim. And he said, "I brought you up from Egypt, and brought you into the land
which I swore to give to your fathers. I said, `I will never break my covenant
2: and you shall make no covenant with the inhabitants of
this land; you shall break down their altars.' But you have not obeyed my
command. What is this you have done?
3: So now I say, I will not
drive them out before you; but they shall become adversaries to you, and their
gods shall be a snare to you."
4: When the angel of the LORD spoke
these words to all the people of Israel, the people lifted up their voices and
5: And they called the name of that place Bochim; and they
sacrificed there to the LORD.
6: When Joshua dismissed the people,
the people of Israel went each to his inheritance to take possession of the
7: And the people served the LORD all the days of Joshua, and
all the days of the elders who outlived Joshua, who had seen all the great work
which the LORD had done for Israel.
8: And Joshua the son of Nun, the
servant of the LORD, died at the age of one hundred and ten years.
And they buried him within the bounds of his inheritance in Tim'nath-he'res, in
the hill country of E'phraim, north of the mountain of Ga'ash.
And all that generation also were gathered to their fathers; and there arose
another generation after them, who did not know the LORD or the work which he
had done for Israel.
11: And the people of Israel did what was evil
in the sight of the LORD and served the Ba'als;
12: and they forsook
the LORD, the God of their fathers, who had brought them out of the land of
Egypt; they went after other gods, from among the gods of the peoples who were
round about them, and bowed down to them; and they provoked the LORD to anger.
13: They forsook the LORD, and served the Ba'als and the Ash'taroth.
14: So the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he gave
them over to plunderers, who plundered them; and he sold them into the power of
their enemies round about, so that they could no longer withstand their enemies.
15: Whenever they marched out, the hand of the LORD was against them
for evil, as the LORD had warned, and as the LORD had sworn to them; and they
were in sore straits.
16: Then the LORD raised up judges, who saved
them out of the power of those who plundered them.
17: And yet they
did not listen to their judges; for they played the harlot after other gods and
bowed down to them; they soon turned aside from the way in which their fathers
had walked, who had obeyed the commandments of the LORD, and they did not do so.
18: Whenever the LORD raised up judges for them, the LORD was with
the judge, and he saved them from the hand of their enemies all the days of the
judge; for the LORD was moved to pity by their groaning because of those who
afflicted and oppressed them.
19: But whenever the judge died, they
turned back and behaved worse than their fathers, going after other gods,
serving them and bowing down to them; they did not drop any of their practices
or their stubborn ways.
20: So the anger of the LORD was kindled
against Israel; and he said, "Because this people have transgressed my covenant
which I commanded their fathers, and have not obeyed my voice,
will not henceforth drive out before them any of the nations that Joshua left
when he died,
22: that by them I may test Israel, whether they will
take care to walk in the way of the LORD as their fathers did, or not."
23: So the LORD left those nations, not driving them out at once, and
he did not give them into the power of Joshua.
1: Now these are the nations which the LORD left,
to test Israel by them, that is, all in Israel who had no experience of any war
2: it was only that the generations of the people of
Israel might know war, that he might teach war to such at least as had not known
3: These are the nations: the five lords of the
Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sido'nians, and the Hivites who
dwelt on Mount Lebanon, from Mount Ba'al-her'mon as far as the entrance of
4: They were for the testing of Israel, to know whether
Israel would obey the commandments of the LORD, which he commanded their fathers
5: So the people of Israel dwelt among the Canaanites, the
Hittites, the Amorites, the Per'izzites, the Hivites, and the Jeb'usites;
6: and they took their daughters to themselves for wives, and their
own daughters they gave to their sons; and they served their gods.
And the people of Israel did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, forgetting
the LORD their God, and serving the Ba'als and the Ashe'roth.
Therefore the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he sold them
into the hand of Cu'shan-rishatha'im king of Mesopota'mia; and the people of
Israel served Cu'shan-rishatha'im eight years.
9: But when the people
of Israel cried to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer for the people of
Israel, who delivered them, Oth'ni-el the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.
10: The Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he judged Israel; he
went out to war, and the LORD gave Cu'shan-rishatha'im king of Mesopota'mia into
his hand; and his hand prevailed over Cu'shan-rishatha'im.
11: So the
land had rest forty years. Then Oth'ni-el the son of Kenaz died.
And the people of Israel again did what was evil in the sight of the LORD; and
the LORD strengthened Eglon the king of Moab against Israel, because they had
done what was evil in the sight of the LORD.
13: He gathered to
himself the Ammonites and the Amal'ekites, and went and defeated Israel; and
they took possession of the city of palms.
14: And the people of
Israel served Eglon the king of Moab eighteen years.
15: But when the
people of Israel cried to the LORD, the LORD raised up for them a deliverer,
Ehud, the son of Gera, the Benjaminite, a left-handed man. The people of Israel
sent tribute by him to Eglon the king of Moab.
16: And Ehud made for
himself a sword with two edges, a cubit in length; and he girded it on his right
thigh under his clothes.
17: And he presented the tribute to Eglon
king of Moab. Now Eglon was a very fat man.
18: And when Ehud had
finished presenting the tribute, he sent away the people that carried the
19: But he himself turned back at the sculptured stones near
Gilgal, and said, "I have a secret message for you, O king." And he commanded,
"Silence." And all his attendants went out from his presence.
Ehud came to him, as he was sitting alone in his cool roof chamber. And Ehud
said, "I have a message from God for you." And he arose from his seat.
21: And Ehud reached with his left hand, took the sword from his
right thigh, and thrust it into his belly;
22: and the hilt also went
in after the blade, and the fat closed over the blade, for he did not draw the
sword out of his belly; and the dirt came out.
23: Then Ehud went out
into the vestibule, and closed the doors of the roof chamber upon him, and
24: When he had gone, the servants came; and when they
saw that the doors of the roof chamber were locked, they thought, "He is only
relieving himself in the closet of the cool chamber."
25: And they
waited till they were utterly at a loss; but when he still did not open the
doors of the roof chamber, they took the key and opened them; and there lay
their lord dead on the floor.
26: Ehud escaped while they delayed,
and passed beyond the sculptured stones, and escaped to Se-i'rah.
When he arrived, he sounded the trumpet in the hill country of E'phraim; and the
people of Israel went down with him from the hill country, having him at their
28: And he said to them, "Follow after me; for the LORD has
given your enemies the Moabites into your hand." So they went down after him,
and seized the fords of the Jordan against the Moabites, and allowed not a man
to pass over.
29: And they killed at that time about ten thousand of
the Moabites, all strong, able-bodied men; not a man escaped.
Moab was subdued that day under the hand of Israel. And the land had rest for
31: After him was Shamgar the son of Anath, who killed
six hundred of the Philistines with an oxgoad; and he too delivered Israel.
1: And the people of Israel again did what was evil
in the sight of the LORD, after Ehud died.
2: And the LORD sold them
into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan, who reigned in Hazor; the commander of
his army was Sis'era, who dwelt in Haro'sheth-ha-goiim.
3: Then the
people of Israel cried to the LORD for help; for he had nine hundred chariots of
iron, and oppressed the people of Israel cruelly for twenty years.
Now Deb'orah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapp'idoth, was judging Israel at that
5: She used to sit under the palm of Deb'orah between Ramah and
Bethel in the hill country of E'phraim; and the people of Israel came up to her
6: She sent and summoned Barak the son of Abin'o-am
from Kedesh in Naph'tali, and said to him, "The LORD, the God of Israel,
commands you, `Go, gather your men at Mount Tabor, taking ten thousand from the
tribe of Naph'tali and the tribe of Zeb'ulun.
7: And I will draw out
Sis'era, the general of Jabin's army, to meet you by the river Kishon with his
chariots and his troops; and I will give him into your hand.'"
Barak said to her, "If you will go with me, I will go; but if you will not go
with me, I will not go."
9: And she said, "I will surely go with you;
nevertheless, the road on which you are going will not lead to your glory, for
the LORD will sell Sis'era into the hand of a woman." Then Deb'orah arose, and
went with Barak to Kedesh.
10: And Barak summoned Zeb'ulun and
Naph'tali to Kedesh; and ten thousand men went up at his heels; and Deb'orah
went up with him.
11: Now Heber the Ken'ite had separated from the
Ken'ites, the descendants of Hobab the father-in-law of Moses, and had pitched
his tent as far away as the oak in Za-anan'nim, which is near Kedesh.
12: When Sis'era was told that Barak the son of Abin'o-am had gone up
to Mount Tabor,
13: Sis'era called out all his chariots, nine hundred
chariots of iron, and all the men who were with him, from Haro'sheth-ha-goiim to
the river Kishon.
14: And Deb'orah said to Barak, "Up! For this is
the day in which the LORD has given Sis'era into your hand. Does not the LORD go
out before you?" So Barak went down from Mount Tabor with ten thousand men
15: And the LORD routed Sis'era and all his chariots
and all his army before Barak at the edge of the sword; and Sis'era alighted
from his chariot and fled away on foot.
16: And Barak pursued the
chariots and the army to Haro'sheth-ha-goiim, and all the army of Sis'era fell
by the edge of the sword; not a man was left.
17: But Sis'era fled
away on foot to the tent of Ja'el, the wife of Heber the Ken'ite; for there was
peace between Jabin the king of Hazor and the house of Heber the Ken'ite.
18: And Ja'el came out to meet Sis'era, and said to him, "Turn aside,
my lord, turn aside to me; have no fear." So he turned aside to her into the
tent, and she covered him with a rug.
19: And he said to her, "Pray,
give me a little water to drink; for I am thirsty." So she opened a skin of milk
and gave him a drink and covered him.
20: And he said to her, "Stand
at the door of the tent, and if any man comes and asks you, `Is any one here?'
21: But Ja'el the wife of Heber took a tent peg, and took a
hammer in her hand, and went softly to him and drove the peg into his temple,
till it went down into the ground, as he was lying fast asleep from weariness.
So he died.
22: And behold, as Barak pursued Sis'era, Ja'el went out
to meet him, and said to him, "Come, and I will show you the man whom you are
seeking." So he went in to her tent; and there lay Sis'era dead, with the tent
peg in his temple.
23: So on that day God subdued Jabin the king of
Canaan before the people of Israel.
24: And the hand of the people of
Israel bore harder and harder on Jabin the king of Canaan, until they destroyed
Jabin king of Canaan.
1: Then sang Deb'orah and Barak the son of
Abin'o-am on that day:
2: "That the leaders took the lead in Israel,
that the people offered themselves willingly, bless the LORD!
"Hear, O kings; give ear, O princes; to the LORD I will sing, I will make melody
to the LORD, the God of Israel.
4: "LORD, when thou didst go forth
from Se'ir, when thou didst march from the region of Edom, the earth trembled,
and the heavens dropped, yea, the clouds dropped water.
mountains quaked before the LORD, yon Sinai before the LORD, the God of Israel.
6: "In the days of Shamgar, son of Anath, in the days of Ja'el,
caravans ceased and travelers kept to the byways.
7: The peasantry
ceased in Israel, they ceased until you arose, Deb'orah, arose as a mother in
8: When new gods were chosen, then war was in the gates. Was
shield or spear to be seen among forty thousand in Israel?
heart goes out to the commanders of Israel who offered themselves willingly
among the people. Bless the LORD.
10: "Tell of it, you who ride on
tawny asses, you who sit on rich carpets and you who walk by the way.
11: To the sound of musicians at the watering places, there they
repeat the triumphs of the LORD, the triumphs of his peasantry in Israel. "Then
down to the gates marched the people of the LORD.
12: "Awake, awake,
Deb'orah! Awake, awake, utter a song! Arise, Barak, lead away your captives, O
son of Abin'o-am.
13: Then down marched the remnant of the noble; the
people of the LORD marched down for him against the mighty.
E'phraim they set out thither into the valley, following you, Benjamin, with
your kinsmen; from Machir marched down the commanders, and from Zeb'ulun those
who bear the marshal's staff;
15: the princes of Is'sachar came with
Deb'orah, and Is'sachar faithful to Barak; into the valley they rushed forth at
his heels. Among the clans of Reuben there were great searchings of heart.
16: Why did you tarry among the sheepfolds, to hear the piping for
the flocks? Among the clans of Reuben there were great searchings of heart.
17: Gilead stayed beyond the Jordan; and Dan, why did he abide with
the ships? Asher sat still at the coast of the sea, settling down by his
18: Zeb'ulun is a people that jeoparded their lives to the
death; Naph'tali too, on the heights of the field.
19: "The kings
came, they fought; then fought the kings of Canaan, at Ta'anach, by the waters
of Megid'do; they got no spoils of silver.
20: From heaven fought the
stars, from their courses they fought against Sis'era.
torrent Kishon swept them away, the onrushing torrent, the torrent Kishon. March
on, my soul, with might!
22: "Then loud beat the horses' hoofs with
the galloping, galloping of his steeds.
23: "Curse Meroz, says the
angel of the LORD, curse bitterly its inhabitants, because they came not to the
help of the LORD, to the help of the LORD against the mighty.
"Most blessed of women be Ja'el, the wife of Heber the Ken'ite, of tent-dwelling
women most blessed.
25: He asked water and she gave him milk, she
brought him curds in a lordly bowl.
26: She put her hand to the tent
peg and her right hand to the workmen's mallet; she struck Sis'era a blow, she
crushed his head, she shattered and pierced his temple.
27: He sank,
he fell, he lay still at her feet; at her feet he sank, he fell; where he sank,
there he fell dead.
28: "Out of the window she peered, the mother of
Sis'era gazed through the lattice: `Why is his chariot so long in coming? Why
tarry the hoofbeats of his chariots?'
29: Her wisest ladies make
answer, nay, she gives answer to herself,
30: `Are they not finding
and dividing the spoil? -- A maiden or two for every man; spoil of dyed stuffs
for Sis'era, spoil of dyed stuffs embroidered, two pieces of dyed work
embroidered for my neck as spoil?'
31: "So perish all thine enemies,
O LORD! But thy friends be like the sun as he rises in his might." And the land
had rest for forty years.
1: The people of Israel did what was evil in the
sight of the LORD; and the LORD gave them into the hand of Mid'ian seven years.
2: And the hand of Mid'ian prevailed over Israel; and because of
Mid'ian the people of Israel made for themselves the dens which are in the
mountains, and the caves and the strongholds.
3: For whenever the
Israelites put in seed the Mid'ianites and the Amal'ekites and the people of the
East would come up and attack them;
4: they would encamp against them
and destroy the produce of the land, as far as the neighborhood of Gaza, and
leave no sustenance in Israel, and no sheep or ox or ass.
5: For they
would come up with their cattle and their tents, coming like locusts for number;
both they and their camels could not be counted; so that they wasted the land as
they came in.
6: And Israel was brought very low because of Mid'ian;
and the people of Israel cried for help to the LORD.
7: When the
people of Israel cried to the LORD on account of the Mid'ianites,
the LORD sent a prophet to the people of Israel; and he said to them, "Thus says
the LORD, the God of Israel: I led you up from Egypt, and brought you out of the
house of bondage;
9: and I delivered you from the hand of the
Egyptians, and from the hand of all who oppressed you, and drove them out before
you, and gave you their land;
10: and I said to you, `I am the LORD
your God; you shall not pay reverence to the gods of the Amorites, in whose land
you dwell.' But you have not given heed to my voice."
11: Now the
angel of the LORD came and sat under the oak at Ophrah, which belonged to Jo'ash
the Abiez'rite, as his son Gideon was beating out wheat in the wine press, to
hide it from the Mid'ianites.
12: And the angel of the LORD appeared
to him and said to him, "The LORD is with you, you mighty man of valor."
13: And Gideon said to him, "Pray, sir, if the LORD is with us, why
then has all this befallen us? And where are all his wonderful deeds which our
fathers recounted to us, saying, `Did not the LORD bring us up from Egypt?' But
now the LORD has cast us off, and given us into the hand of Mid'ian."
14: And the LORD turned to him and said, "Go in this might of yours
and deliver Israel from the hand of Mid'ian; do not I send you?"
And he said to him, "Pray, Lord, how can I deliver Israel? Behold, my clan is
the weakest in Manas'seh, and I am the least in my family."
the LORD said to him, "But I will be with you, and you shall smite the
Mid'ianites as one man."
17: And he said to him, "If now I have found
favor with thee, then show me a sign that it is thou who speakest with me.
18: Do not depart from here, I pray thee, until I come to thee, and
bring out my present, and set it before thee." And he said, "I will stay till
19: So Gideon went into his house and prepared a kid,
and unleavened cakes from an ephah of flour; the meat he put in a basket, and
the broth he put in a pot, and brought them to him under the oak and presented
20: And the angel of God said to him, "Take the meat and the
unleavened cakes, and put them on this rock, and pour the broth over them." And
he did so.
21: Then the angel of the LORD reached out the tip of the
staff that was in his hand, and touched the meat and the unleavened cakes; and
there sprang up fire from the rock and consumed the flesh and the unleavened
cakes; and the angel of the LORD vanished from his sight.
Gideon perceived that he was the angel of the LORD; and Gideon said, "Alas, O
Lord GOD! For now I have seen the angel of the LORD face to face."
23: But the LORD said to him, "Peace be to you; do not fear, you
shall not die."
24: Then Gideon built an altar there to the LORD, and
called it, The LORD is peace. To this day it still stands at Ophrah, which
belongs to the Abiez'rites.
25: That night the LORD said to him,
"Take your father's bull, the second bull seven years old, and pull down the
altar of Ba'al which your father has, and cut down the Ashe'rah that is beside
26: and build an altar to the LORD your God on the top of the
stronghold here, with stones laid in due order; then take the second bull, and
offer it as a burnt offering with the wood of the Ashe'rah which you shall cut
27: So Gideon took ten men of his servants, and did as the
LORD had told him; but because he was too afraid of his family and the men of
the town to do it by day, he did it by night.
28: When the men of the
town rose early in the morning, behold, the altar of Ba'al was broken down, and
the Ashe'rah beside it was cut down, and the second bull was offered upon the
altar which had been built.
29: And they said to one another, "Who
has done this thing?" And after they had made search and inquired, they said,
"Gideon the son of Jo'ash has done this thing."
30: Then the men of
the town said to Jo'ash, "Bring out your son, that he may die, for he has pulled
down the altar of Ba'al and cut down the Ashe'rah beside it."
Jo'ash said to all who were arrayed against him, "Will you contend for Ba'al? Or
will you defend his cause? Whoever contends for him shall be put to death by
morning. If he is a god, let him contend for himself, because his altar has been
32: Therefore on that day he was called Jerubba'al,
that is to say, "Let Ba'al contend against him," because he pulled down his
33: Then all the Mid'ianites and the Amal'ekites and the
people of the East came together, and crossing the Jordan they encamped in the
Valley of Jezreel.
34: But the Spirit of the LORD took possession of
Gideon; and he sounded the trumpet, and the Abiez'rites were called out to
35: And he sent messengers throughout all Manas'seh; and
they too were called out to follow him. And he sent messengers to Asher,
Zeb'ulun, and Naph'tali; and they went up to meet them.
Gideon said to God, "If thou wilt deliver Israel by my hand, as thou hast said,
37: behold, I am laying a fleece of wool on the threshing floor; if
there is dew on the fleece alone, and it is dry on all the ground, then I shall
know that thou wilt deliver Israel by my hand, as thou hast said."
38: And it was so. When he rose early next morning and squeezed the
fleece, he wrung enough dew from the fleece to fill a bowl with water.
39: Then Gideon said to God, "Let not thy anger burn against me, let
me speak but this once; pray, let me make trial only this once with the fleece;
pray, let it be dry only on the fleece, and on all the ground let there be dew."
40: And God did so that night; for it was dry on the fleece only, and
on all the ground there was dew.
1: Then Jerubba'al (that is, Gideon) and all the
people who were with him rose early and encamped beside the spring of Harod; and
the camp of Mid'ian was north of them, by the hill of Moreh, in the valley.
2: The LORD said to Gideon, "The people with you are too many for me
to give the Mid'ianites into their hand, lest Israel vaunt themselves against
me, saying, `My own hand has delivered me.'
3: Now therefore proclaim
in the ears of the people, saying, `Whoever is fearful and trembling, let him
return home.'" And Gideon tested them; twenty-two thousand returned, and ten
4: And the LORD said to Gideon, "The people are
still too many; take them down to the water and I will test them for you there;
and he of whom I say to you, `This man shall go with you,' shall go with you;
and any of whom I say to you, `This man shall not go with you,' shall not go."
5: So he brought the people down to the water; and the LORD said to
Gideon, "Every one that laps the water with his tongue, as a dog laps, you shall
set by himself; likewise every one that kneels down to drink."
the number of those that lapped, putting their hands to their mouths, was three
hundred men; but all the rest of the people knelt down to drink water.
7: And the LORD said to Gideon, "With the three hundred men that
lapped I will deliver you, and give the Mid'ianites into your hand; and let all
the others go every man to his home."
8: So he took the jars of the
people from their hands, and their trumpets; and he sent all the rest of Israel
every man to his tent, but retained the three hundred men; and the camp of
Mid'ian was below him in the valley.
9: That same night the LORD said
to him, "Arise, go down against the camp; for I have given it into your hand.
10: But if you fear to go down, go down to the camp with Purah your
11: and you shall hear what they say, and afterward your
hands shall be strengthened to go down against the camp." Then he went down with
Purah his servant to the outposts of the armed men that were in the camp.
12: And the Mid'ianites and the Amal'ekites and all the people of the
East lay along the valley like locusts for multitude; and their camels were
without number, as the sand which is upon the seashore for multitude.
13: When Gideon came, behold, a man was telling a dream to his
comrade; and he said, "Behold, I dreamed a dream; and lo, a cake of barley bread
tumbled into the camp of Mid'ian, and came to the tent, and struck it so that it
fell, and turned it upside down, so that the tent lay flat."
his comrade answered, "This is no other than the sword of Gideon the son of
Jo'ash, a man of Israel; into his hand God has given Mid'ian and all the host."
15: When Gideon heard the telling of the dream and its
interpretation, he worshiped; and he returned to the camp of Israel, and said,
"Arise; for the LORD has given the host of Mid'ian into your hand."
16: And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and
put trumpets into the hands of all of them and empty jars, with torches inside
17: And he said to them, "Look at me, and do likewise; when
I come to the outskirts of the camp, do as I do.
18: When I blow the
trumpet, I and all who are with me, then blow the trumpets also on every side of
all the camp, and shout, `For the LORD and for Gideon.'"
Gideon and the hundred men who were with him came to the outskirts of the camp
at the beginning of the middle watch, when they had just set the watch; and they
blew the trumpets and smashed the jars that were in their hands.
And the three companies blew the trumpets and broke the jars, holding in their
left hands the torches, and in their right hands the trumpets to blow; and they
cried, "A sword for the LORD and for Gideon!"
21: They stood every
man in his place round about the camp, and all the army ran; they cried out and
22: When they blew the three hundred trumpets, the LORD set
every man's sword against his fellow and against all the army; and the army fled
as far as Beth-shit'tah toward Zer'erah, as far as the border of A'bel-meho'lah,
23: And the men of Israel were called out from Naph'tali
and from Asher and from all Manas'seh, and they pursued after Mid'ian.
24: And Gideon sent messengers throughout all the hill country of
E'phraim, saying, "Come down against the Mid'ianites and seize the waters
against them, as far as Beth-bar'ah, and also the Jordan." So all the men of
E'phraim were called out, and they seized the waters as far as Beth-bar'ah, and
also the Jordan.
25: And they took the two princes of Mid'ian, Oreb
and Zeeb; they killed Oreb at the rock of Oreb, and Zeeb they killed at the wine
press of Zeeb, as they pursued Mid'ian; and they brought the heads of Oreb and
Zeeb to Gideon beyond the Jordan.
1: And the men of E'phraim said to him, "What is
this that you have done to us, not to call us when you went to fight with
Mid'ian?" And they upbraided him violently.
2: And he said to them,
"What have I done now in comparison with you? Is not the gleaning of the grapes
of E'phraim better than the vintage of Abi-e'zer?
3: God has given
into your hands the princes of Mid'ian, Oreb and Zeeb; what have I been able to
do in comparison with you?" Then their anger against him was abated, when he had
4: And Gideon came to the Jordan and passed over, he and
the three hundred men who were with him, faint yet pursuing.
5: So he
said to the men of Succoth, "Pray, give loaves of bread to the people who follow
me; for they are faint, and I am pursuing after Zebah and Zalmun'na, the kings
6: And the officials of Succoth said, "Are Zebah and
Zalmun'na already in your hand, that we should give bread to your army?"
7: And Gideon said, "Well then, when the LORD has given Zebah and
Zalmun'na into my hand, I will flail your flesh with the thorns of the
wilderness and with briers."
8: And from there he went up to Penu'el,
and spoke to them in the same way; and the men of Penu'el answered him as the
men of Succoth had answered.
9: And he said to the men of Penu'el,
"When I come again in peace, I will break down this tower."
Zebah and Zalmun'na were in Karkor with their army, about fifteen thousand men,
all who were left of all the army of the people of the East; for there had
fallen a hundred and twenty thousand men who drew the sword.
Gideon went up by the caravan route east of Nobah and Jog'behah, and attacked
the army; for the army was off its guard.
12: And Zebah and Zalmun'na
fled; and he pursued them and took the two kings of Mid'ian, Zebah and
Zalmun'na, and he threw all the army into a panic.
13: Then Gideon
the son of Jo'ash returned from the battle by the ascent of Heres.
14: And he caught a young man of Succoth, and questioned him; and he
wrote down for him the officials and elders of Succoth, seventy-seven men.
15: And he came to the men of Succoth, and said, "Behold Zebah and
Zalmun'na, about whom you taunted me, saying, `Are Zebah and Zalmun'na already
in your hand, that we should give bread to your men who are faint?'"
16: And he took the elders of the city and he took thorns of the
wilderness and briers and with them taught the men of Succoth.
And he broke down the tower of Penu'el, and slew the men of the city.
18: Then he said to Zebah and Zalmun'na, "Where are the men whom you
slew at Tabor?" They answered, "As you are, so were they, every one of them;
they resembled the sons of a king."
19: And he said, "They were my
brothers, the sons of my mother; as the LORD lives, if you had saved them alive,
I would not slay you."
20: And he said to Jether his first-born,
"Rise, and slay them." But the youth did not draw his sword; for he was afraid,
because he was still a youth.
21: Then Zebah and Zalmun'na said,
"Rise yourself, and fall upon us; for as the man is, so is his strength." And
Gideon arose and slew Zebah and Zalmun'na; and he took the crescents that were
on the necks of their camels.
22: Then the men of Israel said to
Gideon, "Rule over us, you and your son and your grandson also; for you have
delivered us out of the hand of Mid'ian."
23: Gideon said to them, "I
will not rule over you, and my son will not rule over you; the LORD will rule
24: And Gideon said to them, "Let me make a request of
you; give me every man of you the earrings of his spoil." (For they had golden
earrings, because they were Ish'maelites.)
25: And they answered, "We
will willingly give them." And they spread a garment, and every man cast in it
the earrings of his spoil.
26: And the weight of the golden earrings
that he requested was one thousand seven hundred shekels of gold; besides the
crescents and the pendants and the purple garments worn by the kings of Mid'ian,
and besides the collars that were about the necks of their camels.
27: And Gideon made an ephod of it and put it in his city, in Ophrah;
and all Israel played the harlot after it there, and it became a snare to Gideon
and to his family.
28: So Mid'ian was subdued before the people of
Israel, and they lifted up their heads no more. And the land had rest forty
years in the days of Gideon.
29: Jerubba'al the son of Jo'ash went
and dwelt in his own house.
30: Now Gideon had seventy sons, his own
offspring, for he had many wives.
31: And his concubine who was in
Shechem also bore him a son, and he called his name Abim'elech.
And Gideon the son of Jo'ash died in a good old age, and was buried in the tomb
of Jo'ash his father, at Ophrah of the Abiez'rites.
33: As soon as
Gideon died, the people of Israel turned again and played the harlot after the
Ba'als, and made Ba'al-be'rith their god.
34: And the people of
Israel did not remember the LORD their God, who had rescued them from the hand
of all their enemies on every side;
35: and they did not show
kindness to the family of Jerubba'al (that is, Gideon) in return for all the
good that he had done to Israel.
1: Now Abim'elech the son of Jerubba'al went to
Shechem to his mother's kinsmen and said to them and to the whole clan of his
2: "Say in the ears of all the citizens of Shechem,
`Which is better for you, that all seventy of the sons of Jerubba'al rule over
you, or that one rule over you?' Remember also that I am your bone and your
3: And his mother's kinsmen spoke all these words on his
behalf in the ears of all the men of Shechem; and their hearts inclined to
follow Abim'elech, for they said, "He is our brother."
4: And they
gave him seventy pieces of silver out of the house of Ba'al-be'rith with which
Abim'elech hired worthless and reckless fellows, who followed him.
And he went to his father's house at Ophrah, and slew his brothers the sons of
Jerubba'al, seventy men, upon one stone; but Jotham the youngest son of
Jerubba'al was left, for he hid himself.
6: And all the citizens of
Shechem came together, and all Beth-millo, and they went and made Abim'elech
king, by the oak of the pillar at Shechem.
7: When it was told to
Jotham, he went and stood on the top of Mount Ger'izim, and cried aloud and said
to them, "Listen to me, you men of Shechem, that God may listen to you.
8: The trees once went forth to anoint a king over them; and they
said to the olive tree, `Reign over us.'
9: But the olive tree said
to them, `Shall I leave my fatness, by which gods and men are honored, and go to
sway over the trees?'
10: And the trees said to the fig tree, `Come
you, and reign over us.'
11: But the fig tree said to them, `Shall I
leave my sweetness and my good fruit, and go to sway over the trees?'
12: And the trees said to the vine, `Come you, and reign over us.'
13: But the vine said to them, `Shall I leave my wine which cheers
gods and men, and go to sway over the trees?'
14: Then all the trees
said to the bramble, `Come you, and reign over us.'
15: And the
bramble said to the trees, `If in good faith you are anointing me king over you,
then come and take refuge in my shade; but if not, let fire come out of the
bramble and devour the cedars of Lebanon.'
16: "Now therefore, if you
acted in good faith and honor when you made Abim'elech king, and if you have
dealt well with Jerubba'al and his house, and have done to him as his deeds
17: for my father fought for you, and risked his life,
and rescued you from the hand of Mid'ian;
18: and you have risen up
against my father's house this day, and have slain his sons, seventy men on one
stone, and have made Abim'elech, the son of his maidservant, king over the
citizens of Shechem, because he is your kinsman --
19: if you then
have acted in good faith and honor with Jerubba'al and with his house this day,
then rejoice in Abim'elech, and let him also rejoice in you;
if not, let fire come out from Abim'elech, and devour the citizens of Shechem,
and Beth-millo; and let fire come out from the citizens of Shechem, and from
Beth-millo, and devour Abim'elech."
21: And Jotham ran away and fled,
and went to Beer and dwelt there, for fear of Abim'elech his brother.
22: Abim'elech ruled over Israel three years.
23: And God
sent an evil spirit between Abim'elech and the men of Shechem; and the men of
Shechem dealt treacherously with Abim'elech;
24: that the violence
done to the seventy sons of Jerubba'al might come and their blood be laid upon
Abim'elech their brother, who slew them, and upon the men of Shechem, who
strengthened his hands to slay his brothers.
25: And the men of
Shechem put men in ambush against him on the mountain tops, and they robbed all
who passed by them along that way; and it was told Abim'elech.
And Ga'al the son of Ebed moved into Shechem with his kinsmen; and the men of
Shechem put confidence in him.
27: And they went out into the field,
and gathered the grapes from their vineyards and trod them, and held festival,
and went into the house of their god, and ate and drank and reviled Abim'elech.
28: And Ga'al the son of Ebed said, "Who is Abim'elech, and who are
we of Shechem, that we should serve him? Did not the son of Jerubba'al and Zebul
his officer serve the men of Hamor the father of Shechem? Why then should we
29: Would that this people were under my hand! then I
would remove Abim'elech. I would say to Abim'elech, `Increase your army, and
30: When Zebul the ruler of the city heard the words of
Ga'al the son of Ebed, his anger was kindled.
31: And he sent
messengers to Abim'elech at Aru'mah, saying, "Behold, Ga'al the son of Ebed and
his kinsmen have come to Shechem, and they are stirring up the city against you.
32: Now therefore, go by night, you and the men that are with you,
and lie in wait in the fields.
33: Then in the morning, as soon as
the sun is up, rise early and rush upon the city; and when he and the men that
are with him come out against you, you may do to them as occasion offers."
34: And Abim'elech and all the men that were with him rose up by
night, and laid wait against Shechem in four companies.
35: And Ga'al
the son of Ebed went out and stood in the entrance of the gate of the city; and
Abim'elech and the men that were with him rose from the ambush.
And when Ga'al saw the men, he said to Zebul, "Look, men are coming down from
the mountain tops!" And Zebul said to him, "You see the shadow of the mountains
as if they were men."
37: Ga'al spoke again and said, "Look, men are
coming down from the center of the land, and one company is coming from the
direction of the Diviners' Oak."
38: Then Zebul said to him, "Where
is your mouth now, you who said, `Who is Abim'elech, that we should serve him?'
Are not these the men whom you despised? Go out now and fight with them."
39: And Ga'al went out at the head of the men of Shechem, and fought
40: And Abim'elech chased him, and he fled before
him; and many fell wounded, up to the entrance of the gate.
Abim'elech dwelt at Aru'mah; and Zebul drove out Ga'al and his kinsmen, so that
they could not live on at Shechem.
42: On the following day the men
went out into the fields. And Abim'elech was told.
43: He took his
men and divided them into three companies, and laid wait in the fields; and he
looked and saw the men coming out of the city, and he rose against them and slew
44: Abim'elech and the company that was with him rushed forward
and stood at the entrance of the gate of the city, while the two companies
rushed upon all who were in the fields and slew them.
Abim'elech fought against the city all that day; he took the city, and killed
the people that were in it; and he razed the city and sowed it with salt.
46: When all the people of the Tower of Shechem heard of it, they
entered the stronghold of the house of El-be'rith.
47: Abim'elech was
told that all the people of the Tower of Shechem were gathered together.
48: And Abim'elech went up to Mount Zalmon, he and all the men that
were with him; and Abim'elech took an axe in his hand, and cut down a bundle of
brushwood, and took it up and laid it on his shoulder. And he said to the men
that were with him, "What you have seen me do, make haste to do, as I have
49: So every one of the people cut down his bundle and
following Abim'elech put it against the stronghold, and they set the stronghold
on fire over them, so that all the people of the Tower of Shechem also died,
about a thousand men and women.
50: Then Abim'elech went to Thebez,
and encamped against Thebez, and took it.
51: But there was a strong
tower within the city, and all the people of the city fled to it, all the men
and women, and shut themselves in; and they went to the roof of the tower.
52: And Abim'elech came to the tower, and fought against it, and drew
near to the door of the tower to burn it with fire.
53: And a certain
woman threw an upper millstone upon Abim'elech's head, and crushed his skull.
54: Then he called hastily to the young man his armor-bearer, and
said to him, "Draw your sword and kill me, lest men say of me, `A woman killed
him.'" And his young man thrust him through, and he died.
when the men of Israel saw that Abim'elech was dead, they departed every man to
56: Thus God requited the crime of Abim'elech, which he
committed against his father in killing his seventy brothers;
God also made all the wickedness of the men of Shechem fall back upon their
heads, and upon them came the curse of Jotham the son of Jerubba'al.
1: After Abim'elech there arose to deliver Israel
Tola the son of Pu'ah, son of Dodo, a man of Is'sachar; and he lived at Shamir
in the hill country of E'phraim.
2: And he judged Israel twenty-three
years. Then he died, and was buried at Shamir.
3: After him arose
Ja'ir the Gileadite, who judged Israel twenty-two years.
4: And he
had thirty sons who rode on thirty asses; and they had thirty cities, called
Hav'voth-ja'ir to this day, which are in the land of Gilead.
Ja'ir died, and was buried in Kamon.
6: And the people of Israel
again did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, and served the Ba'als and the
Ash'taroth, the gods of Syria, the gods of Sidon, the gods of Moab, the gods of
the Ammonites, and the gods of the Philistines; and they forsook the LORD, and
did not serve him.
7: And the anger of the LORD was kindled against
Israel, and he sold them into the hand of the Philistines and into the hand of
8: and they crushed and oppressed the children of
Israel that year. For eighteen years they oppressed all the people of Israel
that were beyond the Jordan in the land of the Amorites, which is in Gilead.
9: And the Ammonites crossed the Jordan to fight also against Judah
and against Benjamin and against the house of E'phraim; so that Israel was
10: And the people of Israel cried to the LORD,
saying, "We have sinned against thee, because we have forsaken our God and have
served the Ba'als."
11: And the LORD said to the people of Israel,
"Did I not deliver you from the Egyptians and from the Amorites, from the
Ammonites and from the Philistines?
12: The Sido'nians also, and the
Amal'ekites, and the Ma'onites, oppressed you; and you cried to me, and I
delivered you out of their hand.
13: Yet you have forsaken me and
served other gods; therefore I will deliver you no more.
14: Go and
cry to the gods whom you have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your
15: And the people of Israel said to the LORD, "We have
sinned; do to us whatever seems good to thee; only deliver us, we pray thee,
16: So they put away the foreign gods from among them and
served the LORD; and he became indignant over the misery of Israel.
17: Then the Ammonites were called to arms, and they encamped in
Gilead; and the people of Israel came together, and they encamped at Mizpah.
18: And the people, the leaders of Gilead, said one to another, "Who
is the man that will begin to fight against the Ammonites? He shall be head over
all the inhabitants of Gilead."
1: Now Jephthah the Gileadite was a mighty warrior,
but he was the son of a harlot. Gilead was the father of Jephthah.
And Gilead's wife also bore him sons; and when his wife's sons grew up, they
thrust Jephthah out, and said to him, "You shall not inherit in our father's
house; for you are the son of another woman."
3: Then Jephthah fled
from his brothers, and dwelt in the land of Tob; and worthless fellows collected
round Jephthah, and went raiding with him.
4: After a time the
Ammonites made war against Israel.
5: And when the Ammonites made war
against Israel, the elders of Gilead went to bring Jephthah from the land of
6: and they said to Jephthah, "Come and be our leader, that we
may fight with the Ammonites."
7: But Jephthah said to the elders of
Gilead, "Did you not hate me, and drive me out of my father's house? Why have
you come to me now when you are in trouble?"
8: And the elders of
Gilead said to Jephthah, "That is why we have turned to you now, that you may go
with us and fight with the Ammonites, and be our head over all the inhabitants
9: Jephthah said to the elders of Gilead, "If you bring
me home again to fight with the Ammonites, and the LORD gives them over to me, I
will be your head."
10: And the elders of Gilead said to Jephthah,
"The LORD will be witness between us; we will surely do as you say."
11: So Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people made
him head and leader over them; and Jephthah spoke all his words before the LORD
12: Then Jephthah sent messengers to the king of the
Ammonites and said, "What have you against me, that you have come to me to fight
against my land?"
13: And the king of the Ammonites answered the
messengers of Jephthah, "Because Israel on coming from Egypt took away my land,
from the Arnon to the Jabbok and to the Jordan; now therefore restore it
14: And Jephthah sent messengers again to the king of the
15: and said to him, "Thus says Jephthah: Israel did not
take away the land of Moab or the land of the Ammonites,
16: but when
they came up from Egypt, Israel went through the wilderness to the Red Sea and
came to Kadesh.
17: Israel then sent messengers to the king of Edom,
saying, `Let us pass, we pray, through your land'; but the king of Edom would
not listen. And they sent also to the king of Moab, but he would not consent. So
Israel remained at Kadesh.
18: Then they journeyed through the
wilderness, and went around the land of Edom and the land of Moab, and arrived
on the east side of the land of Moab, and camped on the other side of the Arnon;
but they did not enter the territory of Moab, for the Arnon was the boundary of
19: Israel then sent messengers to Sihon king of the Amorites,
king of Heshbon; and Israel said to him, `Let us pass, we pray, through your
land to our country.'
20: But Sihon did not trust Israel to pass
through his territory; so Sihon gathered all his people together, and encamped
at Jahaz, and fought with Israel.
21: And the LORD, the God of
Israel, gave Sihon and all his people into the hand of Israel, and they defeated
them; so Israel took possession of all the land of the Amorites, who inhabited
22: And they took possession of all the territory of
the Amorites from the Arnon to the Jabbok and from the wilderness to the Jordan.
23: So then the LORD, the God of Israel, dispossessed the Amorites
from before his people Israel; and are you to take possession of them?
24: Will you not possess what Chemosh your god gives you to possess?
And all that the LORD our God has dispossessed before us, we will possess.
25: Now are you any better than Balak the son of Zippor, king of
Moab? Did he ever strive against Israel, or did he ever go to war with them?
26: While Israel dwelt in Heshbon and its villages, and in Aro'er and
its villages, and in all the cities that are on the banks of the Arnon, three
hundred years, why did you not recover them within that time?
therefore have not sinned against you, and you do me wrong by making war on me;
the LORD, the Judge, decide this day between the people of Israel and the people
28: But the king of the Ammonites did not heed the message
of Jephthah which he sent to him.
29: Then the Spirit of the LORD
came upon Jephthah, and he passed through Gilead and Manas'seh, and passed on to
Mizpah of Gilead, and from Mizpah of Gilead he passed on to the Ammonites.
30: And Jephthah made a vow to the LORD, and said, "If thou wilt give
the Ammonites into my hand,
31: then whoever comes forth from the
doors of my house to meet me, when I return victorious from the Ammonites, shall
be the LORD's, and I will offer him up for a burnt offering."
Jephthah crossed over to the Ammonites to fight against them; and the LORD gave
them into his hand.
33: And he smote them from Aro'er to the
neighborhood of Minnith, twenty cities, and as far as Abel-keramim, with a very
great slaughter. So the Ammonites were subdued before the people of Israel.
34: Then Jephthah came to his home at Mizpah; and behold, his
daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances; she was his only
child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter.
35: And when he
saw her, he rent his clothes, and said, "Alas, my daughter! you have brought me
very low, and you have become the cause of great trouble to me; for I have
opened my mouth to the LORD, and I cannot take back my vow."
she said to him, "My father, if you have opened your mouth to the LORD, do to me
according to what has gone forth from your mouth, now that the LORD has avenged
you on your enemies, on the Ammonites."
37: And she said to her
father, "Let this thing be done for me; let me alone two months, that I may go
and wander on the mountains, and bewail my virginity, I and my companions."
38: And he said, "Go." And he sent her away for two months; and she
departed, she and her companions, and bewailed her virginity upon the mountains.
39: And at the end of two months, she returned to her father, who did
with her according to his vow which he had made. She had never known a man. And
it became a custom in Israel
40: that the daughters of Israel went
year by year to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in the
1: The men of E'phraim were called to arms, and
they crossed to Zaphon and said to Jephthah, "Why did you cross over to fight
against the Ammonites, and did not call us to go with you? We will burn your
house over you with fire."
2: And Jephthah said to them, "I and my
people had a great feud with the Ammonites; and when I called you, you did not
deliver me from their hand.
3: And when I saw that you would not
deliver me, I took my life in my hand, and crossed over against the Ammonites,
and the LORD gave them into my hand; why then have you come up to me this day,
to fight against me?"
4: Then Jephthah gathered all the men of Gilead
and fought with E'phraim; and the men of Gilead smote E'phraim, because they
said, "You are fugitives of E'phraim, you Gileadites, in the midst of E'phraim
5: And the Gileadites took the fords of the Jordan
against the E'phraimites. And when any of the fugitives of E'phraim said, "Let
me go over," the men of Gilead said to him, "Are you an E'phraimite?" When he
6: they said to him, "Then say Shibboleth," and he said,
"Sibboleth," for he could not pronounce it right; then they seized him and slew
him at the fords of the Jordan. And there fell at that time forty-two thousand
of the E'phraimites.
7: Jephthah judged Israel six years. Then
Jephthah the Gileadite died, and was buried in his city in Gilead.
After him Ibzan of Bethlehem judged Israel.
9: He had thirty sons;
and thirty daughters he gave in marriage outside his clan, and thirty daughters
he brought in from outside for his sons. And he judged Israel seven years.
10: Then Ibzan died, and was buried at Bethlehem.
After him Elon the Zeb'ulunite judged Israel; and he judged Israel ten years.
12: Then Elon the Zeb'ulunite died, and was buried at Ai'jalon in the
land of Zeb'ulun.
13: After him Abdon the son of Hillel the
Pira'thonite judged Israel.
14: He had forty sons and thirty
grandsons, who rode on seventy asses; and he judged Israel eight years.
15: Then Abdon the son of Hillel the Pira'thonite died, and was
buried at Pira'thon in the land of E'phraim, in the hill country of the
1: And the people of Israel again did what was evil
in the sight of the LORD; and the LORD gave them into the hand of the
Philistines for forty years.
2: And there was a certain man of Zorah,
of the tribe of the Danites, whose name was Mano'ah; and his wife was barren and
had no children.
3: And the angel of the LORD appeared to the woman
and said to her, "Behold, you are barren and have no children; but you shall
conceive and bear a son.
4: Therefore beware, and drink no wine or
strong drink, and eat nothing unclean,
5: for lo, you shall conceive
and bear a son. No razor shall come upon his head, for the boy shall be a
Nazirite to God from birth; and he shall begin to deliver Israel from the hand
of the Philistines."
6: Then the woman came and told her husband, "A
man of God came to me, and his countenance was like the countenance of the angel
of God, very terrible; I did not ask him whence he was, and he did not tell me
7: but he said to me, `Behold, you shall conceive and bear
a son; so then drink no wine or strong drink, and eat nothing unclean, for the
boy shall be a Nazirite to God from birth to the day of his death.'"
8: Then Mano'ah entreated the LORD, and said, "O, LORD, I pray thee,
let the man of God whom thou didst send come again to us, and teach us what we
are to do with the boy that will be born."
9: And God listened to the
voice of Mano'ah, and the angel of God came again to the woman as she sat in the
field; but Mano'ah her husband was not with her.
10: And the woman
ran in haste and told her husband, "Behold, the man who came to me the other day
has appeared to me."
11: And Mano'ah arose and went after his wife,
and came to the man and said to him, "Are you the man who spoke to this woman?"
And he said, "I am."
12: And Mano'ah said, "Now when your words come
true, what is to be the boy's manner of life, and what is he to do?"
13: And the angel of the LORD said to Mano'ah, "Of all that I said to
the woman let her beware.
14: She may not eat of anything that comes
from the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink, or eat any unclean
thing; all that I commanded her let her observe."
15: Mano'ah said to
the angel of the LORD, "Pray, let us detain you, and prepare a kid for you."
16: And the angel of the LORD said to Mano'ah, "If you detain me, I
will not eat of your food; but if you make ready a burnt offering, then offer it
to the LORD." (For Mano'ah did not know that he was the angel of the LORD.)
17: And Mano'ah said to the angel of the LORD, "What is your name, so
that, when your words come true, we may honor you?"
18: And the angel
of the LORD said to him, "Why do you ask my name, seeing it is wonderful?"
19: So Mano'ah took the kid with the cereal offering, and offered it
upon the rock to the LORD, to him who works wonders.
20: And when the
flame went up toward heaven from the altar, the angel of the LORD ascended in
the flame of the altar while Mano'ah and his wife looked on; and they fell on
their faces to the ground.
21: The angel of the LORD appeared no more
to Mano'ah and to his wife. Then Mano'ah knew that he was the angel of the LORD.
22: And Mano'ah said to his wife, "We shall surely die, for we have
23: But his wife said to him, "If the LORD had meant to
kill us, he would not have accepted a burnt offering and a cereal offering at
our hands, or shown us all these things, or now announced to us such things as
24: And the woman bore a son, and called his name Samson; and
the boy grew, and the LORD blessed him.
25: And the Spirit of the
LORD began to stir him in Ma'haneh-dan, between Zorah and Esh'ta-ol.
1: Samson went down to Timnah, and at Timnah he saw
one of the daughters of the Philistines.
2: Then he came up, and told
his father and mother, "I saw one of the daughters of the Philistines at Timnah;
now get her for me as my wife."
3: But his father and mother said to
him, "Is there not a woman among the daughters of your kinsmen, or among all our
people, that you must go to take a wife from the uncircumcised Philistines?" But
Samson said to his father, "Get her for me; for she pleases me well."
4: His father and mother did not know that it was from the LORD; for
he was seeking an occasion against the Philistines. At that time the Philistines
had dominion over Israel.
5: Then Samson went down with his father
and mother to Timnah, and he came to the vineyards of Timnah. And behold, a
young lion roared against him;
6: and the Spirit of the LORD came
mightily upon him, and he tore the lion asunder as one tears a kid; and he had
nothing in his hand. But he did not tell his father or his mother what he had
7: Then he went down and talked with the woman; and she pleased
8: And after a while he returned to take her; and he
turned aside to see the carcass of the lion, and behold, there was a swarm of
bees in the body of the lion, and honey.
9: He scraped it out into
his hands, and went on, eating as he went; and he came to his father and mother,
and gave some to them, and they ate. But he did not tell them that he had taken
the honey from the carcass of the lion.
10: And his father went down
to the woman, and Samson made a feast there; for so the young men used to do.
11: And when the people saw him, they brought thirty companions to be
12: And Samson said to them, "Let me now put a riddle to
you; if you can tell me what it is, within the seven days of the feast, and find
it out, then I will give you thirty linen garments and thirty festal garments;
13: but if you cannot tell me what it is, then you shall give me
thirty linen garments and thirty festal garments." And they said to him, "Put
your riddle, that we may hear it."
14: And he said to them, "Out of
the eater came something to eat. Out of the strong came something sweet." And
they could not in three days tell what the riddle was.
15: On the
fourth day they said to Samson's wife, "Entice your husband to tell us what the
riddle is, lest we burn you and your father's house with fire. Have you invited
us here to impoverish us?"
16: And Samson's wife wept before him, and
said, "You only hate me, you do not love me; you have put a riddle to my
countrymen, and you have not told me what it is." And he said to her, "Behold, I
have not told my father nor my mother, and shall I tell you?"
wept before him the seven days that their feast lasted; and on the seventh day
he told her, because she pressed him hard. Then she told the riddle to her
18: And the men of the city said to him on the seventh
day before the sun went down, "What is sweeter than honey? What is stronger than
a lion?" And he said to them, "If you had not plowed with my heifer, you would
not have found out my riddle."
19: And the Spirit of the LORD came
mightily upon him, and he went down to Ash'kelon and killed thirty men of the
town, and took their spoil and gave the festal garments to those who had told
the riddle. In hot anger he went back to his father's house.
Samson's wife was given to his companion, who had been his best man.
1: After a while, at the time of wheat harvest,
Samson went to visit his wife with a kid; and he said, "I will go in to my wife
in the chamber." But her father would not allow him to go in.
her father said, "I really thought that you utterly hated her; so I gave her to
your companion. Is not her younger sister fairer than she? Pray take her
3: And Samson said to them, "This time I shall be blameless
in regard to the Philistines, when I do them mischief."
4: So Samson
went and caught three hundred foxes, and took torches; and he turned them tail
to tail, and put a torch between each pair of tails.
5: And when he
had set fire to the torches, he let the foxes go into the standing grain of the
Philistines, and burned up the shocks and the standing grain, as well as the
6: Then the Philistines said, "Who has done this?"
And they said, "Samson, the son-in-law of the Timnite, because he has taken his
wife and given her to his companion." And the Philistines came up, and burned
her and her father with fire.
7: And Samson said to them, "If this is
what you do, I swear I will be avenged upon you, and after that I will quit."
8: And he smote them hip and thigh with great slaughter; and he went
down and stayed in the cleft of the rock of Etam.
9: Then the
Philistines came up and encamped in Judah, and made a raid on Lehi.
10: And the men of Judah said, "Why have you come up against us?"
They said, "We have come up to bind Samson, to do to him as he did to us."
11: Then three thousand men of Judah went down to the cleft of the
rock of Etam, and said to Samson, "Do you not know that the Philistines are
rulers over us? What then is this that you have done to us?" And he said to
them, "As they did to me, so have I done to them."
12: And they said
to him, "We have come down to bind you, that we may give you into the hands of
the Philistines." And Samson said to them, "Swear to me that you will not fall
upon me yourselves."
13: They said to him, "No; we will only bind you
and give you into their hands; we will not kill you." So they bound him with two
new ropes, and brought him up from the rock.
14: When he came to
Lehi, the Philistines came shouting to meet him; and the Spirit of the LORD came
mightily upon him, and the ropes which were on his arms became as flax that has
caught fire, and his bonds melted off his hands.
15: And he found a
fresh jawbone of an ass, and put out his hand and seized it, and with it he slew
a thousand men.
16: And Samson said, "With the jawbone of an ass,
heaps upon heaps, with the jawbone of an ass have I slain a thousand men."
17: When he had finished speaking, he threw away the jawbone out of
his hand; and that place was called Ra'math-le'hi.
18: And he was
very thirsty, and he called on the LORD and said, "Thou hast granted this great
deliverance by the hand of thy servant; and shall I now die of thirst, and fall
into the hands of the uncircumcised?"
19: And God split open the
hollow place that is at Lehi, and there came water from it; and when he drank,
his spirit returned, and he revived. Therefore the name of it was called
En-hakkor'e; it is at Lehi to this day.
20: And he judged Israel in
the days of the Philistines twenty years.
1: Samson went to Gaza, and there he saw a harlot,
and he went in to her.
2: The Gazites were told, "Samson has come
here," and they surrounded the place and lay in wait for him all night at the
gate of the city. They kept quiet all night, saying, "Let us wait till the light
of the morning; then we will kill him."
3: But Samson lay till
midnight, and at midnight he arose and took hold of the doors of the gate of the
city and the two posts, and pulled them up, bar and all, and put them on his
shoulders and carried them to the top of the hill that is before Hebron.
4: After this he loved a woman in the valley of Sorek, whose name was
5: And the lords of the Philistines came to her and said to
her, "Entice him, and see wherein his great strength lies, and by what means we
may overpower him, that we may bind him to subdue him; and we will each give you
eleven hundred pieces of silver."
6: And Deli'lah said to Samson,
"Please tell me wherein your great strength lies, and how you might be bound,
that one could subdue you."
7: And Samson said to her, "If they bind
me with seven fresh bowstrings which have not been dried, then I shall become
weak, and be like any other man."
8: Then the lords of the
Philistines brought her seven fresh bowstrings which had not been dried, and she
bound him with them.
9: Now she had men lying in wait in an inner
chamber. And she said to him, "The Philistines are upon you, Samson!" But he
snapped the bowstrings, as a string of tow snaps when it touches the fire. So
the secret of his strength was not known.
10: And Deli'lah said to
Samson, "Behold, you have mocked me, and told me lies; please tell me how you
might be bound."
11: And he said to her, "If they bind me with new
ropes that have not been used, then I shall become weak, and be like any other
12: So Deli'lah took new ropes and bound him with them, and
said to him, "The Philistines are upon you, Samson!" And the men lying in wait
were in an inner chamber. But he snapped the ropes off his arms like a thread.
13: And Deli'lah said to Samson, "Until now you have mocked me, and
told me lies; tell me how you might be bound." And he said to her, "If you weave
the seven locks of my head with the web and make it tight with the pin, then I
shall become weak, and be like any other man."
14: So while he slept,
Deli'lah took the seven locks of his head and wove them into the web. And she
made them tight with the pin, and said to him, "The Philistines are upon you,
Samson!" But he awoke from his sleep, and pulled away the pin, the loom, and the
15: And she said to him, "How can you say, `I love you,' when
your heart is not with me? You have mocked me these three times, and you have
not told me wherein your great strength lies."
16: And when she
pressed him hard with her words day after day, and urged him, his soul was vexed
17: And he told her all his mind, and said to her, "A razor
has never come upon my head; for I have been a Nazirite to God from my mother's
womb. If I be shaved, then my strength will leave me, and I shall become weak,
and be like any other man."
18: When Deli'lah saw that he had told
her all his mind, she sent and called the lords of the Philistines, saying,
"Come up this once, for he has told me all his mind." Then the lords of the
Philistines came up to her, and brought the money in their hands.
She made him sleep upon her knees; and she called a man, and had him shave off
the seven locks of his head. Then she began to torment him, and his strength
20: And she said, "The Philistines are upon you, Samson!"
And he awoke from his sleep, and said, "I will go out as at other times, and
shake myself free." And he did not know that the LORD had left him.
21: And the Philistines seized him and gouged out his eyes, and
brought him down to Gaza, and bound him with bronze fetters; and he ground at
the mill in the prison.
22: But the hair of his head began to grow
again after it had been shaved.
23: Now the lords of the Philistines
gathered to offer a great sacrifice to Dagon their god, and to rejoice; for they
said, "Our god has given Samson our enemy into our hand."
when the people saw him, they praised their god; for they said, "Our god has
given our enemy into our hand, the ravager of our country, who has slain many of
25: And when their hearts were merry, they said, "Call Samson,
that he may make sport for us." So they called Samson out of the prison, and he
made sport before them. They made him stand between the pillars;
and Samson said to the lad who held him by the hand, "Let me feel the pillars on
which the house rests, that I may lean against them."
27: Now the
house was full of men and women; all the lords of the Philistines were there,
and on the roof there were about three thousand men and women, who looked on
while Samson made sport.
28: Then Samson called to the LORD and said,
"O Lord GOD, remember me, I pray thee, and strengthen me, I pray thee, only this
once, O God, that I may be avenged upon the Philistines for one of my two eyes."
29: And Samson grasped the two middle pillars upon which the house
rested, and he leaned his weight upon them, his right hand on the one and his
left hand on the other.
30: And Samson said, "Let me die with the
Philistines." Then he bowed with all his might; and the house fell upon the
lords and upon all the people that were in it. So the dead whom he slew at his
death were more than those whom he had slain during his life.
Then his brothers and all his family came down and took him and brought him up
and buried him between Zorah and Esh'ta-ol in the tomb of Mano'ah his father. He
had judged Israel twenty years.
1: There was a man of the hill country of E'phraim,
whose name was Micah.
2: And he said to his mother, "The eleven
hundred pieces of silver which were taken from you, about which you uttered a
curse, and also spoke it in my ears, behold, the silver is with me; I took it."
And his mother said, "Blessed be my son by the LORD."
3: And he
restored the eleven hundred pieces of silver to his mother; and his mother said,
"I consecrate the silver to the LORD from my hand for my son, to make a graven
image and a molten image; now therefore I will restore it to you."
So when he restored the money to his mother, his mother took two hundred pieces
of silver, and gave it to the silversmith, who made it into a graven image and a
molten image; and it was in the house of Micah.
5: And the man Micah
had a shrine, and he made an ephod and teraphim, and installed one of his sons,
who became his priest.
6: In those days there was no king in Israel;
every man did what was right in his own eyes.
7: Now there was a
young man of Bethlehem in Judah, of the family of Judah, who was a Levite; and
he sojourned there.
8: And the man departed from the town of
Bethlehem in Judah, to live where he could find a place; and as he journeyed, he
came to the hill country of E'phraim to the house of Micah.
Micah said to him, "From where do you come?" And he said to him, "I am a Levite
of Bethlehem in Judah, and I am going to sojourn where I may find a place."
10: And Micah said to him, "Stay with me, and be to me a father and a
priest, and I will give you ten pieces of silver a year, and a suit of apparel,
and your living."
11: And the Levite was content to dwell with the
man; and the young man became to him like one of his sons.
Micah installed the Levite, and the young man became his priest, and was in the
house of Micah.
13: Then Micah said, "Now I know that the LORD will
prosper me, because I have a Levite as priest."
1: In those days there was no king in Israel. And
in those days the tribe of the Danites was seeking for itself an inheritance to
dwell in; for until then no inheritance among the tribes of Israel had fallen to
2: So the Danites sent five able men from the whole number of
their tribe, from Zorah and from Esh'ta-ol, to spy out the land and to explore
it; and they said to them, "Go and explore the land." And they came to the hill
country of E'phraim, to the house of Micah, and lodged there.
they were by the house of Micah, they recognized the voice of the young Levite;
and they turned aside and said to him, "Who brought you here? What are you doing
in this place? What is your business here?"
4: And he said to them,
"Thus and thus has Micah dealt with me: he has hired me, and I have become his
5: And they said to him, "Inquire of God, we pray thee, that
we may know whether the journey on which we are setting out will succeed."
6: And the priest said to them, "Go in peace. The journey on which
you go is under the eye of the LORD."
7: Then the five men departed,
and came to La'ish, and saw the people who were there, how they dwelt in
security, after the manner of the Sido'nians, quiet and unsuspecting, lacking
nothing that is in the earth, and possessing wealth, and how they were far from
the Sido'nians and had no dealings with any one.
8: And when they
came to their brethren at Zorah and Esh'ta-ol, their brethren said to them,
"What do you report?"
9: They said, "Arise, and let us go up against
them; for we have seen the land, and behold, it is very fertile. And will you do
nothing? Do not be slow to go, and enter in and possess the land.
When you go, you will come to an unsuspecting people. The land is broad; yea,
God has given it into your hands, a place where there is no lack of anything
that is in the earth."
11: And six hundred men of the tribe of Dan,
armed with weapons of war, set forth from Zorah and Esh'ta-ol,
and went up and encamped at Kir'iath-je'arim in Judah. On this account that
place is called Ma'haneh-dan to this day; behold, it is west of
13: And they passed on from there to the hill
country of E'phraim, and came to the house of Micah.
14: Then the
five men who had gone to spy out the country of La'ish said to their brethren,
"Do you know that in these houses there are an ephod, teraphim, a graven image,
and a molten image? Now therefore consider what you will do."
they turned aside thither, and came to the house of the young Levite, at the
home of Micah, and asked him of his welfare.
16: Now the six hundred
men of the Danites, armed with their weapons of war, stood by the entrance of
17: and the five men who had gone to spy out the land went
up, and entered and took the graven image, the ephod, the teraphim, and the
molten image, while the priest stood by the entrance of the gate with the six
hundred men armed with weapons of war.
18: And when these went into
Micah's house and took the graven image, the ephod, the teraphim, and the molten
image, the priest said to them, "What are you doing?"
19: And they
said to him, "Keep quiet, put your hand upon your mouth, and come with us, and
be to us a father and a priest. Is it better for you to be priest to the house
of one man, or to be priest to a tribe and family in Israel?"
the priest's heart was glad; he took the ephod, and the teraphim, and the graven
image, and went in the midst of the people.
21: So they turned and
departed, putting the little ones and the cattle and the goods in front of them.
22: When they were a good way from the home of Micah, the men who
were in the houses near Micah's house were called out, and they overtook the
23: And they shouted to the Danites, who turned round and
said to Micah, "What ails you that you come with such a company?"
And he said, "You take my gods which I made, and the priest, and go away, and
what have I left? How then do you ask me, `What ails you?'"
the Danites said to him, "Do not let your voice be heard among us, lest angry
fellows fall upon you, and you lose your life with the lives of your household."
26: Then the Danites went their way; and when Micah saw that they
were too strong for him, he turned and went back to his home.
taking what Micah had made, and the priest who belonged to him, the Danites came
to La'ish, to a people quiet and unsuspecting, and smote them with the edge of
the sword, and burned the city with fire.
28: And there was no
deliverer because it was far from Sidon, and they had no dealings with any one.
It was in the valley which belongs to Beth-rehob. And they rebuilt the city, and
dwelt in it.
29: And they named the city Dan, after the name of Dan
their ancestor, who was born to Israel; but the name of the city was La'ish at
30: And the Danites set up the graven image for
themselves; and Jonathan the son of Gershom, son of Moses, and his sons were
priests to the tribe of the Danites until the day of the captivity of the land.
31: So they set up Micah's graven image which he made, as long as the
house of God was at Shiloh.
1: In those days, when there was no king in Israel,
a certain Levite was sojourning in the remote parts of the hill country of
E'phraim, who took to himself a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah.
And his concubine became angry with him, and she went away from him to her
father's house at Bethlehem in Judah, and was there some four months.
3: Then her husband arose and went after her, to speak kindly to her
and bring her back. He had with him his servant and a couple of asses. And he
came to her father's house; and when the girl's father saw him, he came with joy
to meet him.
4: And his father-in-law, the girl's father, made him
stay, and he remained with him three days; so they ate and drank, and lodged
5: And on the fourth day they arose early in the morning, and
he prepared to go; but the girl's father said to his son-in-law, "Strengthen
your heart with a morsel of bread, and after that you may go."
the two men sat and ate and drank together; and the girl's father said to the
man, "Be pleased to spend the night, and let your heart be merry."
And when the man rose up to go, his father-in-law urged him, till he lodged
8: And on the fifth day he arose early in the morning to
depart; and the girl's father said, "Strengthen your heart, and tarry until the
day declines." So they ate, both of them.
9: And when the man and his
concubine and his servant rose up to depart, his father-in-law, the girl's
father, said to him, "Behold, now the day has waned toward evening; pray tarry
all night. Behold, the day draws to its close; lodge here and let your heart be
merry; and tomorrow you shall arise early in the morning for your journey, and
10: But the man would not spend the night; he rose up and
departed, and arrived opposite Jebus (that is, Jerusalem). He had with him a
couple of saddled asses, and his concubine was with him.
they were near Jebus, the day was far spent, and the servant said to his master,
"Come now, let us turn aside to this city of the Jeb'usites, and spend the night
12: And his master said to him, "We will not turn aside into
the city of foreigners, who do not belong to the people of Israel; but we will
pass on to Gib'e-ah."
13: And he said to his servant, "Come and let
us draw near to one of these places, and spend the night at Gib'e-ah or at
14: So they passed on and went their way; and the sun went
down on them near Gib'e-ah, which belongs to Benjamin,
15: and they
turned aside there, to go in and spend the night at Gib'e-ah. And he went in and
sat down in the open square of the city; for no man took them into his house to
spend the night.
16: And behold, an old man was coming from his work
in the field at evening; the man was from the hill country of E'phraim, and he
was sojourning in Gib'e-ah; the men of the place were Benjaminites.
17: And he lifted up his eyes, and saw the wayfarer in the open
square of the city; and the old man said, "Where are you going? and whence do
18: And he said to him, "We are passing from Bethlehem in
Judah to the remote parts of the hill country of E'phraim, from which I come. I
went to Bethlehem in Judah; and I am going to my home; and nobody takes me into
19: We have straw and provender for our asses, with bread
and wine for me and your maidservant and the young man with your servants; there
is no lack of anything."
20: And the old man said, "Peace be to you;
I will care for all your wants; only, do not spend the night in the square."
21: So he brought him into his house, and gave the asses provender;
and they washed their feet, and ate and drank.
22: As they were
making their hearts merry, behold, the men of the city, base fellows, beset the
house round about, beating on the door; and they said to the old man, the master
of the house, "Bring out the man who came into your house, that we may know
23: And the man, the master of the house, went out to them and
said to them, "No, my brethren, do not act so wickedly; seeing that this man has
come into my house, do not do this vile thing.
24: Behold, here are
my virgin daughter and his concubine; let me bring them out now. Ravish them and
do with them what seems good to you; but against this man do not do so vile a
25: But the men would not listen to him. So the man seized
his concubine, and put her out to them; and they knew her, and abused her all
night until the morning. And as the dawn began to break, they let her go.
26: And as morning appeared, the woman came and fell down at the door
of the man's house where her master was, till it was light.
her master rose up in the morning, and when he opened the doors of the house and
went out to go on his way, behold, there was his concubine lying at the door of
the house, with her hands on the threshold.
28: He said to her, "Get
up, let us be going." But there was no answer. Then he put her upon the ass; and
the man rose up and went away to his home.
29: And when he entered
his house, he took a knife, and laying hold of his concubine he divided her,
limb by limb, into twelve pieces, and sent her throughout all the territory of
30: And all who saw it said, "Such a thing has never happened
or been seen from the day that the people of Israel came up out of the land of
Egypt until this day; consider it, take counsel, and speak."
1: Then all the people of Israel came out, from Dan
to Beer-sheba, including the land of Gilead, and the congregation assembled as
one man to the LORD at Mizpah.
2: And the chiefs of all the people,
of all the tribes of Israel, presented themselves in the assembly of the people
of God, four hundred thousand men on foot that drew the sword.
(Now the Benjaminites heard that the people of Israel had gone up to Mizpah.)
And the people of Israel said, "Tell us, how was this wickedness brought to
4: And the Levite, the husband of the woman who was murdered,
answered and said, "I came to Gib'e-ah that belongs to Benjamin, I and my
concubine, to spend the night.
5: And the men of Gib'e-ah rose
against me, and beset the house round about me by night; they meant to kill me,
and they ravished my concubine, and she is dead.
6: And I took my
concubine and cut her in pieces, and sent her throughout all the country of the
inheritance of Israel; for they have committed abomination and wantonness in
7: Behold, you people of Israel, all of you, give your advice
and counsel here."
8: And all the people arose as one man, saying,
"We will not any of us go to his tent, and none of us will return to his house.
9: But now this is what we will do to Gib'e-ah: we will go up against
it by lot,
10: and we will take ten men of a hundred throughout all
the tribes of Israel, and a hundred of a thousand, and a thousand of ten
thousand, to bring provisions for the people, that when they come they may
requite Gib'e-ah of Benjamin, for all the wanton crime which they have committed
11: So all the men of Israel gathered against the city,
united as one man.
12: And the tribes of Israel sent men through all
the tribe of Benjamin, saying, "What wickedness is this that has taken place
13: Now therefore give up the men, the base fellows in
Gib'e-ah, that we may put them to death, and put away evil from Israel." But the
Benjaminites would not listen to the voice of their brethren, the people of
14: And the Benjaminites came together out of the cities to
Gib'e-ah, to go out to battle against the people of Israel.
the Benjaminites mustered out of their cities on that day twenty-six thousand
men that drew the sword, besides the inhabitants of Gib'e-ah, who mustered seven
hundred picked men.
16: Among all these were seven hundred picked men
who were left-handed; every one could sling a stone at a hair, and not miss.
17: And the men of Israel, apart from Benjamin, mustered four hundred
thousand men that drew sword; all these were men of war.
people of Israel arose and went up to Bethel, and inquired of God, "Which of us
shall go up first to battle against the Benjaminites?" And the LORD said, "Judah
shall go up first."
19: Then the people of Israel rose in the
morning, and encamped against Gib'e-ah.
20: And the men of Israel
went out to battle against Benjamin; and the men of Israel drew up the battle
line against them at Gib'e-ah.
21: The Benjaminites came out of
Gib'e-ah, and felled to the ground on that day twenty-two thousand men of the
22: But the people, the men of Israel, took courage, and
again formed the battle line in the same place where they had formed it on the
23: And the people of Israel went up and wept before the
LORD until the evening; and they inquired of the LORD, "Shall we again draw near
to battle against our brethren the Benjaminites?" And the LORD said, "Go up
24: So the people of Israel came near against the
Benjaminites the second day.
25: And Benjamin went against them out
of Gib'e-ah the second day, and felled to the ground eighteen thousand men of
the people of Israel; all these were men who drew the sword.
all the people of Israel, the whole army, went up and came to Bethel and wept;
they sat there before the LORD, and fasted that day until evening, and offered
burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD.
27: And the
people of Israel inquired of the LORD (for the ark of the covenant of God was
there in those days,
28: and Phin'ehas the son of Elea'zar, son of
Aaron, ministered before it in those days), saying, "Shall we yet again go out
to battle against our brethren the Benjaminites, or shall we cease?" And the
LORD said, "Go up; for tomorrow I will give them into your hand."
So Israel set men in ambush round about Gib'e-ah.
30: And the people
of Israel went up against the Benjaminites on the third day, and set themselves
in array against Gib'e-ah, as at other times.
31: And the
Benjaminites went out against the people, and were drawn away from the city; and
as at other times they began to smite and kill some of the people, in the
highways, one of which goes up to Bethel and the other to Gib'e-ah, and in the
open country, about thirty men of Israel.
32: And the Benjaminites
said, "They are routed before us, as at the first." But the men of Israel said,
"Let us flee, and draw them away from the city to the highways."
And all the men of Israel rose up out of their place, and set themselves in
array at Ba'al-ta'mar; and the men of Israel who were in ambush rushed out of
their place west of Geba.
34: And there came against Gib'e-ah ten
thousand picked men out of all Israel, and the battle was hard; but the
Benjaminites did not know that disaster was close upon them.
the LORD defeated Benjamin before Israel; and the men of Israel destroyed
twenty-five thousand one hundred men of Benjamin that day; all these were men
who drew the sword.
36: So the Benjaminites saw that they were
defeated. The men of Israel gave ground to Benjamin, because they trusted to the
men in ambush whom they had set against Gib'e-ah.
37: And the men in
ambush made haste and rushed upon Gib'e-ah; the men in ambush moved out and
smote all the city with the edge of the sword.
38: Now the appointed
signal between the men of Israel and the men in ambush was that when they made a
great cloud of smoke rise up out of the city
39: the men of Israel
should turn in battle. Now Benjamin had begun to smite and kill about thirty men
of Israel; they said, "Surely they are smitten down before us, as in the first
40: But when the signal began to rise out of the city in a
column of smoke, the Benjaminites looked behind them; and behold, the whole of
the city went up in smoke to heaven.
41: Then the men of Israel
turned, and the men of Benjamin were dismayed, for they saw that disaster was
close upon them.
42: Therefore they turned their backs before the men
of Israel in the direction of the wilderness; but the battle overtook them, and
those who came out of the cities destroyed them in the midst of them.
43: Cutting down the Benjaminites, they pursued them and trod them
down from Nohah as far as opposite Gib'e-ah on the east.
thousand men of Benjamin fell, all of them men of valor.
45: And they
turned and fled toward the wilderness to the rock of Rimmon; five thousand men
of them were cut down in the highways, and they were pursued hard to Gidom, and
two thousand men of them were slain.
46: So all who fell that day of
Benjamin were twenty-five thousand men that drew the sword, all of them men of
47: But six hundred men turned and fled toward the wilderness
to the rock of Rimmon, and abode at the rock of Rimmon four months.
48: And the men of Israel turned back against the Benjaminites, and
smote them with the edge of the sword, men and beasts and all that they found.
And all the towns which they found they set on fire.
1: Now the men of Israel had sworn at Mizpah, "No
one of us shall give his daughter in marriage to Benjamin."
the people came to Bethel, and sat there till evening before God, and they
lifted up their voices and wept bitterly.
3: And they said, "O LORD,
the God of Israel, why has this come to pass in Israel, that there should be
today one tribe lacking in Israel?"
4: And on the morrow the people
rose early, and built there an altar, and offered burnt offerings and peace
5: And the people of Israel said, "Which of all the tribes
of Israel did not come up in the assembly to the LORD?" For they had taken a
great oath concerning him who did not come up to the LORD to Mizpah, saying, "He
shall be put to death."
6: And the people of Israel had compassion
for Benjamin their brother, and said, "One tribe is cut off from Israel this
7: What shall we do for wives for those who are left, since we
have sworn by the LORD that we will not give them any of our daughters for
8: And they said, "What one is there of the tribes of Israel
that did not come up to the LORD to Mizpah?" And behold, no one had come to the
camp from Ja'besh-gil'ead, to the assembly.
9: For when the people
were mustered, behold, not one of the inhabitants of Ja'besh-gil'ead was there.
10: So the congregation sent thither twelve thousand of their bravest
men, and commanded them, "Go and smite the inhabitants of Ja'besh-gil'ead with
the edge of the sword; also the women and the little ones.
is what you shall do; every male and every woman that has lain with a male you
shall utterly destroy."
12: And they found among the inhabitants of
Ja'besh-gil'ead four hundred young virgins who had not known man by lying with
him; and they brought them to the camp at Shiloh, which is in the land of
13: Then the whole congregation sent word to the Benjaminites
who were at the rock of Rimmon, and proclaimed peace to them.
Benjamin returned at that time; and they gave them the women whom they had saved
alive of the women of Ja'besh-gil'ead; but they did not suffice for them.
15: And the people had compassion on Benjamin because the LORD had
made a breach in the tribes of Israel.
16: Then the elders of the
congregation said, "What shall we do for wives for those who are left, since the
women are destroyed out of Benjamin?"
17: And they said, "There must
be an inheritance for the survivors of Benjamin, that a tribe be not blotted out
18: Yet we cannot give them wives of our daughters." For
the people of Israel had sworn, "Cursed be he who gives a wife to Benjamin."
19: So they said, "Behold, there is the yearly feast of the LORD at
Shiloh, which is north of Bethel, on the east of the highway that goes up from
Bethel to Shechem, and south of Lebo'nah."
20: And they commanded the
Benjaminites, saying, "Go and lie in wait in the vineyards,
watch; if the daughters of Shiloh come out to dance in the dances, then come out
of the vineyards and seize each man his wife from the daughters of Shiloh, and
go to the land of Benjamin.
22: And when their fathers or their
brothers come to complain to us, we will say to them, `Grant them graciously to
us; because we did not take for each man of them his wife in battle, neither did
you give them to them, else you would now be guilty.'"
23: And the
Benjaminites did so, and took their wives, according to their number, from the
dancers whom they carried off; then they went and returned to their inheritance,
and rebuilt the towns, and dwelt in them.
24: And the people of
Israel departed from there at that time, every man to his tribe and family, and
they went out from there every man to his inheritance.
25: In those
days there was no king in Israel; every man did what was right in his own eyes.